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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 22, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 16 - THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD - Friday, January 22, 1971 Your horoscope By Jeane Dixon SATURDAY, JAN. 23 Your birthday today: You face a year of general prosperity, i n c reased involvement in your career and social relations. Problems are not major and nearly all of them grow out of your own unconscious attitudes; old habits need revision. You may have to learn more about adapting to individual local situations. Today's natives are natural leaders, both men and women, although most of them lead in fields where no great numbers can follow them closely. ABIES (March 21 -April 19): Almost any adventurous idea Andy sends a complete 20-volume set of the World Book Encyclopedia to Robert I. Karafin, age 12, of Gary, Indiana, for his question: Who figured out the speed ol light? The Great Galileo pondered the speed of light, way back in the 1600s. He clocked lantern signals between two Italian hilltops. But the scale of his experiment was too small. He concluded that light is instantaneous and travels from place to place in no time at all. About 75 years later, a Danish astronomer used a much larger scale test to recheck the problem. He proved that Galileo's conclusion was wrong and that indeed light does require time to travel from here to there. The Danish astronomer Roe-mer made what most scientists take to be the first successful attempt to clock the speed of light. This was about two centuries ago. He turned his telescope on the moons of Jupiter and carefully clocked their motions across the face of the giant planet. He made detailed measurements when Jupiter and the earth were on the same side of the sun. Six months later he repeated them, when the two planets are on opposite sides of the sun and so much further apart. If images reflected from these moons require time to travel across space, they would take longer to arrive when the two planets are farther apart. And Roemer's double set of measurements proved this to be true. The light images of Jupiter's moons arrived 16 minutes later when they had to travel the longer distance. Roemer's tests were far from precise and a century later two Government watchdog at it again OTTAWA (CP) - Auditor-Ge n e r a 1 Maxwell Henderson suggested Thursday that the Commons public accounts committee take a hard look at a S220 million reserve fund built up by the treasury board department. The fund was built up from leftovers of contingency board votes to enable treasury board to meet salary raises of government employees. In the last few years, funds remaining in the vote were transferred to the reserve account. Mr. Henderson told the committee that he brought the matter up because the Financial Administration Act states that money not spent under such votes in the year it was provided should be returned to the treasury. The auditor-general said he was not suggesting that there is anything illegal about the fund. But it did appear to weaken the traditional parliamentary control over government spending. Jack Bigg (PC-Pembina) said that when some new procedure is taken in the government spending program, MPs should be notified of it by having the words underlined in the votes for approval. The committee agreed to recommend that the practice be ended. French reearchers decided that lab experiments on earth could give a more accurate estimate of the speed of light. They used distant mirrors to reflect back light beams to focus on rotating mirrors and figured the speed of light to be somewhere between 100,000 and 200,000 miles per second. The great American physicist Albert Mi-chelson devoted 50 patient years to reducing these estimates to a more precise figure. His first race track was between the tops of Mt. Wilson in California and Mt. San Antonio, IV-k miles away. His racer was a powerful arc beam, focused on a distant mirror and reflected back to strike an eight-sided mirror. When the mirror-wheel was adjusted to rotate at 30,000 times per second, it split the beam returning from its 45-mile trip. One thread of light could be focused into a telescope. From this test, Michelson figured the speed of light to be 186,000 miles per second. Later he did more precise experiments - and more refinements can be expected in the future. But the world of science awards Albert Michelson the credit for the first really good job of figuring the speed of light. * + * One thing that concerned Michelson was the fact that the speed of light is affected by its passage through the atmosphere. In a later experiment, he reflected his beam back and forth through an airless tube. He used the results to refine his value of light veolocity and to recheck his figures. This painstaking scientist died before his work was completed to his satisfaction. It was finished and even improved upon by later researchers. � * * Andy sends a World Book Atlas to Murray Sherk, age 11, of Willowdale, Ontario, Canada, for his question: What exactly is malt? It adds that new-bread fragrance, plus extra nourishment to a malted milk drink. We also used to enrich baby foods and to make breads more digestible, to make beers and other fermented beverages. Our ancestors discovered how to make malt before the dawn of history. The recipe has not changed much, though we use more modern methods. The main ingredient is a cereal, usually barley grain. Remarkable chemical changes occur when the barley is allowed to sprout and then dried in a slow oven. The barley is soaked in water for a few days, then drained and spread out on well ventilated floors. After five to ten days, the sprouted grain is put into cool ovens and the temperature slowly raised to about 180 degrees, this kiln drying takes two or three days. After a month or two of aging, the malt is ready to be ground. Some of the tough starches in the barley are now changed to maltese sugar. Tho malt also contains the enzyme diatase that can change starch into sugar and the enzyme peptase that, can help to digest proteins. Questions asfced by cnildren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box 765, Huntington Beac'j, California 92618. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1(171) can be worked out with enjoyment. Bring good friends to share the occasion, particularly if they have special talents to contribute. TAURUS (April 20  May 20): Seek to live "grace and beauty" today; attract something of the same from others. Inspiration lights your path, and that of others. GEMINI (May 21 - June 20): Don't let intriguing new acquaintances take you away from old friends. Make peace, pass up a chance to "get even." Gentle words to your loved ones are essential. CANCER (June 21 - July 22): Somebody you work with brings information which fits into your schemes. You will shortly have the responsibility of somebody's personal secrets - unless you dodge it. Take time out, have fun. LEO (July 23 - Aug. 22): Everything in moderation today. Promises received are delightful even if they are never fulfilled. Try to get a better perspective on your present daily living. VIRGO (Aug. 23  Sept. 22): Make a fuss over people if you feel like it. Surprise gifts are an elegant way of doing it. Use your time in constructive effort. You have nothing to lose. LIBRA (Sept. 23  Oct. 22): This is a day of meetings, per- haps long - awaited arrivals. i News comes from the outside, letters may cross in the mails. There is much to celebrate by evening. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 - Nov. 21): The personal touch and a bit of tact will get you out of a temporary squeeze. Pursue personal interests rather than business. Find time for meditation. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): With self - confidence, proceed directly to what is most important. Home life improves, j with ideas for changes, the projects of loved ones. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19): Your intuition for once is on the side of going overboard with massive efforts. Make a comp 1 e t e change wherever needed. You hear confidences which you must hold quiet. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 - Feb.. 18): Take nothing for granted about the understanding people have of you - show your feelings, offer symbolic expressions, promises where you're | sure you can keep them. PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Gather help to press a career venture early in the day. Then switch to light diversions, make people glad they've been helpful. Just verbal thank - yous are not always enough. 1971, Ncwsday, Inc. LAWRENCE E. LAMB, M. D. Proper medical regimen will help ulcer victims One of the basic principles in treating a peptic ulcer is to neutralize the acid-pepsin juice. Milk, baking soda and other home remedies have this effect. The amount of acid generated by the stomach can be enormous and it is important to take enough antacid medicine to fully neutralize it. The usual mistake is not taking enough long enough. The patient gets relief from his pain and stops taking the medicine his doctor prescribed. No one antacid is ideal but those prepared from aluminum hydroxide either in tablet or liquid form with other ingredients are the best. These will not overdo the job and cause the body chemistry to become too alkaline, creating other problems. Baking soda taken in large amounts can be harmful. The rule is, take lots of antacid, take it regularly and don't stop until the doctor tells you to. The amount one person needs to take may greatly exceed the amount another person needs. The difference is in how much acid-pepsin juice the stomach forms. The second type of medicine used in treating uclers acts by inhibiting the stomach from forming too much digestive juice. These usually chemically block the nerve to the stomach and often cause dryness of the mouth if they are effective. You need a doctor's prescription for these. Although less attention is paid to diet these days, with more reliance on drugs, it is important. A bland diet, devoid of spicy foods, does help. Because a lot of emphasis is put on using milk and cream, it is important to warn against eating too much of the saturated fats. Skim milk has just as much protein and avoids the problem. Many patients with ulcers develop high cholesterol and other medical difficulties, including excessive weight gain because care was not taken to avoid overloading with saturated fat. The caffeine in coffee stimulates the formation of acid-pepsin juice. Coffee should be eliminated entirely. A coffee substitute free of caffeine may be used. Colas and other stimulating drinks should also be eliminated. With proper care an ulcer patient can take most medicines but the indiscriminate use of aspirin is harmful. Ulcer patients should only take it with an antacid tablet and just after eating, never on an empty stomach. Cigarette smokers have far more ulcers than non-smokers and it is better if this habit is discontinued. Alcohol irritates both the lining of the digestive tract and stimulates the formation of acid-pepsin juice. Attention to the emotional and stressful aspects of the patient's life is important, too. If life situations are improved adequate.y and a proper medical regimen followed, most people can be helped. There may be remissions but these can be minimized if the above principles are followed. CROWDED ISLANDS There are about 311 persons per square mile of land on the Philippines. GOREN ON BRIDGE BY CHARLES H. GOREN le itrit If itm CMu* TritaM] East-West vulnerable South deals. NORTH * AQ1 Pan IV Pan Past Pan Opening lead: Three of * In order to land his four heart contract, South found it necessary at one stage to ruff his partner's good trick. West opened the three of spades and South won with the king in his hand. A club was led to the queen which was taken by East's ace. The shift was to the queen of hearts in order to impede the dummy's ability to ruff clubs. South took the heart return with the ace and played the king and a small club. West discarded the seven of diamonds and North ruffed with the eight of hearts. The ace of diamonds was cashed on which West's queen fell. South had intended to ruff himself in with a diamond, but he decided to abandon this plan since It appeared that he might be subject to an overruff followed by  heart return which would remove the dummy's last trump. The ace and queen of spades, were cashed next, and it was at this point that declarer made the key play of the deal. Instead of taking a discard on the queen of spades, he ruffed his good trick with a small heart. A fourth round of clubs was led and West ruffed in with the ten of hearts and returned the jack of trumps. South played the king and led his last club which was the master card in the suit. West trumped with his last heart which became the third and final trick for the defense. If declarer fails to ruff the queen of spades, but discards a club instead, when he comes off dummy the next time with a diamond, West will overruff and return the jack of hearts smothering North's nine under South'* king. With two tricks in, West's ten of hearts becomes the master trump, and East cannot be shut out of his jack of clubs since the dummy his no more trumps. HI AND lOIS-By Oik Brown* ALL THE PICTURES ARE IN THE BACK ON YELLOW SHORT RIBS-By Frank O'Neal SI m. - rig*. BUGS BUNNY ;