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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 22, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. , LETHBMDGE. ALBERTA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 22, 1018 NUMBER 35 ? * * 4 > �> 4� May Be Forerunner of More Trouble in the Vexed Irish Problem if- j_r_r---- CRISIS IS COMING; GOVT. MUST DEAL WITH FIRM HAND ? MUCH SMALLPOX IN NEW BRUNSWICK. St. John, N, B., Jan. 22.-Reports to the provincial hoard of health show forty eases of smallpox in Kent county; sixty in Restlgouehe; 41 In Northumberland; o.ght in Vork and ten In Victoria; a total of 159. Compulsory vaccination and re-vaccination in Reati-gouche, Northumberland and Kont, and in Moncton City by its own request has been 'ordered. ? ? ? U.F.A. OPENS IIS * > * [LEGATES Busy Week Will Be Spent in London, Jan. 22.-The political world was surprised last night by the announcement that Sir Edward Carson, minister without portfolio in the war cabinet, has resigned. This action is a result of the present situation In the deliberations of the Irish convention. In a letter of resignation, Sir Edward says that on account of his dual position as a member of the government and leader of the' Ulster party, he felt it to be to national advantage to resign since the convention may require a decision by the government on grave matters of Irish pol'cy. Premier Lloyd George, in a laudatory acceptance of the resignation, admits there-Is wisdom In the course* Influential papers like the Times, which hitherto have supported Ulster, have declared that national interests greatly outwe'gl\ those of any Irish II. F. A. A BIG INTHELASTYfAR \ Calgary Considering Farm Problems HAIL INSURANCE AND 7 MANY OTHER VITAL MATTERS ON TAPIS Membership Thousand Advanced Over Two -Financial Position Goo the �: 0d as a central committee room, whore elite to compel any .stiff-necked faction caption of Macleod, Medicine Hat and an informatinn bureau, checking facili-to yield its interests to the common I Lethbriflge had increased its member- tjes and emergency cots will be good. Tf Sir Edward should follow that i ship from 15 per cent, to 125 per cent, course the prospects of an Irish settla-jThe premier local is at Leduc, where the membership is 433. To give an Idea of the growth of the association Mr. Woodbrfdge'pointed out that six years ago, our files for an entire year's Alberta Farm Women Urged To Unite in Fighting Famine jnent would brighten sharply. There is no indicafon in his Jotter that this is his disposition. If he resigned to resume the leadership of a belligerent hold-fast policy, the prospects of an Irish settlement by-tl^e convention are darkened greatly. The same newspapers which are maintained, so there is not the slightest danger that visitors will be compelled to walk the streets for lack cf sleeping accommodation. A Busy Week ' The convention opened this morn- 4 Importance Food Conservation Emphasized-Problems of the Women Outlin- * ed by Officers t correspondence were kept in two or- mg at ihe First. Baptist church and dinary sized drawers with an occas- f continues until Friday night, when a ional slight overflow into drawer, and your secretary a third who did urg'ng the standpatters to yield, havej all the dictating and not infrequently declared that the government must/ some of the typing of the letters him-have a plazrfor solving the Irish proh-i self, attended to the filing also at odd lent with,, a strong hand if the convention fall* entirely and thus eradicate j dissatisfaction in "the colonies and the United States of sor� Bir: Horace Piuukett, chairman of the convention, to whom all look as a reconciler In Irish affairs, spent the week-end in London consulting members of the government. intervals during the day or night special performance of "The Brat," with a minstrel show following will wind up a busy and eventful week. Musical and other entertainment bus been provided by the Rotary club, and j the delegates will be afforded every. End is Near whenever the opportunity offered. To-1 opportunity to enjoy themselves thor-day, the year's correspondence oc-; oughly. The addresses of welcome enpies eight large sized modern filing were made by His Honor Lieut.-Gov-cabinet drawers'and a modern system ernor Brett, Premier Stewart and May-of indexing and cross Indexing has had , ; i from the cabinet, the Star asks whe-' *�Uiout res t/ says today s official ther it is proposed seriously that Lord statement ''In the region of Auberive 11 lt. French patrol** brought in prisoners. I There is nothing to report from tho remainder of the front." Make Effort to Speed Up East-em Mines So Munitions Won't Be Delayed Ottawa, Jan. 22. An important (Special to the Herald) Calgary, Jan. .*22.-Mrs. Parlby in her address as ptesirlent of the United Farm Women ot Albert, at the convention opening here today began by commenting upon the war and urging continuance in ,war work. She emphasized the need of food conservation and said the farm women could do their part in saving food. On the franchisp Mrs. Parlby said: 'During the piwrc'year the women of Alberta -were called upon for the first time to use their franchise as full fledged citizens of the province, and although msny showed themselves as well trained in the old ugly game of party politics as the graduated politician, there wee on the other hand many who went to the polls with honest heart searchings, and true convictions as to the needs of their province. The increasing number of women voters o[ this tyr/e will most assuredly make for righteousness in the public life of the country. . "The power of women in the im-| provement of local conditions has also been very materially increased by the changes made in the School Ordinance, the llnral Municipal and Local Improvement District Acts, giving the wives and daughters of resident ratepayers the right to vote at the elections for councillors. Public Health Alluding to the question of Public Health, the pros!dent said: This enlarged franchise should help us very materially in the question of our rural municipal hospitals, the movement for which seems to hsvo been unaccountably held back. At the beginning of 1017 wo passed a resolu-,tfon with great en.In 4:aem, in ?vm;t ecs^ion with th* men at the U.~F. A. convention, and many an eye held tears at that meeting when Mrs. Mc-Clung spoke of her dream of the nurse, paid for by the people of Ai- ified medical man, at certain, intervals during its school life. At a recent examination of every school child in a certain municipality in Manitoba, not one child was found to be absolutely normal. "Not one child physically perfect out of some 600 children. Defective eyesight and hearing, nose and throat trouble, Imperfect teeth were the most common trouble, but there were also cases of tuberculosis, endangering the health of other children in the school. I have come across many worthy people who disapprove of war, who think it can be abolished by tho wisdom of words, who indignantly de-' clauj* against the hideous and unnecessary wastage of human life through the prbcees of modern warfare and who yet remain cold, callous to tho , t _ . ^ , a^,A%n, iUn fact {hat more children under, five-made today. by .Dn Von 9�ydl^;.the years of age have died within the British Empire since the war began than there have been men killed, or that here in Sunny Alberta, with no big cities' and their hideous festering slums, their reeking tenements, as an excuse, .we have a death rate-one half of which consists of children under five years of age, one-third of children under one year. Is not that a veritable tiiumph of inefficiency for a country IhPt prides itself on its democratic progressive principles? i w 'Because tho care of the race is not London, Jan. 22.-Austria-Hungary's cry for peace, accomnanicd apparently! by a condition of incipient revolt is featured by the Morning News as a fact that is hurrying the dual monarchy to crisis. Long dispatches from Amsterdam show that the workers have become desperate because of lack of food and general war weariness, At Gratz, where the trouble is acute, the soldiers abandoned their loadeij machine guns to (ho rioters. German newspapers report that Dr. Von Seydler, the Austrian premier, has resigned and that Dr. Wekerle, the Hungarian premier lias determined to retire next month, are not supported by any official announcement. Cmperor Wants Peace Vienna, Sunday, via Amsterdam, to London, Jan. 21.-"It is His Majesty's wish to end the war at the soonest moment possible by an honorable peace. In pursuance of this t|v sire and on the principles it repeatedly has announced, the government of the dual monarchy has done everything in its power,' and will continue to do everything possible to bring about speed ly a general peace. If, for the present, however, only a separate peace with Russia is practicable, the responsibility rests solely with the entente powers, which have rejected repeatedly our peace offers These striking statements -Wftre Petrograd, Jan. 2-*. -The peace negotiations at. Mrest-Litovsk have been postponed for a few days. Foreign .Minister Trotzky is again in Pctro-grad and, according to the evening newspapers, is preparing another note to the entente allies. Search for Murderers Petrograd, Jan. HI.--Premier Lenino and Secretary of State Honeh Bure-vitch have ordered the Red Guard ' and soldiers to comb the city for "the motor car with Red Guards and sailors who killed Shingaroff and Kokosh-kin/?." The murder of the former,ministers has created a feeling of protest and revulsion among the Bolsheviki officials who are anxious to prevent tho situatioh from getting beyond their control. The Petrograd council of Vorkmen's and soldiers' delegates has adopted a., resolution of the most strict censure of the murderers. Con't Reassemble Petrograd, Jan. 21.-Anti-Bol3heviki members of the constituent assembly, it is reported today, consider that it is now impossible to attempt to reconvene the assembly in Petrograd at this time and because of transportation difficulties it is inconvenient to go elsewhere. The probability of meeting later at Kiev is being discussed. Many members of the assembly left, for their homes today. The meeting of the AllRuasian congress of councils of workmen's and ( soldiers' delegates called for today,' been postponed until Wednesday, Austrian prime minister !n the course | of a speech at an important conference between the government and labor representaiives in the minister's roonr* in parliament house. Those present included Count Von Toggenburg, minister of the interior; Lieut. Gen. Czapp, minister of defence, and Labor Representatives Asler, Zeitz and others. NEWlliD (Continued on Page 4) New Austrian Commander Named Who Favors Policy of Defence Balance of Half Billion To the Oood-Exports of Manufactures High Soldiers on Verdun Front Wit ness Thrilling Fight in Air i shall take his place. Northcllffe ,Rdds: x I "Was Lord Northcllffe made chair-!) n^an of the American mission to give entrance into the war cabinet by the back door?" 1 I Absolute Prohibition Will Be Introduced, is Decided by Liberal Caucus Quebec, Que., Jan. 22.-The province of Quebec is to have absolute prohibition beginning May 1, 1919. This was deeded at a Liberal caucus held (his morning in the legislative building. Tho supporters of the government took/only an hour to decide that all licenses must be cut off, even grocery licenses. The introduction of prohibiten Is regarded as a war measure. A delegation of Quebec brewers waited on tho premier of Quebec, Sir Lomev Goufn, today, and represented that if prohibition -were Introduced their investments, representing some $100,000,000 would be lost. The riele-gat-'on askod thnt bf.�*�r be exempted from any prohibition legislation decided on. Sir Lomcr said the interests of all breweries would be safeguarded to the Utmost. TWO KILLED Omaha, Neb., Jan. 22.-Two persons were killed and fifteen seriously injured last night when a coal car broke away from a switch train, and racing flown grade forty miles an hour, crashed into a crowded street car, Jones Hutchinson and John J. Brakhoft were instantly killed and Miss Mary Tighe is expected to die from injuries. F V TRAINMEN KILLED Ashland,, Ky., Jan. 22.-Engineer M. J. Ealy and Fireman W. J. Pears, both of Russell, Ky., were killed and four other trainmen were injured in a head on collision of a Chesapeake and Ohio passenger train and a yard engine in the railway yards at Kussell late last night. No passengers were hurt. the fuel situation and devise measures for relieving it. The meeting was attended by Mr. Magrath, Canadian fuel controller, and Sir Joseph Flavelle, chairman of the , imperial munitions board. The information submitted showed that the [present fuel shortage j in the United Stales resulting in the i drastic expedient of closing down the splendid pioneer women of the west than a cold thing of marble.or stone, coming to the little sick woman in a far away district at the time of her discouragement and lonlincss to help her through her trouble. "Later at. the convention 'of Rural Mufffcipalitfcs L. F. D., the same resolution whs ngnin passed .without a plants for a period, is due to difticnl- [ dissenting voice Where are all the ties of transportation rather than to � people who should have gone out from MAIL PILES UP New Vork, Jan. 22.-The closing of hundreds of business and industrial houses for the past four days has resulted In an accumulation of mail in the main branch postoffices in tho metropolitan d^trict that will duplicate the Christmas burdens of, the mail forces when they start on the rounds tomorrow. an actual shortage of coal. In Canada the problem of fuel supply has been less acute us the transportation difficulties have not been so great, but the situation is admittedly serious, particularly" in view of the fact that Mr. Garfield, the American fuel controller, has found it necessary to divert substantial quantities of coal intended for j shipment to Canada, to points In the United States. In view of these conditions the war committee of the cabinet has decided that immediate action shall bo taken to secure increased production from the mines of eastern Canada. Measures are being employed tit the same time to speed up the bunkering of ships in our eastern ports. Mr. Magrath left for Washington yesterday afternoon to, confer with Fuel Controller Garfield, It is understood that the Canadian government is co-operating with the American government in the effort to meet the present fuel crisis. ^ FIREMAN KILLED Middlebury, Vermont, Jan. 22.-The nigjxt express of the Rutland railroad, bound from Montreal for Boston, was wrecked two miles north of here to-! day by an explosion in the locomotive. Fireman McCul.tey was killed and several passengers injured; but not seriously, it was thought. Several cars were derailed ~ - WON'T ANNEX THEM Montreal, Jan,. 2^.-The city council last night passed a resolution against annexing any of tho municipalities In greater Montreal this year, f specially mentioned Maisonneuve, as it is impossible for Montreal to take over the debts of other municipalities. West-mount, Verdun and Outremont councils have gone on' record as opposed to annexation to Montreal, i those conventions as leaders in this hospital movement. Did the vision fade so quickly? Was the enthusiasm so cheap mi<\ vnpid a thing? Perhaps we must, not look too much for' iho help of the men In this movement. The bearing of the race, and the care of the race is the woman's job. "As orga n i zed ^ worn en t h ere is no question of greater Importance to whmh we can lend our energies than this one rif the conservation of human life. Our race is being bereft of its strongest and most physically fit for the needs of the war; thousands who would have been the fathers of the next generation are sleeping their dost long sleep in far away lands, many more who return to us will be permanently crippled and maimed for life. It is not necessary therefore that we women should giye the most serious thought and such wisdom as we mav possess to- this whole question of public health? is is not,right that wo should endeavor to so adjust conditions that every child born into the world shnll have at /least a fair chance of a heaPby normal life; that every mother shall have the care which is her right,'.when she takes that journey into the valley of tho shadows, from which In this western country she so often does not return^ Is it more than/ justice that every child of school age should be gh'en a square deal in its battle with life, by being thoroughly examined by a qual* L With the French Army, Jan. 21.- Thousands of soldiers in the vicinity of Verdun Saturday witnessed a most exciting air fight which ended in the t destruction of three German machines.! In the afternoon of the first bright day for weeks, a squadron of six enemy machines appeared above the ruined city of Verdun. While a heavy barrage from the French artillery greeted them, three French chasing machines ascended in, an endeavor to cut off the retreat of the Germans. One of the enemy fliers attacked a French observation bnlloon which it set on fire, Ihe occupant of the bal- Montreal, Jan. 21.-Final figures for the month of December, now made available from Ottawa, shows that Canada's trade balance for the calendar year 1917, amounted to ?542,296,-626 against $324,980,000 in 1916, the previous high record. This favorable balance Tof half a billion dollars contrasts with an unfavorable balance of approximately a quarter billion dollars in the last full calendar y^ear before the war. A feature of the classified exports of 1917, as was the case in 1916 was the immense growth of exports of manufacturers, largely munitions. In 1917 the exports of manufacturers were 44.1 per cent, as against 12,4 per cent in 1913, tlie total figures in 1917 being $682,521,000. Grain and like produce represented 47.9 per cent of the exports in 1913, but only 34.3 per cent in 1917, The Gazette summarizes the year's {^exports and imports by months, as � compiled from the official returns. The j total exports for"1917 were $1,547,420,- balauce Italian Head quarters In Northern Italy, Jan, 21.- (By the Associated Press)-General Szetosar Borovic has been appointed to succeed the Archduke Eugene in command of tho entire enemy front against Italy and it is believed that the change may have a considerable effect on the campaign. Gen. Borovic's tactics on the Italian front have been uniformly defensive; rarely offensive. For two years on the Isonzo front Gen. Borovic had maintained the defensive and took the-offensive only when German forces compelled an advance. Since the formation of the new Piave line his policy has been chiefly defensive. The appointment of Gen, Borovic, therefore is construed as confirming reports that ttye enemy purposes to maintain, a defensive attitude on the Italian front from the present. It is also regarded as a concession to the Slav element oi Austria, as Borovic is ,6f Slavo-Croatian origin. General Borovic stands entirely outside the � military court favorites like Conrad Hoetzen-Uorf, who up to this time has directed the Austrian military policy against Italy. loon dropping in his parachute to; 855; imports $1,005,345,227; safety. One of the French chasers, $542,296,626. caught this machine under his gunfire and sent it crashing to the ground. Then the same Frenchman pursued the other Germans and after a sharp fight in which there was much clever manoeuvring, sent down another victim with his wings broken. An hour later the third enemy was destroyed by the same French squad- '� and cigars ron e T $121,542. Inland Revenue Ottawa, Jan. 22.-Inland revenue for the month of December brought in $2,-642,920 as compared with $2,-431,402 in the same month last year. Excise last month returned $2,472,531, of which spirits accounted for $1,283,-698; tobacco $.995,500; malt $109,113, $65,053. War tax yielded The Red Cros& Drive Is On Stockholm, Jan. 22. Even the strongest supporters of Prussian electoral reform now admit the' impossibility of the. government's three measures being passed in the present (legislative session. The Conservatives are assisted in their opposition by influential members ot the National Liberal party, and also by the fact that tire government by presenting three measures instead of one, has mad� tlm filibustering tactics ot the reactionaries easier. WltK ces of headquarters D. E. Harris, lands' stone, the big drive to raise $30,000 of Lethbridge, got away to a good stride this morning, and the vari- in the offi-over Ry-Rcd Cross in the city WEATHER High Low Forecast   �  * � * * ,30 &0 Local mow, colder. ous teams and their captains are busy canvassing the city today. The drive lasts for three day*. Do not turn the canvasser away. He is not asking a favor. Ha is merely an agent of the boys at trie front and of the great humanitarian work of the Red Cross* In telling you what you can do to assist the work. Qfve as generously as you can for the most that you can give will never be COL. REPINGTON RETIRES enough. .i \ J 7 ** - r London. Jan, 22.-The Morning Post announces that Col. Repington has accepted the position as the -military correspondent of the Morning Post. Some of the morning newspapers comment indignantly on the letter in the Daily Mail and the resignation of Col. Repington. The Daily News asks how long the country and parliament are going to tolerate "this kind of public assassination" aud insinuates that Viscount NortUcliffe is the toM ot a prominent politician. �4V- _ ;