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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 22, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednwday, January 22, 1975 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 17 ilrish furore erupts over i. use of Gaelic DUBLIN (Reuter) An an- cient linguistic quarrel is re- verberating in the Republic of Irelancj with a government decree that Europe's oldest vernacular tongue, Gaelic, will no longer be compulsory for civil servants. Demonstrations in Dublin and protests by Irish cultural leaders quickly followed the government's announcement of the relaxation last Novem- ber. Constitutionally, Gaelic is Ireland's first official lan- guage, though spoken only by a minority. English techni- cally ranks second. Over the years, the linguistic problem has acquired nationalistic and political overtones. The present debate is over whether Gaelic is better pro- moted by compulsory or vol- untary means. Used in a crude form before the Romans came, Gaelic was the accepted language in the country until the 18th century. It lost strength through the growing influence of English and was greatly weakened during the famine conditions of 1845-48. Courses increased In announcing that Gaelic would no longer be obligatory, for entry and promotion in the public .service, government officials in Dublin made clear that optional Gaelic courses for civil servants will be increased. Opponents of the decision assert. that the ruling goes contrary to the policy of giv- ing new life to Gaelic. This move started at the end of the 19th century and played an im- portant part in the nationalist struggle ending with the proclamation of independence from the United Kingdom in 1919. The Fianna Fail party, long dominated by Eamon de Va- Jera and now in opposition, had made itself the defender of Gaelic even though eco- nomic circumstances have greatly reduced the number of areas where it is spoken. Some critics say the present government coalition headed by Prime Minister Liam Cosgrave, composed of Fine Gael and the Labor party, is less rigid in its defence of Gaelic than the opposition. Culture promoted Present government policy is to strengthen Gaelic, recog- nizing its cultural role but considering it unrealistic to seek to replace English as the language of business. The program takes two forms: economic and social promotion for underdeveloped Gaelic-speaking areas and support of Gaelic cultural ac- tivities. For the Gaelic-speaking areas, a government ministry has-been created which gives special subsidies for housing and seeks to create employ- ment. .For. the .other areas, effort is concentrated on Gaelic tele- vision and radio programs, help for children going to Gaelic schools and the provi- sion of (theatrical or folklore troupes' The church also helps. In Dublin, at least one mass is said in Gaelic weekly in all parishes. At the popular level, the re- naissance of cultural activity is apparent, particularly among the young people, thanks to recordings of hun- dreds of Gaelic folksongs. In Dublin you can go to a Gaelic evening each night of the week and listen to a pro- gram dominated by story-tell- ers. Seated with arms crossed on the stage, they recount from memory for 15 or 20 minutes stories going back to the earliest days. These: sto- ries deal with Celtic myths about the sacred bull, hunting themes, beautiful princesses or St. Patrick. Monkeys puff ing jfor tobacco firm I LONDON (Reuter) One of the world's biggest tobacco companies has a group of monkeys working for it. They are j puffing away on 30 cigarettes a day to help find a safer srnoke for humans. Transported from the jungles of Southeast Asia to a research j centre north of London, the 60 monkeys spend their working i from, about 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. strapped into seats, chain- smoking through a face mask. of them have been at it for three resigned to the job. The newcomers are clearly unhappy, with arms and legs twitching uncontrollably, eyes silently beseeching the visitor. Their respiration and pulse are monitored by laboratory workers at the Huntingdon Research Centre. They are in- vestigating the effects of different types of tobacco for the Imperial Tobacco Co. When the animals have put in enough years smoking, they will be killed and dissected. The effects of the carefully-controlled intake of cigarette smoke can then be assessed with a battery of (scientific equipment. Seek safer smoke The unfortunate apes are participating in a race between the giants of the tobacco industry to find a cigarette which will be less harmful to the human heart and lungs. To speed research, machines puff away at dozens of cigarettes at once. They test various tobaccos, different filter tips, and the focus of much current fillers. One such machine collected tar from the smoke of or- dinary cigarettes, the amount smoked by a 20-a-day man in three or four months. About an inch of thick, brownish-black secretion dripped into a small flask. The same number of syn- thetic cigarettes produced only a quarter of the amount. This bogus tobacco appears less damaging to the heart and lungs and it is hoped that, mixed with ordinary tobacco, it will provide an answer for smokers worried about health hazards. Various substances are being researched, 'but they are all basically purified wood pulp. This can be made to look like tobacco, is said to be tasteless, and is safer. Three groups active Three groups are in the running to be first on the market with a cigarette containing a proportion of synthetic filler. Imperial Tobacco and Imperial Chemical Industries have been given government clearance for consumer trials among 000 people for cigarettes containing between 10 and 50 per cent of "new smoking material." The makers say it produces four times less tar and that the tar is five times less active than to- bacco tar. The Celanese Corp. of America has developed a product call- ed cytrel which, it is claimed, produces no nicotine and less than a third of the tar of tobacco. Celanese will'supply British cigarette manufacturers Gal- laher and Carreras-Rolhmans with quantities for test sampling among smokers. A similar product was produced by Courtaulds and tested un- der the brand name Planet in England a year ago. The results were never published. Paneling Sate! Citation Prefinished Hardboard Paneling Hardboard panels won't scratch, splinter or scuff. Sound and flame resistant. Easy to plane and shape, wipe clean with a damp cloth. 4' x 8' random grooved. Alpine Ash and Georgian Oak only. 'Special-fper panel lurchase Elswood "Tahitlan" Prefinished Paneling Luxurious, scuff-resistant prefinished mahogany print panels in four earthy new woodgrain patterns... in fact, all new for 1975 Southern Walnut, Surf- side Oak Driftwood Oak and Native Oak. Never need refinishing! 4' x 8' 4mm. panels, V-grooved In random plank style. Exceptionally easy to install and maintain. Norglo Electric It's easy to create a quiet, cozy at- mosphere with an electric free stan- ding or wall-mounted fireplace from Norglo.... and you'll enjoy both soft light and comfortable heat thermo- statically controlled, fan operated and come complete with an at-, tractive, motorized log. 1500 watts. Available in Mandarin Red, Burnt Orange and Matte Black. 99 95 HARVEST' PANELING 4'x8'-4 mm prefinished panels with a true 3-dimenslonal effect that catches the light, changes with the.angle of vision and has the unmistakable look and feel of genuine hardwood! Easy to install, easy to main- tain. Requires no sanding or varnishing and and are resistant to scuffs, dirt, grease, ink and household chemicals simply wipe clean with a damp cloth. Exciting new colors and patterns for 1975 Morning Mist Oak, Villager Oak, Desert Oak and Weathered Oak. Per Panel 5 95 Variable Speed Reverting Drill Can be used as drill or screw- Variable speed lor perfect control, reversing switch for becking out screws or drill bits. Trigger lock, double reduc- tion gearing. Capacity: H" steel, W hardwood. 2.4 amps., 0 to 1000 RPM. Model 7140. Black Decker Finishing Sander Double insulated perfect for finishing wood, metal, plastics. Extra last lor smoother finish, easier use. One or two-hand control, (lush sands on 3 sides. 1.5 amps. Model 7404. Deluxe 2-Speed Jkj Saw Low speed for metals, high speed for wood end com- positions. Calibrated, adjustable shoe tilts for making bevel cuts up to Include! 1 blade. Capacity: Hardwood softwood Model 7535. Skll Electric Saw Ktt Includes' Model 574C power saw, carrying case and rip guide. Professional quality saw extra cutting capacity, safety switch and guard (top, HP, 10 amp. motor. 2H" at at 9V. Automatic blower. Model 574 02. GAS FIRE LOGS Loose log design permits adjusting for desired flame pattern and natural wood effect. All sets include fourr individual logs, burner, steel grate, AV-4 manual valve, complete installation kit and easy to follow installation instructions. 1C88 9188 eachlO your Lumber, Building Supply Home Improvement Centre, 1602-3rd Ave. S. Phone 327-5777 Open Daily until p.m. Open Thurs. until 9 p.m. i) R6V6LSTOKC ;