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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-24,Lethbridge, Alberta Qualified success The Ottawa energy conference was a qualified success. Although it did not produce long*term agreements it was very worthwhile. It was a success in that it did work out a policy for the next two months to which all provinces could subscribe even though some of them didn't relish it. It was a success in that it clarified the long-term issues, which is essential if they are ever to be resolved. It was a success in that, especially through the television coverage, it focussed public attention on the problem. This is a complex problem at best, and whatever happens most Canadians will have to pay. Now they will have a better understanding why. However it is significant that the first day and a half of televised discussions were largely performances intended to impress the television audience. That is not to belittle them. They were useful performances nevertheless, even essential. However the real achievements had to await the private luncheon meeting of the premiers and the prime minister. Meaningful negotiation cannot be achieved otherwise. The interest of the federal government in all of this became more clearly defined. It is simply to guard against gross disparities within Canada as a result of rising prices and falling supplies. The on-going committee which is charged with working out policies for the period beginning April 1 will have some formidable handicaps. Alberta and Sasliatchewan are insistent on their prior authority as owners of the oil and gas, and on reaping some extra benefit from such ownership. Other provinces superior in other resources have shown no special charity to Alberta consumers, and now that international circumstances have made oil and gas so much more valuable, these two provinces want to cash in on their windfall. They are not likely to give up easily. Premier Barrett’s final plea for nationalizing the oil and gas resources is quite unrealistic, in the context of Canadian confederation. The conference should have impressed on everyone that while other energy sources should be developed quickly, the country will be dependent on oil and gas for many years; that quotas and price freezes and royalties and taxes won’t produce more oil; that only more drilling will produce more oil; that this must and will remain essentially the function of private industry; that private industry must find it worthwhile to risk the money needed; that higher prices to the producers are therefore essential if more production is wanted; and finally that one way or another the consumers will have to pay. To the extent that it failed to remind the governments and the people that Canadians tend to be wasteful of energy and that much more emphasis must be placed on conservation, the conference was not a success.    . ART BUCHWALD A mysterious gap in the canal WASHINGTON - The Middle East settlement hit a snag this week when it was discovered that 18^ miles of the Sues Canal were missing. Israelis who had custody of the canal could not explain what happened to the liVi miles, but they did ask that the public withhold judgment until all the facts were in. The U-N. special prosecutor’s office is investigating the incident, the most serious to be revealed since the break-io of the waterway in 1967. Experts who have been studying Uie canal insist the disappearance of the 18^ miles could not be an accident.    ' ''Someone," an expert testified, “deliberately removed the portion of the canal to hide crucial evidence." Reminded by the UN special prosecutor that the Israelis promised to turn over the entire canal for inspection, Avram Ben Igon, Moshe Dayan’s personal lawyer, told the United Nations he had no idea what had happened to the 18^ miles. “It had been in a safe and guarded by our secret service for six years. Only four or five people had access to it,” Asked who they were tbe lawyer replied, “Moshe Dayan, Gen. Bar Kochba, the Suez Canal custodian and Rose Mary Eban, Dayan’s personal secretary." Miss Eban testified she may have accidentally erased five miles of the canal with her foot when she was niaking a telephone call, but she couldn’t explain what happened to the rest of it. She said sbe had worked on tbe canal at Mr. Dayan’s request the weekend before negotiations between Egypt and Israel began. She testified. “The canal was in very bad shape and I had a very difficult time with it. After I made the telephone call and went back to measuring the canal I realized it was short. and I immediately went to report it to Mr. Dayan. He didn’t seem too worried and he told me, ‘Don’t worry, Rose Mary, the canal isn’t important to peace negotiations.’ ’’ UN observers, however, have maintained that the 18^ miles were indeed essential and the disappearance of them might have an effect on the Arab oil embargo. Gen. Bar Kochba testified that only he and Dayan and Rose Mary had a combination to the safe where ttie canal was kept. “I believe some sinister force may have gotten Into the safe and stolen the miles. I remember giving Rose Mary the canal that weekend, but to the best of my recollection it was all there." The missing portion of the canal Is from Qantra to Ismalia, and Egyptian engineers maintain they will be unable to reopen the waterway until it is found. Tbe UN special prosecutor's office has tried to question Mr. Dayan on his role in tbe affair but he claimed executive privilege. His press spokesntan, Ronald All<m, says that Dayan knows nothing about the missing miles. *‘He had nothing to do with it, and he has ordered a full investigation to find out what happened. It’s obvious that radical groups are trying to impeach Dayan over this minor incident. Mr. Dayan is sure that no one on his staff would have erased any portion of the canal to protect him from prosecution. ' Tbe gap in the Suez Canal has caused great consternation in Cairo, Jerusalem and Washington, D.C. If It doesn’t turn up in the next few days, Henry Kissinger may have to fly back to Kilometer 101 and start all over again. UN otfservers refused to place guilt on any of the parties involved, but yesterday Moshe Dayan’s aides told Rose Mary Eban, “I think you had better get a lawyer.”Intimidation not the reason By Doug Walker I’m not accustomed to seeing George Chessor at church every Sunday so when I encountered him recently after having greeted him only a Sunday or two previously I made some bright remark about him oveHoing it. Then I learned, to my chagrm, that George can’t always get to church because he has to Cardston mayor answers ‘Henry baby—I know you’re kinda tied up with those other peace negotiations .. The trail of the tapes By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator The latest development in the matter of tbe White House tapes shows how much Watergate feeds upwi itself. The scandal is a classic exani-ple of an inner dynamic at work, of a case that proceeds on its own momentum from one thing to another to another and yet another. No external force — certainly not the press or the liberal Democrats as Mr. Nixon’s defenders now claim ~ has hoked up the scandal. Neither can any external event — including welcome Steps toward peace in the Near East — divert the affair from its appointed coltfse in the courts and an impeachment hearing. The more so as Mr. Nixon himseU has now emerged as the supreme witness — Uie man who either knows what happened or can find out, if he lias the slightest inclination to discover the truth. The trail of the tapes began with a decision, made by Mr. Nixon, not some liberal Democrat, to record everything that was said in his White House offices. A Nixon appointee, Alexander Butterfield, who had served on the White House staff, revealed the existence of the tapes in response to questtons put by Re^blicans on the Senate Watergate committee. John arica, a conservative federal judge appointed by a Republican President, ruled Mr. Nixon had to turn the tapes over to the Watergate special prosecutor. That ruling was then upheld by a substantial majority on the federal court of appeals. Mr. Nixon did not seek, as ~ he iud previously indicated he would, a definitive ruling in the Supreme Court Instead, he fired the special prosecutor, Archibald Cox. That manoeuvre backfired when two Republicans whom Mr. Nixon had repeatedly appointed to high office — Elliot Richardson and William Ruckelshaus — quit as Attorney General and Deputy Attorney General, respectively. Mr. Nixon's lawyers — not some biased newspaperman — then let it be known that of the nine tapes they had been contesting for with such vigor in the courts, two did not exist while a third was missing a significant portion. It developed that 18)rb minutes of an absolutely crucial tape were missing. At that point Rose Mary Woods, Mr. Nixon’s private secretary and longtime associate, came forward with a story of how she might accidentally have erased a portion of the (tape. That st(j^ was then subjected to technical examination by a panel of experts approved by the White House. Now the experts have come in with a story which indicates that the missing secti(Mi of tbe tape was erased by what looks like deliberate means. The trail of tbe tapes, by the simple process of one thing following automatically upon another, thus leads to the overwhelming presumption that somebody was trying to hide the truth. All signs Inr dicate that a crune - the crime of obstruction of justice — was committed. The time period for the crime is limited, and tbe number of people is confined to a handful of officials in the White House. So finding out who did what is not im possible. Rose Mary Woods, the President’s secretary, has given testimony that conflicts with White House records and the testimrtiy of other White House officials. She can be examined closely before the grand jury and shaken like a puppy dog in tbe shadow of indictment for perjury or obstruction of justice. Similarly with the other White House aides who had access to the tapes and the White House lawyers who, presumably, have served as officers of the court. No doubt there is one way that this investigation could be turned off quickly. There is only one person among those presently Implicated who stood to gain from the erasure of tape — President Nixon. All the others implicated, and especially Miss Woods, are his loyal servants. If he wanted the truth to come out, it would come out in a hurry. But Miv Nbfon is not that kind of a Inan. He prefers to fight until the bitter end, using every resource and privilege and power of his great office. That is why the investigation has continued so far. That is why it will have to go forward until a resolution is reached either through trials or an impeachment proceeding. So it becomes especially ill in these circumstances for Mr. Nixon’s defenders to blame his Watergate troubles on the press or the Democratic opposition. The true reason we are all being dragged throu^ Watergate is that the President of the United States is a man whose sense of honor allows the brunt of the su^icion and blame for a serious crime to fall upon his faithful secretary. This letter is in retpoose to the Jan. 14 article referring to glue-sniffing in tbe Moses Lake area. Someone has said that it is better to build bridges, rather than walls. Does it not seem incredible that a newspaper dedicated to tlie service of a group of c(Hnmunlties who subscribe to and support it, should allow the publication of undeserving, false and erroneous accusations against one of its patron segments. Was The Herald editor made aware of the many favorable statements that his fellow staff reporter received in his search for someone who allowed himself to be used, m a non-ennobling manner. Does the editor really believe that the so-called statements of Mr. Fox are his real feelings, or the feelings of the many serious-minded aggressive fellow Indians, wlw are striving to lift and help their people to take their place in society, for which they are to be commended. Is our news so void of negative news that it needs to go scraping and digging for the unpleasant. Is our editor not aware that there are many valued and trusted relationships between the ¡.eople oi the Cardston area, and the people of the Blood Indian Reserve. Has our editor not been made aware that Cardston was the first community to open its school for the progress of the Indian children. Is our editor not aware that when their hospital became inadequate that Cardston, without hesitati<m took care of their needs, and are stUl doing so. Is he not aware that all of the recreaUoo and cultural facilities of Cardston and district are and have always been used, and available for tbelr use, by the same rule u to our own people, while being heavily suppl^nented financially by our own people. Is the editor not aware that there has been upward of ^ white families in the last five years, who have taken Indian children into their homes, and in most cases provided all the financial needs of these children to help provide them with a stable way of life, and with academic training. Is tbe editor also unaware of the dedicated work of individuals and groups who have rendered assistance to reserve residence. To whom does The Herald attribute the failures and woes which occur among the other 4,000 residences of the Reserve. Consider if you will a statement which appeared Nov. 1970 in the Royal Bank of Canada letter, on being community-minded, which states: “Ideally, the community will judge a person on his individual accomplishments, his demonstration of responsibility and his personal worth.” Our task is to raise the personal worth of all community members, beginning with ouiwlves. The people of the Cardston district would like to say to The Herald, that we prefer to be builders of bridges rather tnan walls. We nave confidence that the bulk of our Indian neighbors also desire to be builders of bridg«; would The Herald like to join us? Office of the Mayor Cardston Annexation suggestion David Lewis’ risky game By Richard Gwyn, Toronto Star commentator The article referring to glue-sniffing in Moses Lake (Jan. 14) unfortunately, presents only a biased (pinion and certainly is not good reporting. 1 have only lived in Cardston three years and still view the situation as I ^t saw it The people of Cardston built this community because they dislike drunks. I moved here for the same reason — the church presents such a satisfying way of life that artificial stimulants are not necessaiy. Since the article does mention glue-sniffing as a Moses Lake problem and does not mention the problem in Cardston it is evident that if the people of Moses Lake were to take an active part in the Mormon church, their young people would be too busy for such nonsenw. I mention the Mormon church because it has a book that is the record of the Indian people and we are most anxious to share it with the Indians. You will find some young people in Cardston that get into trouble but never one that is actively preparing to go on a mission or to university. Some accuse the Mormons of discrimination because the general public is not allowed to attend the Temple. The same could be said of the University of Lethbridge. Both places have to be selM-tive in those who attend in order to get ai^ woA d(H>e. Indians are most welcome in the Temple provided they do as the rest of the members of' the church and make tbe necessary greparatim. No person should be granted special privileges in a community because of race. The Indians can buy and rent houses in Cardston and a white man cannot buy and rent houses in Moses Lake. Therefore the (Avious solution to the problem is for Cardston to annex Moses Lake within its corporate limits. Too many Indians dream of a fictional glorious past. Before the white man they did not even have horses. We should have a reserve set up where they can live like that until they come to their senses. Tents both winter and summer. Walk every place. We could even suraly cattle to replace the buffalo but they must live on it and no trading with the whites. It would not be long until they know that they never had it so good, with the better way of life the white man brought. The past cannot be changed but working together can change the future. M. E. SPENCER Cardston work some Sundays. I am sorry for what I said to him. On the other hand I am relieved to know that It IS work that keeps George from church. 1 had an awful feeling that he was avoiding me lest he be included again in these comer comments. SUllt«c*nic? “There is something slightly pathetic, if not fatuous, in a party appealing for public support at the polls on the grounds that other parties have enacted its program.” That obituary on the CCF, the movement which for three decades carried tbe torch of left-of-centre ideas until it was transformed into the New Democratic Party in 1961, but which never broke through to pow’er, was written by Walter Young in his classic study; “The CCF. 'The Anatomy of a Party.” In politics, names change but the game remains the same. All of the pressure these days is on David Levris. He’s playing an extra-ordinarily difficult, and in political terms dangerous, game. By keeping the Liberals in power Lewis has managed to pressure the government into implementing a number of NDP policies. Sometimes the tactic has back-fired: the NDP has to share responsibility for the misfortunes of the Food Prices Review Board which it helped set up. The successes have been more frequent: improvements to the Election Expenses Act., increases in pensions and family allowances, and, most dramatically, the government’s decision to continue the oil price freeze. Lewis recognizes that this strategy is self-defeating. “I’m acutely conscious of the fact that the more the party in power steals your pants, well, the fewer pants you have left.” Within the NDP there have been some interesting shifts of position about the alliance with the Liberals. Cliff Scot-ton, the cany and influential national director, who was a dove last fall has now become an election hawk. "You can’t forever lie in someone else’s bed and still claim to be a virgin.” Party workers, however, mostly seem content to carry on. One MP, Lome Hystrom, circulated a questionnaire to his constituents and found that 93 per cent supported the present policy. “It is entirely possible that the minority Parliament could continue foi a full term,” says Lewis He qualifies that statement, but interestingly does so for reasons beyond the control of the NDP, and indeed of Parliament itslf. Early last week Lewis spent two hours with Eric Kierans and Jack Weldon, professor of economics at McGill University, He now believes that the oil price spiral will precipitate an international financial crisis that will work its way back into the Canadian economy with such force that an election becomes inevitable. An economic crash, if It happens, obviously would change all political bets, and indeed remove them from the board. In the meantime Lewis intends to continue as before, bartering his ttalance • of -power leverage against influence over government legislation. There are two principal reasons for Lewis’ decision, one political, one personal. While the NDP has lost some of its distinctiveness over the past year, it has gained, Lewis believes, “in public credibility.” Credibility — progressive but not too hotheaded — opened the doors of power to the NDP in the three western provinces. The personal reason behind Lewis’ strategy was described to me by a close friend of his as. “History, He’s as conscious now of what history will say about him as what people today are saying about him.” Lewis, who has spent four decades in the back and front rooms of the CCF and NDP, is just a few ntonths short of his 6Sth birthday. He would like, his friend is convinced, to Sf down as the leader who ried the NDP across Ute watershed to a ma> jor party. That means a minimum of MMM) seats. That number (the NDP now has 31) isn't yet In sight. Lewis believes it could happen, provided the NDP give* away enough of iu panta, but also invents new ones. Plumptre criticized I enjoy The Herald very much, but I sometimes think people should never have learned to read, much less think It's too hard on the blood pressure. 1 read that Mrs. Plumptre thinks the price of eggs is too high. I hope she reads that they are actually losing money. She and the rest of the Plump-trees drawing $40,000 and $50,000 a year to blather their heads off about the price of the producers' products, should have to go out and look after these animals or fowl for just one week Eggs, traded for other groceries at one time brought five cents per dozen, in no way worth the wear and tear on the hen. If tbe producers’ prices don’t raise substantially m the next few years, there will be no eggs, milk or beef. They will get their exercise going for their welfare check. I bought some broadcloth before Christmas, in one of the largest department stores in Lethbridge, for 76 rants a yard. I went back the next week for more and it was 88 cents per yard, a 16 cent increase. I reminded the clerk that they already had one profit at 76 cents Orders from head office, was her reply. Why can't these Plump-trees lay off tile producer and blather a bit about something like that? T, LOWE Cardston The Lethbridge Herald S04 7th S< S Ltthbridg«, Aib«f(« LETHBRIDOE HERALO CO LTD PrOprWort und PublliFw* S«cond CItu Mwi RagKtration No 001Í CLCO MÛWEnâ. EtMtor am) PubHinar DON H PILLING Managing Editor HOY F MILES Advarllsing Managar OOUQLAS K WALKER Eflitorlai Page EAlúr DONALO ft DORAM 0«n«ral Managw ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manag*r KENNETH E BARNETT Busin«nManag«r "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH ” ;