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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 24, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta Friday, January. 24.1913 THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD Pace 0 SECRETARY KNOX REPLIES TO BRITl! NOTE OF PROTEST ON PANAMA L Does Not Think Britain Will, Have Any Grounds for Objections Until Canal is in Operation and Some Specific Act of Discrimination Can be Shown , Washington, Jan. 23. - Secretary 'government intended to. Propose Knox's repiv' to 'the British protest titration (if, this question, of the Ameri- I :�*�. njgarr! reply against the exemption In regard'4o a jeetion that the 'Seporid^Btitish Panama canal ar- j ob-act can coastwise shipping front Panama ,-ligl)fc b.e thoUght t0 confcr upon the tannl tolls, assures the British gov-ernirant that domestic coastwise trade will not be permitted to extend operations into foreign competition and that increased tolls will not be laid on foreign shipping to balance the remission to American Bhips. .  . II Great Britain is not satisfied on these points the United States pro-- poses a special commission oE adjustment. 'Secretary Knox begins his note by �the flat statement that he cannot agree with the British interpretation of the-Canal treaties, so tar as they jliiwit the freedom of America or infringe on British treaty rights. Pointing that' the Grey note was issued without consideration " of the  president's t0H proclamation, the secretary states that Sir Edward deals chicily with the possibilities of what the president, might do under the canal act, whereas the proclamation, has entirely changed the situation. Taking up the three objections made by the British government, Secretary Knox first discusses that which! /applies to tho exemption from tolls ;bf the government vessels of Panama. -This he declares to be a great and complete surprise to the U. S'. which always had asserted without challenge that the status of the countries -immediately concerned by reason of their political relation to the ' territory in which the canal was -to he constructed, was different from that of all other countries. He does foot believe therefore that the British President the power to discriminate in the use of the cananl in favor of all ships belonging to the United States and its citizens'oven in the foreign trade, by granting them reduced tolls', the note quotes Jrom the memorandum attached to the canal act by the President when it, was signed, as follows: .  - "It is not,. therefore, necessary- to discuss the policy (of such discrimination until the question may arise in the exercise of the .President's ilis-cretion." A Clear Eight � As no question has yet arisen on this point, which in the words of the j existing arbitration treaty! "it may i not have been possible' to? settle by I diplomacy,"-the note holds- that the .suggestion of arbitration is prema- A MAMMOTH' TWO-REEL FEATURE . Ifll^lllflifiirBraDil" \ tyid 'Production 3 OTHER GOOD OWES Miss Amy Lawrance THE' POPULAR SOPRANO IN � SONGS MORRIS f THEATRE CHANGE OP PLAY NIGHTLY (a) When Mercy Tempers Jus-tlce--Anr' impressive Than-houser'Feature. (b) Dick and Daisy-A comedy full of -funny situations and ; hearty laughs. (c) The White Indian - One of those stirring 101 Bisons. (d) The New Morris Theatre Orchestra; Hear them once,, you come every night. Get' the Habit-But you Must � - VHurry : PHIQE8:- 10c and 15c Empress Attractions The management of the Empress announce Friday's and iSaturday's programme as the beat.yet and, judging by the plctiires heretofore shown .by this popular photo-play house, they are up to their reputation, First Jwltb the Latest. The feature fii'ni'iCor the week-end show is "Lieut. Ho's-e and the Train Wreckers," one. of those hair-raising draYnas, where "warships,. automobiles and railway trains make one of the most realistic pictures ever shown before. ' "The11," another classy drama, where motor boats combine to make one of the best and mp's^lnteresting pictures, abounds with all kinds of; "excitement. '! "The Night 'Marauders" is one of those laugh provokers, and "Weary's; a story tolii in- a pretty way wtyh the tone's laid'in the country. . ,., ^. iVlri E^ans will render "Hurry Back;; yPeafie,"i,J.wh:ich will 'be a real^txe%i.  for all attending, J.. Gaskell's -or-. . chestra is '; treatirig , the ^patwinp � 'to a. �musical 't^Siir- 'jjj/6^tejf$$&;. ;'||;The; '"progTammei joyed^b'y^fcn^i^rV^ the pictures shown'w^e-'sreetett ijyi ex-i cellent applause.. .. ,j .;�� ' : .- .;:..,-At tliejjiv^rlsrvh'/ ", j V With aifirVe of^e^r^in'.alt/endancej and always.playing jgobd .music,, this; �pomfortab'le^.theatife^is .proving itself, .fto be oiie- of ttie^niQ^'tup-to-date, houses in town, and judging by- the class bf^ictnJr^-'belii'^'-^iip^riij Manager Morris can rest assured he will continue 'to dr*^ his .^|rf>, .of ;pat-; ronag*.. ' " '' " . There Is a change -of programme  each- night, and- lnvaria/bly one or more of the films shown; is .a star in-itself. For tonight a great feature, "When -Mercy �> Tempers . � .-Justice,"-..'- wirf be the headliner, and as there are three other good films run too, people- can rest assured of enjoying a pleasant hour or so. turc. Before passing from that .stage of the question, .Secretary Knox emphatically disclaims enter ta'.ning any doubt as to the right to exempt American warships and other government vessels from tolls, as they are a part of the government's protective system and it is not understood that Great Britain challenges the right of the United States to protect the canal, or to require an explanation of what relation the movement of a particular vessel through the canal has to its protection. Thus clearing away all non-relevant objections, the note proceeds to discuss the British assertion that the i exemption of United States coast-Iwisc vessels-from . tolls is a discrimination against British vessels. Mr. Knox recalls Sir Edward Grey's admission of the right of the United States to grant subsidies to the shipping generally,-or to anv particular branches, and although this is "a form of subsidy," to exempt the coastwise shipping from tolls he regards it as objectionable, as throwing an unfair share of the burden of up-kecp in the canal on foreign shipping. The secretary points out that the British do not claim the right to participate in American coastwise trade, but object to the exemption of that trade from tolls because they may adversely affect British' rights to equal treatment in the payment of tolls, or to just and equitable tolls. Turns An Argument . lie also recalls /the. British objection that coastwise trade cannot be circumscribed ' so completely that benefits conferred upon it will not affect vessels engaged in the foreign trade. Thus cargo intended for an American port beyond the canal .and shipped on hoard a foreign ship coulil be sent to its destination morecheap-ly through the operation of the proposed exemption by being landed at a United States port before reaching the canal, and then sent on as coastwise trade, to the detriment of. foreign shipping in direct trade. Taking this statement in connection with the one by Mr. Innis in the same point, to the effect that perhaps no objection could be taken to the objection if limited to bona 'fide coastwise traffic, Secretary Kuc^x declares this to be an admission of the American right to exempt its vessels in the coastwise trade from tolls. "As to this," says the secretary;'" "It is sufficient to say that obviously tiie United States is not to :be denied the power to remit tolls to its own coastwise trade because of a suspicion of possibility that the reductions to be framed' may yet restrict-this exemption to* bona fide .coastwise shipping." , The answer to this objection,., apart .from .any question of treaty interpretation* is that, it rests on the conjecture; as to what may happen rather than on facts, and doe's hots pre-..i sent 'a question "for submission to Tha Ladies* Store Phone 453 Acadia Block New Sprin iron lories ........., ajul White-wear, new Cambrics and Long Olotlis, New Mulls and Lawns, New Sheets and Shooting, New Pillow Cottons and. Slips New Persian Lawn and Dimity. This initial showing presents many worth-while savings in various "specially purchased" lines on sale. Tomorrow for the first time, and Just at the season when you are stocking up for your spring sewing. ' The New Embroideries are Superb White Stocks are not as yet complete, the lines to hand' represent savings of one-quarter to one-third by reason of concessions gained in their purchase. All are marked so give you the benefit of our good tune and represent without a doubt the best value you will he able to this season. for--buy 1 "The Burning Brand" at Starland Another stirring two-reel feature will be shown ' at Starland tonight,, when "The Burning Brand" will be the offering for the first time in this city. ThiB production has. the appearance of easily eolipsing any of Starland's previous- great specials. Miss Amy Lawrence-will appear in new songs, and the balance of the programme 'will be made up of numerous good comedies. TH EAT RE CANADA'S FINE8T PHOTO-PLAY HOUSE WE ARE FIR8T WITH THE LATEST PybgraA for today and Tomorrow 1.-THE RACE V  Drama, abounding with all . sorts "of excitement. Thia should prove a winner. 2^-HIQHVVAYS AND BYWAYS : OF OLD ENGLAND: A Beautifully Hand-Colored Scenic Film.....: 3-THE J^IGHT MARAUDERS,. ;v r comedy. With a Uaugh '. Every Minute. 4.- 5.- 6.- -LIEUT. ROSE AND THE , TRAIN WRECKERS. ; V Another stirring drama. -WEARY'S REVENGE-'. � Drama; a Country. Episode arbitf^.6b^.,'.W f. _ Jtt,vfijie same: way'.'another i3fiti^h;con- j . ^V:-;^.,,; ;ai; . -TT^TXFJ---- .^ntion that ,'there is nothing ini^the -,wis^^^de\-f�iini^Wls^' o*' thk'SMund-�JjWted States, law to prevents I'.any.ihgjlf/^blls- oollected.froS;:tfe coast-jAB'erican vessel' from combining vior- wise^tade is -merely a- subsidy-;grant- At G A-special, purchase of edgings and insertions in aualities ws-ually 'scrlcl,;at-12V2c.  A spe'eiSiLNpurcliuae. of edging and insertip.ns,. in ..qualities usually - sold; at-15 cents. f painty New Whitewear , In thfe iiiost attractive designs and best values ...^, we have ever had to snow. j.'vcaBs^TicovERs At 15c Wide edging and insertions to match, also corset strapping worth up to 25 cents. At 12 l-2c A special purchase of edging and insertions in qualities usually sold at 20 cents. At 25c Corset embroideries, flouncing, as well as strapping and insertions; worth up to 40 cents. At 35c Corset embroideries and 1 flinch flouncings in beautiful'1 qualities;- worth up to 50 cents. At 50c 27 inch flouncing and dainty corset embroideries in qualities worth up to 90 cents. At $1.25 Elaborately embroidered skirtings in 40 inch widths; worth up to ?1..75. j Exceptional Introductory Values Lace �Wi- �],. .riinmed . splendid Hy: ,cbt't'^V'w'oll''-'faade;-'.. CORSET .COVERS :~�'%2&c ''"Si qual- y^ry '- and/., elaborate iw-ace. ? ' . " COWSET COVERS ^\;A,^dfi:iMsestraJsfepd.; .i�uality ' (janibrie, ^trimmed:; with cm- WHITE GOWNS $1.00 , Made with liberal fullness, of splendid cambric, embroidery trimmed. PRINCESS SLIPS $1.50 Neatly trimmed with, good �wearing lace, splendidly sewn throughout. COMBINATIONS $1.75 Drawers and corset cover combined, made of particularly good cambric. THROUGHOUT OUR ENTIRE MULLS, CAMBRICS AND LONG COTTONS, MODAPOLAINS AND CAMBRIC AND MODAPOLAIN 12i/2c Full bleached, extra quality; full 36 inches wide. WHITE MULL 15c Exceptionally good value,.'flue even; thread. �: CHECKED DIMITY  25c " Very fine and evenly-woven, large and small checks. new- stock of lawns and -cloths,, sheets' and piluqwi  embroidtry cottons. - 'hemstitched sheets-.'-v ; Large size;......GS ;x 90,..nl5id4 4ii-very, nice pnuatopnu py^.Un 'of extra heavy tnread cotton,-:'- FINE MULL -S'uj)Mtir'"E'^e�cH mull ia-^rS1 fine ey.^n thread/- - ..-iv.'..:::!./ '"'P'EfifSIAN LAWNS V Y, \ --"-F-iiie and .'-suieiv. � ftUL '., yardl- i wide, splendid value. ei'gji: cornmerce with coastwise^ trade ed iy''i^y\ixC^^\^t^i)ii;'-iMltr&Ae Ux the detriment of foreign ^ippingr :andi'tHe'iossexami which Jio declares depends �npofa* i^M^^l^M^MBlf'rvon^^Vriited; -to the fa ture conditions tend facts not ,ye;t" -a%�;�'�> '..j toll's rflxed by the Presidents proclamation- on all vessels repifesent less tn.i,,.., ,, r.vA.rtv.' u i than the fair value of the service ren- iJtSHh-?-^ ^ "^t^l?0^.-'de"d,^hich must necessarily He .tha not be just and e.ui^ble;^^^'�^^^^�^�^ be. premature. The Toll Problem iP?' The Amerioan note concludes as follows : "-'It is recognized by this government that tht - situation developed by the present disoussion may require examination by Great Britain in-.... facts, and also into the regulations and 'restrictions circumscribed the. coastwise .trade of the United States as well as to other facts bearing upon the situation ; with a view of determining whether or not, as a matter of fact, under present conditions there" is any good ground for claiming that the' act and the proo- tary aga,n calls attention.. $p ,tt�e.'feebly its 0wn coastwise vessels, but fact that this statement to tnade ^for [ * �]s well .> without knowledge of the presiderit'T1' e,S 6 as> A>eu-toll proclamation, remarks;  this ! . . ?Pwer �t,.C?nS.ress . : . again is based upon a  mere 'Cdritln- '' Summarizing the British objections gency ; that there is'no 'claim 'that *nd commenting upon them,  Secretins tolls, as now actually fixed, are 'tarjs Xnox does not deny that Con-' liqt "just and equitable,," without gress has the power through the Pre-admitting that the burden of proof"'-Merit to violate the terms of the. rests upon the United States to Hay-Pauncefote treaty in its aspect as a rule of municipal law. That, f he said, would only become a just ground for complaint in the event that the power was used against. .British shipping. I ;; "It is the proper exercise of this power, and not its possession, which al6ne can give rise to nn international cause of action," remarked "the secretary. ; ^Only when complaint is made by C^reftt Britain that British vessels actually have been subjected to un- aidi'ng' 'not , lamation actually, subject British ves- �ILLUSTRATED SONG. "Hurry, Pearie" �Mr,- F. E. Eyans. > - ~f by upon show that all traffic has not, been, reckoned with in fixing upon the tolls, and that consequently they are equitable, Secretary Knox welcomes the opportunity of informing the British government that such is the case and in adopting the rate of $1.25 per ton, Prof. Johnson included American coastwise shipping in his calculations, quoting from, his report, in which it is shown -that' Prof.; Johnson calculates the tonnage passing through the canal in 1915, 'as composed of American coastwisfei'^Hip1-ping at 1,000,000 tons; American foreign shipping, 720,000 foreign shipping 8,780 was on this estimate that the President fixed the' tolls. If as a. matter of fact," Secretary .Knox declared, "tho tolls now fixed, (of which Sir Edward Grey seems., unaware) do not exceed thi* requirement, (interest on the capital and coat of operating and maintaining, the canal), and as lie heretofore pointed out, there is no olaini that they do, it is not apparent under Sir Edward Grey's .contention, '> iiow �Great Britain could be receiving u?i-just and, inoquitablc' treatment- if the United States favors its coastwise shipping by not collecting their shafo of the tolls necessary, to meet the requirement. ;v,'Thore is a very, clear distinction between an omission, to 'take into account' the coastwise tolls in order td determine' a just �.:� and ,efultable THE WEST INDIES TRADE AGREEMENT INTERESTING DISCUSSION, IN WHICH, EVERyTHjN.4 BUJ'. THE; BILLJWAS . ... CUSSED. pis- sels'to iinequitable. treatment or to unjust and inequitable tolls. "it. .it' should be found as 'a result of such an examination on the part of Great Britain that a difference of op'injon exists between the two governments qr any of the , important questions ox facts', involved in the discussion then a situation will have arisen- which in the opinion of this government could-.'.with advantage ''be dealt" wjth'by-referring the controversy to a~ committee of inquiry for exaniiiiati'on and. report on.the .manlier provided tor in the unratified arbitration treaty of August 3, 1000, between'the-United States andjiGreat Britain.. .....^...... "The, necessity for inquiring into questions of faot in their relation to controversies under diplomatic discussion was oohtempiated by both - . ., ., , ,, parties in negotiating that treaty equal treatment or inequitable tolls, WKJch-fltovldc8 fot the institution; as. Secretary Knox asserts, .can ^ the ,occasi(m atlseSi ^ & joint higU com.j the I be re-| ferred for impartial and conscientious i itivestigationj the commission being j atithorixed upon siicli -reference to ex-amine''ihto,the report on the particular questions or matters referred, to it for the purrtpse of facilitating the' solution of disputes  by elucidating the facts, and to; define the issurs presented by siicli questions and. also .to>include ;'in.its report such recom-lnendatipns and. conclusions as . may be appropriate." "This proposal might te ' carried out, should occasion  arise for adopting , it,- /either under a special , agree-.R}en,i,or .under...the .unratiflQd,.ax.hitra-tion treu ty d,boye, mentioned, it G re -1. Britain is'.prepared to join; inratifv-; ing the treaty which the U,.' S, Is prepared,toIdq..'.'. .., - : �:,.v.-v':^,v (w. A. p; Report) -I. Ottawa,. Jan. 23-Today was a day when the unexpected happened in the Commons. Hon. Mr. Foster's trade agreement with the West Indies was down for second reading and the general expectation wan that the proceedings would be cenfi'nad to.dry details and that interest would lag. Things began to develop right away, however: the first .-incident being an attack, on the Unionists of Great Britain by A. K. McLean, of Halifax,.who accused the members- of the' opposition party, of the Mother� Country of being .too much >inclined to interfere with Canadian affairs. He said they should attend to, their problems at home, and settle them before turning their attention to Canadian affairs. Canada, he declared, resented interference on the part of travelling Englishmen and others. Dr. Michael Clark then precipitated a debate on free trade, 'reciprocity. and other matters. It was confined, however, to himself and Hon. T. W. White, because when the two had finished speamg. Mr. Foster rose and insisted that; the'discussion be confined to the bilk He was supported in this; stand by Speaker Sproule. Several" Opposition members speka before^the hill reached the committee stage. JThe Conservatives, following the example, or Mr. Foster sat tight. During .consideration ih, committee a long duel- toojc plac$ between Mr, Pugslev,'-E. .M.'i McDonald and A. K.; M-cLenn on. the other, .^.s �� The bill will he taken up again .to-morrqw^.and^ when it |s _diana.$6dj of, the-naval debate wiirbc'i,esHi'rifie;d'',3,he House rose at midnight. � r In Ills address- Mr., McLean scored ; those memhti's' of the:;Unionist party in England who are interfering with Canadtiyt affairs/ 'making lyfih^Julous and inane remarks, -revealiug- a grotesque ignorance of affairs irrsCanadai is; American Secretary Knox asserts, can the. .0CCilsi0tl arises, 6l a joint high �" - 'MAY SURPRISE YOU. TRY  'I f t � i \ r . ,And if you, don't fipd-it.'syperior to the Tea you hi on i^imb your _ money, win be^r^undeA^f y0*r grocer. , , ^ . ^^/S^J^ m U 1 sax 96 ;