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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-21,Lethbridge, Alberta Mondlir, JMHMry 21, 1»74 - THE LETHlAlDOC HIRALO - T Lifestyle has changed; U of L prof. Russians having first taste of affluence . Penetrate a Moscovite*« outwardly formal manner and you will find a relatively friendly and good-natured individual, says a University of Lethbridge professor recently returned from his third visit to Russia. Dr. Ted Orchard first conducted research in Russia in im and 1S70, He »turned late last year to continue the satne project: A study of early 17th century Russian history. ParUclpant in an exch program administered hv Canada Council in coq»eraüon with the Department of External Affairs, Dr. Orchard, chairman of the U of L history department, ^ent the fall semester at Moscow State University, returning to Canada at the beginning of December. Although officially attached to the university, Ito. Orchard conducted a good deal of his work at the USSR Academy of Sciences, a research institute not directly affiliated with the Moscow State University. Now back into academic routine at the U of L, the historian recalls his impressions of Russia from an office where govemment posters — purchased as authentic bits of “Sovieticana” at about 10 kopeks each — adorn the walls. The infamous snarls of bureaucracy and red tape which the Western world considers typical of Russian life are not as horrendous as one might think, says Dr. Orchard, although he concedes there is a good deal of basis in fact for such stories. “It took me a while to gain access to the material I wanted,” he recalls, 'J>ut the delay was not serious. The key seemed to lie in making personal contact with people. Of course, I am dealing with a pretty uncontroversial period of Russian history.” MANY CHANGES ' Dr. Orchard says there has been a great deal of change in the Russian lifestyle since 1966, even from 1970. “It seems that the people are having their first taste of affluence/’ describes the historian. “They’re dressing much better — the new sj^n-thetic fibres seem readily available and the clothes are quite stylish. “I think more people are acquiring material goods such as televisions and appliances. Russia had a good harvest last fall; food was quite plentiful and cheap when I was there. Costs for entertainment and culture are also quite reasonable. “Since they can’t invest their money, and aren’t able to buy much property, acquiring material gwids is about the only way Russians can spend money.” Dr. Orchard speculates that the actual amount of disposable income available to the average Russian is comparable to that of most Canadians, since Soviet living costs are quite low. He says there is still an extreme housing shortage in Moscow, with new apartment units “being built like mad.” Quite the opposite of North American cities, the downtown area has a low sky-lhie, bu' the outlayirig city suburbs are punctuated with multi-stoiy buildings, almost all of which are housing developments. Dr. Orchard Uved in the “Hotel University,” run by the ministry of education, and concedes he thus may have had some of the best accommodation available. "1 doubt if 1 would have been able to find a room for myself, or would even have been allowed to do so, if I had not accepted the accommodation offered,” he adds. NO HOSTILITV The professor says he felt oo unease or hostility while in Moscow. After a few days he had re^acquired his fluency in Russian and felt not the least awkward in conversing with everyday citizens. He emphasizes that once one establishes personal contact and breaks through the barriers of reserve, Russians are quite a genial people — hardly the ‘grey proletariats’ Western propaganda has conditioned us to expect. Be hopes to return again, to complete final stages of his research about a people whose spirit has endured a history of incredible violence and oppression. “Hockey is the intematinal language,” recalls Dr. Orchard, “and when I said I was Canadian, the Russians responded ‘ah yes, Phil Esposito.’ He was their favourite member of our National team — probably because he was rowdy and rambunctious.” Moscovites are rabid hockey lovers. Dr. Orchard found fans* devotion and involvement with the game quite ianatic. Unlike North American crowds, Russians do not stop and cheer their teams to victoty, they whistle. Long, shrill blasts continue incessantly throughout the game, “You can tell which players were on the national team,” chuckles Orchard. “TVy all wear Canadian skates.” He says there is not much reference to the United States in daily Russian life, certainly not the anti-American propaganda evident several years ago. Currently, the Israelis are portrayed as the ‘villains.’ “Probably the Soviet press was the kindest of anyone to Nixc«i over the Watergate affair,” says Dr. Orchard. As for the author Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the average Russian tends to regard him as somewhat of an eccentric and a nuisance, he adds. ADULT PROBLEM Jf the Soviet people are now more affluent, they also must cope with some of the hazards of affluence. Russians, says Dr. Orchard, have always done their best for the nation’s children, giving priority to their proper schooling, books, clothes and food. “But now,” he adds, “they are having some of the same teenage problems we are. Although drugs are very harshly discouraged, one does see a good many youths inebriated in public.” If the young people are overly fond of the pleasures of drink, they are only mirroring their parents' behavior. Alcoholism is a great concern to the Soviet government and an active campaign has been launched to discourage excessive drinking. On his office wall. Dr. Orchard has a very convincing bit of the government’s persuasive literature — a large poster which shows the progressive stages of vodka’s evils: from social drinking to ^ the final downfall, what officials term “hooliganism” ~ crime and violence. Since 1970, says Dr. Ordiard, the govermnMit has more than doubled the price of vodka and has limited the hours during which hard liquor may be purchased.. While he doesn’t know if Russians drink any more than North Americans, he admits they certainly drink more conspicuously — on the street, on trains, in waiting rooms. There’s no regulatim about drinking on the street or in a public conveyance, as long as the imbiber behaves himself. However, the government has recently undertaken a program of formidable proportions which may eventually discourage overconsumption in afl but the most dwicated of drinkers. Perswts found intoxicatea and disorderly in public are taken firmly in hand by the police and deposited in a “de< ethylization station.” There they are detained for the night, undressed and put to bed. In the morning thQf are marched down to a rather formidable doctor who lectures on the dangers of drink, shows no mercy for the offender’s hangover and examines briskly for signs of venereal disease and lice. After the offender is fined 15 rubles, the detention is over but not forgotten. Too many 'return engagements’ have humiliating results: the citizen's name and photograph are placed on a ‘board of dishonored’ which is displayed in a public place to advertise, in the interest of order and discipline, hooiigansvthat decent citizens should avoid. It all makes Alberta's operation check-stop seem rafter innocuous. Jan. 21-26 ‘‘Justice at the MINERS 733-13th SI.N. Members and Invited Guests Only Commons question can be expensive GAS PRODUCERS ACCEPT PRICE HIKE SOUTHERN ALBERTA THEATRES CARDSTON—Mayfair Theatre "Love and Pain and the Whole Damn Thing" in Technicolor starring Maggie Smith and Timottiy Bottoms. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, January 21. 22 and 33. Monday show at 815 p.m. Adult FORT MACLEOD—Empres« Theatre "HERE COMES THE FUZZ” m color. Starring Burt Reynolds, Raquel Welch and Vul Brynner. Monday and Tuesday, January 21 and 22. Monday show at . S:00 p.m. ADULT, NOT SUITABLE FOR CHILDREN. PINCHER CREEK—Fox Theatre “Badge 373" in Technicolor starring Rober Duvall and Verna Bloom. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, January 21, 22 and 23. Monday show at 8:15 p.m Restricted Aduit TABER—Tower Theatre “Super Fly T.N.T." in color starring Ron O' Neal and Sheila Frazier. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, January 21, 22 and 23. Monday shows at 7:00 and 9 00 p.m Adult Not Suitable For Children. OTTAWA CCP( - Who has the answer to the |75,000 question? John Reid has.-it, plus about 3,000 other answers that may have cost Canadian taxpayers more than f9 million in the last year. Mr. Reid, parliamentary secretary to Government House Leader Allan MacEac-hen, is responsible for answering MPs’ written questions, and the nearly ended first session of the 29th Parliament has kept him busy. It also has been expensive for the taxpayer, with the cost of answering the written questions estimated by one government source at more Uian $9 million. Since the session began Jan. 4, 1973, the government has been asked 3,S3fi written questions by MPs and, as of Jan. 9 this year, had answered 89,7 per cent of them. 'The government source said the average cost of answering a written question is $3,000 to 15,000, with his |9-million estimate for this session based on the lower figure. One answer this session required |75,-000 worth of work. Opposition spokesmen questioned the figures, but acknowledged that some questions entail costly research. SOME COST MORE Mr. Reid confirmed the $75,000 figure but would not identify the MP who asked the question Mr. Reid said answers are prepared by government employees who take time from normal • departmental duties to do the research. The cost of answers was estimated by the number of man hours, at Uie various salary levels, required to obtain the information. > Translation of the answers also adds to the cost, Mr. Reid said. Some answers require e;ctensive work before they can be tabled in the Commons in both official languages. “We had one answer recently that we measured and it was 17 inches high.” He said all questions are answered “irrespective of costs, and some are very expensive.” "For instance, on questions regarding overtime paid employees, it cost almost fS a crack to open each employee’s file.”    ^ WILL IMPROVE RATE Mr. Reid said the government hopes to boost its answer rate well into the 9ft-per-cent range with a flood of replies Feb. 26 when the session is prorogued formally. The MP with the greatest number of questions still to be answered is Tom Cossitt (PC— Leeds) with 74 queries on the order paper. Mr. Cossitt estimates he has asked “at least 200 or 300” written questions this session. Lome Nystrom (NDP) — York Melville) Is awaiting answers to 73 of his questions, while Mike Forrestall (PC-Dartmouth Halifax E^st) has 66 unanswered queries. HOME OF POETS Fredericton, N.B., has long been known as the Poets’ Corner of Canada. Three local poets were Sherman, Carman and Roberts. COMMUNITY CinVICIS DBPARTMHNT — CITY OF LBTHMRIDOB PUBLIC SWIMMING, SKATING and MUSEUM SCHEDULE FACIUTY Tm.. Jin. 22 W«d.. Jin. 23 Tkirs.. Jin. 24 Fri., Jii. 25 Sit.. Jin. Z6 ' Sin., Jin. 27 Mm.. Jii. 28 FMTZ SICK POOL Noon Swim (Adults Only) 12 00-1 00 P m NOON SWIM (ADULTS ONLY) 12 00*1 00 pm Public Swsm 7 30-9 30 p m NOON SWIM (ADULTS ONLY) 12 00-1 00 D m NOON SWIM (ADULTS ONLY) 12 00-1 00 Dm PUBLIC SWIM 7 30-9 30 p ni Public Swim 3 00-6 00 p m Public Swim . 1 00-S 00 p m Family Swim 6 00-8 00 p m r^uon 'îvvrm ncti/ll-! only) 12 00-1 OQ pm HENDERION PMKWE SSSOL. Public Skalmg i 00-4 00 p m Fr« Public Skating 4 00-5 30 p tn CnflCKE CENTK ' FREE PUBLIC SKATING > 4 00-S 30 p m Public Skalmg 8 00-10 00 p m B«9inners Skating 1 00-2 30 p m Public Skating 3 00-5 00 p m AHM PMK RECENTRE FREE Public Skaiin^ 4 00-5 30 p rn ß*3inn*rs Skalmj 6 30-8 00 p m Mothers and Pre-Schoolers FREE Skate 10 00-12 00 noon Public Skalmg 7 00-9 00 p m. Public Skating ■ 2 00-4 00 p m Beginners Skating 1 00-J 00 p m Public Skating 3 00-5 00 p m Family Skalmg fi f)i)-7 30 p m 1 00-4 30 p m 1 00-4 30 p m 1 00-4 30 p m 1 Ofl ; 10 D m CLOSEO 2 00-5 00 p m 1 00-4 30 p m VANCOUVER (CP) -Spokesmen for British Columbia natural gas producers say they have no alternative but to accept the B.C. Petroleum Corporation’s offer to boost wellhead revenife by 82 per cent. Spokesmen for two producer associations representing virtually alt of B.C.’s 70 producers both expressed disappointment at the offer, but said terms were superior to the prices in the old system in which they sold gas directly to Westcoast Transmission Co. Ltd. Pacific Petroleum Ltd,, B.C.’s largest gas producer, also indicated it is prepared to accept. The corporation, the government’s agent thabbuys and sells all the province’s production, has offered a six-year price schedule. The new wellhead price offer will drop the current 15 per cent royalty and give producers |41 million of the additional flOO million resulting from November's 81 per cent increase in the wholesale price of gas. If producers refuse the offer, they would get the en> tire tlOO million additional Yen devalued TOKYO (AP) - The Japanese government In effect devalued the yen nearly seven per cent today. Pormpting the move was the continuing deficit in Japan’s balance of parents and the certainty of even-greater deficits because of the i-ecent big increases in crude-oil prices. Tliere was no formal announcement of a devaluation. But officials at the Bank of Japan and the finance ministry said a minimum rate of 300 yen to the United States dollar will be maintained instead of the rate of 280 that had prevailed since Nov. 13, TB SIGNS FOUND Signs of tuberculosis have been found in the mummified body of a Peruvian Indian child who died about 700 years ago revenue but face a new royalty rate from the provincial government designed to recover the public’s share. The petroleum corporation offer involves four prices; 18.5 cents a thousand cubic feet for gas that came into production before 1965 ; 19 cents from 1965^9; 20 cents from 1970-73; and 22 cents from 1974 on the prices for each category rise each year until the pressed contract expires in 1979. “I was a little disappointed that it was not higher,” said C. S. Dunkley, president of the Independent Petroleum Association of Canada, an organization representing companies involved solely in exploring and drillins. “I expected a little mòre. But it’s still better than what Westcoast Transmission offered.” Producers now sell their gas directly to Westcoast. Under the offer, the producers sell to the petroleum corporation which will ship the gas through Westcoast’s pipeline for a 9.5 per cent rate of return on investment. DIETRICH DENTURE CLINIC ROSS HOSACK C«r1tfM OmW M«ch«nlc tuli* I-H4 Siti St. S. Ph. MT-TJM LclhbrM«* Sask. company plans forest plant in Alta. REGINA (CP) - Simpson Timber Co. Ltd. has announced plans for a |30 million forest products developmoit at Whltecourt, 100 miles iKMthwest of Edmonton. The company, which has a plant at Hudson Bay, Sask., abandoned plana earlier this year for a sawmill In Hudson Bay Canada’s boundaries ‘little off kilter’ OTTAWA (CP) - Two University of New Brunswick survey ^ineers said Thursday that Canadian naticmal and provincial buundaries, based on calculations made in 1927, range from a few inches to as much as 50 metres (tff kilter. Over a long stretch of boundary, hundreds of square miles would be in question, said Drs. E^lward Krakiwsky and Peter Vanicek. Dr. Krakiwsky told the Geodesy of Canada conference the system that determines the country’s size and shape, as well as specific locations within the country, is based on the 1927 adjustment of reference points located along the 49th parallel between Canada and the United States. Those calculations had mathematical shortcomings which were compounded by the northward extension of the network of reference points, he told about 60 specialists in earth measurement. Now the co-ordinates of points in this network are Inaccurate, and the margin of error increases in northern regions, he said. Errors bad been identified by laser devices, satellite observations, and new computer techniques. The whole set-up is complicated further by the estab lishment of a new international earth measurement system based on satellite technology and using as its reference point the earth’s centre. Dr. Vanicek said the satellite system and the earth-based sptem of measurement might identify a single point on the globe to be as much as 200 metres apart. Dr. Krakiwsky said stone of Canada’s international boundaries and oil and gas concession boundaries are identified by latitude and longitude with no explicit mention of what system the boundaries are based on. The discrepancies were serious in view of Canadian territorial claims and Arctic and' off-shore drilling operations. Billions of dollars in land and mineral deposits were at stake. PARADISE FOR BUGS NEW YORK (AP) - A survey shows that Washington, D.C., has more telephcmes than people. The American Telephone and Telegraph <jo. said Wednesday that the United States capital has 128.1 telephones for every 100 arsons, giving it the wond’s highest communication density. A & w TEEN BURGER TUESDAY Teen Burger 69 Reg. 900 — Tuesday Only Available at Both Locations 210 . 3rd Avtt. South 1607 Mayor Magrath Drive RESTRICTED ADULT paramount SHOWING TONITE and TUESDAY ¡ At 7:00 and 9:0$ p.m. ^ 3/J jjr J it-jJ- Buy now. ^ j Pay never. «MIR ^ YMMEE Show Times KAU MIDGES RON LflBMAN n nrOUR THREE MINU1ES ARE Ur ADULT 'S? HNAMOUMT THCATKt Short Subjects 7 00 9 00 VOUR 3 MINUTES Afle UP 7 25 S 25 LAST COMPLETE SHOW 9 00 HESTRtCTCD ADULT pamamount cmtMA Short Subiects 7 15 9 30 AMERICAN QRAPFITI 7 40 10 00 LAST COMPLETE Show 9 30 ADULT ENTERTAINMENT COLLCM CIHCMA Short Sub)«cts 7 00 9 05 JEfiEMV 7 3S9 40 LAST COMPLETE SHOW 9 05 ADULT ENTERTAIMMENT ADULT college cinema TONITE THRU THÜRS. Al7:0a-t;00p.m. paramount cinema HURRY LAST 4 DAYS TONITE THRU THURS. Al7:lS-»:20p.m. It's about the first time you fall in love. eremy PG ttnimrf Nnitit ;