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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 24, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 26 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, January 24, 1975 Ask Andy THE MOUNTAINTOP'S WARMTH Andy sends a complete 20 volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Shawn Jessup, age 12, of Spokane, Wash., for his ques- tion: How come Mountainlops are colder than Lowlands? In summer, the high moun- tain slopes are cooler than the plains and valleys below. In winter, the first snows tend to settle on the tall peaks, where they linger long after the snow has melted from the lowlands. The planet earth, as we know, is warmed by the fiery furnaces of the sun. True, we are separated from this stupendous nuclear power plant by about 96 million miles of unoccupied space. But sure- ly one would expect the moun- taintops to be'warmer than Pun with figures By J.A.H. Hunter Joe held out the crumpled piece of paper. "We'll have to ask for a new he said. "I can't make anything of this. Only the total amount is at all readable, and two digits are gone in that." "Not surprising after the fire, but maybe I can figure it replied Ken. "I do remember we got as many blades as the price of each in cents, all they had. And you can see three 9's in the total price for them. It's nine something nine dollars, and something nine cents, with no tax or other extra." How many blades? (Answer Monday) Yesterday's answer: SIRENS was 108631. FATALITIES DECREASED Australia reported a 23-per- cent drop in traffic fatalities in the year following enact- ment of a law making use of seat belts compulsory. the lowlands. For their lofty peaks are from 1 to 5 miles closer to the solar furnace. However, solar energy works in mysterious ways to shed more warmth on the plains and less on the lofty peaks. For example, in the torrid tropics, many high mountains wear snowy crowns throughout the year. Obviously we cannot expect to gain more warmth by moving a few miles closer to the sun. This is because of the earth's atmosphere and the nature of solar energy. We can figure our quota of solar radiation as a sort of energy budget. On its way down to the surface, about 40% of the quota is reflected back into space by clouds, which normally hover above half the surface. On the way down, very little is absorbed by the airy atmosphere. The warmth is shed onto the solid land and liquid oceans, where certain solar wavelengths are converted into heat. Some of this solar heat is used to warm land and oceans, some to evaporate moisture. Some is absorbed by the lower level of the at- mosphere. Since the air gets most of its heat from the sur- face, we would expect it to be warmer at lower levels and ;ioler at the upper levels. As a general rule, this proves to be true. The air grows cooler as .we rise higher above the surface of the planet. Moun- tain peaks tend to be cooler than the lowlands because the air absorbs its heat from the surface. However, the global at- mosphere is in a constant state of weathery turmoil. The surface of the planet gets its heat in uneven patches. Above it, masses of warm and cool air blow hither and yon. And sometimes a mass of warm air slides up and over a mass of cool air. Then, once in a while, a pocket of upper air is warmer than the air below it. QuMtlom aaktd by chil- drtn of Htrald rtacUn should milled to Andy, P.O. Box. 765 Huntlngton Baach California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Your horoscope lyJeamDiim SATURDAY, JAN. 25 Your birthday today: Finds you confirming your skills, beginning steady advances in career, encountering rivalry and competition on all sides. Although relationships get crowded by your heavy schedule, older' people are generally favored. Today's natives are determined to develop and promote im- provements (whether on a small scale or worldwide depends on how well placed they ARIES (March 21-April People resist just enough to be sure you mean it, so express yourself vigorously. If you're free to forget obligations to- day and go somewhere new, by all means do so. TAURUS (April 20-May Be immune to a sales pitch. Look at your household with a critical eye and begin plann- ing necessary changes. Electrical equipment requires special care for safety. GEMINI Lead the way today you have the energy and generate more as you go. Bring home some gadget that makes daily living more convenient. Romantic ventures seem stymied. CANCER (June 21-July Stop when you're ahead, whether in business or recreation. If your friends are all out or away, assume they need to be. Find something useful to. do for your own future. LEO (July 23-Aug. You'll be more effective if you go along with associates and encourage them to act rather than talk.- There's enough ex- citement in the news to keep matters stirred up. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Anything you get involved in is likely to develop extremes beyond what you're skilled at handling. Take it easy. Pastimes likewise run to es- capist extremes. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Invite friends for a planning session along with the usual diversions. Flaws in recent arrangements can be cor- rected if pursued in good faith, without recrimination. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. You must conform to the customs -and expectations of others in order to make progress today. Pursue romantic inclinations, but don't neglect your home. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. Thumb through your accounts, organize a drive to collect what should have come to you already. Go in for physical activity, competitive sports. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Willy nilly, you find yourself in unfamiliar situations. Concentrate on en- joying the novelty; talk about it later. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. New projects are favored; do them well if you do them at all. What seems unconventional is mainly so because of the way you look at it. Prefer hobbies involving exercise. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Be out and around early. See to the neighborly touches that improve your standing with both friends and the com- munity in general. Compete with confidence and enthusiasm. 6ET OFF THAT UATCKKO. AMP CATCH THAT WK6LAR! THAT 5W1V) THERE'S EXOT5E...UIEU. CANT EVEN WHAT KINP A UlATCHPOe ARE ON THE MXINP- HEAWD ILL GIVE VOUR y. OKAY POC FLIMFLAM ITS A PLEASURE BUSINESS WITH YOU BUMS'AN. I'LL TAKE 50 GALLONS. HI AND LOIS BUGS BUNNY WHY MY TURN YA LOOK SIGNAL WAS WHERE MY ARM WAS YA CLUMSV CLUCK... DON'T OM- VWAGOLE YOUR FINGER AT ME... HUH? ILL SUE YA PER. EVERY DIME YA .I'LL. SEE YOU IN Lawrence Lamb M.D. BLONDIE Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN AND OMAR SHARIF 1975. ThrChieijo Tribune- Both vulnerable. East deals. NORTH 9642 4K87S2 WEST EAST 48742 463 SOUTH 4AKQJ10 f AK9 KQ53 The bidding: East South West North If 2 Pass 3 Pass 3 4 Pass 4 Pass Pass Pass Opening lead: Eight of V. Sometimes there is just no way to avoid losing cer- tain tricks. However, in those circumstances it is often crucial to .lose the tricks to the right opponent. After East opened the bidding, South showed his tremendous power by cue- bidding the opponents' strongest takeout he could make. When South next showed his suit, North judged that his doubleton heart and king of clubs justified going on to game. His evaluation was correct, for the king of clubs could .have been the key card to the winning line. West led his top Heart, de- clarer won with the king, cashed the ace and ruffed a heart in dummy. Now he to the table to lead a dia- mond to the king, winning the trick when East played low. Since he could afford to lose two diamond tricks and a club, declarer continued with a low diamond. West won the jack and shifted to the jack of clubs, which held. A low club to the queen was ruffed by .de- clarer, who forced out the ace of diamonds. East led the ace of clubs and, when de- clarer ruffed. West's fourth trump became the setting trick. Declarer was on the right track when he played to set up diamonds before touching trumps.' However, he should have realized the danger of being forced by club leiids, and should have taken steps to avoid that risk. From the bidding and West's failure to, capture the king of dia'-' monds. it was obvious that East had to have the ace of diamonds. Declarer should, therefore, have made certain that, when he lost the first of two diamond tricks he was willing to lose. East would be on lead so that the club king would be safe from attack. Thus, after winning the king of diamonds, declarer' should have continued with the queen to East's ace. True, this would lose an un- necessary trick in the. suit if East started with a double- ton ace, but the play would have insured the contract. South is n tempo ahead of the defense. He has time to set up his fourth diamond before the defenders can .force him twice, and will be able to draw four rounds of trumps made use of his one entry and make his contract. LI1ABNER Dear Dr. Lamb I bruise easily, mostly in my legs. My veins seem to be close to my skin, yet my skin is very tough and it doesn't break through. My blood clots normally. One time my physician gave me vitamin C in heavy doses, but it did nothing for that problem, so I stopped it. Most of the leg bruises clear up within a week's time. Deeper ones take longer. I sometimes wonder if something else is wrong. Are the vein walls thick enough? Can this clotted blood be dangerous? Can it cause a stroke or other results? Dear Reader The garden variety of small bruises are caused by injury to the smallest, blood vessels. The smaller veins are very thin- walled and the larger ones have thicker walls that don't rupture so easily. The injured small vessels leak a small amount of blood out into the tissues and this is the bruise. The size and length of time it stays is affected by how much blood leaks out. Some people with frequent small bruises do have in- herently thin-walled, easily broken, small blood vessels. The tiny blood vessels can also be affected by disease. Scurvy, from lack of vitamin' C, can cause these small blood vessels to break easily and then there is bleeding from thegingiva (gums) around the teeth and bleeding tendencies in the body. It is true that some cases of multiple broken small veins are caused by lack of vitamin C. In these in- stances large doses of vitamin C are helpful. If the person is already getting adequate amounts of vitamin C, taking more won't help solve the multiple bruises problem. Besides the defects or weakness in the small blood vessels that can occur, things can go wrong with the blood clotting mechanism, causing easy bruising. Normally blood clotting depends upon vitamin K, calcium, complex enzymes in the blood, the tiny blood platelets, and the blood pro- tein called fibrinogen. When the clotting mechanism is triggered, the fibrinogen is converted to fibrin, which then is tiny gelatinous fibers that form a matted material for the clot. Red blood cells are trapped within the fibers. Many complex tests are needed to determine the nature of the problem. Sometimes it is an inherited defect, as seen in the royal families of Europe. In other instances a defect can be caused by some other disease. Here a common example is liver disease. The liver is im- portant in forming substances needed to induce normal clot- ting. A jaundiced person com- monly has a bleeding tenden- cy. Those common everyday small bruises are not dangerous. Blood in the tissues won't escape and cause problems. However, if a person has a bleeding tendency then hemorrhage in almost any place can occur and cause complications, in- cluding in the brain. Those anticlotting medicines, incorrectly called blood thinners, interfere with the complex chemical actions of clotting. Coumadin, used in former President Nixon's ease, is commonly used after heart attacks and similar problems. It is also used to kill rats. When they eat enough it causes massive hemorrhaging in the rat's body. I hate to think what future historians could do with that bit of information. OUR CHEF MADE IT IN WlS OWNJ HOME 1 TMIS SOUP IS r. ARCHIE WELL, THEY'VE CANCELLED SENATOR'S TOUR NO, WHEN HE MADE A RI6HT TURN... HAGAR THE HORRIBLE MAMED MAD A L-AAAB THAT USED TO FOLLOW V ABOUT TMAT Flashback BEETLE BAILEY By THE CANADIAN PRESS Jan. 24, 1975 Vincent Massey was ap- pointed Governor General of Canada to succeed Viscount Alexander 23 years ago in 1952. The first Canadian born governor general, he served until 1959 when he was follow- ed by Gen. Georges Vanier. 1556 An earthquake in Shensi, China, killed about ONLY COHIP A PARK TUMBLEWEEDS ;