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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 24, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGk SIX THE W;THBBroGE DAILH HEBALD. OF THE y Funs* P*oi> Lamb pointed out that In any scheme of co-operation, no one could expect to get hlB exact share at all times, as that wouia not be co-operation at all. He declared that the experience of the board for the time that It had been in existence demonstrated that It was possible for the farmers to carry their hall insurance themselves, liguring on a basis of a five per cent, charge lor overhead expenses ? \ He declared that if the hail board bad started four years ago operating under a different law by whicl% they could have charged 8 per cent, on crop area, they could have accumulated sufficient In the four years to have paid all tlio losses for any one year. Mr. Lamb declared among ot'her things that experience has shown that the losses from hall are equal to six jjer cent of the entire crop. "I am op posed to giving the farmers something for nothins," he declared, while a number in the;audience cried, "hear, hear." "We have tried the plan under which wQ have been working." he continued, "and it' didn't succeed. I didn't succeed because when the farmers got it enacted, they expected to get something for nothing. It the cost of the insurance was put on the crop where it actually belonged," assorted the speaker, "it would have paid for all the losses." Some (njust'ces The speaker went on to point out the injustice of a farmer with a large amount of pasture, and rough land, and perhaps only 100 acres in crop having to pay for hail insurance at the same rale as a man with an equal amount of land' but who had 1,000 acres :'n crop." /. Another delegate maintained ithat the new scheme would also incceaso the iTilue of , pasturage, and vacant land was Increased by the. development ot farm land and' that such land should couseciuently pay its Hhnre ot hail Insurahco losses. "Horses. would not be worth a, cent it the farmerc^ were not here" he doclarpd, while cries ot "got out," and groans greeted this remark. An Amendment An amendment finally was offered to the effect that the hall Insurance income "be derived from a minimum flat rate levied on all land plus a further acreage taxable levied on "the crop area." On a show ot hands, the amendment was voted down by a I.nrst majority, and the board ot director" clause was then carried by an even larger majority. The clauses providing tor the levying ot the rate by the board, and Its collection by councils of municipal units also was carried by a large majority together with the clause favoring the extension of the scheme by act of the legislnlure to all organized municipal units ot the province, and also to the unorganised portions provided n practicable plan for carrying it into effect can be devised. There was considerable argument over the cl.iuse permitting any person having crop to withdraw the crop from the operation of the act before a given date, but this clause also was adopted finally by a larE\> majority. Central Bureau The convention, likowise adopted the directors recommendation that all hail adjustments in the province be handled "by a central licensed adjustment bureau consisting ot adjusters licensed as competent under government examination, as in the case ot cnglfteora, with a view to securing uniformity and maximum efficiency at minimum cost." Black Leg The convention adopted the board of directors' resolution asking tVie government to encourage the use of vaccine for blackleg by spreading a more general knowledge of the d.sease in cattle. A message of greeting was received with applause during the afternoon from^ Hon. ,T. A. Crerar, Minister ot Agriculture. , President Wood's Strong Appeal to Alberta Farmers for Production V , , i-- , (H. W. W^ooA In his presidential address to thi� U, F. A.) The sIturftlPn today Is thai one of tho wenkeat points In our rnilitary alrongth Is food production. Tho Allies have got to produce every pound of meat and every �busl�el of grain they can, more especially Is this true of wheat and pork. Tho growing aoarcity ot these two products throntons tha success, of tljo Allied I do n"t want to naint anytlvld or spectacular picture of our men fighting at the front. 1 do not want to enlarge upon our sailors (aclng the nightmare of tho aubmar.'ne. I do not want tp talk about murderous nir raids ovfir Kngland or tho horrors of German prisoiis. It seems to me that if the farmers of Alberta are so jaded they need the prod of such a spur to wake them to^ltfo and action, their c^se Is hopeless. No, I believe tho farmers are men, men of principle, men of" honor, men who will answer to the call ot duty as readily and give as efficient -service to the cause ot r'ght ns any great .body of men In Cantdi. Sit"?-'" 'intv oni'ci in each and every farmer of Albertn to produce all ho' can till this war ts ov�r. The war-the actual conflict-has reached our farms. Wo, the tarmersi ot Alberta, may lose or win this fight. If we put up^tho best tigac (>v i .'ti i^aa we may still fearlessly face tho world, knowing thnt horor nf 1 't 's leff though all else Is lost. But if we do less than our best and lose, what can we think of ourselves? What will others think oC uu? If we spend our time quibbling over the wrongs others are doing quibbling over the prices which are already reasonable and profitable, while multitudes ot helpless written and children are starving to death, and pur military efforts are in danger of breaking down for the want of the things we should be producing, how will we ever justify ourselves before tho world or before unborn gonorations of our own children? With what delight will our enemies scorn and mock us. Germany proceeds on^he theory that might makes right. Advancing civilization will utterly destroy this sentiment. l Tho farmers of Western Canada are building on economic and political force. We possess the elements ot a mighty power. The only safe foundation upon which we can erect this forte is tho true princlploi the divine law, thit right makes-right. If we build on this foundation wo ho'va nothing to toar, for all other forces built on the same basis will harmonize^and co-operate .with us, and forces built on false basic principles w^iU nob be able to str.nd before us. When did we over bave such an opportunity to. show; to, the %yorld our spirit, to lay bare our very souls, as we .now have in meeting tho stern and' U.F.A.HEARSOF lUinlBter uf Education Strongly Advocates Consolidated School ALBERTA GENEROUS Is Spending, With One Exception, More Than Any Other Province Ai LQERTA needs business women. And �yAiere we need them most is not in business offices but in the hosnes. What we ' want is not so much a womian who can run a kitchen, as a womai^ who knows how much it costs to run a kitchen. The chief prdbtlem of domestic science is how to take a certain income of money land live up to it; not over it and not necessarily under it, but how to make all of your bills balance that certain amount of cash. Naturally the only way to do this is to plan your expenditures. And the oiily way to know the cost of what you are going to buy, is to compare the prices'at m^ch other people are selling. Tht^se. comparative prices are published in the advertising columns of this paper. No shrewd men hant hides \}\s light linder a bushel. Whenever he has ahythbg good to offer you, he puts it over his signature. "~ So the first thing you gain by following the advertising is a choice always the best thai; is being offered in each line. And when these merchants realize that so many of you are using their advertising day by dav as the basis for your buying, you may depend upon it they are going to stretch every possible point tp maintain your interest. If you will follow this plan for a short time, vou will find that you are merchandising your home in the same way that these business men merchandise their stores. You will become as shrewd at buying as they are. Your books will begin to balance, and yoi) will discover, that you are the head of a big, successful institution kiiown as a Prosperous Home. (From Our Own Reporter) Calgary, Jau: 24.-Hon. J, R. noylo discussed tho shortcomings of our oduoatlonal system In rural communities with tho United Farmers In an address at the convention. He � told thd farmers that in tho towns and cities from GO to 70 per cent ot the children who grow up obtain a high school education and a large percentage of them spend xtX. least three years upon' High School work. Apd what are the facta with respect to rural school pupils? We find that not more than between 10 and 15 per cen\ Of these' over obtain any education beyond grade eight and a large proportion of them on account of the inferiority of the rural school as compared with the..graded schtwl In tho townis and. cities do upt ^each oven Orade Seven. Problem of. Rural School One of tho problems ot the rural school. Mr. Boyle outlined in this declaration: "I would'ask you to stop and con-. sldor what is possible to be aocom- rHURSDAY,^Nj(JARY CLASH AVOIOID  ' \ -�-� � : . ^ �  Urge Increase tn Allowance to ^ % Head Of U. f. A.-.Live8tock " CotnmtttM Report WaRlilngW, Jan. 23.-Con- terences today between Senate  dminl9trnt:on iMdefs ba^dllnR  President Wllson'a tisht against  the military committee's bills  to create a war cab.'net and  muriitlons administrator prac* ^ tically decided, that reference of the war cabinet rooaaura to ^ the military committee will not  be opposed. Thus the initial  clash has been arblded. ^  Calgary, Jan. 23!-High praise lii accorded th� now Dominion bWa Stook and lilve Stock Products Act the report of the live stoJk nud trans- y,""; J"^"'""'?"''ovo�t bo"o*er remarks that "after several years' work, it would seem that, a real effort is being made to tako c�re ot the In-toretfta of the producer In regard to these mattorst" i ' The committee alluded to tlie 15% wo believe that th6 greatest amount, of production would bo necured if stime kind of guarantee as to prices could be given to the producer by tho government, we disclaim any Intention of making such guar.intee a condition increase, m. freight rates as a furtlier �>' ""f co-operation In this matter. Wo burden upon the live, stock business, i "fowVX pledge our hearty co-operatlpn but It was pointed out that .the re- every effort having for Us dbject newal of the ii5% reduction In freight the securing of an Incroaso In the on Blocker and feeder cattle from the world's rtioat supply. And further. Alberta atbokysrds was rehewed. In- we should do all In our power to eluding .free,freight to farmers of all Impress on tho producers the serious-breeding �atila. as a resalteof the on- "e*? th* present shortage ot food-deavora of this aMoclatlon; also the stuffs, and Imbuo thorn with a sense speclil half-rates on seed grain.,"' tl>cir duty and responsibility in which have been iUowcd by the rall-rottds heretofore, at our. request havo this connection. Tlio question which la perhaps more exacting responsibilities brought to us by this rclentlesa war? We will emerge from this supreme teat an irresistible-, force in the defence ot our own rights, and a mighty power In tho affairs of Canada, or we will emerge from It a discredited class, with none so poor as to do us honor. It has been charged by those who fear us and would traduce us that we are heartless, selfish; profiteers. Tho very fact that the prices of all things we buy and all things wo sell are set by others brands,this statement as utterly false and contemptibly mean. We have nothing tVfear from false charges. The only thing wo have to fear Is ourselves. 'Wo are face to fi.'o with responsibilities which will not give us a chance to be profiteers but they I will force us to uncover our souls and show to the world whether wo havjo tho mean spirit of the profiteer or the spirit of true men. I have absolutely-iio fear of the farmers if they understand the true situation. Of course there will be exceptions. It can not be.,expected to be______ _____ .______ otherwise, but I believe, fully believe that If every farmer tuliy understood ' pllshed In tho niral schodl as It ea-the extreme peril or the situation and the rcsponsbillty resting.on them, they ists in any country, the one-teacher "would rise up almost as one man and do their best. I want to say to you rural school. The teacher has In her wih all the earnestness within mo, that I am fully convinced that the situ- charge all the pupils of the distrloi ation is far more serious than words ot mlno'can express.' ' ' from the infant class to the boy ol The world Is facing famine. Famine threatens the defeat ot our armies, j fourteen or fifteen years of age c^ov-Not hunger only, but starvation is staring millions of helpless people In the ering all grades from the child who face. Every bushel of wheat, every pound ot meat or, bread we can save by Is making his first Btrngglo to learn strict economy will help. Theni God helping us, let us do'our best.' to read to the pupil *'ho is preparing � for his Grade Eight examination. U -_-_-_-- � -7^---�------------- fljj, gchool district has the good for- way across until the new ships bulW- tune to be able from year to year for Ing in the United Stales ire re ^Uw .nd i a series of years employ an able so the people of the United States' teacher, the results to be obtained and Canada are asked; to.liberate one- (>vdn In the first eight years of school, fifth of their. normltl'sUpply of wheat life can scarcely be expected to be or flour." -'i . � I equal to that of thd graded schools, "Thus you will seariroin .Mr. Han- where the teacher will have one two,! na'a statement that'i �y the closest three, or possibly four grades. Then kind of economy we.cttn only hope to when you consider that It Is only nat-supply 220,000,000 'bdshels of th,e ural for a teacher to prefer tho'grad-necessary 459,0000Q9j[Hor 600,000,000 ed school..and when you realize that requirements ot the aii(aa. , |for tome unaccountable reason the sal- In addition to thifltiterwill be arles are better In tho graded schools UO.OOQ.OOO bushels of exporUble than In the rural Hchools you get the wheatiln the Argentiae Jtepubllc, 150,- condition that the school boards of 000,000 bushels in Australia, besides the graded schoola select their teach-' a large quantity In India. But while j era from the top of the profession AFTEHmROe President Wood of U. F. A. Says Speculation and Gambling Has Been Wiped Oat- Pork Production the dMttmce froni" CSilaTajl'and the United States to X.lverpdol is about 3,500 miles the distanelpa of the ratepayers of tho district." and the rural schooU are obliged to take what are left. Those that are closest to the: towns and cities take their choice from the balance of the and Australia \ teachers, and the culls as a rule go miles respect- out to the outlying points, some ot been renewed, and will be In force; vital with tho majority of Jive stock covering the.coming crop year. I produders than any other at the prop-The report further.said: In the ont timo, is tho general system of i_. � � ' -  e-� handling live iitock In the stockyards , ___. _,,ii. h.,, and at the packing plants, which In- tho education of pupils who have had j guestlpn of cuts and docks, about y�� ^^^^^^^ handling charges, Indudh.g a consolidated Mfcool and there will .j,,^ mgumnce charge ot tho packlns dlways be some anjlihopo many who ^^..^^ of one-half of one per cent, are both w;��nit and able to leave ^,^^,3 matters are brought up at homo to ohtum it. , every convention, and as reported by "Tho Department Of Education has your .committee in ll!)16 after careful for a number ofjrcara been enoourag- consldei'ation with various parties. lng.^tho establishment of consolidated ^jgp throush the medium of the schbols. They were first permitted by . Western Canada^ Live Stock Union, law tn 191S. Their establishment la ^j^i, v�hom we are affiliated, the con-voluntary by tho pebple living in the elusion been arrived at that tho districts toncerned, and I9 decided at best way to deal with tlieso various present by a malorlty vote. We now aotalls would be through the estab-have In this province 44 consollda- nghment ot a method 01. handling tlons. If anyone thlaks that the con- ^{otH along similar linos to tho BoUdnted school Is not a success-1 present system of handling gt-aln. woi)ld advise him to' visit War.ncr, your committee Is very pleased to re-Coaldalo, Milk River, Darons or Barn- that an act ot this description well or any of the older consollda- ^-aa passed at tho last session of the tlons." . , Dominion parliament, and assented to Unwifllna to Bear Cost on StJptomber 20, 1917. This Domln- The great obstacle to the establish- Jo" ''^""I'lTl'^h'T.'n^l^^^^ ment of these schools Is tho unwlll- L've Stock Products Act't^nd covers Ingness of tho people Interested to ">� ^'^'�o'o "'''r""", ..1.� wfiSf " pay the cost otiiitterond higher edu- general operation of stockyards, cation. Just ao long usjpeople are sat- Clanse 9 of the act which reads as isficd that the share rudimentary follows, gives a fair Idea of the detraining which their boys and girls �ree of control which itrom now on can obtain In the rural school Is suf- will bo^exorclsed by the Dominion ficient for a farmer in this country or government: ^ so, long ajSjie believes that better hnd "The governor in council may make further, education shuiild cost him regulations'prescribing: mithing and that the money should (,) The manner in which stock-come from some mysterious source yards are to be constructed, equipped, other than his own pocket, progress maintained and operated; will bo Blow- but if tho farming com- ]� (b) The manner in which complaints xpunlty, can bo wdo to realize that' against commission merchants and yie> have passed the atage when we the operation, mninlenahcp or man* can bo any longer considered a poor agement of stockyards shall be made province and are rApldly approaching and Investigated; ' the time where we will be considered (c) The manner in which, live slock, one ot the wealthy provinces of this meat, poultry, eggs and wool shall Dominion and it they can bo made to bo graded and branded or marked, and realize that the greatest asset that \trhat shall be the size ot psckagos this proyince has is the yAung menybontalnlng meat, eggs and poultry, the and 'Women growing up In the country\kind ot package that may be used, and mubh delayed on account ot the Unit-ad States authorities being unprepared to act with it in fixing a uniform The unfortunate thing.about the rural school is that }ust at tho time have been built In which' to carry it. Pork:, - . : _________________, , _____ , "Since the beginning of the war the when the child is coming into the full price in both countries; but finally the number of hqgs In European conntrlea possession of . hia mental powers price was fixed, and the trade was BO has decreased by ever> 32,000,000 where it wpuld be possible fyr him regulated that speculation in wheat head. The imports of hog products.In- to obtain more by way of a real edn- was entirely eliminated, and 1917 to Great-Britain during the yoar 1916 cation of ajpractical kind in two years ,crop is being pue*^from producer to represented an increasd ot 240,000,000 than previously In four he finds that 'consumer under the most Jiist and pounds over those of the year 1914. tbe road to further instructiop is bar- j economical system ever operated in The'total amount of these products red by the fact that circumstances Canada, or, perhaps, in any country; imported by Great Britain In 1918 was will not permit that,he should leave Thus we see that by the veryneces-. 1,261,000,000 pounds, pt this amount, home for tha purpose of obtaining slties of war,-profiteering, speculation Canada furnished onlyilO'A per cent, further training. . and gambling was eUmlnated from J"r nimber of hogs Id the United The most impoftant.age for ednca- the wheat trade, a thing we had been States Is ten per cent less, than be- tlon is between 14 arid 20. The towns trying to accomplish for years, a'nd at ^o'e the war. Tho number of hogs In and cities therefore have a tremend- whlch we had been .making very slow .Canada In 1917 was .aJ?aut. the" same ous advantage by reason of the fact progress.'We, with the consuming pub- o' a little gre^tter than before the that, there is no break in the pupil's lie, should use every endeavor to hold hut our entire output to equal to training until such time, as It ia, at least some of ihese bcnofita atter only a little more thin one-half tho necessary for him to start earning'a the War Is over. We cannot hope to sbrinkage In the United States pro- living for himself for the simple raa- reSain a fpted price but we should be ductidn. The allies ir^ust have ment son that the education is there at his able to give the tiado some continued enough to meet the necessary door and it la not nooeasary for him protection from the piracy of unneces- requirements of life, .ind the soldiers to leave home. 'n,">e tt'onches must have enough to: Consolidation the Remedy ajl. fuUv supply their wants..But .where Is Mr. Boyle's remedy for the px'nt- it all to come from?" ' ; ing condition of affairs hi rural schools �� ~ --_,_ was th� consolidated school. Ho said: WEOD FAiER Of!NS,slSflii Lirilfliniir P'^'^^i'^lo graded classes and good UrW H IM � teachers with the best results, makes ilii HUmIL t^^'*�'� * y^otiOT attendance In the ) elementary classes, provides for pupils completing their elefnnntary gradon at an earlier ago and commencing and that  good education will give to them the p�wer as individuals and as citlscns; that mbiiey invested upon the oducation of these boys and girls will produce bigger dividends than how such paakages shall be branded, marked or labelled." ' , This clausLo, yon will note, qorers the appointment of a special commls-Bion, which will give hearings to var- money. Invested in any otheij enter-; Ibus complaints or difficulties in dlf-prise, then we will reach'the stage ferent parts-of the Dominion, and glvo where we will have ponsolidated their rulings accordingly, as is done schools all over this country. Spend Pile of Mojiey by the Grain Commiaslon or Railway Board. Bt vear Axnennfid ovAr oiifl million ___j^.a___ opened' Pt -which they come Into pos-hls new house on Piiaay nlgfit to his osslbn of their full mental powers,', may be gathered from the following friends, by invltlnK nia�T^�rVheli."to: �ncl then tWe greatest of^^^M^^ It pro-S ^^J'^STfUXH:^^ ?J� It^..'"" farm, .After skat- vldes a_ secondary education _ for all the province and to tliA greatest ac- era neted the/rapldly widening duties cordintf to population, ef any province the executive pfflcers, especiaUy In in Canada, excepting British Colum- '^gard to,legislation, and suggesCed bla which has itsC'own very valnable 'ho indemnity of 92000 granted natural re�(rtircas.7' tp^ the president a few months ago bo Iiv. conclusion Mr. Boyle eild: "Wo . � sura comniensprate cannot expect to Increase our grahts th4 Importance of the office., to schooto dur/n? the war, but I am ,J'�? (mpo'tant influence of the po-convinced that the time, has arrived .platform adopted at the last In this province when we should re- coramonted upHn, dfstrlliute this tnonny.'giving more in Mutual Hall Insurance nld of seconinrv schools and leas for Announcement w.ns also made of a elementary cJucatlon. Jlost parta of pending proposal for establlBhlng a the country.;have p.issecl the time mutual hail insurance scheme on a wbiJre it Is pny lonw.a struggle to basis of taxation, �mpport theelempntni^ school and if the success of the legal depart-we .wer? to fe'llstribute those grants, metit. reeintly estobllsbed, was repaying more to. encourage consolldat- slewed at'some length, ed schools, and less for elementary The report was adopted unanimous* cdirntloh I. th slon. - P.S.-7l)en't forget to advise your husband to let the Uthbridge Herald Job Printing Dept.,.lof}k after his stationery and office supplies. It can give him the right thing, at the right time, at the right price. In the United States one bushel of exportable wheat, allowing for a normal consumption. Between; how and next h^irvest it will be nopoasary to deliver on the other side of the Atlantic, 45O,Q00,00O to BOO.OOO.pOO bushels of wheat. The amount of wheat in _______________ the United States ia only 60Q,000,00� Many farmers aro attending the big buBliels, which is no more than tho convention this week in Calgary. 100,000,000 people of the United ., --.--^-i-i-- States would eat before the next'harvest. Mr. Hoover lias set hlmeell to save IPOOOOOOO bushels oiit of normal consumption. That means a saving for every iimn, woma'v and child ot one-fifth the amount of flour ho or she usually conauraes. ^ "In Canada, we have today from ences, hot and cold ^''c' that all Of the pupils ..... water. A large furnace suppllet heat, studying for one business, tb��>:.<. 4 j than 800 p^pllB from Vl\e^ rural parts w/AMTft riAvi I cfuntnr and only 309 attend- WANTS DA/LIQHt $AVINO ,4 Jng the Agricultural Schools. The  Agricultural Schools aro special voca-V tional itistitutinnB which, at present Halifax, Jan. 23.--The board of trade, a<'Us anpuni mooting yesterr.ay afternoon, ppss- 100,000.000 to. U0,O0P 000, bushels of ? .ed a reHohtion urgt'og on'the exportable wheat, li'tho Unltod States can save tvjenty per cent, and wo can save f.iventy por cqtit It will leave about 220,000,000 bufiheiB to nSend across to our armies fnd ouf allies. It Is important that 220.000 000 .'lushols ' get across the, Atlantic , withlti. the next fo\ir or flvi/months. It is unlllfely that jArgentlne-wbaat will-find its < are struggling with rural students try-ing to bolster Up their detects in la^k  ot previous training necessary to fit Dominion |ovornraont"its view < jhem to fully benefit froni the spec-' that a a-.yllght saving ^ law  iallsiod HClentific instruction given. A should bf enacted forthc whole hoy or girl who has had two yowa at country. D Arn^-OHtivrny, a High School or In the VDper grades mf-nngor oC l,ho iJank(pt iCdiO',  .of ...a qohsolld'ated School will learn merf.e, Viis elected'^WiUient'of', wvmore in one year at oho of our lagrl-the boi.rd for another term. - '  ouUunil schools than .th^ pupil k'th-\ �out it will nccorhpllsh in ^wo.iThese V. � � 4' 4 * tichodf mro s,al^udldly suited to finish ? 1^ Your last Change // Baby Grand mmmm mmmm^ for a �1 - -v ' Hurry up and get your^ ticket from Next of Km, 1.0. p. E. and Veterau Of Phone 372. B35? 44 4166 ?458 ;