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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 21, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBHIDGE HERALD, January 21, 1975 Ai IrsilJls Eggs and information Last week another rotten egg situa- tion was forecast 40 million more eggs were said to be spoiling for lack of a market. Again the Canadian egg policy was under attack. This week the news is that last week's story was unfounded. The surplus is suddenly gone. There are two problems: one is eggs, the other information. The egg problem is in two parts. If indeed there are genuine surpluses again, ways must be found of coping with them short of letting the eggs rot. Cana- dian public opinion will not tolerate such poor management, such wasteful dis- position of good food. Secondly the long range solution is the strategic one of correlating produc- tion capacity with the needs of a world where food is in short supply. Turning off the egg machine is no answer. A strategy which limits capacity in order to main- tain prices is simply not viable in the world today. There has to be another answer. But also the public understanding or misunderstanding of the egg marketing situation is bad. There is a com- munications breakdown and perhaps this newspaper, being a medium of com- munications, is at fault along with the press generally. But surely the oc- casional less than frank attitude of the Ottawa people is also partly the cause. Political wives The recent gift to Margaret Trudeau from King Hussein of Jordan of worth of photographic equipment brings up lingering doubts about the appropriateness of gifts to political figures. These in turn highlight some misconceptions about the rights of political wives in a day of liberated women. Canadians enjoy tut tutting their counterparts south of the border for what they see as moral lapses on the U.S. political scene and telling themselves, "It can't happen here." However, American regulations concerning gifts to political wives show more concern for public opinion and for the influences which are peddled subtly by such gifts. It should be recalled that Mrs. Nixon, during the Watergate scandals, turned over to the appropriate agency some jewelry given her by the King of Jordan, because she was breaking the law in keeping it. In the aftermath of the atten- tion paid to Mrs. Nixon's jewelry, Mrs. Hubert Humphrey also gave up some gems given to her personally by an Arab head of state, because to keep them was a violation of regulations. Mrs. Trudeau is an appealing figure. In the absence of regulations, she is apt to be forgiven for not recognizing the bounds of political propriety. She is in a difficult position in trying to choose an identity of her own, in full view of the public, from among all those which are being thrust upon her by circumstances. Possibly she wants to keep them all. What young mother wouldn't like to receive gifts from kings, free passes on airlines and trips to the Orient. Even rich young mothers would enjoy the prestige associated with such gifts. But in accepting them in the name of Women's Lib and this is the implica- tion of all those comments that she is an individual in her own right and that her life is not bound by her husband's political career she is doing the move- ment (and herself) a great disservice, and she is confusing her roles. It must be obvious to everyone that these marvelous things are not happen- ing to her as an individual in her own right. They are not even happening to her as Pierre's wife or as the mother of Justin and Sasha. They are happening to her as the wife of the Canadian prime minister and they carry political conse- quences. They are not gestures made altruistically from one member of the jet set to another. The prime minister does not want to tell his wife what to do, even though he may be aware of these fine distinctions. That would label him a male chauvinist. And yet someone should advise her. If Mrs. Trudeau wants to establish an identity of her own, a most worthy ambi- tion and one for which appropriate avenues exist, she should find the courage to say to the King of Jordan, "No, thank and to pay for her own seat on the plane. Until she does, she is not liberated, she is just being used. One appropriate avenue would be for her to take the initiative in discussing guidelines concerning gifts and privileges and in seeing that they are written into law for the help of all political wives. Letters Council discriminates In the second section of The Herald, (Thursday, Jan. it is reported that "Christian school gets tax I think that headline is misleading because it covers up the real issue, namely that the Lethbridge city council dis- criminates against Immanuel Christian School. Against no other city school within its jurisdiction does the city levy taxes but it does so against Immanuel. The rationale as to why Im- manuel, an independent city school, (in other words not public nor separate) has been taxed since 1962 and grants in lieu of taxes extended for the years 1962 to 1973 but not for 1973 and 1974 and now again for 1975 is preposterous! That we received a tax notice each year, made presentations to city council each year, and then received a grant in lieu of property taxes each year was not pleasant but something we could live with. Why the city council makes us live with it is beyond our comprehension but possibly known to their collec-' live conscience. However, for the years 1973 and 1974 we are assessed while since our last representation to council for 1973 we were led to believe that a bylaw would be drafted to exempt us from property tax just like was done in 1970, based upon the Municipal Tax- ation Act for the public and separate schools To our bewilderment, we are now required to pay back taxes to the tune of If we were receiving full govern- ment funding under' the foun- dation program, we might be in a position to pay, but our per pupil grant is only a frac- tion of the per pupil grant paid to the public and separate school boards and our parents pay tuition to keep the school viable. Then, to add injury to insult, a recent council meeting gave approval to a expen- diture for the winter games breakfast, (The Herald, Jan. A free breakfast while we are taxed for having a school in which we teach the children Christian morals, discipline, respect for law and authority, and citizenship! HENRY HEINEN Lethbridge "Hurrah for Burke Still waiting for advice By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator THE CASSEROLE The Calgary Herald published another "sign of the times" recently. At Mount Royal College, students in certain administrative studies courses are being offered a fine, 1974- vintage incentive towards greater efforts and higher standing: bottles of wine. A while back, a girl had to be qualified as a nurse if she wanted to be an airline stewardess. Nowadays, if one can judge from travel on major airlines, more useful qualifications would be those of a barmaid. Six months ago Syncrude's Athabasca oil sands project was going to cost million: now, the price is over two billion. According to a Syncrude spokesman the basic explana- tion for this astounding disparity is the con- sortium's inability "to develop adequate cost estimates." He did not say and probably won't what kind of expertise is involved in investing even a mere million in the absence of "adequate" cost figures. Ridiculous as it may sound, ripples from the American Fanne Fox Wilbur Mills scan- dal may even be felt in Canada. Congressman Mills, forced off the influential chairmanship of the House of Representative ways and means committee, has for years blocked changes in major laws. Now the way is open for reform, including those tax and trade laws which so often affect Canada. A federal judge in Washington has come up with an intriguing proposal. Judge Thomas Flannery believes bullets for handguns might be classified as "hazardous substances" _ within the scope of legislation restricting the sale and distribution of such goods. And if bullets that account for thousands of murders each year aren't "hazardous one might well ask, "What B.C. and Quebec are the first two provinces to play the borrow from the Arabs game, with Ontario soon to follow if negotiations are successful. Alberta's neighbor borrowed million at 9.75 per cent to be repaid over eight years, to finance capital expansion for B.C. Hydro. One observer remarked that the province had better keep up payments on the loan or the chairman of B.C. Hydro will end up riding a camel to work. OTTAWA The new Ford program has a double interest here because it is directed not solely at the economic but also at the energy crisis. One very tangible contribution to the cause of energy conserva- tion is the proposed conces- sion to U.S. homeowners who may qualify for tax credits of up to by investing in in- sulation. As Americans are on notice that steep increases in their fuel bills are in prospect, they have an apart from tax minimize energy waste. With the additional inducement offered by Mr. Ford, it is reasonable to assume that the program will have wide appeal. Several questions arise. The first is: whatever became of the Canadian Government's energy conservation program? It was understood in the nervous winter of 1973- 74 that this was a very impor- tant concern of Ministers. We were even offered some general advice which most people have probably for- gotten in the period of profound silence which ensued and has now lasted for at least a year. According to The Globe and Mail, the program has not been announced because the advisers of Donald Macdonald in the office of energy conser- vation are still working on proposals for submission to the Minister. The "incredible delay" is attributable to the difficulties of assembling an adequate staff with the time- consuming hiring procedures involved: Whether this is also the ex- planation for postponements of the Government's educational advertising cam- paign is not clear. Presumably the message, when it comes, will be of a fairly general nature. Even so, the expenditure will be much more defensible than the sums currently being employed by the Post Office to improve its image in the eyes of taxpayers and at their expense. The energy conservation of- fice is considering, among other things, new standards for insulation. Standards are important. It will be interesting to know whether the Government endorses the recommendation of various business firms that householders should protect themselves with six inches of insulation in their attics. But the office should also consider certain other prac- tical considerations such as the price and availability of insulating materials. It may well be that the Ford an- nouncement is of importance in these contexts. The wisest and most eloquent exhor- tations will not be of. much help if American policy great- ly increases demand in the United States, forces up prices, and, in the process, drains supplies from Canada as happened earlier in the case of lumber. In trading policy the Trudeau Government makes a distinction (as its predecessors did) between energy products and others. As the Prime Minister said of the former, in a broadcast to Americans on January 9: "You don't export unless it's surplus to our foreseeable The more general policy of non-interference has been stated many times by John Turner. Insulation, however, is a pe- culiar case. Obviously, it is not an energy product; equal- ly obviously, it is related inversely to energy. If we in- sulate, we consume less fuel which is one of the objectives of government policy. What then is the situation in regard to the supply of in- sulation? Are we net im- porters or net exporters? Are we vulnerable? Is the Govern- ment in a position to do anything about it in the event that it wants to do anything about it? The answers to these various questions are elusive. It is- doubtful if they are known to the Government since they are not known to Statistics Canada on which the Government relies. The difficulty seems to be that a great many materials have insulating qualities and some are used for more than one purpose. Even so the num- ber of commercial products (such as fibre glass) in com- mon use must be rather lim- ited. It may be possible to in- sulate with moss but it is un- likely that many Canadians do. In the circumstances it seems odd that the Government, after a year of meditation on the subject of conservation of energy, has yet to induce Statistics Can- ada to separate out, even in a rough way, statistics on the movements of insulating materials across international borders. Taken together with the "in- credible delay" in organizing the office to advise Mr. Macdonald and the un- characteristic delay in shap- ing an advertising program fit for our television screens, the omission suggests that energy conservation is not one of the Government's priority concerns. It has found its way into public speeches; it is a matter, like all other matters, engaging Ministerial consideration. Hurrah for Louis Burke! (The Herald, Jan. I have long felt that the teachers for Grades 1, 2 and 3 are the most important ones a child will ever have. It is in a child's earliest years that he is the most impressionable and soaks up values that will stay with him or her throughout life. We deplore crime, delin- quency and all the rest, but most of it could have been prevented by stressing higher values and ideals throughout the curriculum rather than gearing it mainly to physical survival, advantages and comforts. When the interdependence, of all creatures and things is fully understood, man comes to see his violations against others and the environment as transgressions, against himself. He then begins to develop a respect for others, their rights and property. This realization is not brought about by preachment but a mere switch of emphasis from one set of values and ideals to another. This process should begin in Grade 1, if not sooner. Lifestyles and institutions are in a process of change and the ills in society today are evidence that we can no longer rely on piecemeal education divided between home, church and school. The school is the logical place where we should be rearing men and women who are whole in the real sense of the word. It is only reasonable to conclude that there is a need for a switch of emphasis, too, in the personal lives of teachers, other professional people of deep responsibility, unionized labor, and, indeed, all of us. If we become as in- tent and insistent on a search for solutions to our problems as we are in demanding higher wages at the expense of the welfare of the whole, this will go farthest in solving economic or any other problems. E. CARLSON Medicine Hat Unpleasant situation I am writing to support the letter of Lindy Biscaglia (The Herald, Jan. 16) concerning the need of a cafeteria at Catholic Central. As a Grade 11 student of this high school; I ed to eat on the floors of these crowded hallways or have the option of standing up to eat their lunch. At present we do have am fully aware of the existing that provide such situation during the noon hour foods as macaroni to be eaten and it is indeed an unpleasant from cups, but I one. feel .'his is still far from In the warmer months of the school year many of the students eat outside on the grass, and thus the problem is not as bad as during the long winter where approximately 909 kids are packed into cer- tain designated areas for lunch. Some of these areas have tables set up for a short period of time which only ac- commodate a limited number of students. The rest are fore- suitable. I express the point of view of most at Catholic Central who must face these con- ditions day after day, year after year. I now invite our minister of education, Mr. Hyndman to drop in during any noon hour, and this may be all the convincing he will need. ROSANNA SACCOMANI Lethbridge Treacherous roads The work ethic is alive and well and living in Canada By Richard Gwyn, Toronto Star commentator To most Canadians these days and particularly to the young, work has become a four-letter word. Most of us, as we all know, are lazy, over- educated and over-weight, students of the rip-off rather. than masters of a hard day's work. Right? Wrong. The work ethic, that favorite topic, after taxes, of businessmen's lunches, is alive and well and living in Canada. Indeed it may be more potent than ever before: a growing number of women have become converted to John Calvin's philosophy. "The centrality of work in our lives was repeatedly af- concludes a Man- power Department study just completed after two years of, well, work, and due to be published in March. "Canadians see themselves as an industrious people to whom' work contributes a feeling of success and, for a large proportion, of personal fulfilment. The Manpower Department undertook the survey, out of a generalized concern that the work ethic might be dying and out of a particular worry about the contradiction between high unemployment (at present over and the high rate of unfilled jobs (roughly across the Canadians emerge from the survey as a bunch of beavers. The evidence: 97 per cent would prefer to work than collect unemployment in- surance; the "family" ranks first among the ways Canadians "get the most im- portant goals in life" yet 57 per cent of employed men and 40 per cent of employed women put their work ahead of their family; if they can be believed, only seven per cent of Canadians arrive late to work while 53 per cent arrive early and the rest on time. We are also a contented bunch of beavers. A remarkable 89 per cent say they are happy, with their jobs; 61 per cent claim they would take the same job even if given the chance to do it all again. The survey findings are cer- tain to anger, or to em- barrass, three groups: union leaders, women's libera- tionists and educators. leaders talk mostly wages and salaries; they may be talking about the wrong is- sues. Poor promotion prospects, lack of challenge and lack of comfort and convenience all emerge in the survey as larger causes of employee dissatisfaction. While only 12 per cent were unhappy about, their pay, 25 per cent complained about their chances for promotion. work may never be done, but largely by their own doing. As many women as men 58 per cent said "yes" to the provocative statement, "a woman's place is in the Yet 57 per cent of women (against only '41 per cent of men) believed also that "a" woman should earn money to contribute to the household." Younger and better- educated women are more libsrated, yet three in five of all women do not consider their jobs a career. Equal pay for equal work may be hard to achieve. Almost three to 41 per cent of men, said they would work for less than an hour. Many cited "recrea- "to keep busy" as rea- sons for working, or said that the pay itself was less impor- tant than "the prestige and status that go with it." Young Canadians claim they enter the labor force ill- trained and ill-counselled. Lack of education and training were cited by 27 per cent as their greatest barrier to finding the right job. The sur- vey found also, "a great deal of ignorance about the labor market" among school stu- dents. As with all attitudinal sur- veys, the Manpower study has its weakness. Notoriously, people tell pollsters what they think they rather than; necessarily, what they in fact think. For example, Canadians seem to have less confidence in their neighbors' devotion (o the work ethic than in their own. 82 per cent agreed that "there is an atmosphere of welfare for anyone who wants it." Even if wholly valid, the survey results may not con- vince. Everyone has their private horror stories of try- ing to find a plumber or TV repairman, or of a neighbor coasting by on un- employment insurance. The day after reading the report I happened to interview Premier Ed Schreyer of Mani- toba. I put the question to him. Schreyer, it turns out, is skeptical. "I have a deep sense of frus- tration at what seems to me to be a decline in the work said Schreyer. "I think we are reaping the harvest of the false expec- tations and false priorities of the post-war years the em- phasis on the professions and the liberal arts and the disdain of trade and technical skills. "This bothers me greatly. To be blunt, neither the federal nor the provincial governments yet know what to do about it. But the work ethic, as we knew it, has taken a beating." Schreyer speaks from his practical experience as the head of a government. The Manpower study probed people's attitudes. The two views don't, in fact, c'ontradict each other. Canadians it is clear want to work. Less clear is whether they want to work at the jobs that need to be done. I would like to complain about the salt being used throughout the city during winter. In the last few years the city and highways departments have been using salt in place of sand or gravel on the treacherous roads. This system may work but it's hard on the cars. It leaves stains, fades the paint and can take off the paint' after driving through it. There is another problem I would like to complain about and that is the condition of the roads and highways after snowstorms. There should be more effective snow removal programs. Ruts are hard to get out of after having slid into them. In my own opinion I think that the city should make more of an effort to keep the roads and highways free of ice and snow during the winter time. NEIL BICKERTON Lethbridge Editor's note: The city of Lelhbridge has used no salt on the roads until this year and almost none is being used now. The Letlibrultie Herald 504 7th si. s. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor ROY F.' MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Pago Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE ;