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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-24,Lethbridge, Alberta — Tlwirtday, J»nii«ry 24,1174 Ask Andy SALT WATLR BODIES Andy sends a complete 20-volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Doug McClelland, age 12, of St. Catharines, Ontario, for his question: How come only tome bodies of water are salty? Lakes and rivers, streams and creeks are filled with what we call fresh water. The seas and oceans are filled with bitter salty water. However, Utah's wonderful Great Salt Lake is several times saltier than the salty sea and there also are other salt lakes in the world. This is somewhat mysterious. It means that whatever adds salt to the seas also sélects certain bodies of inland water to get a helping of salty chemici ' We live in a watery world and geologists sus^t that the basic supplies deluged down when the earth was young. This first water from the massive clouds was unsatted. Then, through the ages, a complicated process went to work. The process involved the sun, the hovering clouds and the rocks of the earth’s crust. This team quickly set in motion the revolving water cycle — which never stops. On a global scale, every day the beaming sun evaporates some 250 cubic miles of surface water into the air. After breezy rides as gaseous water vapor and misty clouds — another 2S0 cubic miles of moisture falls back to the sur* face as rain and snow. Meantime, much of the dai~ ly downpour gathers in rivers that run off to empty their contents into the seas. However, streams of moving water tend to dissolve mineral chemicals as they brush by the rocks. These invisibly smaU particles are carried along and dumped with the river water into the seas. The Uny traces of salty chemicals in river water is not noticeable. But for billions of years the rainy runoff has been leaching these traces from the land and donating them to the ocean. When the sun evaporates surface moisture, the dissolved chemicals are left behind. This explains how the enormous oceans got to be salty. But what about the smaller bodies of salty lake water? They are exposed to the same process that makes the sea salty, only on a smaller scale. A freshwater lake is filled and drained by moving streams or so-called freshwater. A saltwater lake has no stream to drain its water back to the sea. As a rule, it is fed by streams and perhaps by spiings that well up in its floor. Meantime, the sun evaporates moisture from its surface. The streams that fill such a lake bring in the usual traces of salty ciiemicals. When the sun evaporates water from such a lake, these dissolved minerals remain, making the lake, like the sea, get saltier all the time. « • * Sometimes a landslide cuts off an arm of the sea. This body of water is trapped as an inland lake. Naturally it becomes a lake of salt water. Chances are, it has no freshwater streams to feed it and no streams to drain it. In this case, the beaming sun gradually evaporates its moisture — and once again the salt gets saltier and saltier. OuMllon» Mk«d by child* r*n of H«r«M r««d*r« tltouid ,b* tnallod to Atk Andy, P.O. Box. 7M, Huntingteii BoMh, Colifort^a 02641. (Copyright CNronicI* Publithlng Co. 1973) lyjMM Dixon FRIDAY, JANUARY iS Your birthday today: The emphasis shifts mid-year, coming up from material sufficiency to social convenience-fulfillment. Public advancement is relatively easier this year, needing mainly earnest attention to your work and suitable presenUtions of it. Today’s natives are prone to experiment with unconventional theories, have a generally high ability to see in advance where a given procedure will wind up. ARIES (March 21-AprU»>: Good news, new friends and old ones returned are most hkely today. Wind up your work week swiftly, directly, ii S telco to supply oil pipe at the earliest reasonab time. TAURUS (April ««.May W): The more plausible the stoiy. the more reason for checking it thorou^ly before acting on it. Your work improves from greater care, less rush. GEMINI (May 21-Jane Wi Overcoming your own inertia, perhaps laziness, is worth the stretch in today’s long hours. Current openings have to be followed up and filled promptly. CANCEi OTTAWA (CP) - The Steel Company of Canada Ltd. (Stelco) has been awarded a v^6-million contract to provide pipe for the Sarnia-Montreal pipeline, it was announced Tuesday. The contract was signed between Stelco and the Canadian Commercial Corp., a government agency which will purchase the pipe for Interprovincial Pi^line Ltd., now seeking permission from the National Energy Board to build the 510>mile Sarnia-Montreal link. The line, with an initial capacity of 250,000 barrels a day will carry western crude oil to the eastern markets now served by expensive foreign crude. MUST PAY MORE LOS ANGELES (Reuter) -James Roosevelt, 66, eldest son of the late President Franklin D- Roosevelt, is to pay his former wife Gladys $800-a-month alimony instead of |1 a month, under a court-approved settlement disclosed Tuesday. CANCER (Jnne 21-July K): Action, both real and symbolic, is strongly favored. Pursue romantic or sentmien-tal projects vigorously. If your day stalls, take that moment out for prayer. LEP (July 21-Aug. 22); Now it is time to stick to your principles against the temptations blithely bally*hooed by your friends and acquaintances. It's better you spend the evening at or near home base. VIRGO (Aug. 13-Sept. K): Communication is the main threshold to get over now, particularly in forming strong relationships. Be more open to say what you feel. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Be puctual today, no matter how little you may be called upon once you’ve arrived there Spread your attentions evenhandedly over a broader range of interests. SCORPIO (Oct. 2^Nov. 21): Healthy self-assertion is emphasized; step right up and ask for whatever you feel you have earned. Careful work done in the correct sequence brings excellent results. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 31 )i Select a few worthwhile goals for the day, pursue them enthusiastically. Your shopping money is frittered away on extras if you aren’t watching closely. CAPRICORN (Dec. 2^Jaa. 19):    You need to know more of the context, the history, and reasons for things being as they are. This will cue you in on errors to avoid, save much time.    ' AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. IS): Just because you happen to know something doesn’t mean it’s yours to be first to tell around. Your way of showing loyalty is under close observation. PISCES (Feb.’ 19-March 20):    Somewhat of an easing-up process is taking place. Yesterday's trends are mUder now. Cooperation arises on all sides, wherever there is any basis for it. 1974, The Chicago Tribune It5 UELFAfŒ L£A^Ë AKPACHWtH WeAKFAÍT.., TMÊN ITS TM6 OF WOWEN tforeiîs rucwepw AViflTTOTKE LlKîAlW... KAIR0IÍE5$ElS Am THE MAIikST AK01H£N A MEÊTIH6 OP TMÊ PTAI TC CONÎIPÏÎÎINÉÎI PON^ PP AWTrtlN«, I LEAP A ACTIVË LIFE! SHORT MBS byfrnkoM BY CHARLES H. GOREN C W4, Tk* CHCM* Trltwa North-South vulnerabi«. South deals. NOtmi 4 Q102 ^ S73 0 «2 A<|ll«i WEST    EAST ♦ 73    4 1 ^Kio«4 OKQ104 C*T«3 4bS73    4KJ1I« SOUTH « AK J*»S4 AQ 0 AJS * z The bidding: Sooth Wett North Eut 2 A Pais 3 « Pait 4    NT P«M i 0 Pat* 5    NT Past t *, Past • 4 Pa» Paat Pa« Opening lead: King td 0-South learned to his cost on today’s hand that a little learning can be a dangeroua thing. After South opened with a demand bid. North was emi? nently correc in first agreeing the trump suit rather than showing his own suit. A Blackwood sequence ended in the small slam In spadei. West led the king of diamonds. "A Bath Coup, partner,*’ said South knowingly, as he allowed West to win the trick. West shifted to a trump, and declarer found he could no longer make the hand. He won the spade in hia hand and played a club to the ace. A tlub was ruffed, dummy was entered with a trump and another club was ruffed. Since the king did not drop, declarer could set up a k>ng club with another ruff, but he would have no way to get back to dununy. As a last resort, he used his remaining entry to dummy via a diamond ruff to finesse the queen of hearts. Unfortunately, this lost and the result was down one. South knew the name or the play at trick one, but did-not recognize that this was not the time to employ the coupi for he could not stand the shift to a trump. See the difference if South wins the first trick with the ace of diamonds and immediately plays a club to the ace and ruffs a club. Using dummy’s two high spades as entries, declarer ruffs two clubs, setting up the fifth club as a winner. Now, declarer con* cedes a diamond trick. Dummy’s trump deuce takes care of declarer’s remaining diamond loser, and at the same time is the entry which enables declarer to discard his queen of hearts on the long club. Dear Dr. Lamb — I looked up cholesterol in the dictionary and it reads ~ a crystalline of fatty alcohol, tiiutKl in dninidi Idt It abo Hull .suint- galli.U>nes are almost pure cholesterol. Is cholesterol essential to any body function or is it a residue? Does it cause hardening of the arteries? In a person who has had a stroke does it sometimes change their personality? Dear Reader — That is not a very good definition of cholesterol I would guess over half the public confuses cholesterol with fat. It is a waxy-like material formed mostly by the liver. It is drained out of the liver into the bile. It can be formed in the liver from the carbon and hydrogen in fats, carbohydrates, proteins or alcohol. There is a great tendency for the liver to mini inort' cholesterol whenever we eat too much of anything. The cholesterol is reabsorbed from the intestine along with the additional cholesterol in any food we eat. Thus the cholesterol entering into the bloodstream comes from both that made by the liver and thst in our diet The fat foods apparently stimulate the liver in titiMi niorf cholesterol possibly in part, because they contain so many calories, and excess calories stimulate the formation of cholesterol. Fun with figures By J. A. H. HUNTER Each letter stands for a different digit, but this is a most unusual alphametic. The array reads the same left to right as it does downwards. What a team. Two girls to one boy! Obviously the TEAM must be odd. Thanks for an idea to R. W, Madden, Agincourt, Ontario. (Answer tomorrow) BERT E D I E RITA TEAM Yesterday's answer: Boy 11 years, Mike 67. -OWABOJ" v\£ 30 0’^ "OWN 3 \COZtiSC''. PLEASE WRiTE ON 'JMÊS'VOU ANP , NO wompsr SCr400L MARAAS , BECOViEOl-D si V\AJDS. MiWDLOIS \V\ j 1 U \ H K7 71 Dj QK DTOWnO Á I'M ABOUT ^ ( ONE ANP TWO dimes - BUGS BUNNY It IS true that cholesterol is only an animal product. You do not find it in plants (vegetables, fruits, nuts or cereal). The most common ■viHiiVf ol cholesterol in large amounts in our food are egg yolks and organ meats. Smaller amounts are in meat (even lean meat without fat) , and milk products Many people seem to be confused because they have read that the body can produce cholesterol, just as I have said here. They think that if the body forms cholesterol anyway it doesn’t make any difference if there is cholesterol in the food. This is wrong. The cholesterol in food and that formed in the body both affect how much is in the blood. The diet is also important because it affects the body's tendency to form cholesterol. The saturated fats and too many calories are the chief offenders here. So, diet is very important in most people in keeping the cholesterol and, equally important, the blood fat level down to safe levels. A small amount of cholesterol is important m the formation of hormones and in forming those important bile salts needed to absorb fats from the small intestine i possibly a dubious benefit in some people) and other body functions This represents such a tiny fraction of the total amount of cholesterol formed that the body has no problem meeting these requirements You should think of cholesterol as a factor in forming the fatty particles that deposit m the arteries to cause changes of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. And, this can lead to heart attacks, strokes, and many other problems related to the circulation It it .iiU'ci" the cumulation to the brain, it can cause personality changes This can occur with or without an obvious stroke Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this newspaper. P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamh's booklet on chotestcrol, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for ■ Cholesterol” booklet. BLONDIE I'VE 8EEM ^ WAITING FOR BLONOIE TO SET SACK FOR AM MOUR AND A HALF by chic young ARCHIE by bob montana H/llilR lîk HOHnU dik browne BEETLE BMUY by mort walker SOURCES OF WASTE The major sources of solid refuse in Canada are bottles, cans and junked cars. THAT&' TME FOJRTH tiaAe IVE ÊiiPUAlMEP IT.^ MAVBÊ THeVipe TRYING TO BÚisr ion uiunijiUm IWKfWEEDS I AM NOrrVDOR FAITWRÍL mUPACE comumi fit ;