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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 22, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 10 - THI LETHMIDQE HERALD - Friday, January 22, 1971 IIY Til III FA Kill NEWS' Q LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION Mosquitoes in winter J. A. SHEMANCHUK Entomologist Mosquitoes are well known for their biting habits on man and animals. growers Beet elect president Mike Putici was named president of the Taber-Barnwell local of Alberta Sugar Beet Growers Association at the annual meeting held recently in Taber, succeeding Jerry Kury-vial. Edward J. Shimbashi took over as vice-president from Mr. Putici. Mr. Kuryvial was elected to the growers' central board, taking the seat vacated by James Tanner. The other central director from the local is Burns Wood. New member on the board of directors is Lawrence Mc-Leod, other members include Joe Chomany and Cornelius Friesen. Miles Pavka is secretary-treasurer of the local organization. Three resolutions were approved for presentation at the annual meeting of Alberta Sugar Beet Growers Association scheduled for Feb. 3 in Leth-bridge. Resolutions to be presented pre: that all growers adhere to the provisions of the cash labor contract and to desist from from paying more than contract prices in order to attract the best labor or to get work completed early; that the sugar company continue to measure beet fields, a practise continued last year after some years lapse; and that wheat quotas on beet lands established under "operation lift," be continued after that program is discontinued. The growers elected 40 delegates (on the basis of 10 per cent of growers) and six alternates to attend the annual meeting Farmers feed paper Farmers in Scotland have begun feeding their cattle on paper and first results indicate that this is more profitable til an straw. The paper, wlrich consists of cellulose fibre and about 5 per cent kaolin, is a waste by-product from paper mills. Previously it was discharged into rivers as useless but scientists at the Rowett Research Insti tute of Aberdeen believe it can cut' the cost per pound weight gain in the later stages of beef fattening. Results from one farm indicate that this aim may well be possible. In an eight-week period, 550 pound steers fed two-thirds bar ley and one-third paper put on weight at 2.6 pounds per day which was identical to that of similar steers fed a complete barley ration. Moreover, they did so on a feed conversion of only 4.96 pounds of barley to one pound of beef, compared with the 5.55 pounds to one for the animals on the all-barley ration. Controlling them is difficult and usually involves the precise timing of an insecticide application and several treatments per season over large areas. This can result in pollution problems, especially in irrigation, recreation, and northern areas where mosquitoes are most troublesome At the Lethbridge Research Station we are endeavoring to develop new methods of control. To do this we require a much more detailed knowledge of the habits and life histories of the mosquitoes. About 40 species of mos quitoes are known to be present in the Prairie region of Canada. These can be divided into two different categories on the basis of their overwintering habits. One group of mos^ quitoes pass the winter in the egg stage and the other as adults. The most troublesome spe^ ties belong to the group that overwinter in the egg stage The females of these species lay their eggs on damp soil around the margins of pools or in shallow depressions in soil, The eggs may remain dormant for long periods, sometimes for several years if conditions are unfavorable for hatching. Females of these species are capable of laying from 60 to 200 eggs. A piece of sod with a sur face area of 50 square inches has been found to contain up to 3,000 eggs. Most of these eggs will not hatch until they have gone through successive periods of drying and chilling. Even after this, not all will hatch on the first flooding. The other group of mosquitoes pass the winter as adults in sheltered spots such as animal burrows, caves, root cellars, or hollow trees. The females of these species lay their eggs on the water surface either singly or massed into small floating rafts. These eggs cannot sur vive freezing or drying and hatch soon after they are laid. During the summer these species produce several genera-lions. Near the end of the season the adults mate and the males die. The females must then find a sheltered place to overwinter. At present, the overwintering habits of mosquitoes are being thoroughly investigated at the Lethbridge Research Station to determine if there is some method that could be used to expose the mosquito eggs for destruction under winter conditions. CHEAP FAMILY HOLIDAY IN U.K. Rent a Chrysler Motor Cora-van for as little as $100 per week. Accommodation for 2 adults plus 3/4 children. Start in Scotland - we can meet you at Prestwick Airport. Full details from ROY THOMSON LTD., 130 Great Western Road, Aberdeen, Scotland. Rapeseed valuable gram crop SASKATOON (CP) - Rape-seed, when measured in terms of cash returns to farmers, is Canada's third most valuable grain crop, says Dr. R. K. Downey of the Canada agriculture research station. He told delegates at the Saskatchewan branch of the Canadian Seed Growers' Association meeting that rapeseed has been the economic mainstay of the prairie's parkbelt area during the last few years when wheat sales declined. Returns per acre for rape-seed have generally been higher than wheat, Dr. Downey said. Research on the manipulation of the chemical make-up of rapeseed plants through plant breeding is being conducted to make rapeseed oil and meal more useful, he said. TOPS IN SEED CORN Contact - ALBERTA WHEAT POOL or thn Warwick Representative in Southern Alberta. HAROLD HUGHES P.O. Box 959, Coaldale, Alfa. Phone 345-4675 BAKER BUNNIES - Larry Jorgenson, sec mission, is flanked by baker bunnies Myrn of Calgary, on the occasion of the launchin is offering consumers a money-back guarant only by special permit. The spuds involved in excess of federal government standards the commission if consumers are not compl to other obvious attributes, the baker bunni retary-manager of the Alberta Potato Com-a Howolochuk, left and Peggy Hugh, both g of a new Alberta product. The commission ee on Alberta Baker Netted Gems packed n the promotion campaign are graded well , and will be returnable at the expense of etely satisfied with their quality. In addition es have a nourishing job. More meetings held Agriculturists busy in 1970 By J. G. CALPAS, P.Ag., Regional Director, Extension and Colleges Division Alberta Dept. of Agriculture Annual reports and related statistics always present the opportunity to review a year's activities in retrospect. Since the re - organization and regionalization of our department we have been able to bring this review and evaluation somewhat closer to home. We are a publicly funded agency, and although figures cannot tell the whole story; the majority of farmers and industry agencies who are involved with our programs and services can well appreciate and evaluate their significance. The tragedy of 1970 was certainly the depression of the western grain economy and resulting reduced net incomes to the majority of producers faced with ever - increasing costs. At the same time the highlight had to be the dialogue and major agricultural policy issue discussions and meetings which took place. This year, more than ever, farmers, their organizations and the policy makers shifted their attention beyond production and the farm gate; to market orientation and the world scene. We have been implored to come up with answers and producers have been challenged to come up with a consensus in recommendations to policy makers. Neither are close to real- ization because of some very real conflicts of interests between various commodity groups and between regions of the country. However, during the past year. Alberta department of agriculture staff - district agriculturists, home economists, and all the regional and provincial resource people were called upon to carry out extra assignments related to marketing. District agriculturists and Lethbridge staff conducted task force study sessions in co-operation with Unifarm. Several market surveys were carried out for federal agencies. District home economists were very busy this summer with demonstrations, consumer education and Alberta product promotion at many fairs and supermarkets. Our extension and water resources staff had a major input along with other agencies contributing to the success of Lethbridge exhibition's "water wonderland." Earlier in the year we arranged several follow - up Direction '70 conferences focusing on the future of the industry in the next decade. In addition, the traditional wide variety of subject area meetings during the winter had a more in-depth approach with economic and market factors considered. Despite the added assign ments and a curtailed budget, our extension staff have been able to rise to the task and challenge. In the southern AL berta region, served by district extension offices of our department at Brooks, Cardston, Claresholm, Foremost, Leth bridge, Medicine Hat, Pincher Creek, Taber and Vulcan, and employing a staff of thirteen; the statistics of all categories were exceeded over the previous year 1969. Following is a summary of district agriculturist activities for the nine offices in the south comparing 1969 and 1970. The figures do not include district home economists activities, 1969 19701 Farm meetings (all types) .... 938 1,1681 Reported attendance ... . 34,511 44,396 Farm visits..... 3,078 3,363 Office visits..... 9,964 11,756 Telephone calls . . 11,541 13,779 Letters ......... 6,937 8,274 Circular Letters . 43,520 54,590 Bulletins distributed ... . 12,508 14,024 Meetings and short course programs were up about 10 per cent but with a much higher ratio increase in attendance, Other activities show increases in the range of 10-15 per cent over the previous year. The market situation in grains; the search for alternate crops; exploration of livestock enterprises and the clarification on programs such as LIFT and the provincial forage seed policy all combined to generate increased requests and office traffic. No enormous profit made by livestock producers There is no basis for a belief by consumers that farmers are making enormous profits from livestock, says C. E. Leask, director of the Saskatchewan wheat pool livestock division. Mr. Leask said recently farmers are getting about 30 cents a pound for finished beef compared with about 25 cents a pound 20 years ago. During those 20 years, however, production costs have increased rapidly and income has not kept pace with wage increases in other industries. He said gross returns from a 1,000-pound steer are about $300 and this gives the producer only a small margin on labor and investment after paying for costs of raising, housing and feeding. More eggs in November Canadian egg production rose by 3.5 per cent to 40.263,000 i dozen in November, 1970 from :t8.889.onn in November, IDC'J. ; The average number of kiyer.s was up 1.3 per cent, to 29,400.000 from 29,021,000 and the number of eggs per 100 layers increased 2.2 per cent to 1,643 in November this year from 1,608 in November, 1969. Farm price of eggs sold for market was down 29.6 per cent to 32.1 cents per dozen compared with 45.6 cents per dozen during l.lio corresponding period in 1969. D. M. Allewell, the Pool's marketing co-ordinator, said consumers may believe meat packers are responsible for what are considered high costs. Packers usually get about 560 pounds of meat from a 1,000-pourtd carcass and when freight, handling and shrinkage costs are added, it will wholesale for about $320. Removal of some bones, fat, waste, together with shrinkage, will result in about 420 pounds of meat which has to be packed, displayed and sold. Mr. Allewell said this would yield about 125 pounds of steaks, 160 pounds of roasts and 135 pounds of ground meat, stew and miscellaneous cuts. When the price was averaged, it was usually "quite a | lot less than $1 a pound." He said that to today's consumer, the price of meat may I be too high, but "to the pro-| ducer, prices are too low." Coming agricultural events January 26 - Cardston - Farm Water Supply meeting January 27 - Lethbridge - Regional Agricultural Service Board Conference January 29 - Calgary - Agricultural Outlook Conference and Agricultural Industry Development February 2-4 - Moses Lake - Washington Potato Conference and trade fair. February 1-5 - Taber - Rural Welding Clinic February 3 - Lethbridge - Sugar beet growers annual meeting February 8-12 - Claresholm - Rural Welding Clinic February 1 - Lomond - Agricultural and Homemaking Short Course February 1-3 - Banff - Western Stock Growers Convention February 1-5 - Tal>er - Rural Welding Clinic February 2 - VuJcaii - Agricultural and Homemaking Short Course February 3 - Arrowwood - Agricultural and Homemaking Short Course February 8-9 - Calgary - Meat Packers Council of Canada Annual Meeting February 11-12 - Lethbridge - Fresh Vegetable Growers Association annual meeting February 12 - Cardston - A.I. Annual Meeting February 15 - Fort Macleod - Swine Management Series Commences February lfi - Magrath - Baler School February 22-26 - Lomond - Rural Welding Clinic Woofoa SATURDAY SPECTACULAR LIMITED QUANTITIES - SHOP EARLY! PHOTO ALBUMS Assorted colors with Gold trim. 20 pages. Reg. Woolco 4 AO Price 1.87. SALE I �.il9 SAVE $4 SUNBEAM "Shot of Steam" IRONS Will press the heaviest garments and puts in pleats and tucks as never before. Control setings for all fabrics. Water level guide. Right or left hand cord, table stand for bolance. Reg. Woolco 44 AQ Price 27.88. SALE fcO.OO Appliance Dept. SAVE 1.11 BOYS' WINTER BOOTS Insulated and lined. Lace-up front. Dark Green. Sizes 12 to 13 and 1 to 4. Reg. Woolco Price 5.66. SALE 4.55 Shoe Dept. SAVE $7 MEN'S BULKY KNIT PULLOVERS 100% Wool. Assorted styles and colors. Sizes S,M,l,XL. R�g. Woolco C OO Price 12.88. SALE 5J.OO _Men's Wear _ SAVE 1.63 to 2.67 MEN'S COLORED DRESS SHIRTS Choose from the new bold colors or pin stripes. French and 2 button cuffs, long point and Windsor collars. Assorted colors. Sizes 14'/i to 16'/j. Reg. Woolco A 99 Price 5.97 to $7. SALE t.OO _ Men's Wear SAVE 2.53 LADIES' ASSORTED DRESS SHOES Blue, Black, Sizes 5 to 9. Reg. Woolco "J A A Price 9.97. SALE � �"it Shoo Dept. SAVE 11.53 LADIES' 14" WINTER BOOTS Fur and suede styles. Pile lining. Crepe sole. Sizes 6 to 9. Reg, Woolco Price T^ M Shoe Dept. TIME SPECIALS SATURDAY 10 A.M. SPECIAL (ONE HOUR ONLY) KITTI TISSUE A 5-lb, bag of convenient tissue that deodorizes and is soft and absoorbent. Reg. Woolco Price 1.26 SALE ,97 Pet Dept. SATURDAY 2 P.M. SPECIAL (ONE HOUR ONLY) LADIES' REAL FUR HEADWEAR Black or Beige. Reg. Woolco Price $29 and 29.95 12.88 SALE Headwear and Accessories Open Monday and Tuesday 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Wednesday 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.i Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Saturday 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. College Shopoinq Mall 2025 Mayor Magrath Drive ;