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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 24, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHMIDGE HEIMD Msndov, January 14, 1972 IJIIIOKI VIS Joseph Kraft Altruism is a priority The question of diplomatic recog- nition of the new nation of Bangla- desh is a difficult one. Firstly, this is not a case of a new government taking over from an old one. It is a question of the establishment of an entirely new nation, whose future viability must remain in doubt for a space of time at least. No one yet knows if Bangladesh, which is in reality the eastern section of Bengal, will eventually come under India's control in a loose, but practical union with the western half, now a province of India. There are signs that in spite of the demonstrations of joy in Dacca ef- fective control of Bangladesh has not yet been established by Sheikh Muji- bur's government. Guerrilla activi- ties continue and political tension is rising in spite of the Sheikh's pres- ence. Indian troops are still required to keep the peace and to prevent re- prisal slaughter. West Pakistan has thus far refused to acquiesce in the loss of its territory. Until these questions are settled, Canada will probably deny diploma- tic recognition to Bangladesh. In spite of Sheikh Mujibur's statement in London that diplomatic recognition and economic aid in that order were his country's first needs, Canada does not see it that way now. What we can do, and should do, is to send all possible aid to the suffering mil- lions of Bengal. Humanitarian re- sponse is our first priority and we should not expect any political gain from our generosity. It should be given from the heart, through the pocket book from government funds and private generosity ex- pecting no reward other than that which comes to all decent people with a genuine desire to help others in such desperate circumstances. It's called altruism. Is Xerox the culprit? The facts revealed in the Ander- son papers are relatively unimport- ant. What is vital is where they came from and who is responsible for circulating confidential documents of this nature. There have been theories that the information was ob- tained by federal civil servants, most of them Democratic party appointees, who want to embarrass the govern- ment, or that anti-war bureaucrats see an opportunity to prove that what the administration tells the people and what it actually believes are two dif- ferent things. Either or both of these suppositions could be true but it still leaves the question of where the leaks originated. The "whys" are fairly ob- vious, the "hows" are still unan- swered. The truth may be far more simple than the cure. Mr. James Reston thinks that the leaks come from ma- chines, from excessive dependence on that office workers' dream, the Xerox copier. Reston reports, for instance, that "Henry Kissinger has a meeting of the principal advisers to the presi- dent in the cabinet room of the White House to discuss what to do about the Indo-Pakistani crisis, and natur- ally he wants a record of what is said, which is recorded by the offi- cial rapporteur, and then Xeroxed for the participants, and circulated so that everybody concerned knows what was said and what they are supposed to do about it." The machines are in the basement of the White House, and the operator could very well make extra copies unless an FBI agent were there to watch that he did not attempt to do so. ppportunities for "leaks" from this source are painfully apparent. The greater the number of copies, the greater chance of disclosure. (Al- though Mr. Reston did not say so, the opportunities of accepting bribes by the unscrupulous can hardly be dismissed either.) So it may be no cloak and dagger mystery after all. The machine in- tended for the proliferation of all kinds of information may be extend- ing its technological blessing too far for comfort and security. It's a para- dox because copiers extend available knowledge, information and truth, at the same time that they endanger se- curity, and prevent those in high pos- itions who wish to speak their minds privately, in honest dissent or discus- sion, from doing so with impunity. Even a machine can talk too much. The state of humor WASHINGTON My fellow Americans, I am happy to report to you today on lie State of Humor in the United States: 1971 was a watershed year for humor in this country. The GNL (Gross National Laughter) in America rose by 3.2 per cent. Most of this could be attributed to the Good News-Bad News jokes which picked up in the last quarter of the year. There was a marked drop-off in Polish and Italian jokes, and they will probably be recycled and aimed at another ethnic group. Politically, 1971 was not a great year for humor, but you could call it a good year. Spirp Agnew, Martha Mitchell and Henry Kissinger provided 74.3 per cent of the po- litical humor, with President Nixon ac- counting for only 10 per cent. Former President Johnson, former Vice President Hubert Humphrey and Sen. Ed- ward Kennedy were responsible for less than 5 per cent of the political laughs. I am sorry to report there was not one joke made at the expense of Sens. Muskie, McGovern and Jackson during the entire year, though heaven knows their staffs tried. New York was still the biggest joke as far as a city went, and most of the credit for this can go solely to the efforts made by Mayor John Lindsay. Los Angeles came in second, but no one has laughed at Chicago since the Demo- cratic National Convention. TV football was one of the main sources ot family humor, though very few women laughed about it. Howard Cosell became the Comedian of the Year, accounting for an amazing 66.5 per cent of the laughs on television, thanks to his two straight men, Don Meredith and Frank Gilford. College students were laughing more in 1971 than in 1970, but youth on the whole contributed very little to the Gross Na- tional Laughter factor in the country. Youth was also responsible for cutting down laughter among adults, mainly be- cause it was impossible for grownups to laugh when their children were in the same room. What do I predict for 1972? Since it is a presidential election year we can expect an escalation in political humor. Every candidate will be obligated to warm up his audiences with good, homey, self-de- precating jokes which will show what a good guy he is. This humor, which comes painfully to every one of the presidential candidates in both parties, could put the country into a humor recession which they may not get out of until 1976. We can expect a tremendous number of Chinese jokes just before and just after President Nixon's visit to Peking, most of them having to do with the president's laundry. We can look forward to the same amount of production of Jackie Onassis jokes, wage-price freeze jokes, American dollar jokes and married priest jokes that we had in 1971, As for new jokes, we have to wait for President Nixon's State of the Union Mes- sage later this month. But I am very bullish about humor for 1972, mainly because I feel that if Ameri- cans could laugh after what they have been through during the past 12 months they can laugh at anything, any time. (Toronto Sun News Service) Oneupmanship By Dong ALTHOUGH marriage is supposed to be a partnership It is one of the major arenas for the playing of the game of oneupmanship. The night that he and Henny Van Egtcren were married, Don Hllden- brand displayed his adeptness at the game. Weddings are occasions when brides take over and leave the groona feeling and looking like mere apptodajw. Sonu Walker bridegrooms must toy with Ihe thought that if they didn't turn up they wouldn't bo missed. Well, Don put a'neat twist to that. When he had his opportunity to say a few words at the reception he not only expressed the usual thanks to parents, attendants nnd friends he also thanked Henny for being there! The anti-headquarters spirit in U.S. WASHINGTON Why did Hubert Humphrey an- nounce the opening of his presi- dential campaign in Philadel- phia? Because, a current Wash- ington gag goes, Altoona was all booked up. Only Hubert Humphrey isn't all alone, and the joke has a sad side. So pervasive is the public mistrust or authority that all the candidates, as if fleeing the pitch that defies, have announced in ways that di- vorce them from the seat of na- tional government. Ed MusKe left Washington and went back home to Maine for his declaration. George Wallace went to Tallahassee. Gene McCarthy broached his plans in Boston. And Mayor John Lindsay, of whom it is being said that New York Is his Chappaquiddick, went to Miami: No doubt one of the reasons for this rush to the grass-roots has to do with the last two presidents. Both President Nix- on and President Johnson be- fore him are magnets for charges of deception and deceit. Mr. Ninon sometimes seems to be deceptive for no good reason except the sport of it. Mr. Johnson was not only Ba- ron Mundiausen in his narra- tive style, he made matters worse by consistently trying to justify the record. Yet In our bones, all of us know that the national mistrust goes far beyond the White House and its most recent occu- pants. Next only to government as an object of public suspicion there is the press and TV. But even in our most narcissistic moments, we In the media fancy ourselves as the scourge of government, the force that keeps public men honest. Nor is public suspicion con- fined to political matters.Many of the leading companies fea- ture advertising that by em- phasis on warrants for contin- uous service practically an- nounces how little their word is generally believed by the public. Major non-profit iiwti- tutlonn of the highest quality, for example the Ford Founda- tion and the RAND Corpora- tion, are being treated by poll- ticians with a finger on the pub- lic pulse as though they rackets. All over the country and In all walks of life, in other words, there is suspicion and mistrust of power and authority. Even within institutions, the centre of control is rarely a source of confidence. There is abroad what John Gardner calls an anti-headquarters spirit. One reason for the prevalent mistrust is that the solution to many modem problems is like The Justin society UK fact that the world Is mnd. It goes against the grain of ex- perience. For example, t good way to cut crime H to make drugs available legiti- mately, thus reducing the price and easing the drive of addtcti for money to get their fil. But that runs up against tin instuitional feeling that the way to stop crimes is to catch cri- minals. So political leaden, competing for support, ire re- luctant to come clean with th> public. They mask their true purposes the better to follow enlightened policies. Then there is the fact of tele- vision. A huge public now sect close up events and men once dimly perceived in the far dis- tance. Since seeing Is supposed to be believing, we imagine that we understand what has hap- pened on the screen. In fact, the sense of under- standing is an Illusion. Most of us are too ignorant, and few of us pay a close enough atten- tion to get a true grasp. But we are also too vain to admit that the trouble is in ourselves. So we blame the political lead- ers and the media personalities for having duped us. Then there la the size of American institutions, notably the great corporations and the big cities. Many of them have outgrown the grasp of central management, particularly when it is not up-to-date. Since these organizations often func- tion poorly, it is little wonder that many of us who work in the great companies and live in the big cities have some doubts about the competence of those at the top. Lastly, there are the protest movements whether of blacks, women, students, con- sumers, or ecologists. To gain attention, they have exagger- ated on the grand scale and been systematically undisorlmi- nating in their language. A nice case in point is the ballyhoo to block the most recent nuclear test in the Aleutians. What it achieved and what most of the proest leaders achieve is a lessening of confidence, both in official authorities and in the protesters. Whether well-founded, or not, however, the crisis of confi- dence is probably the prevail- ing fact of American pub- lic life. The pre-eminent poli- itcal need is to restore trust. While that is necessarily going to be a long, painful process, there is at least one forward step that can be taken soon. That is to elect as president a man who is solid, who does not have hang-ups about him- self, who does not need to play upon popular hatreds, who is careful about the truth, and who inspires confidence. (Field Enterprises, Inc.l Paul Whiteluw Castonguay takes stand on constitutional issue QUEBEC CITY When Pre- mier Bourassa campaign- ed across the province in the spring of 1970, he was asking at least indirectly for Quebecers to give Confedera- tion a four-year probation pe- riod. In that time, the youthful eco- nomist promised he would counter the arguments of the separatist movement by mak- ing the advantages of being part of Canada clear for all to see. Jobs, prosperity and an end to the climate of political uncertainty would result from his clear federalist policies and co-operative attitude after the belligerent histrionics of the previous JJnion Nationale gov- ernment. However, Mr. Bourassa noted that the first, and perhaps most important step, would be the negotiation of a new constitu- tional deal with Ottawa and the other provinces giving Que- bec the powers thu premier be- lieves necessary to achieve his ambitious promises. Yet, with nearly two years of Mr. Bourassa's mandate used up, the economy is still lag- ging, unemployment is high, the political climate uncertain, and the first important step constitutional agreement is as remote as ever. Just how pessimistic Quebec officials have become about the eventual outcome of talks with Ottawa on shuffling areas of jurisdiction and eventually opening the way for accord on a new constitutor! was point- ed up recently by the angry pronouncements of Quebec So- cial Affairs Minister Claude Castonguay. Given Mr. Caslonguay's usu- ally stolid reserve, his remarks constitute the strongest criti- cism of the federal government to be heard so far from an im- portant member of the Bour- assa cabinet. The social affairs minister told reporters here, that tin current deadlock on family al- lowances could cause Quebec- ers lo lose patience with the federal system and decide in favor of independence. Mr. Castonguay also said that failure to reach agreement could cause him to resign from the cabinet. The Shockwaves that threat caused in Quebec political circles are indicative of his stature. Indeed, Mr. Cas- longuay is regarded by many observers, and some of his own colleagues, as the intellectual force behind the Bourassa gov- ernment. He has proved him- self nearly as indispensible as a politician can hope to be by implementing the province's medicare legislation, and work- ing as an important strategist at the constitutional meetings Quebec has attended since the Bourassa govenment came to power. Mr. Castonguay's public re- marks come at a time when some Quebec officials are des- pairing, off-the-record, about the possibility of achieving an "acceptable" constitutional agreement while Pierre Ttu- deau is prime minister. "Acceptability" to Quebec of- ficials means not only an agree- ment that gives Quebec the powers it feels it needs, but one which can be defended in the face of criticism that would in- evitably be mounted by nation- alist and separatist spokesmen. Many Qdebecers have tradition- ally viewed relations with Ot- tawa as a form of combat in which their government jousts for political points, so Mr. Bour- assa could be seriously hurt by a weak or ambiguous settle- ment. The sucess of Mr. Ttudeau's hopes for patriation of the Bri- tish North America Act, and agreement on a formula to work out a new constituion, now depend on agreement be- tween Ottawa and Quebec on family allowances and other nrtfen.. Mr. Castonguay pointed out that federal and Quebec civil servants reached tentative agreement in November on the baby bonus issue. However, Ot- tawa is now insisting on tying it to a package deal which would include adult re-training and manpower services before giving it cabinet; assent. Que- bec is happy with the baby bonus arrangement, but pro- vincial labor minister Jean Cournoyer has refused to ac- cept the proposals that would affect his department. Premier Bourassa has found, since his election in April, 1970, that constitutional reform and the shuffling of jurisdiction isn't as easy as it looked while sitting on the other side of the National Assembly. The most serious setback came last summer when Ot- tawa's rejection of Quebec's demand for jurisdiction over the entire social welfare field Letter to the editor Help ivanted I recently received a tape recording from my mother in England of the following song that she and her sisters learned in school around 1908. How- ever, there are a couple of lines that they cannot remem- ber and I wondered if any readers could supply the miss- ing words, make any necessary corrections, and perhaps name the author. "With fluttering flags and pealing bells and shouts of ex- ulation young Canada now her story tells, the story of federa- tion. No more in the west a scattered band of settled and divided by one great purpose guided. Tlie eagle of freedom hear our song and wheel on her tireless pinion for liberty reigns from shore lo shore across the great dominion." A. J. BALLAHD. Tiber. was the reason for Quebec's de- cision to vote the Victoria con- stitutional charter. The urgency that Mr. Dour- assa attaches to reaching agreement on a new constitu- tion before his term expires was made clear in September when he moderated the position he had maintained before the other premiers and Prime Min- ister Trudeau on the West Coast. Denying that he had been forced to back down on. his demands, he told reporters that he would take a piecemeal approach working out agree- ments on substantive issues and worrying about constitutional theory at a later date. At that time, he revealed contents of a letter to Mr. Trudeau in which he said he would be willing to let Ottawa retain control over baby bonuses, if Quebec could decide how the annual mil- lion earmarked for Quebec mothers would be distributed. That letter formed the basis for the November agreement be- tween the federal and Quebec civil servants. In the meantime, some offi- cials here poult out that even If Mr. Bourassa's new piece- meal approach is successful in ending the constitutional stale- mate, there are only faint hopes that the Victoria charter would be revived and accepted during 1972. With the likelihood of a federal election this year, they point out that Mr. Trudeau isn't likely to want another major constitutional conference if there is any possibility of an- other embarrassing deadlock. (Herald Quebec bureau) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1922 The Annual show of the Vulcan and District Poul- try and Pet Stock Association held in the IOOF Hall was a decided success in every way. was received this week that Foremost farmers will be entitled to free freight on feed grain shipped into the district. Any one farmer may obtain free freight on three cars of long feed and one car of grain or screenings. took steps to place the entire Common- wealth on a war footing today in the wake of Japanese land- ings on dandated islands within striking distance of the Aus- tralian mainland. 1952 Canada's sweetheart of the blades, Barbara Ann Scott, lias proven to be a tremendous box office attraction with a touring U.S. ice revue. federal government will make an acreage payment of one dollar per cultivated acre this year, up to a maxi- mum of 200 acres. The Uthbrukje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRHJGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and publishers' Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clau Mill Registration No. 0012 Member of Tht Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Publlihers' Association and the Audlr Bureau or circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Edllor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Edllor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pane Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;