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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 23, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IFIHBRIDCt HERALD Tiieidoy, Jcmuory 33, 1973 Lvndon Baines Johnson Death has churned another of ihe century's influential figures, Lvnxion Baines Johnson. SrJth presi- dent of we I" mied Suites. He will not down as one oi rhe gretii presi- iieni's of his country or as an out- standing worici leader but he v. ill fig- ure prominently in much 01 what is written about rhe sixties. Donvnatinc all else will be the role he played in the escalation of Ihe Vietnam conflict. It was essen- tially what he promised regarding damping of that war that gauged him ihe great victory ;n the 1964 presi- dential election: it was his seemmg repudiation oi the promise ihst drove him from office at the end of the term. A feeling of betrayal seized many Americans and brought about a divisiveness in their society that threatened to tear it apart. Lyndon Johnson did not appear to understand thai his majority elec- tion in 1964 was more a protest against the policies especially the v.gorous prosecution of the Vietnani of his opponent. Senator Bar- ry than a personal en- dorsement. This mse.nsitivity to the wishes of the people allowed him to accept advice that simply sucked iiis nation deeper into ihe war On top of what seemed to be a betrayai. Lyndon Johnson perpe- trated an air.ios" unbelievable decep- t.'on. He led the Congress and per- haps a majority of the people at the time to believe that North Viet- nam had attacked American ships in the Gulf of Tor.kin and through that gained special power to step up the undeclared war. When the truth gradually became known the loss of confidence end respect was so great that it became necessary to step The 25-year training Lyndon John- son got in the legislative branch of American government may have been his undoing in respect of his execution of foreign policy. Man- oeuvring is an essential part of the political game and Johnson grew adept at u. What he did not realize Wr.s that it was not suitable on the world front and especially in a cause that was already on the way to being repudiated On the domestic front the skills which Johnson had learned in the House and Senate were extremely effective. There was a readiness in the country to move forward in at- tacking poverty and racial prejudice. In knowing what to do to get around the Congressional blocks, Johnson made some important advances. If he had not got entangled in the Vietnam mess it is likely that he would have gone down in history as a great domestic reforming presi- dent. Perhaps if President Richard Nixon, himself free of the albatross of the war. can get moving on the redress of great inequities and injus- tices. Lyndon Johnson mey yet b-e remembered for the ground work which he lay in creating The Great Society. It is tragic that the man who wanted to be thought of 25 a great benefactor is denied that tribute at present because of the intrusion of the Vietnam war into his life. This means that perhaps the most chari- table vieiv of Lyndon Johnson, as London Observer commentator An- thony Howard has written, ''is to see him as a Captain Ahab astray by his pursuit of a huge white whaje that he convinced him- self he must destroy but which in ihe end instead destroved The peace president? There cannot be much doubt, as a result of the emphasis he placed on it in his inaugural address on Satur- day, that U.S. President Richard Nix- on would like to go down in history as the peace president. It is a wonhv aspiration and one which almost everyone everywhere hopes will be achieved. Mr. Niton has already made some significant strides toward his goal. His historic visits to Peking and Mos- cow undeniably lessened the tension between the great powers and paved the way to further steps in bringing about the "new era of peace" about which he spoke. The single most encouraging state- ment in the inaugural speech must surely be: ''The time has passed when America will make ever.' other nation's conflict our own. or make every other nation's future our re- sponsibility, or presume to tell the people of other nations how to man- age their own affairs.'' That should mean there will be no more inter- ventions such as the one in Vietnam. Not even-one, of course, will take encouragement from that statement. People who are unalterably opposed to Communist takeovers and even nationalist upnsJigs will be dis- tressed. But if the Vietnamese de- bade has proved anything it is that the entrance of a bis power into a civil war only increases the blood- shed and imperils peaceful relation- ships on a larger scale. It must grieve Mr. Niton that so many of his countrymen, including some of his hitherto staunchest sup- porters among politicians and jour- nalists, do not think he is sincere in his peace protestations. The doubts are grounded in the great disappoint- ment aroused by the massive bomb- ing of North Vietnam as a ceasefire appeared 10 be in the offing. Unleash- ing such an assault is hard to recon- cile with a peaceful disposition. If Mr. NLton can in fact lead his country and the world into an era of peace his satisfaction will perhaps be intensified because of the doubts now being expressed. Only the chur- lish could refrsin from applause for the man should he indeed become the peace president. It is an objective everyone should hope is achieved be- cause of what is at stake for all. PC priorities Political conventions are called for other purposes than the picking of party leaders. They are held from time to time to ensure that party policy reflects the thinking of those at the grass roots, to keep the gen- erals in touch with the rank and file, so to speak. The Progressive Conservatives have just concluded a provincial con- vention in Calgary, so' it can he as- sumed their leaders with whom the members seem more than satis- fied, by the way should no'.v know where the party stands on a number of topics. Some 27 matters were found important enough to warrant particular resolutions being consider- ed. As would he expected, some of the 27 were accepted, some rejected. Several were not considered at all by the plenary session, because the convention ran out of time before it could get around to them A compari- son between the resolutions the con- vention found time for, and those it did not. is interesting and per- haps revealing. Among those dealt with and ap- proved was one requiring that in fu- ture the names nf all winners of provincially sanctioned lotteries be made public, along with details of profits, expenses, etc. Another was a recommendation that on four lane highways in the province, the inside lanes be reserved for passing. Also finding favor was a proposal that the mating habits of big game ani- mals be considered in setting the dates for hunting seasons. The con- vention even found time to consider policies for the carrying of guns i loaded or unloaded i in both on- and off-highway vehicles. Among the resolutions for which the convention could not find tirr.e were such topics as public owner- ship of power, unemployment insur- ance policy, corporate farms and auto insurance rates. It is assumed all 27 resolutions, whether passed, rejected or ignored, will go on to Edmonton with the record of the convention, to be close- )v studied by cabinet ministers and MLAs. and in time have their im- pact on legislation. This is as it should be; those elected to govern should pav attention to the views the party that put them there. I; is to be hooed. however, thai whatever action the government is moved to lake, i! does a bei'er job than (lie convention did in deciding what is important and what is not. The best of the bargain By Doog WalJifr Elspeth was reminiscing recently about meeting a woman some years ago uho had tarown me in high school days. This unman apparently diri-n'i hold a very high opinion of me; she had remarked tnal I certainly had got the best tA bargain in our marriage. really annoyed me." Elspeih told h'-r audience, our children. IJn you rtyponJed Keith, "that you rather have had her pat it ihe other way Government's game of teeter-totter By Maurice Western, Ottawa commentator for FP Publications OTTAWA Of the two bills amending the Unemployment Insurance Act now before I'ar- Ihe firs: f.llJs very c'.early in U-.e nuciiwy of sack- cloth 5intl ashes K'Sislaiitm nwn- ixKx'ntly by Allan MacEachen. second. ;il- thoush of a like characii-r. is far more complicated ard more directly cona'rned with curbing the excesses which have almost wrecked the scheme. U :s miih i the iiird was in ordinary meanine o: u-orxis. fall. It had to" be supported with re- source no: coruempiared by the The net. ..s ncissed by Parllanieni on ihe so-encM cf faulty estimates, clearly stales in siibseclk'ii that total amount outstanding at any time of advances made under this section shall not exceed eight hundred million Du: this provision had to be set a; PC. ir, cfferi. ihe ?overn- merK altered the legislation by Governor General's warrant, breached the ceiling and is noir seeking ti sort of rerroaclive sanction while, at the same time, ensuring itself against any repetition of this embar- rassnient. Henceforth, there will not be a ceiling and the appropriation sought by supplementary esti- viili b.? deemed a repay- able advance. This means, of course, thai the fund will have to be made viable; this being the purpose oi the second amending bill. The government justifies t h e warrant, citing the authority of Uie Financial Administration AM. Tlvs provides for payments "urgently required for the pub- lic good." There can be no question about the urgency, caen the siate of the fund. Since election days, however, the concept of the' public good has undergone substantial change as indicated by the sec- ond measure before the House of Commons. The argument about Ihe use of warrants is not exhausted, and may not be even on pas- sage oi the first bill. On de- mand o[ Alfred Hales, then chairman of the public ac- counts committee, the new act stipulated that the unemploy- ment insurance account should be audited by the Auditor-Gen- eral, which was not previously the case. Mr. Henderson for many years has been vainly urging a review of Ihe practice with respect to warrants. Even with the amendments proposd by Robert Andras, the capable neiv muniste- of man- power, the scheme will remain verv costly if the pre budget anticipations of various inde- Navajos move towards self-government London Observer, special "nGS A-VC-ELE5 Tre inh-e Ln :re S: an il-e of a -e'.v ve ferms tdior.. A jor ar.d eii'on is ir.ovir.g :re rri'r-e real con o cf 1 15 o -A- v 2 res err Eli on o: woc'e. La-.; >ear ihe tribe EgretHi ;o lake charge of all sr.c tra'jve affairs t'-s: rsc handled by federal gnverr.- of Aff-ure. Tribe! lead- ers would control the federal aid arojr.G SilO Trillion xvrjcii has Nren doled out. with a notable lack of benefit to Indi r y bureaucrsis. TrouM taie charge cf formerly run by the BLA. with social welfare schemes build their own roads ar.d much more. The in snort, try to L-ar-i'.a'-e Nixcr.'s IS7J p.'iion ro fortress v.e had come "to bresk with the past ar.i :o r-jr.- tr.e Irdian fu'ure by Indian a.-.d Irrlan de- cisions." The co-rar.2 year how the trie's lexers ;o tackle a r r sett'.er? 2." army to round up tribe arxi herd i; barren eastern New Mex- ico. Herds ard crops were des- Ma'.es refined to co exi'e were More thin three-quarters o: the clod ty irsKscre, disease or in ihe. winter cf the stsiieir.ent. A Ic'er. a n e ire in a ft-ss ihe U.S. The 7 C'ro that survived b-e- car. a nisrch back to followed, but the increased in num- ber to I4n.w. Todsv they are considered the least urJorrua- ate of Indian tribes. Their res- or.ce Liousht to be too barren for ar.y use. i-irr.ed out rich ir uranium -i- Tr.e tTiVfl several each in and fird rlarts ire see a cesocrsucr. oi sac- rei tribal iarxfs ard an ecologi- JC-Cvi. LH an a'.Lc-mp: :o fj5 per cf-r: o; Nsv- are linemploytv! acy is up :n 40 -T ctn: :he i- nutrirJDn. E'co'ro'.isni :-cfl A suicide rr.e N'.T.TIJO ri.Te more T.C man :o ar.d hepau'.is. Tr.e or ti'-r. r.-. of A hunrirec? o[ job? "d even 'hciiih froni these or> ;oa-.o the resop.ation. Cl- LI U'ashLigton, 'Crazy Capers' wriieh caused more than J? mil- lion worth oi damage. The de- v.-ss wo.-k of younger, mostly urban Indians l P revive Ions-disre- garded treaties between tre federal EOI erru-nen; and the iriifs. But .Mr. MjcDunald, ssys thst such sre the inevirab'.e cxjrcome of lev) oi frustration and des- pair. On one point Eli asrw: the BIA. in its IJ4- yesr has failed eith- er to b-Lie America's 603. CXO mto the of social p-ogrt-ss or prefer, e their cv-'iturEl identirv-. agency is and well-financed bui it is also a tro-heavy paternaJisiic bur- eaucracy incapable of resisting orfSures to nibb'e Indian land rights ard Ln ercsts. I.o less than of In- has passed irto non-Indian har.ds "under EIA's Trust funds and federal been mis- r.2r.c.e.1. or iriirered on riMing a bister, better BIA biiremicracy. agency has been of or Lidiffer- :o 'he !crd o-" erased by a Trad? isrion T.quirv team. Nav- Kere found to be st :iie e. Ic r-.e.-cy of traders in the reser-.-a- -.vro uere overcrarsins on hy -JD 31) r-er cen' above rn'iorsl P-.-- ersce the Indiar.s" per L-corne is or-e av'ne- o" the average American's. Ore iliiteratJ? told E2n-s h.-d r.o idea hc-.v nuch she paid for food. The s'raDly took her rnonthiy troUed by Indians. Here, while- orient ed education, uiih its de- nigration oi the Indian life-s'yle and its rejection of the is place to a iradiiion that the in- tesriiy and values of the Ir.diin BIA is on the out, ?-d m the r.c--.-.- orc'er more sr.d more tribes will on resrxin- for :heir OUT. economic development and fare. Already more than 50 per cent of the 2r3 super- vised by the bureau have bLity for their O-.VH affairs and iuture. pendent forecaster! irf real- ized. Thus Carl Beigie, execu- tive director of the Private Planning Association of Canada, believes that Ihe economic up- swing in 1973 will accommodate the increase in persons seeking work but have little impact on existing unemployment. As the estimated cost to the govern- ment in 1972 n-as SS69 million and the new rules are supposed to save about S100 million. It is that no drastic reform is now in prospect. The disparaging term "back- lash" his plainlv been over- worked in our nolitics. Thus It was applied quite freelv to tax- payers who protested the over- generous character of the Unemployment Insurance Art fall. Evidently, however, there was some force to their ejections. Most of the saving will be effected by new rules applicable to quitters (now sub- ject to a oenalty waiting period nf only Ihrce weeks) and per- sors refusing "without good ciare" lo apply for or to accept job. It is now revealed t'-at 260 OW persons fell into t-ese cregories last year. The course they took is described as "abuse" although such a de- scription is of doubtful accuracy firce Ihe situation calls for a change Ln the law. If Ihe new approach Is Mr. Andras con- reason probably is to bs found in the parliamentary situation. Too much of the wrong sort of sackcloth would the Xew Democrats on u-hcse support [he Trudeau government must depend. It is presumably anticipated that they will accept the proposed amendments n-ithout en- thu-' but in the general ei- that the government's vrho'e package will be attract- ive from their standpoint. There is one practical diffl- cu'ty. If ;ne g'jverrmem, m rti nvr-ority derives some freedom from tire famous so does the party holding the parlia- mer.'.ary balance. Toe Peareon defeated on a budget bill, saved itself by sce-iL-.c pb'iaiTing a sub- sequent vole of confidence. But in prese-t circumstances the rovemmer.t's rebtive Lmmvm- i'.y. from the prece- fc-t. rower in the hands o: the third parry either to force srnendne-v.s to legislation or to OD-wse and perhaps defeat a x'l n-h'ie ssserring :tj ceneral in the present gpv- er-.T.e-.r. On t'-e face of matters, the seems to have lim- ited itself to changes least to he cons'dered provoca- e by tiie XDP. Thus it has rot tiviched basic benefits or cuili'fylEg time periods. Wbat it hi; cone is to strike at the free riders in a bid to eliminate the n-oit fianng As the XDP rr.eiti'Ders cannot be una- the old prtnisions vr.riely resented as an im- position on wage-earners gener- they may be reluctant to remedial amendiDerts certair-ly leave most of i very generous scheme intact. of psvcd 1 rev- erse ihe A- V." n- RfR-k, Anzcnn, Ire -oa! rf triijni envtrnmont, in hoiL-ts with 'olovi? r n ..M fricc-rators; but peak of in the north, liic t n'.rin liri; ,1.-.! ir.odo.'n lift- N frir oi crwinge rhai she always owed him rr.or.ey. (-Orrjp'. practices ahoundec1 O'.er iritr-rf--t r.T.s. -quality ;'r; -T- .-.1 r'lndrod? of to tn-.vr.5 like Hacstafi. Arizona, ra'hei1 'han wlio u-ed t'-'1'- to TOPCC Indian. The inquiry m.iv in nt re-'nring ihe richU of the red th" ever. ihore is an air of hope on the reservation today. It b? sensed in places like t h e CommtL'hly Collcce IT' f rs! in the counny e founded and completely con- "The trting i likt clout you mojf a thai you an and fsichalogkallf mutilated, jufl the itxk market! The Uthbridgc Herald 7ui Si. S., AlberU HERALD "0. and Publisher! 1905- 19S4. by Hon. W, A. Bl'CHA-NAN SKJ'-a C'jji s'sll No CC1S Cf Tr-.e j-a Dn'V Putusrirs- Ai i-0 ft B.-e- THCV.A5 H. ACA'.'S. DCN P A Li HAY E3.-V Edi'W