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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 24, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 1918 NUMBER 37 'A p p Telegraph Briefs ITALIAN LOSSES Rome, Jan. 24,-The* weekly report of Italian shipping losses gives the sinking of only one am all sailing vessel. One steamship was attacked unsuccessfully. FRENCH Paris, Jan. 24. New Rates Are Suspended Till March \ Petrograd Hears That Discontented People Have Risen and Formed New Govt. UNREST IS GREAT; REVOLUTION WOULD NOT BE A SURPRISE m . . ,..r LOSSES ' Paris, Jan. 24-The sinking of two French "vessels of more than 1(500 tons and One of lesser size is shown in the weekly report of French shipping losses. Four vessel* were attacked unsuccessfully. ENEMY RET Urges America To Ship All Wheat IrCan As Soon ' As "Possible i Ottawa, Jan. 24.-The new freight rates will not go into effect on February 1 as planned. When the inquiry concluded today Premier Borden suggested that when Mr. Symington finiahed that they adjourn until March 1, and this was done. The people who are making the appeal have been given until February 8 t> put In their case and the railways are given until February 18 to make reply. The appellants are then given un|ll February 28 to make further reply. In the meantime the present rates in operation will stand.- Lost Mine ' New York, Jan. 24.-According to news agency dispatches the Smolny Institute, headquarters of Bofshevlkf In Petrograd / has announced a revolution in Austria indicating that the revolutionists . have named a new cabinet and a^ making progress. There has' been no confirmation but it is known there that there has been aerious'social and economic unrest rn the dual empire for some time. 200,000 on Strike London, Jan. 24.-Reports received In Copenhagen from Vienna, /�s forwarded by the Exchange Telegraph* correspondent indicates that 20O;00tri men are still on strike and that 'the e'trike continues in/Budapest. A Vienna despatch to the Vossische Zeitung of Berlin says that while work was resumed in part on Monday the strike continues iu a number'of large factories. \---- Hun Warship Sunk Italians Have Forced Huns Retire From Important Points RELY ON THE U. S., BUT SAYS BRITAIN WILL WIN THE WAR llarton N.S. Italian Army Headquarters in Italy, Jan. 23.-The enemy has evacuated territory on the northern mountain front behind Monte Tomba, extend ng from the Piave river westward. Their defence lines have now been moved back to Monte Splnocia. ' T^alian patrols making reconnaissances in the last few days found that the enemy patrols and sentinels had ld �eel ^ despondent over the been withdrawn and later discovered . itlon if the Unjted states had nof that {he enemy had abandoned the en- come into -the waI, but x have un. tire region. This retreat is a sequel ljouMe(J faith in your abiHty and Rood f irininrv Pronrli trnnns ! .... . . ,. ___v.,____ L#idon, Jan. 24.-Lord Khondda, in an interview on the food situation, referred to the difficulty of jdiscussing the subject frankly without giving encouragement to the hopes in Germany that th's country was suffering very severely from lack of food. He drew i a sharp, distinction between the conditions in Germany, where the "public health, particularly that of women and children, had been dangerously undermined by lack of nutrition and semi-starvation and where the working effectiveness of the men had been decreased thirty per cent. In Britain he said, the self denial thus far practiced had* actually improved the physical condition of the nation. i. 1 "YTith the help oMhe United States we shall pull, through" he declared. "I to a brilliant victory French troops recently obtained on the Monte Tom-ba. inasmuch as the enemy's position thereafter became untenable. The retirement Is important as showing that ho has given up his effort to force a passage to the Venetian plains by way of Tomba and the west bank of the Pfave. at,;lfftst for the present. He is now constructing defensive works in the rear. . Stellarton, N. Jan. 24.-An explosion occurred'in the Allan tshaft of the mine here last evening about 5.48. There were 100 men in the mine at the time, but i% escaped to a-higher level. Up to one oj^lock this afternoon a total of fifteen .bodies had been taken from the Allan mine. Three of these bodies had been recovered near nooav 85-Accounted For �SteIlarton,VXs�S.;\Jan. 24>-Xo sign of life was heard today in the Allan shaft of the Acadia Coal Company's mine where an explosion occurred last evening. The rescue workers managed to reach the upper levels ayid there found l5' bodies. The number j of miners unaccounted for Is 85, for [ whose safety little hope is entertained. Many, of them are-a thousand feet under ground, and cut off from ifcelp from the outside by huge falls of coal. The cause ot the explosion Is unofficially given as an accumulation of gas. One of the government's inspectors entered the shaft this af- 4 that their advices indicated that the explosion was caused by accidental combustion. Authorized Statement Stellarton, .N. S., Jan. 24-Mr. H. Prudehome, ot Montreal, general manager of the Acadia Coal Company, has authorized the following statement In reference to the disaster in the Allan shaft last night: "An explosion with two puffs at ten minute periods occurred in the lower levels of the Allan shaft at 5.45 last evening. "Ninety-eight men were in thdmine at the time, of \vhf>m nine from Level 500 came up alive. - "Fifteen bodies from the 1200 level Were brought to the surface, leaving 76 men in the mine." Three Disasters Halifax, N. S., Jan. �4, mouths, Nova Scotia Petrograd, Jan. 24.-The Russian delegates to the Brest-Litovsk peace conference have decidedly unanimously to reject the terms offered by the Germans; News Leaks Through of Troubles in Austria-Military Still Triumphant London, Jan, 21.-The impressions conveyed in today's news despatches from Switzerland and Holland regarding the internal situation In Germany on the eve of Chancellor von Herr-lfng's expected address before the O The German Demands IPetrograd, Jan.'* 23.-Russia must-give up Courland and all the Baltic provinces or the* Germans will resume military operations and occupy Revalr within a week, the German delegation at the Brest-Litovsk negotiations informed the Russian representatives at the last session of the conference. An adjournment was taken until Jan.-21), to permit the Russians to consider the Gorman terms. Reports of the session Indicate that the Germans took a definite stand and most frankly outlined demands on'' which they are insistent. The secretary of the Ukranian dele-: gation gave out an account of the > meeting. It says the Russians put a; question >to the delegates of the central powers as to what were their final peaco terms. General Hoffman, one") of the German delegates, replied by opening a map and pointing out the following hue. which he insisted should constitute the frontier of Rus- sia From the shores of (bo Gulf of Fin- reichstag is one of discontent among j land to the east of the Moon Sound -Within a fewl the masses supported by the trlum-has suffered ' phant hand of the military party. will to help us work out the problem. Our situation would be a happy one hut ternodn to begin an 'investigation of the disaster. Accidental Combustion Montreal, Janw 24.-The officials of Pthe Acadia Coa> Company, Limited, Allan mine, near ch the disaster oc- for the shortage of crops in Italy and France. "The war will he won by England." he said, "It is a test of endurance between England and Germany. We are ; .L"" ?Z"Z7* �f today where Germany wa, tvo jears j Copenhagen, Jan. 24-Seventeen linen from a Herman destroyer which was struck by a mine or torpedo) have been landed on itttj west (oast of Jutland. curred last night, said ibis morning I tion. R E HALIFAX I Say U. S. WillJLoan Big Sum to Ireland to Obtain Home Rule Member Wants To Know if Govt. Can Place the Re sponsibiiity i London, Jan. 24.- (Via Reifter'sXH-tawa Agency)-In the house of commons, Commander Bellairs asked when the government would he in a position to issue a statement regarding the responsibility for the Halifax disaster, having special regard to the dangerous and inflamable cargo carried with high explosives in the munitions ship; the admission of such a ship for t� number of days to a crowdecT"portion of the port; the precautionary rules regarding the movement of other ship, when a ship with dangerous explosives as a cargo is under way in the channel; the instructions given such ships regarding flooding arrangements in the event of fire, and finally as to the manning of neutral ships which have access to the porta and whose crews are brought into direct contact with the enemy through work of relief hi territories conquered by the 'Germans. ' Hon. W. A. S. Hewing replied: "It is not possible to make any statement pending the receipt of the report of a commission of inquiry appointed the Canadian government." London, Jan. 24.-The Telegraph's Dublin correspondent states that a report from Washington that the United States is preparing to loan Ireland �20,000,000 to obtain the fullest measure of home rule, and American capitalists are* ready to invest a lifce sum in Ireland if the question Is settled,-is prominently displayed in all Irish papers and has caused the liveliest interest. The Dublin correspondent of the Times says, that the report furnishes the friends of ,a settlement with & new and powerful argument and will serve to Increase the disrepute of the Sinn Fein policy, whose violence and abuse now embrace the president and government of the United States. ago. I have no fear of failure on the fighting line." , Lord Rhondda spoke on the most important factors of the'food question in detail, Concerning wheat" he said: "v' *v -.--..-7 lives were lost, the explosion of the cargo of the Mont B!ancM which wiped out J60D lives, and now the Pictou county disaster, probably of 88 lives. The succession of disasters has put a great strain on the provincial workmen's compensation, board funds and it is understood at the next meeting of the legislature, a special measure Hkll be passed to deal with the situa- The efforts of the German censorship to prevent public knowledge of the Austrian strikes and peace demands succeeded fpr a time, but the Islands to'^Valka, the west of Minsk to Urest-Litovsk. This completely eliminates Courland and all the Baltic provinces. The Rus-: sums asked the terms of thn central powers in regard to the territory news Jeaked through gradually and; south of Brest-Litovsk. General Hoff* Austrian evejits seem now to be wide- j man replied that was a question which ly known by German workers. The ; they would discuss only with Ukraine, Gen: Sir Arthur Carrie Decorat ed Major Williamson Also \ ary and March, shall be accelerated to the utmost They must not he below the average of 1,700.0.00 tons per month As a means toward securing thife not only for ourselves but for our .allies, Canada. The brave little nation bas paid, a pleasing tribute to the valor of the Canadian forces in France. At the corps headquarters toda^" Lleut.-Gen. Orth, of the Belgian mission, In I' most heartily welcome the news of I the name of King Albert, decorated FRENCH RA * LINES. Mr. Hoover's wheatless days and wheatless meals. "The supply of bacon, hams and lard Is so short, that the January shipments, now In sight are scarcely iikeiy to be enough to fill th,c army's* requirements for this month. Civilians will probably have to go without." by Penetrate 500 Yards on 3000 Yd. Front, and Bring Back Prisoners 7 MONTREAL With the French Army in Trance, Jan. 23.-The French onMonday executed a brilliant raid of the German lines eastward from Vienne-Le-Cha-teau, near Four De Paris, alobg a Nation Making Substantial Pro gress in Getting Men Over General Currie with the Ordre De Couronne and Croix De Querre in recognition of his personal valor^and of the splendid record of the Canadian corps. In making the presentation General Orth;mentioned particularly Belgium's gratitude to Canada for winning back at Passchendaelc more of its native land. Major H. B. Williamson, D.S.O., was dWorated with the Croix De Querre. Th'e first sixteen thousand. Christmas parcels from Ontario for the sol-f diers from that prdvinqe now in ! France have arrived and are now being distributed. With two theatres playing nightly to crowded houses, a third house has been opened up, with the comedy '^he Private Secretary.' The front line in the neighborhood of the Canadians continues quiet. Now Retire Winnipeg, Jan. 24.-The Ottawa correspondent of the Manitoba Free Press wires today that it is reported on e*cef/ent authority that' Hon, W. J. Hanna shortly will retire from the position of food controller for the Dominion? BAKERS TO M Regina, Jan, 24.-Bakers from every city'in Canada^will,meet jn Ottawa January 29 to confer with the food controller regarding the food situation fn the Dominion and the /conservation of flour. Local bakers have^appointed, N. Ad-demft to represent Regina.' Austrian hope that the'latter would follow* their lead, has not, however, materialized while German newspapers which ventured to hold out a hand tn the Austrian proletariat-have been sternly repressed. Nevertheless, according to the Post's Amsterdam despatch, the rebellious sentiments of German workmen, especially Independent Socialists ore becoming stronger. This is- partly attributable to -the-attitude'of the German delegates at/the Brest-Litovsk conference', which caused widespread discontent as ' was manifested by the tumultous scenes at numerous meetings of the. Fatherland party. FORCIBLY EJECTED Mitchell, S.D., Jan. 24--William Rempfer of Parketen, N. D., executive secretary of the Eouth Dakota branch of the People's Peace Council'and delegate to the convention of the Socialist party here, was forcibly ejected from Mitchell and the convention broken up. Action was taken as a resuK of . reports that Rempfer Instituted . oeditious activities at a meeting. The convention was broken up 1by the police on orders of Mayor J. E. Wells. - Hail Insurance of the ILF.A. Directors Endorsed by Convention Washington, Jan. 24.-While, declining to comment directly upon the statement attributed to President Wilson that there will ho twice as many American soldiers abroad next June as had been originally planned, Secretary of War Bakar said yesterday: "The program of the department front of 3000 yards aria reaching to a I has been a constantly developing one depth of 500 yards, ^.n intense artil-4and many difficulties and limitations AREnOPEFUL F RISH SETTLEl Some Amendments Submitted But Are Voted Down by Large Majorities-Income From Crop Area Only Jas. Weir Drops Out,as Vice-President. t � Montreal, Jan. 24.-Word -was received here last night by the m'litary authorities that an order iu council was passed by the government at Ottawa yesterday appointing a final medical board of appeal for this city and military district and naming the following three local doctors^ as the members of the new board: Lieut. Col. D. D. McTaggart, Dr. C. E. Mar-tin and Dr. E. St. Jacques. Tliis board will he the test court of appeal in questions as to fitness jpi\ the part of appellants against miliary service where there is a conflict be: tween'the original classifications by the medical boards and the testimony of private physicians. > fswssH^apjsjiiiBsnsMBh lery preparation made the progress of the troops easy and they were^ble to .destroy all enemy works, shelters and mine galleries before returning to their own line. Fifteen prisoners were captured by, the French as well as three machine guns. The French* suffered few casualties and none killed. All of the participants in the-raid declared that the gunners' Work was magnificent not only as 'regards destruction but^wthe manner which it completely sllenaed the, enemy artillery.' . - y ' . r HAVEN'TTHROWN OPEN HIGHER have been removed therefroi "I cannot discuss numbers of men in France or anticipated to be in France at any particular time but we have made substantial progress." \ RAN KG FORTY KILLED Petrograd, Jan. 14.-Forty persons were hilled and 200 injured In Moscow Tuesday during a demonstration j authorities had'declded to throw open at the anniversary celebration of j promotion to tho higher ranks, to the "Bloody Sunday," , i officers of the new army. London, Jan. 24.-Earl Derby will take an early opportunity to make a statement on the subject of promotion in the army, in the course of which it is said, he will correct the impression which -cVrta'n morning papers have endeavored to give by asserting that in deference Op' public opinion the U. S. DEPT. MUNITIONS _. . Washington, Jan. 24.-Republicans of the house in conference lasf night voted 75 to, 19 in favor of the creation of a department or bureau of munition^ and ordnance with a director appointed by Che president. There Was some discussion of the war council proposal but no attempt was maile to put the conference on record in regard to it. i OUST AMERICANS London, Jan. 24.-In connection with the report of the Irish convention, which is expected soon, the Associated Press learns that there are two outstanding features which Indicates a settlement .of the perplexing (ftiestion whether or not the convention's report is unanimous. One feature is the appreciation on the,part ot British statesmen that a settlement must be reached for the sake of cementing further the friendship with the.United States not only for the period of the war but "Tor the future.! The^other feature Is that the British public has become' wearied by the present state, of affairs. (Additional U. F. A. News on Pages 6 and 7) (Special to the Herald) Calgary, Jan." 24.-Approval of the board of directors* resolution favoring the adoption of a hail insurance scherne hu which the income shall be 'Jiierived from the crop area only, was /one of the most important actions taken, at the U. F. A. convention session Wednesday afternoon. Railway Control �* The other was the adoption of a resolution demanding that the government immediately take over and operate all Canadian railways until after the war with a view of final ownership. f a atofrm, was received by radio hare today, i the seethe con? meeting not resigned as vice-president, after being elected to the legislature because he had information that the session was not to be held until after the U. F. A. convention. Now that the convention was over, he d'd not wish to hold office for another year. A scattering round of applause greeted Mr, Weir's disappearance from the V. F. A. spotlight. 1 ^ Hail Insurance � � The major portion of the afternoon session was taken up with the debate over the hail insurance scheme, in which the income snail be derived from (he crop area only. The rate of levy for income shall be made by the hall insurance board of a sufficient rato per. acre to pay the Indemnity.. the administration expenses, and to create a surplus of not less than ten per cent., and not more than twenty per cent, of the Indemnity of that year, provided that when the surplus shall have totaMebVeight per cent of (he amount of the--insurance in foace, the levy for this'purpose shall c/ase, until such time as the surplus M. Kanaeff, a member oC the Russian* delegation, 'asked: "Supposing we do not agree to such conditions. What are you going to do?" General Hoffman's answer is report-!'-ed to have beer.: "Within a weeJfv then, we would-occupy Reval." The Russians then asked for a re* cess, which was granted reluctantly. The Germans declared it was the last ppsiiionement to which they would consent. The request was made by Leon Trotsky,' head oi: the Russian delegation, who said he desired an opportunity to lay the German peace terms, before the council of workmen's and1 soldiers' delegates. The negotiations betwesn the Uk-. ranians and the central powers are' proceeding amicably. The Ausfrians. offered to cede Cholmtchina to the Ukranian republic, but only on condit-, ion that the Ukraniar.s send grain and other foodstuffs to the central powers immediately on the conclusion of peace. Situation Critical Amsterdam, Jan. 24.-German parliamentary circles regard the Russian7 situation as being very critical, according to the Lokal Anzeiger of Berlin, a copy of which has been received, here. The paper says that the latest" news from Petrograd shows that the Bolshevik! supremacy is seriously threatened and fhe question now arises as to whether it would be wise' to negotiate further with men whom anarchy at any moment may sweep away. Revolutionary Plot. Petrograd, Jan. 24.-The Bolshevik! authorities arrested scores of persons, -including party, leaders whom they de-" clare were involved in a revolutionary plot organized among the Socialist Revolutionist factions in the constituent assembly which controlled ~the assembly in the single session which was held before it was suspended by ihs Bolsheyikl. A battalion of death. Is reported to have been ready to support this movement. t . The Bolshevik! found a large quantity of bombs; fire arms and documents. f A soldier and a member of the Re4 Guard were arrested today charged with the murder of A. I. Shingaroff and Prof. F. F. Kokoshkine, former: members of the Kerensky government, who were slain in the Marine hospital last week. A sailor, v>ho Is said to have been the leader, is still at large; r I ' Forecast Important Events London, Jan. 24.-One of these periods of scarcityxof Russian news which often has proved to be coincident with important events Is now being experienced. Few despatches have been received except'reports ot the peace negotiations at Brest-Li* tovqk and other Items which the Bol- government has permitted to t(CONTttfeC7JSD ON PAGE SEVEN/ tfim Weir Disappears .shaI1 , be b , j ht per-cent� When the nominations for\ice-Pres-1 ___ -WEAVHllSR High Low 4 4V � * Forecast-Fair'ana mild.  dent James Weir was to be chastized for his recent, activity in politics. The first name put in nomination was that of Mr. Weir's and if there was anything in the nature,of a sharp stick waiting for Weir, he cleverly sidestepped" it by refusing to allow his name , to go in; nomination. Mr. Weir ex-28 j plained tlint "while he was opposed to jtue holding ot dual office**. He bad) 40 The big fight over this clause was on the proposition of several delegates that by abandoning, the-scheme ot a flat rate charged against all land of men takiiig part'In it, the big speculators, and holders of unimproved land escaped paying hail insurance rates. Secretary J, H. Lamb, of the provincial Hail Insurance Board save an able exposition of the scheme, producing a lucid set of figures prepared by President Malcolm of the, board". Mr. XContinued ohl �401 4} i" 1 ^ Edmonton, Jan. 24.-The appellate ^di vision of the supreme court reserved judgment in A?Jam Nef-  gel's appeal for a reserve case. Nejgej was convicted of murder*, ing his wife, Clara Nelgei; at Me-, dfefrte Hat, and sentenced to be hanged on March 28th at Leth- < bridge. \ ;