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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 23, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 6 THE LCrHBRIDGt HESAID _ Tueido, Jonuor? 23. 1973 Wildlife management aim of province To many Alberts the fish aixi wildlue division's mean orly obtaining i> LVer-ce each and read- ins a of resula- 15 received or fish and representative is seen work- ing in the field However, few residents who enjoy the out- doors fully understand :r-e ob- iecihe and basic principles of viidiJle munssemem in Alber- ts. This is the first 01 a series c: an. ic let v-riuen IE LIU at- tempt 10 create 2 beiier under- standing P! rhe present wildlife management End the effects oi chnnsing same hiibusi in Al- The division's i? to Qrn :n; prove ar.d ildlife babi- for rhe recrea- t weal ar-d well-being uf rhe people oi Alber.a, This e anal- rhe resource the size of topUAiiLons m rie-'.errr.ir.ing the rs le pop ul a licm in- srd ihen under 5t crying rre effect of er.vrorH-.erv.iil Lhcngos '.o pop- u-srors limiting factor? riven; can tr.fr: cor.tro! the rsie of explo-.u-'ior. of '.he r-j-Wbrce Doii-cy. arc ck1: y information and ennoa- The firs! step in wildlife mar.- .-.iit-nienr is to analyze the re- source both the wildlife aiid range Sampling ar-inuu p.ipuhiLioiw m duforeiu hubi- talt to determine their num- bers if invemory. coimts are and linired to only a few ?uch as bighorn sheep. Nearly all big same and waterfowl are TO mi led in sample areas of coi- imuoua haNtai. For by counting deer seen on a 1-lt1 mile strip on either side of an airplane. average num- ber of arvmals per area be de t er m i lied a r d esi i m for areas of !i.rih- is a nir.'e. as not all be seen because o: cover a.nd terrain Audio counts are to deceiTune upiand bi en- i R ii filed eros-ise n s ririi-irv.iris on an tr- a'.e of e'-ory fpi.ir :r. ihj ri in E e1. e- rJre rfurln? courtship If s K-? of miiiiire ?'rn; rer.iiar VL'.'S. "he r-versEe of driiiiis per s'op can be oyiried ai.d used sn uKiiinn U of the of in- LOADERS VERSATILITY STRENGTH APPEARANCE 750 JOB-MASTER A SEAL 5E FOB S.v.ALiER HORSE b ig locc'r g car be iff r i rec- tor and a GB 75 LMCET. STURDY _ AGUE On and jcb cppiicai.o-.s a-d co cjis in cce'C'-c- "-cr rn yc-jr c t'. Vc-y c" c e n c y o' e; j' c c-clicns to jC'.' Also see fhe 800 WORK-MASTER and 900 HI-MASTER Ask obout the new DRIFT BUSTER L" c h D v v Bucket for c o! INDUSTRIAL SUPPLY LTD. 803 46th Ave.S.E. CALGARY 243-5551 349 Stafford DMY, LETHBRIDGE 327-1571 the 'OLIVER DEAltR" you ined in the fall, either from ground and aerial surveys or irom clieck siaiion info-manon. An examination of tooih wear in big game and the sequence of mouir of wing and t.ail fea- 1 r-er? in bird game, provides ate information while examin- ation of :he reproductive tracts iKerii' indicates breeding suc- cess. HUners are also often ask- ed to parts of animals in em elopes or through deer trophy crest pro- A '.rue idea of tte living population cannot be estimated until annual mortality is oo'.isicle Thi this includes hiint- irs and loss, predauca. starvation in ihe Duck banding, for ex- smple. can indicate true annu- al inon-'.ity rales and hunting rates of various in animal pop- .-liter conclusions .r.ventory and produc- in haKuit -cm over exploiia- truis. and dom- in land use .i-e the motl crit.lcal all game popula- '-n-e can only CUD- a nuniber of am- n'.j's limit is known as Ihe capacity Bighorn sheep for exarEc-le. r.-e ;o isolated 1 r.e ha> bloviTi free of free expos- 'ng eras.-; jnd w'r.ere temwr- niMerate The nr the.-e slopes o'. t-r a of years can orJy .i C'-rtain mimber of sheep .ird iimMs i he o: the 5heep popula- non After co-'-fderation of the pre- ceding uctors. the wildlife manager may take steps to n-aintai-i a Ftsbie level between wildlife pijpulations and their hahUal the cour rrol of rate of exploitation This reduocs extreme fiitctu- s-'iors in poptilation numbers due to a iirnjred food supply sra a more rigorous and heslthy herd. For exam- ple, a deer herd prior to the hunting reason may be con> pised o: M per wot bucks. 40 per cen? does, and -10 per cem fawns A buck season remov- ing half :he bucks or 10 per cenr of the herd, would aocoum for only a quarter of the increase A 30 per cent in- crease in deer numbers for many year? is undesirable as deer ?oon exceed their carry- ing arc does i by another ins a.i redact ihe herd 10 per cent, as in are deer p-TOU'st-ons have s much capacity for in- r. s arxj suhseq uent Jy, their population urn- over ra'e is 70 per cent. If half to ihe sea- of rocks, half the J.5 per cent o: the be rtr-rr.oi.ed hv ruitiTcil ir and deep shelter With a hen sensor., hunter? are presently taltinc cocks per hen. thus hajrepiine only ano-.lwr 10 per cent of the pheasan: in ihe fciD. Yei by spring the popula- Lion Kill stiil be dov-ti to the }0 per wo; level trf tbt pcv t. FISH AND top, In wee-tern Soskc'cbewan and Alberlo air- plane ;s fne method. 'Tiifed nt'mbert c-; big horn sheen, bcftcm, tc a- count, cf--c als must a peek. hunting k-ve! with an- Oiher 35 per Lt-rv !oei to nsutral mortality. As becomes more intensive, '.he formation of policies arxi ;herefore reeu- latioos and enforcement, be- comes more comolicaled. Tlw basic policies itrd regMlatkoe lo protect in AJberta ere stated in The Wildlife Aci. "Hiis includes lawful harvest (rf all game, inolitding fiff, for both commercial and recrea- tional In addition, legislation is made annually for game harvests, outlining bag limits. hunting meth- ods, season dates and availa- bility of li cer.ces. To ensure thai mafiagerr.em programs ihnxich came ha-.esLs are FUC- cessful. the he s-d en- forced enfnrcemerj acti- vities, therein-e. form a vital trk ic wildlife nisnagement. Manasemer: riecirions on uLldlife involve con- of wna: effect resu- bton of th-e reso'j-ces have or all aspect society. Hiiniinc is an rec- which n-.u.-: t-e ed with the hur.'.er's IT but wuh mininium con- flicL? to other iam.i-use groups. are pomt'-iimcs plagu- ed by wolves sti their bvfstocfe and lii'ck-; feedinc on their grain crop? Solves and ducfcs. then, may be psxsfcted in wijdli fe sr ea5 but m usi be cootrolled In aericuHiral area? IL order to bmil Tn certain cases t-i POT. 10 the is given for losses (DCirred "bott arid the resource Areas adjacent to larse urban areas must also oe in ana ged for rhe Doo-ccnsunipiive user the bird watcher, photo arid amateur naturalist. Educating the lo the problems faring cifiliy loss rf habitat ft rive. The public under- siard ihe logic behiM hiDAing regulations -xi the must reab'ze success erf wildlife oo the .Vi ex a m pie the support of spans men male seasons. Ideally, priXtices and ar. i pubiic go In '.iw case of female however, an ejnodow.', rroblem yet in some ppe-. sucb mountain goals, the ffr manage- proitx? and waicrfo'-vi fe is not o'-1 of of wildlife !JTC- will a'1 ihem by manacemenl L'- Topics to be disciisseil riotail will be p. panicuiar species: th-t Fnnciiiarics in 'l mom. of stocking game, nf hnbiLat restortiiion oo sheep 3-rj ranpes and of technique? (ermine population aod mora of s hie rf with snd ;