Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 22, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
22 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Wtdiratday, January 22, 197S Sounds of war echo in remote pass CANADIAN PRESS High in the mountains near the snow-filled Khyber Pass a war of propaganda and scat- tered violence continues be- tween Afghanistan and Paki- stan. In the middle of the dispute 'is a movement among the Pathan and Baluchi tribesmen of northwest Pakistan for autonomy. The movement is being resisted by the Pakistani government and least by the next-door government of Afghanistan. News from the remote cor- ner of the Himalayas is scarce, bill a couple of weeks ago a tattered band of Baluchi men, women and children struggled through the snow into Afghanistan, reports from the capital of Kabul say they were fleeing from the Pakistani army fighting the rebels. Shortly before, a bomb had wrecked the offices of Pakistan Airlines in Peshawar, capital of Pakistan's North-West Fron- tier province. Pakistan quickly accused Afghanistan of prompting this latest in a series of bombings. It also accused Kabul of help- ing Pathan tribesmen to over- run two Pakistani military outposts near the Khyber. From Kabul, the response has been loud but non-violent, relying on a radio propaganda campaign to support self- determination in the area it calls Pushtoonistan. On its side, the Pakistani government in Islamabad is keeping up its own propaganda attack on what it terms Afghanistan's meddling in internal Pakistani affairs. Central governments in Pakistan have 'always had problems winning control over the mountain tribes. Relations with Afghanistan have been off-again-on-again since Pakistan's independence from Britain in 1947. The shah of Iran recently tried to reconcile the two Mos- lem countries, largely to es- tablish stable relations on his own southern border. Pakistan's prime minister, Zulf Ikar All Bhutto, then an- nounced that Afghanistan's president, Mohammed Daud, had rebuffed an invitation to a meeting in Pakistan. Afghanistan retorted that Bhutto's announcement was just a propaganda stunt. Primitive, poor and moun- tainous, Afghanistan seems hardly equipped to mount a serious threat to neighboring Pakistan, which maintains considerable military power. But Daud commands a kind of Trojan yak, which conceals oil-financed aid from Moslem brothers in Iran and the Arab 1 states. It remains to be seen 'whether the shah and the sheiks will let their aid' be used in a war against Pakistan. Genes manipulation key to disease control? WINNIPEG (CP) The manipulation of genes, the body's biological units of heredity, may be the surest, way to control a wide range of cancer to cleft palate to schizophrenia, a U.S. geneticist said Tuesday. Evidence is mounting that certain genetic characteristics predispose people to many common dis- eases, including birth defects, diseases of middle-age such as diabetes, ulcers and heart conditions, as well as psy- choses such as manic depres- sion or schizophrenia, said Dr. Arno Motulsky of the Univer- sity of Washington school of medicine in Seattle. However, Dr. Motulsky said genetic engineering, or the fundamental altering of the nature of certain genes, is un- likely to.become a method of treatment for a long time. Rather, the types of genes that predispose one to disease risk can hopefully be manipu- lated successfully by drug and diet treatment, he told the an- nual meeting of the Canadian Society for Clinical Investiga- tion. Dr. Motulsky also said it was not the genetic conditions alone that apparently caused common diseases, but rather peculiar genes interacting with environmental factors such as lifestyle, diet and stress. For instance, such genes have undoubtedly been around for centuries but only in re- cent years and most predominantly in affluent societies has coronary heart disease, as one example, become epidemic. Those most likely to be stricken with the disease are cigarette smokers, harried workers or inactive people with peculiar genes or gene systems that do not protect them to, the extent that other genes do other people. The main challenge facing medical scientists now is identification of these peculiar genes, and the development of treatment systems that will make people with them more immune to certain diseases, said Dr. Motulsky. In 1973, scientists in Houston, Tex., identified a type of gene that controls the production of enzymes which are capable of changing cigarette smoke to cancer- causing compounds, he said. Scientists also knew that certain classes of genes play a role in rejecting limbs or organs in transplant operations. Another speaker, Dr. Andre Christen of Quebec City, said a study of French-Canadian males showed they were ap- parently exposed to coronary heart disease risks to the same degree as American or English-Canadian males. An assessment of the risks from smoking, high-blood pressure and high levels of cholesterol among men showed that 60 per cent were unaware of their high blood pressure or cholesterol levels. SAVE 2O% Hanes Anniversary Sale Shake a leg, girls! Hurry to Eaton's for Hanes luxurious hosiery at tempting low prices (Sale ends February 1st) Stuck at home? Dial Buy Line 328-8811 Ultra Sheer Reinforced Pantyhose Style 950. Nylon- and Spandex. Reinforced panty and toe. Barely black; barely there, Mayfair, South Pacific, town taupe or navy. P, M, MT, XT. O >IA 4 OA Eaton Reg. 3.00. PAIR O pairsf .20 Sheer Suport Pantyhose Style 809. Nylon and Spandex. Reinforced panty, toe and heel. South Pacific, Mayfair, driftwood or white. 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Indian march woman cleared OTTAWA Cindy An- derson, 21, of Regina, who took part in last September's Indian march on Parliament Hill, was acquitted Tuesday of three charges that she wilfully obstructed police during the demonstration. But Judge Robert Hutton of the opening of Parliament. Only invited guests and per- sons with business in the House of Commons were allowed past the barricades. Police charged that Miss Anderson went past the barricades and then kicked and struggled with two RCMP provincial court said his ver- officers who were guarding diet was not to be construed as the barricades, support for charges during the The Crown told the court it one-day trial that Miss was unable to identify the two Anderson was the victim of police brutality. Miss Anderson was among the estimated 250 native peo- ple who joined the Native People's Caravan for their demonstration on Parliament Hill to protest housing, health and education facilities available to native people. The demonstration took a violent turn and the RCMP riot squad was called in. Miss Anderson was taken-to hospital after the demonstra- tion where she was treated for a skull fracture. In a taped interview last Oc- tober with the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, Miss Anderson said she suffered the injury as a result of ac- tivities of the riot squad. She also said she was dragged to a police wagon by the hair. But in extensive cross- examination Tuesday by Crown Attorney Mac Lindsay, Miss Anderson agreed she was locked up in the police wagon before the riot squad appeared on Parliament Hill. She also retracted her state- ment that she was dragged by the hair to the police wagon. She also took back a number of other statements charging police brutality, statements used by the civil liberties association in its attempt to have a public inquiry into ex- cessive police force during the demonstration. Miss Anderson did testify Tuesday that she was struck several times by 3 police of- RCMP officers who were al- leged to have been hindered with. Chief prosectuion witness was RCMP constable Gilles Turcotte of Montreal. He had taken the day off to attend the parliamentary opening as the guest of a member of Parliament. He said he saw Miss Ander- son on the ground beyond the barricades being helped to her feet by the two unidentified Mounties. Constable Turcotte said he was not compelled to use any unusual force in leading Miss Anderson to the police van. He said she "seemed proud of be- ing arrested" and at times was laughing. He testified that Miss Anderson was placed aboard the van "feet first." O O ficer she could not identify and that she was thrown heavily into the police wagon after being arrested. Although police witnesses denied any use of force on her, defence witness Brenda Etienne of Caughawaga, Que., the first person arrested dur- ing the demonstration, said she saw police throw Miss Anderson head first into the police wagon. "They were not treating her very said Miss Etienne, a 19-year-old research direc- tor for a native organization. The evidence was that Miss Anderson was in the front line during the September demon- stration. Wooden barricades had been set up on Parliament Hill to allow space for special ceremonies connected with CALGARY (CP) David George Broughton, 29, of Calgary was sentenced to eight years in prison Tuesday for raping a 30 year old woman last July 17. Broughton changed his plea to guilty midway through testimony by the victim of the attack. Broughton is married and is the father of several children. Mr. Justice Frank Quigley of the Alberta Supreme Court rejected a crown request for a 15-year prison sentence, but told the man that rape is se- cond only to murder as a crime in Canada. Rape is an invasion of the body of a woman without her consent. It is an assault upon her dignity, upon her per- sonality, upon her life, upon her reputation, and upon the very other things that in this country should be preserved." The victim testified that Broughton raped her after her car developed a flat tire. She said he forced her to commit sexual acts at the point of what later turned out to be a toy pistol.