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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 23, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Artificial steaks made from flour QUEBEC (CP) - Researchers at Laval University's food research faculty have developed a high - protein flour which can be spun and molded into artificial steaks, it was learned here. The flour is a derivative of lucerne, a clover-like plant used for fodder. Dr. R. Reil of the school's food research faculty said the flour is white in color and has no distinct taste. In previous experiments, the flour obtained was green and had a definite aroma of lucerne. The flour could be given the appearance of chopped steak or pressed meat in much the same way as pressed chicken is produced and sliced. Artificial chicken and beef flavoring are already on the market and could be added to the flour. Dr. Riel said he has already received letters from several farmers in southern Alberta who produce lucerne and are interested in his experiments. It might' even be possible, he said, to develop an industry for the production of artificial meat which would sell at a lower price than the genuine article. Proteins, of primary importance to the human biological system, are founf in foods of vegetable and animal origin. What many researchers have recently found fault with in meat is the high cost of the transformation of vegetable proteins to animal proteins. It normally takes seven pounds of vegetable protein in fodder to produce one pound of animal protein in meat. Pastures a mistake Many arguments favor a drastic cut in the animal stage of the protein transformation cycle and Dr. Reil agrees, claiming it is a mistake to waste valuable pastures on animals. "They should be reserved directly for the use of man," he said, "and bad lands should be given to the animals." "Sheep - farming should be encouraged because sheep can graze anywhere." "Through our research we wish to demonstrate how to get the most from an acre of land," he said. "A factory, replacing cattle would transform lucerne into a product fit for human consumption and at the same time the residues of this transformation treated with nitrogen would be returned to the animals." For the researchers, the way to solve the problem of eliminating the animal stage is to cultivate a plant rich in proteins to extract the most possible proteins, while presenting an appetizing product. Pick lucerne At Laval, the researchers selected lucerne. The clover-like plant was boiled and filtered. Acetone a colorless solvent used to dissolve cellulose in the plant was added to the green solution and separated chlorophyll green pigmentation from the compound. The precipitate was then washed and dried. The result was the white flour which contains a major amount of lucerne's proteins but remains tasteless. The principal difficulty of the process is to make sure that the lucerne used in the transformation is fresh. Once the plant has dried, it is hard to extract as great a number of proteins. Dr. Reil is convinced that a government-sponsored experimental study could speed up the research. Applications and benefits of such research for undernourished countries was high in the rrdnds of the researchers and the results of the experiments will be turned over to the Canadian International Development Agency, Dr. Reil said. Bean-growing new wrinkle OTTAWA (CP) - Successful bean-growing experiments on the Prairies last year may offer traditional grain growers a valuable substitute crop, the department of agriculture says. In a news release here, the department said some 2,000 acres of beans planted near Morden, Man., produced an average yield of 700 pounds an acre. Yields of up to 1,000 pounds an acre were produced on text plots at the Morden agriculture research station. Commercial growers planted three species of beans -the commercial dry, white or navy bean, the adzuki bean and the mung bean. People on the Prairies use about 600 tons of navy beans a year, the department says. They are marketed through grocery stores and through contracts with processors for soup and pork and beans. Potential export Adzuki beans, particularly the Morden 44 adzuki, "were acclaimed by commercial interests as an important potential export." The department estimates the demand for the adzuki bean could reach more than 500 tons a year on the Japanese market. Mung beans, used for producing bean sprouts, are a major ingredient in most oriental food prepared in Canada. Some 50 tons of mung bean seeds are used every year on the Prairies, the department says. Most mung bean seed now is imported from China. Scientists at the Morden station have developed a mung bean variety that "yields well and produces good-looking seed." They are checking its sprout quality this winter. A major problem in Prairie bean production comes at the harvest time. The plants must be cut' close to the ground, put in windows and dried before they can be combined. Although bean pullers are sometimes used, they pick up lumps of dirt about the same size as the beans. The lumps are "difficult and costly to remove," according to the department. iilin^iiiiip Canada makes �~-�*  UNIVERSITY TAKES SHAPE-The $16 million, 909-foot long University of Lethbridge academic and residence building is rapidly taking shape across the Oldman River* Scheduled to open in September, it has a total of nine levels, with the bottom four planned as residence space for about 400 students. All the outer walls should be finished by mid-spring. loan JAKARTA (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau and Foreign Minister Adam Malik signed an aid agreement today whereby Canada will provide Indonesia with a $4 million loan repayable in 50 years at no interest. The loan will be used by Indonesia to buy commodities in Canada, mainly fertilizer. It is the largest single Canadian aid commitment to Indonesia to date, and Trudeau said his government has decided to make Indonesia a major recipient of future Canadian aid. Trudeau said in a signing ceremony at the presidential palace that other agreements will be signed soon for provision to Indonesia of Canadian forestry, civil aviation and highway and bridge engineering help. Canada already is supplying Indonesia this year with $3 million worth of wheat flour and skim milk. At the signing ceremony at Meakeka Palace, Trudeau said: "This commodity loan represents the largest Canadian aid commitment to Indonesia to date, and while small against Indonesia's total aid requirement, it nevertheless reflects Canada's decision to make Indonesia a major recipient in the future of Canadian aid." VISITED B\ GOVERNOR Early today, Trudeau received a courtesy call from Jakarta's governor, Lt.-Gen. Ali Sa-dikin, and later placed flowers at Indonesia's national heroes cemetery. He is scheduled to visit the chairman of Indonesia's national Congress, Gen. Abdul Haris Nasution, who has accepted an invitation to visit Canada in April. Trudeau also invited President Suharto to visit Canada but Suharto's reply was not immediately available. Sons dig father's grave due to cemetery strike DUBLIN, Ireland (AP) -Seven sons arrived from England to bury their father and were handed picks and shovels to dig the grave. The gra-vediggers are on strike at Dublin's largest cemetery. About a dozen families a day have had to do the digging since a picket line went up Tuesday. Digging implements provided by the management are propped at the gate beside buckets and ropes to remove rainwater from open graves. Refusing to pass the pick- ets, hearse drivers stop outside the Glasnevin cemetery gate, where the bereaved unload the coffins to wheel them inside. The dispute involves a demand by the gravediggers that two men be provided whenever the cemetery wants a grave dug deeper than six feet. They say that digging graves tothecemetery's maximum depth of eight feet is too strenuous and too dangerous for one man. Management disagreed and negotiations were broken off. Guaranteed wage too costly now Seen and heard About town � ETHBRIDGE research officer Jim Dodd satisfying a growling stomach by "researching" a corned beef on rye sandwich . . . Megan Sullivan's lather doing his good deed for the day by vacuuming the rugs but told, after he finished, the hose was in backwards and his efforts were all for nought. . . college student Fred Uwazny more than a little red - faced vhen be grabbed the wrong legs in the cafeteria. EDMONTON (CP) A guaranteed income for Canadians may not be practical until the end of the 1970s, John Munro, minister of health and welfare, said Friday. s He told an executive meeting of the Canadian Federation of Mayors and Municipalities that all forms of social assistance No break in mail walkout LONDON (AP) - The British postal workers' strike, in its fourth day, kept major post offices closed again today and severely limited telephone and cable service. The post office took emergency measures Friday to make sure that old people got their weekly state pensions and that women with more than two children received their family allowances. A post office spokesmen said a fleet of armored trucks was called in to rush cash to postal substations-usually counters in local stores-which are not involved in the nationwide pay dispute. Hundreds of strikers volunteered to work for four hours to help distribute the pensions. The substations had run out of cash quickly when thousands found the major post offices shut by the strike that began Tuesday. cost Ottawa $4.5 billion a year. To bring in a guaranteed annual income would cost at least $2 billion a year. "To talk of raising $2 billion more in taxes at this time, with the knowledge of an expected deficit is irresponsible unless the Canadian people want it and are willing to pay," he said. Mayor Ivor Dent of Edmonton had told the meeting that Canada could have a guaranteed annual income for only $100 million a year. Mayor Dent said his plan is based on the idea of scrubbing virtually all current welfare, insurance and pension plans and diverting all this money into a guarantee that an unemployed person would be assured of a set amount of money through a form of negative income tax. Mr. Munro said he rejects the mayor's idea of scrubbing existing programs because he believes they are all needed. He said the detailed studies that went into the white paper on income security led to the conclusion if a full guaranteed income came in now, such programs as old-age assistance and unemployment insurance would have to be dropped. He said, however, such programs are "preventive" and should remain. Polish shipyards hack to normal GDANSK (AP) - Work has returned to normal at the big Polish shipyards here after two weeks of slowdowns that followed bloody rioting last month, crews told reporters Friday. Town being swallowed by big open-pit mine ASBESTOS, Que. (CP) - This mine town 120 miles east of Montreal is slowly being swallowed up by a giant open-pit mine. Residents were tense Friday, following the worst earth movement in the town's 90-year history Thursday. The day-long landslide damaged seven commercial buildings and forced the evacuation of 10 families from their main street homes. That brought to 75 the number of families forced out of their collapsing homes since Dec. 12. And since July a total of 175 families have been affected by a series of evacuations. The problem is that the town- site, with a population of 10,500, sits on the edge of one of the world's largest open mining pits -a square-mile hole with a 1,-000-foot-deep basin. MAIN STREET DAMAGED It is owned by the Canadian Johns-Manville Co. Ltd., which employs about one-third of the town's residents. Bourbeau Street, the town's main thoroughfare, is about 200 feet from the pit. Thursday's land depression affected an area about 600 feet long on the street. Tlie land sank about six feet, mainly damaging a variety tore. A funeral parlor end pri- vate television studio were also evacuated. Water and electricity to the area were cut off dun. ing the day. Mayor Leo Paul Thibault said the series of earth movements and their accompanying tremors in the last year were fust thought to be connected with dynamite blasting in the mine pit. Experts later discovered that mine drilling was disturbing underground water currents, causing streets and buildings to buckle. Thursday's incident caught residents by surprise because the area had recently been certified as "perfectly safe" by company experts. Nixon puts foes on defensive in message WASHINGTON (CP) - President Nixon, in a State of the Union message that could pass for a Nixon campaign manifesto for 1972, has called for a "New American revolution" against social injustice, poverty and government bureaucracy. The message clearly puts Democratic presidential hopefuls on the defensive. SIX GREAT GOALS In an uncharacteristic, freewheeling style Nixon, before a joint session of Congress, Friday night issued an annual report on the republic that set "six great goals." It called for: -The Democratic-controlled new Congress to make the mountain of "unfinished business"^ the 91st Congress its "first priority-a crack heavy with political innuendo that set the tone for much of the 4,500-word message. 1. Full prosperity in peacetime, a goal "Americans have not enjoyed since 1957"-in the last previous Republican administration, of Dwight Eisenhower. 2. Restoration and enhancement of the natural environment. 3. Far-reaching proposals for improvement of America's health care and making it available more fairly to more people. 4. The strengthening and renewal of state and local governments. In this context he proposed a surprisingly generous revenue-sharing plan aimed at passing $16,000 million down to the lower levels of government. 5. Complete reform of the federal government-reduction of the present 12 cabinet departments to eight. Actually, much of the annual report on domestic affairs-required under the constitution-was a vision of the future rather than a factual report on the state of the union. Of more interest, probably to Canada and other countries will be Nixon's budget later this month and his report on foreign policy next month. The president also called for a total national commitment to find a cure for cancer. He asked Congress for an extra $100 million for anti-cancer research and called for a major mobilization against' the disease. Of the 12 present federal departments, the post office is already scheduled to become a corporation next August in a plan similar to that favored in Canada. Otherwise, the reorganization would be the most extensive revision in the cabinet since the creation in 1789 of the first four departments-state, treasury and what now are known as defence and justice. These four would remain unaffected under the Nixon plan. But the departments of agriculture, commerce, labor and transportation would disappear as separate entities. Many of their functions-often parallel and sometimes in conflict-would be combined in a new department of economic development. Levy embargo on oranges LAKELAND, Fla. (AP), -Florida has ordered a seven-day halt to sale and shipment of oranges as a result of frost damage to the crop. State citrus officials said Friday it would be a few days be-fore housewives learn whether frozen oranges on the trees mean more expensive orange juice in supermarket freezers. The embargo, which goes into effect Monday, was levied by the Florida Citrus Commission afto.' U.S. department of agriculture officials said they found that 45 per cent of the oranges examined in the western and central Florida growing areas have been frozen to the core by low temperatures Jan. 19-21. An additional 15 per cent of the fruit examined had suffered less severe damage, the federal examiners said, and only 40 per cent appeared to meet fresh fruit standards. Florida growers this year are faced with a bumper crop of oranges, which drove prices down to an average of $1.15 a box, con.pared with $1.75 a box last year. Hijack blast kills 2 SEOUL (AP) - An air pirate armed with four grenades killed himself and a passenger and injured 22 other persons today in an abortive attempt to hijack a South Korean airliner to North Korea, intelligence sources said. Ten South Korean jet fighters forced the plane down as it-headed toward North Korea. Then the hijacker, Kim S'ang-tae, 22, set off one of the grenades and was killed by the explosion, police said. One of the passengers injured in the blast died later in hospital. Officers said Kim, who lived in the east coast port city of Kangnung, seized a stewardess shortly after the plane left Kangnung for Seoul, 100 miles to the west. The pilot radioed that he was being forced to fly to North Korea by a man with a grenade. KEEPS HIS COOL T MIAMI, Fla. (AP) - Forcing his demands with a hatchet and a bomb threat, a tall young man who never lost his cool hijacked a Northwest Airlines jetliner Friday. He wanted to go to Algeria but wound up instead in Cuba with a stop in Detroit. He agreed on Havana after the captain of the three-engined Boeing 727, on a scheduled flight from Milwaukee to Washington with 59 persons aboard, told the hijacker the aircraft could not make the long hop to Algeria. At Addis Ababa meantime, the hijackers of an Ethiopian Airlines plane were arrested early today when they reached their final destination in Libya, the Ethiopian news agency said. The plane was taken over while on a domestic flight with 20 passengers and three crew members. U.S. rushes arms to Cambodians Fire hits ship THE HAGUE (Reuter) - All 26 crew members of the 3,560-ton Finnish freighter Veli were rescued in the Gulf of Bothnia Saturday after fire broke out on the vessel, shipping radio reports to this Dutch city said. SAIGON (AP) - The United States rushed up to 80 tons of war materials to Cambodia today, and a large bomb explosion ripped through' a government office in Phnom Penh. The terrorist attack came on the heels of a devastating rocket, mortar and guerrilla assault Friday on the Phnom Penh airport. Military police at the scene of the explosion at an immigration service office in the downtown port of the capital said several persons were wounded in the blast. They said there were no known dead, although it was possible that some bodies might be found in the rubble. Two U.S. Air Force C-130 transports flew arms, ammuni" tion, spare parts, barbed wire and sandbags into Phnom Penh to help the capital recover from the attack on the airport and to provide war materials for Cambodian troops trying to secure Highway 4, Phnom Penh's lifeline to the sea. Officials said the airlift, halted Friday because of the attacks on the airport, would continue. Dies at Spokane SPOKANE, Wash., (AP) -Rev. Francis J. Altman, 74, president of Gonzaga University from 1942 to 1945, died in a Spokane hospital. ;