Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 21, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
21 THE LETHBRIOGE HERALD Tutiday, January 21, 1975 U.S. inflation said worst in 28 years WASHINGTON (AP) Government statistics being announced today show that in- flation in the United States in 1974 was the worst in 28 years. The cost of living for the first 11 months of the year was up 11.4 per cent and the December increase is ex- pected to push the over-all rise for the year into the 12 per cent sharpest rise since Second World War price controls ended in 1946 and the worst in any period unrelated .to war. The U.S. lifted wartime con- trols in July, 1946, and prices rose 18.2 per cent that year. Since the government began measuring consumer prices in 1913, the largest increase ever recorded during peacetime was 11.6 per cent in 1916, the year before the United States entered the first World War. Any solace consumers can find in the fact that the rate of inflation has been easing in re- cent months is dampened by the recession which already has put 6.5 million Americans out of work. Economists say that while U.S. prices will continue to in- crease this year, most increases will be smaller. Food prices, however, are expected to climb at a 15-per- cent annual rate during the first half of the year. The record U.S. inflation rate in 1974 compared with an 8.8 per cent rise in living costs in 1973, in both 1972 and 1971, the U.S. had an inflation rate of 3.4 per cent. The Consumer Price Index, published monthly and based on a sampling of 400 items as an indicator of price trends for food, clothing, housing, health care, transportation and recreation, was to be published today. In other economic developments: of Representatives Speaker Carl Albert criticized President Ford's income tax and energy conservation pro- posals. Ford's plan to rebate some of 1974 income taxes would put 43 per cent of the re- fund into the hands of the rich- est 17 per cent of the tax- payers, Albert said in a broad- cast reply to Ford's economic proposals. Motors Corp. said it will rebate up to to buyers of specified models of the firm's small cars. The rebates are retroactive from Jan. 13 and will extend to Feb. 28. Chrysler Corp. and Ford Motor Co. previously an- nounced rebate plans. Federal Reserve Board reduced the amount of money that U.S. banks must keep on hand to back up deposits. The action will release about billion in money previously held in reserve. Seamans, head of the new Energy Research and Development Administration, said the United States must put a brake on energy use. He set a 10-year goal of one million barrels a day in syn- thetic fuels derived from coal. Senators Edward Kennedy (Dem.Mass.) and Henry Jackson (Deni.Wash.) said they will oppose Presi- dent Ford's proposal to increase oil import tariffs and lift domestic oil price controls. Ford has the power already to hike tariffs and the two senators said they will in- troduce a resolution that would postpone any increase in import costs for 90 days. banks joined the trend toward lower prime interest rates, reflecting slackening loan demand and an easier money policy. Bone-picking beetles ease scientists's work OTTAWA (CP) Locked behind a double-doored metal vault are slaves, hard at work cleaning specimen bones for the National Museum of Natural Sciences. The slaves, bearing the somewhat aristocratic name of dermestes maculatus degeer, are beetle larvae that thrive on eating their way through the meaty tissue that is left on the bones of animal carcasses. Anne Rick, head of the zool- ogy research centre, said the larvae are an indispensable part of the scientific work of the department. "They make our life easy and they only ask room and she said. "I can't im- agine what scientists would do without such helpers." The research centre collects bones of present-day animals, birds and reptiles and uses them in comparison studies with ancient bones found in archeological digs. The carcasses come from a variety of sources. "Sometimes we're a clear- ing house for the remains of experiments and tests in the museum's pathology and mammalogy Bridge results Wcdxidiy Udlti D.B.C. Junry 15 .1. P. McCarai, N. McNabb; 1. H. Nilsson. P. Premachuk; 3. B. Palmer M. McDonnell. WedGMdiy Nlihl D.B.C. January li N.S. 1. L. Smith, M. Smith; 2. W J Ellert, R. J. Thielen; 3. C. Landeryou. B. Beswlck. E.W. 1. D. E. Michaells, W. Zumsieln: 3, Faye and Gerald 3. P. Premachuk, P. MeCann. Novice Section 1. Marg and Ted Ward; 1. Mary and Bill Kwiczak; 3. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Shapiro. Thursday Night D.B.C. January N.S. 1. A. Harris, B. C. Evans; 2. M. Grlsak, B. Dodd; 3. Jean and Del Lowenberg. E.W. I. I. Shaw, M. 2. Harriet, Byron Nilsson; 3 D E Michaells, G. J. Hummel. Friday Majtl D.B.C. Jailary 17 MemljenMp Game N.S. 1. B. Marshall; C. Sudelkat; J. B. Palmer, J. Maeiaard; 3. B. C. Evans, E. Culler. E.W. I.e. Cranston, J.Whimster; 2. R. Oupmin, I. Shaw; 3. A. Harrli, G. Santa. Overall Whuri: B..Marshall and C. Sudelkat. Mrs. Rick explained. "For the service of dispos- ing of unused parts, we get the skeletons for our collection." She said the scavenger in- sects thrive best on speciments supplied by the Ontario ministry of natural resources. Last year, conser- vation officers from eastern Ontario gave 125 freshly killed animals to the centre. Mrs. Rick and research as- sistant Jim McElman skin the carcasses, remove the heavy flesh and dry the specimens slightly before wrapping them in cheesecloth shrouds and of- fering them to the larvae. The cheesecloth makes der- mestes feel at home, since he prefers to work in the dark. It also keeps the bones from scattering once they are pick- ed clean. The insect colony cleans the specimens "in a matter of Mrs. Rick said. The larvae are about three- quarters of an inch long with brown, oval, segmented bodies. After going through the pupal stage they become black beetles, three-eighths of an inch long. The adults live about three months, feeding beside the larvae and laying eggs that hatch in three to five days into more larvae. The metal room and double doors are needed to dis- courage the larvae from wandering off and transferr- ing their attention to books and other materials in the museum. Philip M. Youngman, senior nature interpreter at the mu- seum, who was responsible for rejuvenating the colony 15 years ago, said no one seems to know how the museum ac- quired its larvae. When he became interested in the beatles, their numbers were depleted because of irregular feeding. Regular work and proper housing has restored the colony to its pre- sent strength. NATURAL MIMIC The starling cm Imitate the songs of up to 40 native Ameri- can birds, and can even sound like a barking dog, mewing cat or squeaky wheelbarrow. ON NOW AT SEARS AUTO CENTRE h-Supertred 4-ply nylon compact sizes Reliable performance for your everyday driving needs. mile A78-13 to E78-14 each, bw installed t. Whltewall extra. Supertred standard car tires As above, our best 4-ply nylon tire. mile 957 412 000 ser. F78-14 to H78-15 each, bw Installed t. Whltewall extra. fibre glass-belted nylon compacts For longer mileage, greater stability. 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