Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 22, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
22, THf LITHMIDM MU10 Book Reviews Great decisions and how they are made Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND In the White HOOK" by Rowland Evani Jr. ind Robert Novak (Random HDHW of Canada Ltd. IN the first hours following bis election to the presi- dency of the United States, Richard Nixon demonstrated in an oblique way, where his priority of interest lay. Foreign the U.S. power and im- agn abroad, was his overriding concern. Domestic issues came second. "I've always thought this country could run itself do- mestically without a presi- he had once said. "All you need is a competent cabi- net to run the country at hems. You need a president for for- eign policy; no secretary of state is really important; the president makes foreign pol- icy." The weakness of this attitude was at once apparent. There was dawdling, there was con- fusion and then refusals for top positions. With some exceptions the cabinet was a weak body. It was the result of ambiv- alence of purpose, a dichotomy of personality which made Mr. Nixon run hot and then cold. "It say the authors, "the worst brand of politics, in- furiating his enemies and dis- turbing his friends, because it teemed based on expediency." The reader is left to ponder that statement. The latest tar- get for criticism among admin- istration appointees is Henry Kis- singer, chief of tie National Security Council, who is suspect- ed of making big decisions af- fecting foreign policy without the presidential blessing. (The Anderson papers have added substance to this story.) In any event, Evans and Novak report that Mr. Kissinger was com- pletely taken aback when in- vited to occupy such an Impor- tant post. He had held Mr. Nixon in something approach- ing contempt during the 1968 presidential campaign and had refused to join Nixon's foreign policy advisory committee be- cause he thought that policy was "grounded in gimmickry and shallow-ness." The cabinet formed at last, Mr. Nixop turned to his priori- ties, the first being that of gel- ting the U.S. out of Vietnam. The consultations with Kissinger. William Rogers and Melvin Laird on this question make absorbing reading, an in- sight into how such vital issues are dealt with. In the end, the president, having heard all the views, opted for gradual with- drawal of American forces, is UM belief that this would mean a breakthrough in the dead- locked Paris talks. It was a gamble that did not pay off. Mr. Nixon totally underesti- mated the toughness of the North Vietnamese negotiators, in the estimation of the au- thors. Mr. Nixon did not deal well with the massive demon- strations against the war ei- ther. They believe that his fa- mous Silent Majority speech, taking the tough line againat the protesters, and in effect, threatening escalation of the war, was a mistake. It in. flamed the disenchanted and did nothing to inspire the mid- dle America It was aimed at. (That of course Is a matter of opinion.) In the first months of office, President Nixon suffered another setback in foreign pol- icy on whicb he bad pinned much hope the Middle East where Russian co-operation, on which he had counted heavily, was not forthcoming. Later, when it was discovered that the Russians were beginning work on a nuclear submarine base in Cienfuegos, Cuba, the presi- dent was made more aware than ever of S o v i e t duplicity. He sent his no-nonsense hands- off demand to Moscow and gat what seemed a satisfactory re- ply. But what was really dis- turbing was that he did not know If tMs effort to install offensive weapons close to the Ameri can mainland indicated a basic change in Soviet inten- tions vis-a-vis the U.S. "The larger (ay the authors, "Hie possibility that the Rus- sians were now playing a cal- culated pressure game against him a source of the president's rising alarm, based partly on the Cuba sub base, partly on the deadlocked SALT talks (where no progress was visible) and partly on the rapid deterioration of the once hope- ful prospects in the Middle East." These are only a sample of the foreign policy issues dealt with in this book. It covers them all, with intimate back- ground material, still relevant to current circumstances. It is recent history and background comment on all the great is- sues, lew oi which have been satisfactorily settled to this date. On domestic questions, Evans and Novak, reiterate time and again the disastrous results of President Nixon's lack of liaison with the Con- gress. It would be difficult enough when dealing with a Republican dominated House, but with a Democratic one, it has become close to impossible. They believe that much of the fault lies with lack of atten- tion in the establishment of good relations between the Hill and Downtown. The gulf be- tween the president and the representatives of tie people has grown so wide, and has ob- structed his directions so often that it adds up at times to veritable black mail. (The story, for instance, of the school desegration question is a case in point, involving Nixon's need for Senator Steams' sup- port on the ABM program, and Senator Stennis1 antagonism to the sweeping'measures for de- BegraUon of the Mississippi schools.) It is patently impossible to report on all the questions with which this highly important book deals. Perhaps it is suffi- cient to say that those who read it will have a clear view of the exigencies and problems of the American political sys- tem, an Insight into how and why some of the great deci- sions are and have been made. One winds up by feeling that nothing is what It seems to be, that there is a ghost of politi- cal expediency hiding behind every decision, and that the gamble of choices is often- just a gamble. As for Mr. Nixon himself, Evans- and Novak allow read- ers to draw their own conclu- sions. Their final view is that "with eighteen months remain- ing in his term of office, he had accomplished much of what he had worked at hardest, inexor- ably winding down the Viet- nam war and reaching the fringes of success in dealing with the Communist world. But he seemed farther than ever from any sort of warn; and easy relationship with the Am- erican people, a lack of em- pathy which, when combined with the still-ailing economy, raised the question whether lie would become the first presi- dent since Herbert Hoover to seek and be denied a second term." This Is the year of decision for the American people. Can- ada will be watching with fas- cination as the speeches, the issues, the confrontations and all the fanfare of an election campaign are unfolded. If you are interested in those quei- Lions, if you would understand at least some of the forces which have made them Issues of prime importance, you could hardly do better than to read Nixon in the White House. The authors do their utmost to be fair, they write with a Bo-non- sense direct approach, with clarity and vigor and fur- thermore they've been around Washington a long time. They are not spies on the body poll- tic, but they and their assis- tants keep their eyes and their ears open, and their analytical senses razor-honed. JANE E. HUCKVALE. Anyone ior a picnic? Not-so-revolting Humpty Dumpty "Who Pished K u m p t y Dilemmas In Am- erican Education Today" by Donald Ban- (Atheneum, 311 pages, 111.50, distributed by McClelland and Stewart Witnesses tell stories of Jesus "The Book of Witnesses" by Divid Kossott (Collins, IIS pages, 15.95, distributed by Andre Deutich JJBC storyteller David Kossoff's gently jazzed old Testament stories (review- Books in brief "Nat King Cole, an Inti- mate Biography" by Maria Cole (William Morrow and Co., 183 pages, distri- buted by George J. McLeod, behind-the-scenes story of the life of Nat King Cole should be good reading. It's not, unless you're satis- fied with a superficial outline of his career, plus a few inti- mate glimpses of the great man that don't really tell us much about what kind of a per- son he was. The music business has al- ways produced a wealth ol anecdotes about off-beat musi- cians. Mrs, Cole has included only a few of these and concen- trates on painting what ap- pears to be an Idealized por- trait of her late husband. Nat Cole was undoubtedly 8 great musician and singer, and a good person. Unfortunately a biography of a "good" person Is usually dull reading, unless it has depth, which this one does not. We do learn a fab- amount about Mrs. Cole. There ara also a few pictures and a cSs- cography. The writing style, which was apparently polished by Louie Robinson, Is about on a par with the Nancy Drew mystery series. Perhaps the book was In fact written for the young read- er. If so, It can probably be counted a success. HERB JOHNSON, ed In The Herald, March 22, 1969) were so well received that a sequel seemed desirable. Logically the next stories had to conue from the New Testa- ment, but that posed a bit of a problem to David Kossoff, a nominal Jew. Unfamiliarity has not proved to be the ob- stacle expected it may have been an asset, permitting him to view Jesus and his friends with a freshness that should be welcomed by Christians. On the other hand, fear of giving offence may have curbed his humor and allowed piety to prevail. The stories are told by ima- ginary eye-witnesses. It is a splendid device for enlarging on the usually cryptic accounts included in the New Testament. Among the witnesses are peo- ple who would have valuable detail and insight to offer: re- latives, neighbors, a courtier in Herod's court, a soldier of the crucifixion detail, a pig herder, people who were healed by Je- sus, and so on. Few reader! will want to quarrel with the way Mr. Kossoff has these peo- ple look at Jesus and describe his deeds. There is little Indication that tlw author familiarized himself with the results of biblical crit- icism or of interpretation in tha liberal vein. Despite the indi- cations (supported by the Gos- pel According to Luke) that the material in Matthew 5, 6 and 7 is a collection, it is still treated in the traditional way as a sermon delivered on a spe- cific occasion. Instead of tha coming of the Holy Spirit being an inner experience of Jesus, as portrayed by Matthew and Mark, a dove is described as lighting on Jesus' head, in Die tradition of Luke. The symbol- ism of John's story of turning water into wine Is missed. Only one concession seems to be made to the non-literal ap- proach and that occurs in the story of the feeding of the mul- titude. Mr. Kossoff must have heard of novelist Lloyd C. Douglas' suggestion that the people shared their picnic pro- visions. Non-literalists may fault Mr. Kossoff for his approach but he has been faithful to the New Testament. He was undertak- ing to tell the stories, not inter- pret them. This he has done exceedingly well. Next I hope he tackles the stories of tha early church where he will not feel so constrained to curb his humor. DOUG WALKER. TTHE educational scene may resemble Humpty Dumpty after he fell off the wall but Donald Barr does not appear to have resigned himself to the despairing conclusion that no- body can put it back together again. There would be no point in his attacks on permissive- ness, excessive reliance on testing, and the 'look-say' method of teaching children to read unless he believed in res- toration. Donald Barr, headmaster of The Dalton School in New York, is a professed conserva- tive who wants to promote those values and procedures that make for true educa- tion, so the book is essentially positive. There is wit and wis- dom in what he writes making it both a, pleasure and a profit to read. Even those who may disagree with the author will be mollified somewhat by en- countering disarming admis- sions of having been wrong in some views for example, in being opposed to vocational education. Canadian rock music "Axes, Chops and Hot Licks, The Canadian Rock Music Scene" by Ritchie Yorke, introduction by Pierre Jnneau (M. G. Hurtig paper; cloth, 224 fpWO years ago the Cana- dian rock music scene was about as sensational as the Agnes Davidson Elementary School's rhythm band. There may have been a gallon of tal- ent, but nobody paid much at- tention. Then last January 16th a pro- posal of the Canadian Radio- Television Commission became law: all radio stations were re- quired to program nt least 30 per cent Canadian composi- tions from C a.m. to 12 p.m. ev- ery day. Suddenly Canadian audi- ences started hearing Cana- dian performers. And they liked what they heard. Axes, Chops and Hot Licks Is an examination of Canada's rock music explosion. The ex- amination, past, present and future, takes author Ritchie Yorke only about 40 blunt, and controversial pages. Most of his analysis is a tongue-stick- ing-out condemnation of To- ronto radio station CHUM (and all of the smaller Canadian sta- tions which programed follow- ing CHUM's example) and a hooraying pat-on-the-back for the CRTC (Yorke gives the CRTC a huge amount of the credit for what has happened to Canadian music; Mr. Juneau, chairman of the com- mission, humbly down-plays the CRTC's role in his intro- duction.) The rest of the book is a se- ries of "R i t c h i e Yorke chats with so and so's." The rap ses- sions give insight into the art- ists personalities and life styles but say disappointingly little about their music. Anyone who's really into na- tionalism will find this book is right smack-dab writ- ten by an expert on Canadian rock Australian it's about Canadian musicians, and it's printed and bound in Can- ada. JUDI WALKER. There are 47 articles, book reviews, speeches, and un- finished notes included in the book, covering roughly the dec- ade of the sixties. Sandwiched around these pieces are con- temporary comments. The ma- terial is organized into four sections. Under Parents and Their Consequences there is a look at where we have arrived, the section with perhaps the greatest interest for gen. eral readers. Then comes Edu- cational Strategies and Struc- tures, in which he gets in his licks at progressive education; and urges that It is sexual- ity not sex that needs to be taught in schools. The section on The Technology of Educa- tion is mainly about testing and includes a long essay (20 pages) that was commissioned by The New York Times Mag- azine but rejected (too long? lacking popular Final- ly in The Languages of Com- petence there are specifics about the teaching of science, mathematics, and reading. My first attempt at reviewing this book turned out to be main- ly samples of the wit and wis- dom that I had checked as I read. Having rejected that ap- proach I find I still want to in- clude a few quotations as the best way to induce a reading: "A few years ago adolescence was a phase; then it became a profession; now it is a new na- tionality." "The children 'turn- ed on' (by drugs) are like radios tuned to nothing; they play the noise of their own tubes." a department.. packed with a dense herd of elderly professors grazing on their tenure." "In part, it (the vogue of superstition and unreason) comes from the enor- mous fatigue of trying to live without religion." "The require- ment that emotion be express- ed in terms of what T. S. Eliot called its 'objective correla- tives' promotes a decent house- keeping of the emotions in the child, so that he does not live amid puddles of passion but contains his feelings in the ves- sels of reality." Humpty Dumpty may be a mess but viewing him through the eyes of Donald Barr out to be less revolting tlvan might be expected. DOUG WALKER. No snoiv job BEGINNING in three weeks and con- tinuing into the coring, the university will be undertaking its official recruitment- vinUtion program to personally contact many of the senior high school students in this province, some in the near comer of British Columbia and possibly others should the rattier limited budget hold out. Since approximately 40 per cent of the peo- ple who attend this institution list home addresses outside Lethbridge it is Impor- tant to establish and maintain effective contacts. Involved will be students, administrative officers, and faculty, forming "teams" that will cover many miles to rceet with se- nior high people as guests of the respec- tive principels and counsellors and to talk U of L. Hopefully the budget of each suc- ceeding year will enable a similar if not expanded involvement In tMs important function important not only to the uni- versity but to the prospective students. My point is that mis can only be important to the students if they are treated honestly. Too often in the past, and in many cases at the present time, many universities (and colleges, and job recruiters, etc. have canvassed the student bodies with less than excusable technique, let alone objectives. Recruitment, visitations, or whatever can only be effective if each al- ternative is presented objectively and with- out fear of the sometimes embarrassing comparative questions posed by reflective graduands concerned about their futures. In other words the Intent of this univer- sity's recruitment program as it is being organized will be to present the University of Lethbridge with snow Job. It Is simply irresponsible to encourage a person to take part in a certain kind of post secondary educational activity for which he or she is not suited, The re- sponsibility is one of good advice. People completing high school and those who did so some time ago are confronted by a disquieting array of alternatives for post secondary activity educational or other- wise all of which have their own rela- tive merits. Add to these the concepts, ad- vice and values which seem In predomin- ance at that particular stage and it re- quires a good head simply to cope. It will be interesting to meet thse people and more specifically it will be a challenge to provide answers that can contribute to pro- ductive decisions. A good friend on staff at the Community College recently reflected on the rather unnecessary but frequent com- parisons of the two institutions the uni- versity this the college that etc. As I remember it, we were cluttering an aisle at a local supermarket close to the bakery section his cart a bit closer to the bread than mine and we agreed there is room for both of us." Simply put but worth considering. In fact, if "us" is expanded slightly to Include all post secondary alternatives tien there la "room for all of us" providing all go about their particular tasks with the student in mind. The University of Lsthbridge will soon hit the road with brochures, pamphlets, a film about the new campus, "TOGETHER" buttons, academic calendars, posters and so on, Hopefully this preparation will con- tribute to effective contacts that In the fi- nal analysis depend on the ultimate face- to-face confrontation. At that point It will be determined whether or not we can offer something constructive to a few of Hie many thousands of young people attending the schools to be visited. The faculty and administrative officers taking part consider recruitment to be an important part of their jobs. The students are volunteers, in a most basic sense, as individuals whose Interest in the university has dictated a need to be involved in an operation of this kind. Previous experience with recruitment has shown direct results in terms of peo- ple who. "might have gone somewhen bad it not been for their genuine interest in The University of Lethbridge, just five years old. By the way, the gov- ernment grant per student, for one stu- dent "recruited" trill more than cover thi entire cost of this program. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORIEY The future of Christianity ANY faith which claims the allegiance of men today must be worldwide in every sense of that word. "Go ye into all the said Jesus and he meant just that. It was not merely the whole geo- graphical world but also the world of busi- ness', culture, society, and all the other affairs of men. Over his cross the accusa- tion was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, the languages of religion, culture, and polities. Then Paul said that in Christ there was neither Greek nor Jew, bond nor free, but all were one in Christ Jesus, and he repeatedly pointed out how Christian- ity controlled all family and social life. The whole of human experience and the whole human race were intended to be in- volved In the Christian faith. The notion ttaat a faith may be true for one people and not for another is non- sense. A faith is true everywhere or no- where, true for all men or for no men. This does not mean that native customs and clothes are discarded, that English- men have become Africans and Africans Englishmen, nor does it mean that any race is to be shut out from the treasure house of soother race, but rather that each may enjoy the good things of the life of the other. When Paul speaks of "the full- ness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ" he thinks of that gospel as inspiring the total life of man. "A Christ limited is a Christ thus Ezekiel Mphahlele writes, "The church as an ecumenical force in South Africa has been on the re- treat since before the Union in 1910. It fix- ed it's gaze on Calvary and kept up an aloofness from political realities." This means that the church runs up the nationalism of the East as well as of the West, and the nationalism of the East is using Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam as agencies for that But is nationalism in the United States 107 less strong than It Is In Russia, Burma, or India? If Christianity has detribalized Africa and Westernized India, it now has a major task to break down nationalism and for this reason free trade must be an article of faith on any Christian agenda. A few years ago the World Congress on evangelism convened fa Berlin with tba theme "One Race, One Gospel, One Task." Some people make the gospel absurd- ly simple here by suggesting that God seea only two classes of persons, "The saved and the lost." Now just what is salva- tion? There is a central core of meaning common to all mankind but salvation means one thing to a man in a mental hospital and another thing to a parent in the slums. It means one thing to an egoistic businessman and another thing to an alcoholic. Surely the gospel Is God'f good news to men, "The message of the but the very outstretched natura of the arms of the cross with the open hands suggests the inclusiveness of the gospel. The evangelistic task of the church Is to proclaim the perennial relevance of tha gospel to man's total condition and to ev- ery aspect of human life, that a Christ limited is a Christ betrayed. Yet the church is not merely too often silent be- fore the evil of society, but may even sanc- tion that evil and bring pagan Immorality into the very House of God, something that will be discussed in a future article. Mean- while let us say with Rizal, a Philippine martyr, "The arms of the Cross are still wide enough to enable IB to hang our destinies upon them." Canadian system The Spokuu Spokesman-Review A marked difference m law enforcement methods in Canada and in the U.S. may be reflected In a comparison of crime statistics between two cities. London, Ont., is twice as big as Ann Arbor, yet Ann Arbor had more robberies in 1970. Ami Arbor's larcenies totalled compared to London's Narcotics violations in tile American city numbered 244 compared to 101 for the Canadian city. Rapes and concealed1 weapons violations were greater in Arm Arbor than in London. In only two categories was crime greater in London than In Ann Arbor assaults and fraud. The answer may lie, Canadian authorities feel, in their police methods. They say so without easting aspersions on U.S. offi- cers, but rather to Illustrate that Cana- dian authorities have a freer hand in ap- prehending suspects. Not only is Canadian law enforcement tougher, but justice Is quicker. For instance, Acting Superintendent Fred R. Bruce of the London Police Department relates: "American police would envy our police powers. We can arrest on 'reason- able and probable grounds' and hold on suspicion if we have reason to believe tha man commited a felony. And we also hava the right to stop and search for narcotics, weapons or booze." Canadian court dockets are not clogged, according to London Provincial Court Judge E. H. A. Carson. Criminal easel reach trial in an average of 30 days. America has never been inclined publicly as a nation to favor excessive police power. She may need, at this time, however a somewhat tougher stance on known crimi- nals. Our court dockets need clearing and some means must be found of speeding up UK interval between arrest and trial. Our parole and probation system needs over- haul, so those released have a better means of rehabilitation and of staying clean.