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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 22, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta IHMOItl \IS Terrorist politicians Mr. Geoffrey Jackson is the first British ambassador to be abducted by any Latin American nation. The choice of Mr. Jackson as a hostage probably has very little to do with his nationality or any personal antagonism of the Tupamaros, who are Uruguay's terrorists. The Tupamaros, who take their name from a Peruvian Indian martyr, Tupac Amaru, have already killed one American, Mr. Dan Mitrione, and are still holding a Brazilian diplomat and another American. They have been responsible for all kinds of raids on banks, casinos, and even on the naval training centre in Montevideo where they walked off with a haul of weapons, ammunition, tear gas and radio equipment - very handy for their purposes. Uruguay is one of the most liberal regimes in all Latin America. The Tupamaros are not fighting a military or repressive dictatorship, but they are playing a highly successful political game. What it amounts to in very brief terms is that the guerrillas oppose a consolidation of Uruguayan political parties which could result in a Chilean - type election or "revolution by ballot." The Tupamaros want communism by "armed struggle" method, and they fear loss of their supporters to a projected far-left co- alition. They are doing their best, and it's an effective best* to discredit the government, undermine the personal position of President Pacheco, and emphasize the effectiveness of kidnappings as a political tool all over Latin America. The London Economist, supporting the refusal of Uruguay to bow to the Tupamaros' demands, remarks that kidnapping has now become a universal method of resistance to constituted authority, pointing out that the Brazilians who have given in every time have found that there has been a "wild inflation in the price of hostages," that simply cannot be allowed to continue. The immediate answer will have to be more guards, further attempts to eliminate the dangerous trip from residence to embassy and other such protective measures. In the long run, there will have to be international agreements worked out providing general guidelines to be used in response to terrorist action against foreign diplomats. A meeting of ministers of the Western European Union took up the question last week, but failed to provide the necessary guidelines. They, or some other international organization, ought to have another try-and fast, Saving Sesame Street Does the popular children's program, Sesame Street, really have to be sacrificed to the new god, Cana-dianism? If so, it is possible that some recent converts to nationalism may have some second thoughts about their commitment. It is true that the Canadian Radio and Television Commission has caused the American - produced show to be in jeopardy by imposing a requirement of 60 per cent Canadian content each day. But actually if Sesame Street is dropped the reason will be found more in loyalty to an old god, profits, than to the newest arrival in the pantheon. This does not mean that management of the television stations cal-ously ignore all considerations of a public service nature in the pursuit of the dollar. As a business, a television outlet has to be concerned about its solvency. A dilemma is faced when a popular program that brings in no advertising revenue cuts into the ration of time allotted for the good - paying American shows. Ob v i o u s 1 y the responsibility for solving the problem of keeping Sesame Street for local viewers rests primarily with the CRTC. Rigidity in applying its formula for Canadian and foreign content is not desirable. If a category cannot be created then a special ruling for the program should be possible. Although it is not very likely that an educational program of the calibre of Sesame Street could be produced in Canada by Canadians because of the cost, a suggestion made by The Herald's entertainment critic, Mrs. Joan Bowman, ought to be pursued. She thinks the production of Canadian counterparts to some imported shows is feasible and would eventually take the pressure off in regard to meeting the CRTC regulation. Hog psychology By John Gould, in The Christian Science Monitor | ISBON FALLS, Maine - Not long ago one of these new young folks came into focus, and I listened in awe and respect as he pleaded for his cause. Awe, because he was facile in his discourse, and respect, because at his age I was shy and reluctant about public speaking and always had shakes in my knees. This lad was certainly away ahead of me, and as he pursued his topic to change the tides and the course of the sun I wondered if he knew how to get a sow in a crate. This wasn't an idle thought-it might be revealing if a survey could be made of our campuses to ascertain how many gifted young people, intent on reform, can make a pig do something a pig doesn't want to do. I went to a fair this fall. I haven't gone to one in years, because the old agricultural fairs of my youth have not lasted into these times. The main attraction is now the hoss trot, and as farming and homemaking have changed the fairs no longer can serve their former purpose. The managements seem to believe that the 25 cent prize for the biggest pumpkin, a worthy goal in 1892, is still going to entice today's agronomist. But I went, and I tried to recapture some of my old zeal for fairs, and after the crowd had gone I lingered near the animal pens. Thus, I saw the 4-H boys trying to get their prize pigs out of the pens and into the crates for the trips home. It was quite a battle. It was too bad people had left, because here was a spectacle better than any on the official program. The shouting, squealing, chasing, escaping, and tumbling hullabaloo went on and on, and none of the boys was succeeding in impounding his property. Each pen had a pull-up gate, against which the open-end crate was pushed from the outside. Inside the pen, each boy was trying to drive his animal through the gate. A pig is not by nature co-operative in such an effort. How often, in human affairs, do right-thinking people direct their purposes and zeal with equal failure! How often has the pig, just when success is close, nimbly darted between somebody's legs and gone away! Here, in essence, was many a glorious crusade, fought with noble purpose and pursued with laudable intent-and all the tumult, all the shouting, all the labor, all the fuss for naught. So far, at the fair, nary a pig had been crated. Now, these 4-H boys know ever so much more about firming than I ever did. When they select thy pig a.s their project, they are handed bulletins and research reports that exhaust the subject of porcine agronomy down to the last faint tciueal. Back when I had a pig we were still relying on Vergil's Eclogues, which were not definitive. I couldn't have told you a concentrate from a roughage, and didn't know there was any difference. We used to go out and slop the pigs, but since my time this exercise has become known as administering nutriments. 1 guess the only thing in the picture which hasn't' changed a mite is the pig, whose intellectual patterns remain constant in a world of change. He seems to be as reluctant now to go into a crate as he was when I was too young to join the 4-H. But when I was that age, I knew how to crate a hog. I seem to perceive a large moral coming to the fore. I was not wearing my blue suit at the fair that day. "Blue suit" is nry way of describing work shirt and dungarees, my usual haberdashery about the farm. For the fair I bad put on my "other ones," which included necktie and shined shoes, and I was quite sporty for the pig department. But I gladly sacrificed this sartorial splendor to the need at hand - I could see it was extremely important to show those 4-H boys how to crate a shote. I learned how from my grandfather, who was our greatest authority on hog psychology. One day he had a barnyard of hogs to be taken to the team-track for shipment, and I watched him - I didn't help him, because he knew how to move hogs and didn't need any help. When he got the big crate in place on the wagon, and a runway rigged from the barnyard gate, he picked up a water pail and stepped into the arena. He clapped the pail on over the snout and head of the lead hog, and instantly the hog directed his every effort into backing out of the pail. Grandfather manipulated the pail in such manner that as the hog backed out of it, he backed up the runway into the crate. There was no squealing, no chasing, no pushing, and above all no persuasive language. It took Gramp all of five minutes to load his wagon of hogs, and he got them into the freight car at the siding in the same gentle and relaxed manner. So I did-I took a pail and climbed into a pen at the fair, and I showed a hoy how to back his pig into compliance and agreement. Within minutes all the 4-H pigs had been caged, and a relative peace and quiet settled over the scene. I have had my suit cleaned, and I have polished my shoes, and u mite pleased at my know-how I sit and listen to these new folks who know all the questions. With awe and respect. 'Sheriff, arrest that man - he's peddling without a licence!" Tim Traynor U.S. concerned about Latin America (First ot two articles) WASHINGTON - The Uni-w ted States is edging into a new posture with respect to a rapidly changing Latin America. Amid deepening disenchantment with the U.S., successive Latin countries have come under the control of left-leaning g o " ernments. Traditional U.S. assumptions about the area have been challenged as never before, particularly since the Chilean elections resulted in the assumption of power by a Marxist-led regime. The changes in Chile, Peru and Bolivia are far out of line with the notion of Latin America, as a U.S. sphere of influence. Added to the com-munization of Cuba, the Andean developments made a shambles of the traditional pattern of American ascendancy. Unless, of course, the U.S. were to act to change the situation. Faced with the turn-over in Chile, the Nixon administration has weighed the alterna- tives, but has maintained a passivity which has increasingly come to imply an acceptance of the new realities. The prevailing official view is that the situation is worrying and must be closely watched, but that restraint must now be the guiding principle for the U.S. A similar attitude also appears to prevail among informed outside observers. After tracing the evolution of U.S. policy through the crises of the Kennedy and Johnson years, the Wall Street Journal concluded: "How ever nerve-wracking, the Nixon Administration's choice of a wait-and-see policy is the only practical course." The administration's basic posture on Chile was indicated by the president in his recent TV conversation with four correspondents. The shift to the left "was not something that we welcomed" but he had been careful to point out that "that was the decision of the people of Chile, and that therefore we accepted the decisions and that in our programs with Chile we still recognize the government and we still have our people-to-people program and we still have our Peace Corps programs. Those programs would continue as long as Chile's foreign policy was not antagonistic to our interests." He said further that "for the United States to have intervened in a free election and to have turned it around, I think, would have had repercussions all over Latin America that would have been far worse than what has happened in Chile." The new Chilean regime had been told that "as far as the United States was concerned that we recognized the right of any country to have internal policies and an internal government different from what we might approve of. What we were interested in was their policies toward us and in the foreign-policy field." "So," he concluded, "I haven't given up on Chile or on the Chilean people and we are going to keep our contact with them." The president naturally stressed the democratic basis of Chile's swing to the left as a reason for non-intervention, but beyond that there was the simple fact of geography. Chile, and the Andean countries generally, must fall into an entirely different category than the e a s i 1 y-accessible Caribbean countries. Intervention might thus have been quickly ruled out, but there would still be a question whether to try to bear down on Chile by lesser means. That this is not simply a hypothetical consideration was indicated by the comments of a senior administration official shortly after it became apparent that the Chilean presidency would go to the Marxist, Salvador Allende. In a Chicago background briefing, the official said it was likely that Mr. Allende would over a period of years form some sort of a Communist government. He voiced, fears about the effect of such a development on important adjoining countries - Peru, Bolivia and Argentina. He spoke of massive problems for the U.S., for pro-U.S. forces in Latin America, and for inter-American organizations such as the western hemisphere defence board and the Organization of American States. The U.S. was taking "a close look at the situation." Similar fears were voiced by outside observers. The syndicated Evans-Novak column, for instance, stated that: "Those who know Chile best are sadly confident the country has seen its last free election no matter what Mr. Allende believes. When his term expires in sue years, they predict, effective political opposition will have vanished." (Herald Washington Bureau) Charles Foley Nuclear tests feared 'the ultimate pollution' I AS VEGAS - The leakage of a cloud of radiation from an underground nuclear test explosion in Nevada over the holidays was the latest- and by far the worst-of a long series of similar accidents in the United States. Protest is growirg despite the Atomic Energy Commission's assurances that there is "no health hazard" - assertions which are often followed by the announcement of bigger and better future tests. No fewer than 17 radiation leaks have been detected since underground testing began after the 1963 surface test ban treaty with Russia, and most have blown radioactive material out over neighboring states. The AEC says blithely that the latest cloud soon broke up over Utah when heavy snow "scrubbed the air clean." But of course the long-lived fission products have not been destroyed: they have been merely distributed over a wider area, increasing the world's background levels of radioactivity. And how it grows, this testing! The latest shot at Yucca Flats, 100 miles north of Las Vegas - cutely codenamed "Carpet-bag" - was the 29th in 1970, the 403rd since operations began there in 1951. In the treaty's seven-year duration, 224 nuclear devices have been exploded underground, and their size and strength is increasing. Six detonated in the past three years have been in the million-tons-of-TNT range: which means that each of them is 50 times more destructive than the Hiroshima - Nagasaki weapons. The last 1.3-megaton hydrogen warhead-detonated in Nevada last March - was the most powerful nuclear device ever exploded underground in the United States. Operation "Ilandley" set tall buildings in Las Vegas swaying, and caused chandeliers to swing like pendulums. "It was like being aboard ship in a storm!" says Vegas visitor Ann Valder, who was in the Sky- room Lounge on the 24th floor of the Mint Hotel at the time. A vast crater was formed on the desert floor when three million tons of rock used to fill the 4,000-foot shaft slid into the underground cave created by the explosion. Then there was "Milrow" - a one-megaton shot in the notoriously earthquake - prone area of the Aleutians which brought protests from Canada and w apan and angered Alaskans who, a bare four years before, had suffered a disastrous quake and tidal wave. Not all the assurances dealt out by the AEC's public relations men quite convince an anxious public that all is for the best in the brave new nuclear world. The agency admits that 49 areas of the 1,350-square-mile test site have been staked out as dangerous to humans, and that 250 square miles of the site are contaminated with plutonium and will remain so for the next 24,000 years. Yet they insist that the danger is minimal, that plutonium does damage only when inhaled or taken into the blood- 'Crazy Capers' I took an aptitude test a', the office today-it's a good thing I own the cowp&iy. stream through a wound, that the amount picked up by the wind could harm no one. Is the AEC's "safe radiation dose" really safe? Two scientists from California's Lawrence Radiaton Laboratory, Dr. Gofman and Dr. Tamplin, say not. They believe that the AEC level must be reduced by nine-tenths, arguing that if everyone in the U.S. were exposed to the "safe dose" cancer and leukemia deaths could increase by as much as 24,000. The AEC scoffs at this calculation. There can be no final verdict yet, since radioactive elements accumulate in the body, and damage may take generations to manifest itself. But contamination from tests is only part of the problem: nuclear power plants and weapon factories are dumping radioactive wastes in a score of states across the nation. Why does the United States need so many repetitive and costly tests? Basically, out of fear that the Soviet Union may move ahead in the nuclear arms race. Yet that danger does not seem extreme: the AEC has counted only 44 Soviet underground tests since 1963, so that the U.S. has tested five times as many devices a.s the Russians. Even though the Russians set off the biggest underground explosion ever - a frightening s i x-megatonner, barely two months ago - many experts here believe the U.S. is over-testing. The reply is that America's more varied array of nuclear weapons, from howitzer shells to ballistic missiles - a stockpile of some 40,-000 warheads - must be tried out from time to time for safety's sake. Not every AEC blast is connected with weaponry. The controversial "Ploughshare Program" aimed at using nuclear explosions to carve out harbors and canals has been behind 26 atomic tests. Levels of air contamination soared, with radioactivity much higher than forecast, after some try-outs in the Mid-West, and a scheme to blast out a new Panama Canal with nuclear devices was condemned by the biologists when it had reached the planning stage. Now theAdministration seems to have shelved Ploughshare, cutting AEC funds so drastically as to raise doubts about the program's future. Public indignation over excavation shots that release radiation into the atmosphere was plainly a major factor in the decision. The idea of the peaceful atom -controlled use of thermonuclear fusion to create unlimited supplies of harmless, nonradioactive power - is one that few people contest. It may well be the key to a better environment, and to a more advanced, pollution - free industry. The AEC's chairman, Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, believes that "when all sides are heard, the public will agree that the advantages outweigh the risks." But the critics fear that the AEC, with its constant testing and its proliferating power plants; has far too much freedom of action. Since 1946 It has been judge and jury of the country's nuclear needs: It is solely responsible for developing the peaceful and belligerent uses of the atom, and it appears to have gone too far too soon, with too little regard for long-term consequences. One of the agency's strongest opponents, Senator Gravel of Alaska, argues that a new technology which is a potential menace to all forms of life is being hastily imposed on the U.S. "Radiation is lethal and virtually permanent," he says. "I consider it the ultimate pollution." (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 - The police will not interfere with women in Ottawa wearing short skirts. Complaints had been made that a woman had been seen on the streets exposing her knees by a "daringly" cutaway skirt. 1931 - With the rates for gas coming up for adjustment April 1 negotiations will be carried out between the city and the gas company. The city will ask for a 25-cent gas rate. 1941 - Gas rationing, which is expected to be implemented in Canada, will "strike a vital blow" to the trucking industry, according to the Alberta Motor Transport Association. 1951 - Over $16,000,000 worth of livestock was handled at the Lethbridge Stockyards during the first year of operation. 1961 - John F. Kennedy took the oath of office of president of the United States. He is the youngest man to hold the office. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member ot The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;