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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-21,Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, January 31, lt/4 - THE LETHBHIDOl HIRALD - $ CONTINENTAL SLOPE Andy sends a complete 20-volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Daniel Pirn, age 11, of CajK Elizabeth, Maine, for his question: What exactly Ib the continental slope? The continental slope and the continental shelf are geographical features of the ocean floor. Some people refer to them as though they were one and the same, but they are not. However, the difference may surprise you. In most places, the continental shelf is a gentle slope from the shores out to deeper water. The continental slope plunges almost straight down to the ocean abyss. * * * Picture a map of the world — and remove the shining waters from the deep blue seas. The floor of the oceans is revealed as a continuation of the solid crust that forms the continents And the sea bed has more ups and downs, more    stupendous geographical features than the dry land. Among the most interesting ones are the continental shelves and the continental slopes, which go together. Normally the average height of the bumpy continents is about hall a mile above the seas which slope over the continents’ edges. The borders of the continents are like doorsteps, submerged by fairly shallow tidal waters. These doorsteps slope gently from the beaches out to sea, where at some point they plunge down the steep walls of the great ocean basins. No, the sloping sills around the continents are not the continental slopes. They are the continental shelves, vast regions of rather shallow sunht water that teem with seaweeds and multitudes of marine animals. The continental slopes are the stupendous walls that contain the great ocean basins. Geographically, the shelves belong to the continents. They are submeri^ because the world’s supply of ocean water brims over its basins and slops over the edges of the land. Geographically, the continents end where the shallow shelves plummet one, two or three miles down the steep walls of the great ocean basins. These sudden drops in the seabed are called the continental slopes. Off the ancient coast of Maine, the continental shelf slopes gently out to sea for 150 mi es or so, then the sea bed dips down the slope to' the huge. basin of the Atlantic ocean. America’s Pacific shores are bordered with youngish mountains and here the shelves reach out only 20 miles or so to where the slopes plunge down the basin walls. In some regions, the restless waters of the shallow shelves wash masses of debris down into the basins. This material may pile up at the base of the steep slopes. But in many regions, the continental slopes are sheer escarpments, with majestic straight sided cliffs, cut with enormous canyons. * t • Sunlight filters through the surface waters but it cannot pierce down through the deep ocean abyss. Hence, the stupendous continental slopes exist forever in total darkness. If we could remove the water and see them, they might remind us of the edges of the Grand Canyon — only more so. QuHtioni attcsd by chilcf< ran af Hamid raadarn nhouid b* malM lo Aak Andy» P.O. Box. 76S, Huntington Baach, California 9204«. (Copyright Chronlcia Publlahlng Co. 1073) FIRST OLYMPICS The first accurately known Olympiad was held in 776 BC. BY CHARLES H, GOREN c It74. TUt Chlcm TrMH BRIDGE QUIZ ANSWERS Q. 1 ~ East-West vulnerable, as South you hold: A A.) 4 07 5 0»Z «AKQ98 2 The bidding has proceeded; East South West North 14 2 PasK 3 A Pass i What do you bid now’ A —Three apadefi The lempUtton is great lA bid three no trump, but you Rhauld resist it tince you tre wide open In both red suit*. -ihowinK your >pade control, }0u might put partner In position to bid the no trutnp *»me If lie    red *uit stoppers. Q. 2—Both vulnerable, as South you hold: 4K(i AJ71 OKQ85 4kA.I8 The bidding has proceeded:. South West North East 1 NT Pass 2 NT 3 4 r What do you bid now? A —While Vflu can probibly mBho three no trump, there Is some L'<! ^hn^ von can he defeated However, a double of three hpadc.s should net you at least 200 points, and perhaps more if East has been at all in-dlscropl Q. .1—AS South, vulnerable, you, hold: 4AQ76 (;?AKQ3 085 *763 The bidding has proceeded; South West North East 1 4 Pass z 0 Pass Z    Pass Z A Pass 7 What do you bid now? A —Kven tho partner has elven a mere preference, and probably has onlv three card support, you .\hoHltl bid *R»ln Partner has '■hnun a better than average hand ■inrt \oiiri Ih worlh 18 points Tile onij sensible action Is to hid three %p!idr*i Q. 4—Both vulnerable, as South you hold-4kR4 AQ.T7« oka: *K«S The bidding has proceeded; Saulh W«<it North East I ^ Pass 1 4b Pass What is your rebid? A —One no trump This U pref' cmble lo a rchirl nf two fnr II Rives A ntor<^ acf'iir.'ttc picture' or V(ini hand I a <4 minimum hlKh p«r<l siw-riKtli I , ♦ Q. 5—As South, vulnerable, yoti hold: TUESDAY, JANUARY W YoarbirtlMlay today: Brings on a year of personal change, mostly a matter of thinking and determination rather than feeling. Near the end of the year the effort brings prosperous results. Relationships drift, need steady cultivation. Today’s natives naturally select a special, unusual field in which they can become important. Dangerous occupations attract these men; Qie women concentrate on social conquest. ARIES (March 91-Aprill»): Your perennial faith in human nature has led you into another ambush of sorts. C<»1-sider the day as mainly an experiment. TAURUS <April 2«>May 20); Don't assume anything today. Promises are neither for giving nor taking seriously. Current stress provokes stronger reactions than is convenient. GEMINI (May 21-June 20): So long as you don't try to cash in on what happens this can be a sparkling, amusing, or moderately shocking day of sudden insights, the unusual. CANCER (June 21-July 22): Resolve that you will exercise self-control. Let the many minor upheavals of the day work themselves out. The very end of the day promises to be the most rewarding. LEO (July 23-Aflg. 22): The validity of your ventures is tested. There is the chance that you will blurt out things better left unsaid or confidential.    - VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): You achieve high precisicm in matters which can be counted, weighed, or measured. Subjective experience is something else ~ strive for deeper understanding. UBRA (Sept. 23^. 22): You may find you have let a number of decisions linger so long that they’ve been decided by others. You learn from the experience. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-NOV.21): See this as a day for reassessment of all enterprises. Bring all facts and figures up to date. Unproductive activities can now be dropped. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): Today you should hold on to existing arrangements rather than react to either get-rich-quick or panic suggestions. Schedules are subject to interruption.    . CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19):    Be a spectator instead of a major participant, protagonist. Be on the alert to catch and contain a false start or minor error. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): See how well you can mind your own business. Volunteer no advice unless asked. Be careful with anything mechanical or electrical. PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20):    Whims, changes of mind are typical today. Be prepared to deal with the haste and impatience of others. Firmly hang onto your cash. Speculation is not for you today. 1974, The Chicago Tribune AKQ10»72    OK«5AJ10T The bidding    has proceeded: North East    South West 1    0 Pass    1 4k Pass 2    Pass    2 4 Pass 2 NT Pass    ? What do you bid now? A.—Pour spades. By reversing the bidding, p»rtn«r b»s ihown a Elroni; hand. Thui far, you have made only noncammlttal bids, and It Is time to show signs of life. Your hand will play wpil at a spaxle contract even opposite a alntileton. Q. fi — Neither vulnerable, as South you hold: «AQ9 ^A»865 OQT The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1    A Pass 2 Pass 2    A Pass 3    Pass 4 A Pass ? What do you bid now? A. — Five ipades Everrthlnc seems under control, but you should allow for the remote possibility that you have two quick diamond lasers Four no trump should not be bid with ■ weak doubleton. for you might be able to make slam even if partner Is acclcss but has second>round diamond control, and that Information cannat bt^ derived via Blackwood 0. 7—Both vulnerable, as Sauth, with eo on score, you hold; 4QJ954 <:pg7 OA83 «762 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 2    ^ Pass 2 4k Pass 3    A Pass t What do you rebid? A —Four diamonds If partner ha!t a bona fide demand hid, >nu should be able to malie a 3lam in spades However, at thli score there is the possibility that partner m<ghl be a fraction light foi- his bid. A cue bid of the ace of diamonds will show your Intention« and allow partner to clarlf> his hotdlng * Q. 8—Both vulnerable, as South you hold: AK109 <^83 0A9824^Q1«73 The bidding has proceeded; North Bast South West 1 A Z4k Dbl«- Pass Í Pass ? What action do you take? A —Three spade' TI»o partner ha.s announced that his hand is not suited for defence against flubs, he mav ha\e excellent of* len.sive potential Anr^ouncement of vour spridc fit may be all he needs lo Ro on lo game Dear Dr. Lamb — I had a complete physical examination this year, and the result is 1 am in good health at age 73. My problem is, 1 get a cold very easily, I have had five since January this year. I eat right, get my rest, avoid drafts and chilling and try not to become overtired. Is there some medicine or something I could take to prevent this condition? Dear Reader — Probably the best way to avoid colds is to avoid [^ple. Colds are spread from person-to-person contact. The school environment is one of the main ways of spread. The parents of young school children have at least twice as many colds as adults without children, or those after the children have grown up. Almost all forms of activity that increase people-tp-people contact increase the feel better — even if it had nothing to do with our health. I’m reminded of the story of one student who was part of a study on the effectiveness of vitamin C. He was so impressed with how much better he did in avoiding colds when he was in the study that he wrote back to the university the next year and wanted to travel several hundred miles to get some more anticold medicine. Guess what. He was in the control group and the pill he got contained no vitamin C at all. For those who want to try it, I see no harm in taking 500 to 1000 milligrams pf vitamin C a day. Contrary to all the enthusiasts, I see no reason at Fun with figures By J. A. H. HUNTER ‘Til have it," said Jack, grabbing the book. “I’m twice as old as you were when I was as old as you are.” Jill wasn’t going to tight. “It’s a kid’s book anyway,” she told him, "But I'm twice as old as you were when you were six years younger than I am now ” How old was she? Thanks for an idea to R. Blais, Quebec City, Quebec. (Answer tomorrow) Friday’s answer: The number was 594. IS THAT «WTH£K,ReRW, KitHNfiONTHe SACK OF M0Tk£R'5S!C‘i’ae’ üh-hi;k... ímetakcíí him tOH6fîÊV6fi 6O£0.. X é^RIPlN<jA6lKÉ ‘§\iCH 600P exiRcise THAT ^MÉ'^ALREAtV LOST THiEE POl/NPi. f ANP TVlliOUeM SHeER [ TERROR I've LOST RVE !i SHORT MBS by frank o'neil S-SS A ^BLLOW-SÊLLigP POLE CAT/ >OUZ VOTMÊC WAS A SOan-AND>OUe KfTHEje WAS A SUPFALO.. / ANP >0U P0¡TS.W£LL\ L >0 SÊTTEf? ‘Luâv roc tOl>. J PONT ' SET RílEC? EASIU> / WANDIOIS by (Sk browne BUGS BUNNY all or any good evidence that massive doses at Uie onset of a cold will help alwrt the cold. Simply stated, 1 doubt there is any benefit at all for any amounts over tODO milligrams a day, and even the idea that you will prevent colds with this amount is suspect. You may have a milder episode, though, if you have been taking vitamin C. So, my best advice remains, eat a good diet, maintain good health, and if you want to try vitamin C, no more than 1000 milligrams a day. One more thing, not all colds are really colds. A lot of allergies masquerade as colds. You should also avoid crowds during the cold season, and, far as far as practical, limit your exposure to those who have colds. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 1S51, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy <»f Dr. Lamb’s booklet on balanced diet, send 50 cents to the same addre&s uiid ask for “Balanced Diet” booklet. Stanfield challenges ‘complacent’ By KEN POLE O'TTAWA (CP) - Opposi* tion Leader Robert Stanfield, sounding resigned to a long and probably frustrating parliamentary haul before the next federal election, today challenged “complacent Canadians” to give him a chance to show how his party will fight inflation. He said at a news conference that his job is “to arouse the Canadian people to believe that something can be done" about the soaring cost of living, which rose by 9.1 per cent in 1973. The minority Liberal government was accused of 19th-century approaches to 20th-century problems and the only way this will change, he said, is for the voter to reject Prime Minister Trudeau at the earliest opportunity, “’We cannot control the timing of the next election to give Canada a new Parliament BLONDIE MOKJESTl-Y, SOMETIMES I GET SO ' TIREP OF COOKINJS,ANC> CLEAWING UP THE ' KITCHEN afterwards by chic young ESPECIALLY THESE WMEM PRICES ARE SO WIGW THAT i17'S CHEAPER TO EAT OUT ARCHIE by bob montana HUM TÜE NMmiE dm Drowns M oo We •To MoULAMP T PoiJ'T PofMT, KlP/ POM'T,, BEETLE BAILEY baís&b, ídú l^NCW All T^!E TIMES Voii " FELL OfP TMAT C1.1FF ANP ONTO T^^AT &PANCM by mort walker Lll ABNER ^'^\S &F1LUVVID LI'L6HOEE>OMT PRWETOMC PAPPV IS DAlD-'kyaicapp tHMLEWEEPS 5CRI66LÉ &CRI&6LE &CWMW.E 'SS®' /■S!, \ M 1 • I >5 " ñ L f ! j VI sS '■ f' rT ;