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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 22, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta pkm POUR THE LET-mnir-'j? paily^ i- tetbDrfdje Detail DAILY AND WCKKUY _ Preprtctori and Publlth�r� (THE LKTHBRIOaE HERAUO PRINT-INQ COMPANV, LIMITED 23 6th Street South, Lethbrldg* W. A. Buchanan Prcsldenl nnd Managing Director iobu Torrance - - Busintsa Msaacer TSLEPHONEt Business Office .......... Editorial Office .......... 1252 1324 Subtcrlptlen Rates: DMIy. delivered, per week......10 Daily, delivered, per year .....$5.00 Dally, by mail, per year ......$4.00 Weekly, by mall, per year .....$1.50 Weekly, by mall, per year to U.9..$�.00 Dates of expiry of subscriptions appear dally on address label. Acceptance of papers t.fte expiraticn date is ur authority to centinuo the subscription. a . � � .--^ �-----�----= THE PROGRESS OF THE WAR The peace negotiations at Brest have again been pestponed and it is understood suotber appeal is being made to the allies by the Bolsbeviki to oontider a basis of peace. In the meantime, conditions In Austria arc rapidly approaching a crisis which will possibly be a revolt of the people nnless peace is concluded at Brest, not only with Russia but with the other allies. Hunger riots and workmen's strikes are increasinKly prevalent. Increasing unrest is also �Tident In many parts of Germany. out they manutneture the articles bo needed In the field and base hoapltala at lh� front. The least therefore that the men can do Is to contribute the money. There Is a strong appeal to orery-one In the great work of niorcy the Red Cross Is doing. Just keep the object of the drive In mind, and when the canvasser calla give hlra a generous dgnatlon without wasting his time. And remember, you can't bo too generous in this cause. mAy follow example of great britain and u.s. Unification of the three railway systems is believed at Ottawa to be the plan under contemplation by the cabinet committee. But that is a difficult thing from nationaliaation. It Is stated that the example of Great Britain and the United States will be einu-lated and that the three systems w^iU be brought under one management with a! thorough co-ordination of all equipment. In Great Britain action was taken at the very beginning of the war. The railways were required to carry tate traffic free and to maintain the same rates on other business as obtained when war broke out. The government guaranteed earnings on an average based upon the three prewar years' business, and undertook to look after depreciation. The systems are controlled by a board 'made' up of representatives of the execu-tive of all the railways. A similar plan has been adopttid by the United States, the main difference being that on account of the Ujultlpllclty of roads all the executives cquld not be represented. * on. bA1llM|HAEL DEAD Torotito, Jiii. 21.-Saturday � mornins at Jila residence Dunr durn CottiE�/at Kvorsley, King Township, Her. James Car-mlchael, D.D., passed away In hia illat year, and with hi* death, the-Preabyterinn church In Canada l6st one of Iti Btaunchest ploncora and patriarch*. ' the man 8 job. it hns never nppe- of the several munlolpallties. The Wild Lands Tax will constitute a still heavier levy on the land holder and the greatly iacroased revenue which It should provide will go, not into the municipal treasury^ but Into the consolidated fund of the prorince, less 5 per cent., which will M paid to the municipalities for the cost incurred by them in collection. The amount of this tax will be one per cent, of the assessed value of uncultivated lands and the notable feature of the plan is that which secures contribution from many holders of vacant land who escaped under the surtax. The law provides for the imposition of the tax on all land of any owner in the municipality when it does not exceed 320 acres in extent and when less than one-quarter of its area is of your work which was .taken out of the home In the dim past of history, and bring these dreams to lite." It was pointed out that the United Farm Women had been invited to, name four members to be placed on the executive of the social service' league of Albertn. ' Young People's Work Alluding to tho young people's work, Mrs. Parlby said: "The Young People's Work of which you will later receive a report from the coramlttoe appointed to undertake this branch, has beon held up for lack of local leadership, and also for the same cause which has hold; up the women's work. The majority of , boys and girls on the farms have been ; working to the limit of their capacity on binders and mowers, feeding stock, and milking cows. The coihing year will bring them a still heavier burden of physical labor to perform. The fnrmei^s family knows not siich a j thing as an eight hour day. Meanwhile the ground for this work is being prepared and the Boys' Conferences of .which you have probably read have shed a ray ot light; for they promise to develop the leadership; among the boys themselves for which we have looked In vain up to the present. The boys who attend ^ose conferences wlU come back to their own districts inspired to help their fellow boys. "The part our organiMtlon must play Is to undertake that everyone of our locals Is represented at these conferences during the coming year by j at least one farm boy, and to stand : back of that boy on his return, and help him In the organization of a I group where lie can carry on the work 1 and Inspiration of the conference. For the girls, the University Wom- i en's Club of Edmonton are organizing � a conference on similar lines and offe of their members will later address you on this subject. Your vice-president in on their central committee to deal with this Girls' Conference and to co-operate with the Uniyerslty Women's Club in every way pokalble. Here is vital work for our locals; seize this wonderful opportunity for the boys and girls ot your district with both hands and vdo not loosen your hold." The Secretary's Report Leona R. Barrett, the secretary ot the Farm Women, reported that ntne- , ... .......  teen Women's clubs had raised $8,000 under cultivation on the first day of for Red Cross and other patriotic pur-, August of the year in which the assessment is made, unless the owner: (a) actually resMes upon t^� land or , \ (b) resides upon a farm of at least eighty acres, situated within a distance of nine miles therefrom. In the case of land which exceitds 320 acres but does not exceed 640 acres at least one-quarter of its area must be under cultivation in order to escape taxation and the owner of land which exceeds 640 acres in extent must pay the tax on the whole area unless at least one-halt Is nnder cultivation. It will be noted that nnder thia tax, varying In amount with the assessed value ot the land, the owner o( land worth | acre will pay a tax of three timea the atnount that was collected from him under tho old law. Alberta's experience with the wild land t*x is that,it baa brought in a great deal fit revenue and more than that. It has brought a lot ot idle land under ealtivatioa. It is a good tax and,/ should nerer be removed from oiir'statute books. Taxing wealth to the limit is popular. Mayor Hardie (onnd that out^ at tho Forum.. Wealth had better prepare for heavy levies. Tom Tweedle has been elected honorary president ot a Kennel club. Honors will come fast to the new M.P. and he may be kept busy slde-ste^ing Knighthood or a Baronetcy. poses. In some instances, as hen $2,500 was raised at Cayley, It waa one great pull all together, farmers and farm' women. The same waa true of Veteran where $2,000 .was raked by an auction Bale in which everything was contributed, and most of it bought by farm! people. Sterllng\U. F. W. A. Strome; with a membersblp of sixteen reports 800 garments and 36 palra ot socka made during the year. f But patriotic work haa not been all that haa been accomplished.* Kails have been built and Rest Rooms secured and furnished. The Hard Work of the Women At this point the secretary said; "In view of the strenuous times in which we are living the wonder is that so much haa been accomplished.' Women took men's places in the field' last year, although help for the home was almost impossible to obtain. In' one instance that came to my notice' two women, one of them elderly and j with rheumatic hands, milked seventeen cows all summer. Her daughter, who told me the story added, "In timea like these,we feel that we must, all do our bit." That is the truest pat- j rlotiom. When the story of the Great, War ia.told, we hope an honored place will be given to those who have striven not only to "keep tJie hon^e fires burning." but also to furnish food for the soldier lada at the front. "Two other causes which militate against the success of our work are first, the long distances to be covered in sparsely settled districts before people can meet, and secondly, home duties. In several of the Reports ne^t in the answer given to the question "What are the chief difficulties you find in carrying on the work success-fully" was "Babies." One club reports that half their mombershlp have babies under tbreo years old, while the secretary herself haa two under that Quebec excuses its failure to proper-; "Be. That certainly creates a difficult ly participate in the war to a schoor 5,7,l"�"l ^^,,"",1 ^!?* fllfflenities" iii the light of an asset regulation in Ontario. What has that got to do with beating the Germans? Excuses for not fighting won't win the war.' ' � ^ Calgary's alderwomsn changed her mind on a municipal matter. That's a woman's prlyilege and one of the aldermen had no riglit to twit her about It. Probibly he has changed his own mind on occasions. The lid is to be put on tight at The curlers landed in at the rear end of the open season. It is likely a move will be made to bold the next bonspiel soniewhore/ a Quebec, where the lid Is an unknown quantity, Since Ireland Is' not to have conscription there may be some Irishmen in America, who left Ireland because they were disgusted witb British rule, anxious to return to the "Auid Sod" ____ __________..,. to avoid military service on this side jbould not imply neglect of � either the H�ft Ireland look, a >aod deal Children. On the contrary it V !. . ,J'f'^"1'""W � abould leave a woman better fitted, better to that tort of an Irishman now. ybyaically and menUlly t(> cua lor rather than a liability, however, much they may hinder club work. "And that brings us^ face to face with a problem that perplexes every conscientious, but intelligent and public Lipirlted mother. It is your problem and mine-namely, under what conditions are we lustitied in confining our attention entirely to our bfJmea to tfte exclusion of all matters of public interest, or how far are we Justified in trying to attend to both. Now I say, ''intolllgent and public-spirited,',' for the indifferent woman will excuse herself by aaying "I have ray home and my children, and' that ia enough for me to look after." Now how much we should try to do outside of home la a matter .which each woman must settle with her own conscience. When the, mental and moral well-belpg vt children mu:.t be neglected if a public work Is to be done, then, it is obvious that the public work must be left In other hands. A woman's first and lilgheHt duty and ber greatest aor-vtce to tho state is In oaring for all three sides ot child life. But a meet, ing. once In two weeks or a month both. True sh� may have to leave tho dinner dishes uhwuKhod until her return, but dishes Isot washtnl In, their proper time cannot bo considered a social crime. A far (rreater crlmo is tho indifference to and want or co-op-oration In tho great movomcnts' of social reform. The selfish woman loaves the wording out oE bettor social, educational and economic conditions for herself ami her children to women who- need lior sympathy and co-operation but who only get her criticism. In these days of stress and strain, when the old order Is changing, and giving place to now, and especially in view ot her great privileges and opportunities, tho woman .who remains a'oof and out of sympathy witb the strivings ot earnest, organized men and women to bring order; out ot chaos and to make 'the community* tho province and the world a better, saner nnd hat>pler place to live in, is' not only shirking a great responsibility, but is a dead weight, or worse, on society. There are various conditions under which a woman can be excused from undertaking a public work, or oven attending meetings; but there is no excuse for withholding her sympathy and Interest, or the help which she might render. Whether we like it or not, we come under one of two classes. Which- It shall be is for us to decide, but whether wo believe It or not. care cr not, we are shouting it from the housetops by our words and deeds. " Clear Statement of Food Situation On the questiop of food conservation the report said: Authorative Information has just reached my office which shows that the danger 6t actiial famine throughout the world is terribly real and that only the sternest, resolve on the part of the producers of this continent and equally stern economies on the part of all of us as consumers can possibly save the situation. These are the facts, derived from official information and stated .without exaggeration: 1. France thtip year had a crop which was only between one-third and one-half of that ofi normal year. The women and children and the aged of Prance did their utmost to support the men who were fighting. Women hitched themselves to the ploughs and did the work of draught animals In a determined effort'to make the impoverished soil of France' produce every possible ounce of-food. They now look to us to make up their deficiency ot essential supplies,'^' 2. The harvest in Italy was far below normal and today ^hundreds of thousands of people are-'fn peril ot starvation. Great Britain'.-and even dauntless France have been sending food to Italy ai^d , from this eontlnent large supplies hWVe been shipped with the greatest possible despatch. Italy will require mu^h largeH supplies to save her people until th�i'next harvest. 3. Until, and unless, new shipping beconies available, it is impossible for the Allies to spare ^ many cargo carriers to transport foodstuffs from more distant countries such as India, Australia, New Zealand. and even the Argentine Republic. This means that tho allied countries are practically dependent upon North America to supply them with the food which must be forthcoming, if terrible suffering Is to be avoided and the fighting efficiency of the armies maintained. : 4. There is a great shortage ot food In nearly all neutral,nations and much suffering, perhaps actual starvation in many cases is certain; during the coming winter. 5. The United States has not a single bushel of wheat for export, after allowance is iwde for domestic requirements on thai basis/of normal consumption. The United States Pood Administration Is endeavoring to bring about a reduction of 20% In home consumption of wheat and flour. This .would release 100.000,000 bushels for export, but the allies will require nearly five times that amount before the 1918 harvest. 6. Canada today la the only country in the world, practically accessible to the allifs under present conditions of shipping; shortage, which has an actual exportable surplus of wheat after allowance for normal requirements. Tho surplus tibday is not more than 110 OOO.COO bushels. . - 7. The day may not be far distant when the Canadian soldiers overseas may be dependent upon the food actually sent from Canadian ports. The United States will require alK Its available resources to maintain its own army overseas, 8. The outlook for production of food stuffs in Europe next year is distinctly unfavorable. France has been dependent upon IntonHlve cultivation of land, which In turn has required ^nn abundant use of fertilisers, but sino'e the bBginnIng of tho war the available supply of fertilizers In Europe' has dwindled and the Innd of Prance has deteriorated until today >t is Incapable of I^rge production. In Great Britain much now land has been brotight under cultivation l)y (he aid of tractors, wbic|i have also been used to-some eic* tent in Prance, hut there Is little prospect of much Improvement In production in ISurope while the shipping shortage prevents the transportation from overseas of nitrates, phosphates and other fertilizing supplies. Indeed, the allies, must he prepared for eVoJi poorer crops in 1918 than those of the ourr.ent year. such is tho Hltuatlon-^grnve beyond anything that wo thought possible a few, mpnths ago. Unless onr people are aroused to a roallzatiop of what the world shortage meuns'tb 'tis,', to our soldiers nnd to our allies and of the terrible possibilities which it entails, disaster Is Ineiitablo "That ladies, la the altuatlon. Bo serious Is It considered by-the United States, th^t with notrtjn exportable bushel under normal eondltlons, sho ^^aJUL '^'^ touch with each other. The mother heart Is the same in all countries raised above primitive sav.agery. The goodwill and sympathy of the women of the world for each other, carried Into the home teaching and disseminated by propaganda, together with a hnolwedge of the unspeakable borrora bf modern warfare and the futility and etupldity of It all, ^hould^ help to create such a. public opinion against war that he would be a bravo man Indeed, be he president or Kilser, who would dare to suilgest that t^e noblest and most escluilre ot all prb-Vudeoi to that of alrms." , ^PICKED JJP IN ^ PASSING THE BVSY MAN S. 11. Hanna, for years a Yongo St. shoo dealer, died In Toronto.' Tlios. MoClymont was elected mayor of Prlnco Rupert. Gordon J. Roily was ileclod prosl-dont of tho Vancouver Trades and L�bor Council. The sum of $12Q,572 yim paid in traffic fines by 11,000 New Yorkers last year. Mrs. R. P. Nowhall has been elect-chairman of the Calgary Public Library Board. Peter Hay, an old resident of Oalt, well known as a machine knlto luanu-tacturor, Is dead. New York is to have a ship dictator to expedite sailings as the result of Franco-British ropresontnllon. The name of Bishop Fallon, ot London, Is mentioned In connection with tho vacant Bishopric, of Ootrolt. F. \V. Field of tiio'Monetary Times, will be appointed British trade commissioner In Canada, with headquarters In Toronto. Windsor, Ont.,' voted to take over it* street railway system. ^ A no-(^nfidenco vole on the Hughes govornmont In Australia was defeated, Tho U.S. Post Office DopartmenI showed a surplus of 9,000,�0tt lasl year. A! H. Creo, a plonoer of Fernio, and a former Mounted Policeman, died at Victoria. Jos. Elliott, a wealthy and promt- \ nent farmer ot Loods County, rcsidli'ig at Wllstoad, died aged 71. Leading U. S. railroad executives arq organlzlns to oppose Federal control or ownership after the war. Punnsylvnnlan anthracite shlp-mouts In Doconibor set a new higli record amounting to C,(J!)8,94S tons, Jnmea Penrose, who located In Winnipeg In 1871, is dead. Ho was �01 years a provincial license inspector. Uov. O. N. Finn, has retired as roc-tor of St. Luke's church, Kod Deer His successor ft Rev. Gordon Matthews. Tho National League of American I Employees In the Chicago meal Housewives wants tobacco lands packing plants want tho U. S. govern' seeded to wheat, smaller newspapers ment to take over the meat packing and Oriental labor in the Statet. Industry. ^ At least one plant is to bo oonstruct- Republican loaders, says the New ed on the British Columbia coast for York Herald, are confident thai tho canning of whale meat. Additional Democratic control will, be ended canneries may be established. when the next house reassembles. Two per cent, of the men drafted Seventeen years ago 846,353,033 in the States proved to be tubercular people used New York city transpor- indicatlng a total of two million tation routes. Last year almost two "lungers" ^^n tho States. billion passengers were carried. f Every butcher, grocer or green-1 James Carter, superintendent ol grocer in tho United States Is now Now York State prison, suggests the bound by the food administration utilization of convict labor, in muni-to mark his produce with plain prlco tion making by enlarging prison labels. i shops. Theodore Knnpper, of the New York Tribune, estimates that a million and a half tons of .iteel are lying at Atlantic seaports waiting transport to Europe. i A. Lalondc, promoter of the Garden sub-division lying near the town ?1 Pprry Sound, was found guilty at Sudbury of making false statonienls as to the character of tho property, and was fined $200 or to servo six months. The Melbourne Ago states that Premier Hughes may become high commissioner in London, Hon. Mr. Fisher, the present Australian commissioner, possibly going to Washington as the commonwealth's first representative to the United States. Doris Wilson, aged 18, was at Toronto, on Saturday, committed to tho Mercer Reformatory for six months on a charge of bigar^.y. Sho was but thirteen whoa she first married, and In .luiy, 1916,'and August, 1917, was wedded to other men. While on their way to Grafton, Minn., to complete arrangements for their wedding. Miss Manna Callahan was Instantly killed and her fiance, Vincent Callhy, was mortally injured whdn a buggy in which they were riding was struck by a trsin at a grade crossing. / According to the statement of the provincial branch ot the Canadian Patriotic Fund for 1917, Saskatchewan contributed $1,007,139 for the support of the dependents of her men in the army. An Increase of twenty per cent. In tho steel production of Canada over that of last year may follpw tU? conleroucea between the War Corti-luittfcc of the Cabinet and the steol mauufacturers. The iftontroal board of trade's proposed plam for civic government by a commission, with a general manager. Is approved by the C.M.A., Citizen's Assoclafion and City Improvement League. . -.< . David Watson of the flrni of D,! Wafr son and Company, drug specialists, and for many years a member of tho wholesale drug Ilrm of Kerry, Watson and Company, Montreal, is dead. He waa a past presi'lent of the Dominion Commercial Travelers' Association. Rev. R. S. Laldlaw, of Knox Presbyterian Church, Winnipeg, was elected president of the Winnipeg Ministerial Association. Rev. W. E. Mathews, ol tho First Baptist, was chosen vice-president, Rey. H. Atkinson Is secretary-treasurer, with Reverends A. 3. Mackenzie, H. Switzor and B. Thompson members ot the executive. Your last Chance !! Baby Grand Hurrjr up and get your ticket from N