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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 25, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUMEXI. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 25, 1918 NUMBER 38 THE TRUE MOUNTIES TO THE 4 Petrograd, Jan. 24.-A detailed ae*| count of the Brest-Litovsk conference flea^ion following General Von Hoffman's bold statement of the alms of the central powers was published by the Smolny Institute today. Leon Trotsky, the Bolshevikl foreign minister, addressing the conference, declared that "the position of the Austro-Ger-nmns is now ajbBolutely clear," con-tinning, the foreign minister, said: "Germany and Austria seek to cut off more than 150,000 square yorsts from the former Polish kingdom o% Lithuania, also the area populated by the Ukrainians and White Russians, and further they want to cut into f territory of the Letts and separate the islands populated by the Esthon'ans from the same peoples on the mainland. Within this territory Ger- (Special tc the Herald) many and Austria wish to retain their Canary. Jan, 25,-There is nothing reign of military occupation,' not only j finer or more important after the conclusion of peace with Uua- " '* ' -----'--- PROVINCIAL POLICE; DENOUNCES THE SPECULATION IN THE GRAIN MARKETS O Pass Several Resolutions of Vital Importance at Big Convention-Severe Denunciations of Farm Machinery Tariff Conscription of All Wealth-T. 0. King, a Director Deplores Vast Some Mothers Ignorance Talks Plain truths to Women that sia, buf after the conclusion of a general peace. At the same time tho central powers refuse not only to give any explanation regarding the terms of evactm'tion, but also refuse to obligate themselves regarding the evacuation. "The internal life of these provinces lies therefore for an indefinite epoch in the hands of thesd powers. Under such conditions any indefinite -guarantees regarding the expression oX the will of the Poles, Letts and Lithuanians is only of an illusory character. Practically, it means that the governments of Austria and Germany take into their own hands the destiny of these nations." German Reply Dr. Richard Von Kuohlmann, German secretary for foreign affairs, replied to Trotzky, declaring in principle, that Gen, Hoffman's aims were the same as those advanced on Christmas. Throughout the negotiations, 'he said, the Germans had kept in view the ethnological boundaries but also the actual boundaries of the old Uuaafan empire. He said that the (Additional News U. P. A. Page 8.) Calgary, Jan. 24,-Resolutions deal-1 ing with many topics of outstanding importance, chief among them being the problem of public health, the permanent elimination of speculative grain trading, the tariff on farm machinery, the inception of the United of | Farmers' organization, the conscrlp-' tion of wealth and the request for a return of the Royal Northwest Mounl-ed^Police to the prairies were dealt with at Thursday afternoon's session of the U.P.A: After exhaustive discussion on practically every phase of the/subject the matter of the tariff was'disposed of for the time being with a vote that the original resolution bo submitted to "Whereas, the government of Canada has passed the military service act, thereby seizing the lives of thousands of men, drawn mostly from the common people, and, "Whereas, we do not consider the moderate income tax that has been proposed as entitled to the term conscription of wealth, "Be it resolved, thai we demand that (Continued on Page 4) Want No Indemnities or Annexations and Will Proceed With Negotiations-German Chancellor Says Wilson's Terms Cannot Possibly Be Accepted. {Food Controller Has Too Much To Do-H. B. Thomson May Succeed the women of this province can do than to hand themselves together to, save 500 badies," was the opinion Dr. Lin-j the execu7ive~?or re-drafting- The re-coln expressed whim, addressing the soiu\iOI1 dealing with the elimination farm women's convention yesterday j of the speculative feature of grain afternoon on the subject of public, trading was voted" for a second re- oo," he 1 drafting on the part of the executive. London, Jan. 25.-Austria has decided to continue peace negotiat'ons with Russia on the basis of no annex- Limitation of Armament Berlin, Jan. 24.-Count Von Hert-ling, tlie imperial German chancellor ations and no indemnities, according ; m "ilis address before the main com Co a Vienna dispatch to tho Exchange; mittee of the re'ehstag todav, said Telegraph Company quoting from j lhe question of the limitation of arraa- health, "and they can do it too added. - Dr. Lincoln's subject was down ort the program as "Public Health" and andjn the simplest and most cora- afting on the part That the farmers want a, return of ; the R.N.W.M.P. was evidenced in a i vivid manner when the statement that one red coat is worth more to us prehensive manner the speaker cover- j wXb_n the whole provincial police force" ed the whole field from the new born i was met with a wild cheer on the part babe up to the physical welfare of the grown man and woman. The tremendous number of babies that are lost to the province every year if published, would be more appalling than the casualty lists from the front and the loss was all unnecessary. Train Them for Motherhood "How many, of the mothers here today have taken a scientific course in motherhood," Doctor Lincoln asked his audience and one mother ventured to intimate that' they didn't need It. But the speaker came right back with the declaration that he had often been r amazed at the number of young vom-en who .had no knowledge of babies ALL PEOPLE central powers intended to permit, at all yet were wives or contemplated free self-definition, scoffing at the theory that the presence of troops would prevent this. Regarding evacuation, Dr. Kuehlmann said, that it must be taken up with the newly born self-defined government. - "If-Qeneral JiaJImamugraesaes terrace* terms more strongly," Jim BrV Kuehl-mann, "it is because a soldier always expresses stronger language than'dip- marriage; The right of the child to be wellborn meant women must be trained for motherhood the same as if they were taking up some ju-ofession Professional mpfherhood ymight Bound cold but it would be-tWiavingf of tfcft of the delegates. / The resolution of the Calgary Medical association, submitted by Dr. Lincoln and spoken to by Dr. Stanley of High River, was passed unanimously. . Mrs. Grevett, president of the Next-o"-Kin Association, was the next speaker, and in a brief address outlined pie aims of the organization and pleaded for sympathy and support from rural sections. She scored the method of administering the patriotic fund, and decried the system which conx-pelled a woman to appeal for aid^that would not be needed if her support had not been removed to fight the cpuntry's cause. Mrs. Grevett* also blistered, the alien labor proposition, 'and'was wildly applauded on her -stand. She offered, on behalf of the women of Calgary, full co-operation with the farmers, and declared that they were sincere in their - offer of � ' it _ t------- ��TT7.. ,,n,l Calgary, Jan. 25.-"This is the first announcement of any of our intentions in the public health department that has been given out," said Hon. G. P. Smith, provincial secretary and minister of public health, to the members of the U. F. W. A. yesterday afternoon. "First-We Intend to engage public health nurses, whose chief work will be to spread an educational propaganr da In rural schools principally. "Then we intend to encourage the Ottawa, Jan. 24.-Hon. W. J. Hanna has handed to the prime minister his resignation as food controller for Cau-ada. The resignation has been ac-jcepted and it is understood that H. B. Thomson, of Victoria, who has been associated with Mr. Hanna as deputy food controller for some months, has been appointed as^his successor. Cannot Give Full Service Mr. Hanna in his letter of resignation to the prime minister, said the scope of the work of the food controller ha3 so broadened and his duties have so multiplied as to call for abso- lutely undivided and uninterrupted service to the exclusion of all other obligations. "I am so situated," he said, ''that this would be for me very difficult, if not impossible." Borden Accepts It Sir Robert Borden, in accepting Mr. Hanna's resignation, expressed his regret that the food controller is compelled to relinquish his post. "The measure 6f success which has attended your efforts," the letter goes on to establishment of rural municipal hos- [say., "is the highest� powible'tribute to pitals.^ The greatest objection to the present legislation is the difficulty., in the boundaries and the location of the hospital. There,have been eigt|t or nine requests and one district has got so far as the appointment of a hospital hoard, but new methods of defining the district boundaries have to be worked out. "Also t^ere. rwill be the frontier districts. Careless Mother* Touching on the ailments that at-;>.tne older children, the doctor lomats. But it must not be deduced ntMr surprjBea his listeners by tell-Irojn this thatHhere is any d.ssension lng them thft. there were more deaths between us regardm.? the pr:nciples>sftom whoopmg c0ugh and measles which are one whole and well thought out." Dr. Kueblmann coneented to Trotz-ky's request for a postponement of the conference.^declaring, however, that it would be much pleasantcr if they could finish the negotiations now as the former recess brought about many misunderstandings. than there were from diphtheria and scarlet fever for the sole reason that in such cases the mother thought because it was "only measles" she did not have to observe any of the health officers regulations, nor give the children any special ^are, while if there was a case of scarlet fever in the neighborhood she was so scared she took every precaution to prevent her , children from contracting it. Chil-fdren with whooping cough were allowed to run loose in the co^mmunity! endangering every one with whom they came In contact. istance on the farms, to prove our- willingness io ser will come out and help you with- your chores. In order to aid in eliminating, these alien labor." (Applause). The Next-of-Kin program for the conscription of wealth also met with an enthusiastic reception.- i To Incorporate The first regular resolution to be. the' ability and devotion which you havo brought to bear on these questions of great concern and absorbing . public interest." I An official statement given out in connection with Mr. Hanna's resignation says in part: "Perhaps a large , share of Mr. Hanna's success is due to (the fact thai hdfrefused to be stam-a ni.n >ioi� |"peded into spectacular This as r-it^is 'Hanna t0Dk the P�s*t*o* J 9 \ women can be led better than they can action. Mr. i Hanna took the position that men and Count Cxernm's address before the re/chsralh. "I ind from Russia not a-metre of tf- not a~ centime of indem- nity," tho foreign minister is quoted as having sai'1, "and peace can be obtained if Russia malntafns the same standpoint, as she evidently intends to do/' Wilson's Tone Different London, Jan. 25.-In his speech to the delegates of parliament. Count Czernin, the Au'stro-Hungarian foreign minister, described the difficulties attending the peace negotiations at Brest-Litovsk, according to a Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company. Count Cjsernin said that tf*e publication of the daily proceeding* of the conference had i caused nervousness among the people' behind the front. Reterrin^vto President Wilson's recent address, Count Czernin said: "I acknowledge that his tone is now different from what it was when he attempted by his xeply to Pope Benedict to sow dissension between the German government and-the German people, and this has been of good effect. .  "There is no longer tkVt about the autocratic suppression of the German people by the government and former statements upon the house of Hohcn-xollern are not repeated/' WHI Support Germany Count Czernin qualified his statement respecting agreement with some ! i>f President Wilson's proposals by saying that Austria-Hungary would support Germany. Says Germany N ,erve, and,, tb* pi^lh*^ travelling doctors j ^vfS ih^W/c inter- ment was quite open to discussion. Tho chancellor added" that the financial position of all European countries after the war would probably operate; most effectively for tho solution -oV) th:'n problem. Count Von HertHng contended that Alsace-Lorraine was almost purely German territory, which had heen) severed from Germany by violence. When Germany in 1870 claimed the land "thus criminally wrung from her' it was not the conquest of alien territory," the chancellor declared, "but what today la called dls-annexation." Freedom of Seas. There is no difference between Ger-! many and President Wilson regarding the freedom of the seas. Count Von HertHng said. He added that the thorough freedom of navigation during; time of war, as well as in peace, was one of Germanys main demands, iv being eminently important for future free navigation that England 'should be made to relinquish her strongly fortified points of support on international sailing routes, such as Gibraltar. Aden, Hong Kong and the Falkland Islands. Von HertHng said that tho evacuation of Russian territopy was a ques-t:ou which only concerns Russia and the central powers. Agree on First Four Points * Commenting on the fourteen points in the programme for world peace set forth in President Wilson's address to; congress, the chancellor said an agree-' mcnt could be obtained without difficulty on the first four points. * Regard'ng the fifth poiufc mentioned r President. Wilson, the chancellor by snid. some difficulties, would be me address^ the reichstag tod ay, ^accord- |T�jv and'nurses:. In regard to, the returned soldiers it has been found that a great many have contracted tuberculosis. A sanitarium is to be built by the proviu--c(al and Dominion government at a cost of $400,000 but as soon as the returned soldier problem is taken care of the sanitarium will be turned over est demanded it." --V dealt with, -was that compassing �the to the province for all cases of tuber-incorporation of the organization. It culosis. -'Regarding venereal diseases was passed unanimously with little dis- the first step that the government will r ...... ^0 is the matter, of free tests. It cussion, as everyone agreed that the U.F.A. should have a legal status. The resolution asking for authorization for power to administer estates was also passed without a dissenting voice. It is as follows: Whereas it Is deemed expedient that this association should acquire"the power of action as executors and administrators of the estates of deceased pevsons, and gen- IS PLACED AT 87^ that is easily, taken into the system ( Continued' ok Pags 4) necessary cleanliness that would pre-Stellarton, N. S.( Jan. 25.- Four ' vent the spread of the disease. Tub-more bodies were Temoved from the ercutosls. ^. �?t hereditary, (Us a germ Allan mine of the Acadian Coal Com- " " pany this morning. The searching, parties worked in relays throughout i the night clearing away the debris and the four bodes were found in dlJf-ferent parts of the* shaft. tral News dispatch.said: "We hope to.complete ah'ati^enient with Ukrahie, which would be mutual-ly satisfactory, especially from an economic point of view." When on January 3, the Chancellor continued, the period expired for the co-operation of the entente nations in the peace negotiations, Germany was no longer bound -by its offer to the entente and had a free path for separate negotiations with Russia. In jJJevmanT never demanded the incor-pomtloa^ofc -tteiRian -territory byMrioU ence, the chancellor asserted. He~said ; the state of Poland would be decided.* by Germany and Austria-Hungary. When all other questions had-been settled, he said, Germany would be. ready to 'discuss the question of a � league of peace. . Wants New Proposals. The chancellor, demanded that the * leaders of /ho nations at war with these negotiations Germany then felt|nermany set fortli new proposals. The . \ to carry on a hail iuteurancej business, the matter was forced off the table into another discussion which finally ended in eudorsation. Delegate Miner asserted that the farmers would be at the mercy of the line companies un- Several Battles Have Been less this remedy was supplied. \xrom Helsingfors indicate that the situ- submitted Faflnn in vnrintM nnrtn nt VManH in Fought-Situation is Critical Stockholm, Jan. 25. - Despatches �^ti TRIED TO ALTER (SpBctal to the Hflva|d) Cowley, Jan. 24.-Andrew Andrews Was arrested here today charged with altering his birth certificate in an attempt to evade* the Military Service Act. Corp. Brown of the R. N. W. M. P. took him in tow. He was committed for trial by Mr. Bickell, J. P. , REPULSE GERMANS Paris, Jaiw25.-Artillery activity on the front north of Verdun and the repulse of German raiding parties in the Aisne region aire reported by the war office today. ARTILLERY ACTIVITY Paris, Jan. �5.-'foie official statement issued by the war office today -says: "There have been spirited artillery actions in the1 region of Mais-Boils De Champagne and on a sector of the Avocourt front. Eastern front, January, 25: , There is nothing important-to report." Nottingham, Jan. 25.-A resolution� for abolition of the House of Lordsr and against'any form ot second chamber was reported today to the labor conference, in annual session here. B^ck Railway Men Representatives of the railway men told the conference that the railway employees had reached the breaking point and \ that the union would back ihem if they declined to work on account of the lack of food. The responsibility, they say, would be due to mismanagement on the part of the government. saysIXeIuted New York, Jan: 25.-G. a. Thomson, chairman of the Press committee of the American Defence Socety, In an informal discussion at a luneheor given by the organ'zation here yesterday declared the eoctety had been informed that the- Urdtetf States had executed fourteen tples afnee the beginning, of the war with Germany. He added that enemy altejit In this country, "should be apprised of these facts, as Evidence, of America's determination to protect herself," In passing the resolution by the Innisfail local that an independent official be appointed- to grade live stock-at the Cajgary market, the ab-' sence of discussion caused surprise lo many visitors.. The idea has been tried at some of the larger markets, and has proven impracticable owing to the fact that no two animals ever bred are alike, and grades cannot be established. The Mounted Police The atmosphere was given some jolts when the mounted police question was' presented. The resolution comprised but two lines asking that "The provincial and Dominion governments be requested to again have the rural portions of the province patrolled by the R.N.W.M.P." One delegate from the north stated that their district was surrounded by Indians and half-breeds, and that protection was badly needea. "One red coat is better than the whole provincial police force/' he yelled, and his declaration met with t unbridled shouts of "hear, hear," ac-1 companied by laughter and applause. Another delegate said it was not the Indians that made protection necessary, but the white men. Another said that he had lived adjacent to Indians for forty years and had yet to know of a horse theft on their par� A motlotr to adopt the resolution carried unanimously. .'' Extension Railways Resolutions calling for the extension of the Grande Prairie railway to which still con i ation in various parts of Finland is more critical. Battles of considerable proportions have bean fought at aev-'eral places, and apparently are continuing. The most serious ___ flicts seem to have been at ViborgM where sociaLRed Guards were assisted by Russian soldierB with artillery. I Many peasants from the surrounding country came into the city and aided (he government militia, the formation of which was begun only last week. The Red Guards retired after heavy fighting and apparently are now await* Ing reinforcements. ;The figh'ting at Davldsta^ ended in victory for the militia, but the Red Guards threaten to return with reinforcements. Red Guards occupied the railway station at Tammenfords. They opened the; diplomatic courier's luggage, broke i open the international mail cars and j searched the mail bags. Looting and murder by the Red Guards hooligans and Russian soldiers Is reported at many places throughout Finland. The leaders; of the Red Guarji at Helsingfors have issued a summons for the Guard to be ready for action. ~K r London, Jan. 25.-The Socialist newspaper Vorwaerts, which on Monday was suspended for three days by the censorship, reappear ed on Wednesday, says an Ex-* change Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen. This was brought about by the energetic^ action of the Socialists leaders in attacking the censorship during the debate on Tuesday in the reichstag main committee. PMMpp Sche'demann warned the German authorities that they were playing with fire and that the,situation in Germany did not differ from that In Austria. Hem Von Grief, Conservative, said that the Socialist declaration of solidarity with their Austro-Hungarian comrades was a real threat against Chancellor Von HertHng but that he hoped the chancellor would not heed the Socialists. herself not "bound to the Russian pro posais for a general peace, tho chancellor asserted* Says Britain Not After Peace Loudon, Jan. 25.-Count'Yon HertHng, imperial German chancellor, disagrees with certain foreign newspapers which interpreted the recent speech of Premier Lloyd George as showing an earnest desire fort peace and even friendship for Germany, according to a Central News dispatch, quoting from the chancellor's speech before the main committee of the reichstag yesterday. The chancellor, however, remarked on the alteration in the tone of the British Premier's speech wherein he said Mr. Lloyd George has refrained from abuse and showed an inclination for negotiations. The newspapers' interpretation* of the speech was baced, he believed* on Premier Lloyd George's declaration that he did not wish to annihilate Germany. On the contrary, the chan i i terms outlined by Premier Lloyd George and President Wilson contained certain principles w*ueh could he accepted by Germany, he said, but the., concrete, proposals were unsatlsfac: tory. The chancellor declared that Germany did not wish annexations by violence but that the question of north* ern France could be discussed only by France and Germany. He asserted there could be m talk of the secession of AlsacerLorrajn^. Regarding points nine, ten and eleven in President Wilson's speech, Count Von HertHng said he must leave ' the answer in the first place to Austria, but that where German interests ; were concerned they would be defend* ed energetically. The ninth point in sthe president's speech called for readjustment of the Italian^ frontiers along clearly recognizable" lines of nationality. The tenth for free opportunity for autonomous' cellor declared, the premier seemed to j development of the peoples of Austria- adjudge Germany guilty of all possible crimes, adding: "We cannot understand -"such feelings or find therein proof ot a sincere will for peace," Great Unrest in Hun Navy THRILLING EXPERIENCE San Antonio, Texas, Jan. 25.?-With a broken airplane 3,000 feet above earth, Major C. K. Reinhardt. and Captain J. Phipps, of the Royal British Flying Corps, en route from Fort Worth to San Antonio won a thrilling London, Jan. 25.-A German naval engineer with the rank of lieutenant, who has deserted from Kiel, according to an Amsterdam dispatch to the Daily Express, states that d'ssatlafaction among theanen of the German fleet is much more serious than in the army. He asserts there have been Important revolts, generally among the crews of mine sweepers. Three weeks ago a squadron of mine sweeping trawlers entered Hamburg after au expedition Jn which three men were lost in ap encounter with the British and one of the trawlers-was damaged. ,. Before the men were permitted to go ashore, according to this account they were notified that they must report back for duty within an hour. They asked time for rest. The Hamburg commandant refused, whereupon 150 men declined to obey the order. An hour later a lieutenant named Wagner arrived and ordered the men to return to their boats. They refused. The lieutenant swore at the men and , struck two of them, tlie dispatch con-I tinuea. He was thrown into the water and left- to drown. The commandant, who had watched the mutiny, dispatched a motor boat carrying two machine guns, which were fired Into the*, crowd of sailors, killing 44 and wounding 73. Tlie others were arrested and sentenced to terms of imprisonment, varying from five to,twenty years.  Hungary; the elevonth for the ovacua i tion of Rumania, Serbia and Montenegro, free access to the sea for Serbia and adjustment of the relations among the Balkan states, with international guarantees of their independence. Stil/ Has Hope. Amsterdam, \fan. 25.-In his'address before the reichstafc main committee yesterday, Chancellor Von Hertling re-ferred^ to the negotiations with/the Russians^ at Brest-Li to vsk, saying he had held fast to the hope that a good conclusion would-be arrived at. COMPLETE CONFIDENCE many farmers have to haul their grain battle }\VG* yesterday and a distance of 40 to 60 miles, was sup- Ijeached their destination^safely. The ported.) The carrying of political liter- last sixty mile* of the flight were made ature 'through the mails vwjthont,b? W^0*, ^el,^I^ Wms out on the charge, was^condemned and a resolution asking that it be abolished, was put through without discussion. Conscription of Wealth The matter of wealth conscription plane and holding in position a wing on which the stmts had broken. WEATHER High i provoked considerable discussion, and____m. the resolution finally passed reads as 1 Low follows: I Forecast: Fair and colder. * � * * * * * * 40 .4 1 Montreal, Jan. 25.-Discussing the contention made by Col. Remington, military critic of the London Morning Post, that Field Marshal Haig's pl^ns had neen set aside by the Britfsh war cabinet, Sir Frederick E. Smith, attorney general in the Lloyd Gelrgc cabinet, today told the Canadian club that in his judgment the military authorities had the absolute confidence of the British administration and that they had been allow- ed a freer hand than Had aver be- 1 1 before been given to soldiers In any war In which the country had taken part. Copenhagen, Jan* 25.-The mine field responsible -for the sinking on Sunday of the German destroyers A-79 and A-73 w^s ot German origin. The seventeen men from the crew of the I A-79. the only survivors from the two vessels, suffered greatly for four days in the open* sea. It was from these survivors R was learned that the mine field was German. PORTUGUESE TROOPS * FOR FRANCE WAR CONFERENCE itarls, Jan. 25. ~~ Premier Lloyd George and Viscount Milner, members <*iO| the British war council, are. coming  pto" Paris to, confer with Premier Cle- Paris, Jan, 25.-A new contingent of Portuguese troops has just been landed In France. menceau, says Marcel Hutin In his newspaper, the Echo De Paris, Their, visit will coincide with the meeting of the supreme war council at Versailles, "It is unnecessary to underline the importance of these deliberation*/''adds M Hutin. t - ;