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Lethbridge Herald {Newspaper} - 1974-01-21,Lethbridge, Alberta New territorial imperative In his enthusiasm for Alberta’s natural resources. Premier Lougheed sometimes refers to the Alberta oil sands as the largest known reserves of petroleum compounds in the world. That is in dispute. At any rate, it is well to remember that although there may be 900 billion barrels of oil in place in the sands, of which perhaps 300 billion may be recoverable, and that this recoverable amount may equal about half the world’s known reserves of conventional crude, the Colorado oil shales are considerably greater in potential. The oil shales of the Green River Formation of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming are the world’s largest known hydrocarbon deposit. In place are 2,030 billion barrels of oil, according to some of the better authorities, and the ultimate recovery has been estimated at 1,300 billion barrels. Development of the oil shales lags behind Alberta’s development of its oil sands but there is evidence that the petroleum industry is very interested in the U.S. deposits. In auctioning off its first prototype lease of a 5,000 acre plot, the government drew a high bid of more than $210 million and a gasp from the )acked room which had expected to see a ligh of about $100 million. Commercial development is still some time away. Standard Oil of Indiana and Gulf Oil, which made the joint bid, said that if it is accepted they would have to do an intensive study and submit a plan to the government for approval. Comparison of the two deposits is really academic since both are needed in an oil-hungry world. However, the question in Canada is not the size of the oil sands but whether they will be developed for use in Canadian industry and Canadian homes, anticipating that the establishment of a national and co-ordinated transportation system will be developed by the time the first major oil sands plant comes on stream, or whether the oil will be produced for sale on world markets for the sake of revenues and a localized economic fallout in Alberta, The need for a national energy policy which can transcend political considerations becomes more imperative every day — the new territorial imperative, as it were. Goodbye^ Grace The decision of Grace Maclnnis to retire from Parliament points out the deplorable paucity of women in politics. Women have been making headway in the professions and-more are now being appointed to positions within government, but very few seek and hold elective offices. Political barriers to women are the hardest of ail to break. Nowhere is it more true that men are looked on as individuals but women are regarded as prototypes. Mrs. Maclnnis was the only woman in Parliament for many years and today only a handful of women serve in provincial legislatures or in Parliament. The reasons are not hard to find. Women who work outside the home, particularly if they are in professional positions, are unwilling to risk what they have struggled so hard to obtain to enter politics. And women who work within the home are unaware, as is society generally, that their experiences in raising a family, running a household, serving on civic committees and carrying out any number of volunteer activities which put them in direct touch with the problems of society, make them uniquely qualified to sit as representatives of that society on a law-making body.    , Their experiences are quite different from those of their male counterparts whose lives, by tradition, have had a considerably narrower focus. Nevertheless, as a result of social patterns, legislatures. are made up entirely, or largely, of men and tend to be a collection of special interests generally oriented along an economic axis. Added to everything else, women tend to be practical, as Mrs. Maclnnis has pointed out. This is another outgrowth of traditional roles in which men generally produce theory and women generally apply theory. However, a sense of practicality, an inclination to deal with matters on a specific rather than an abstract level, is no drawback to a legislator. When women have learned to evaluate their experiences objectively enough to recognize the potential of their contribution to politics, the world will have what it needs, more Maclnnises in Parliament. The durable Dutch The Dutch, who, along with the Americans, are supposedly personae non gratae to the Arab oil-producing world, are not suffering as much as one might think. One of the reasons is that they have the good fortune to be sitting on top ol the world s largest known bubble of natural gas. This deposit supplies about 45 per cent ol their energy needs and allows them to export a certain amount. It had been expected that, wisely used, this reservoir would last until the year 2000, when other sources of energy would have been found to take over. Now the Dutch face the prospect of having to speed up production to fill the energy gap left by the oil shortage or to cut down on exports, for which they have contracts with several European countries. Being themselves the victim of an embargo, they do not seem willing to renege on their agreements with their neighbors. But they have taken the next alternative. Like the rest of the world, they have followed the Arabs and are raising the price. Once again history has proved that the Dutch are durable. The crutch of the American ego Gordon Sinclair, the patron saint'Of the U.S., has stiown the wisdom of exporting halm to the Americans while we're soaking them for oil. His record in praise of the States has been played on radio stations all over that country, evoking thousands of phone calls from grateful citizens of the republic, and getting read into the Congressional Record. If it is true that you catch more flies with honey than with vinegar, Gordon must be the most fly-blown disc jockey in North America. The pathetic eagerness with which the Americans have welcomed hid apologia for their existence also shows the extent to which many of our neighbors to the south have become emotionally insecure, A very few years ago an LP of gratuitous eulogy by a Canadian would have turned back at the U.S. border as tainted maple syrup. But right on top of Vietnam, the faith of 'Americans in themselves has been rudely shaken. That faith rested on the immaculate trinity of the White House, the white Caddie, and the white quarterback. In the space of a single year, the Whit* House has degenerated to Rogues' Roost, the white Cadillac, stricken by hypertrophy of the gas tank, has uttered the cough of an expiring dinosaur, and the white quarterback turned pitch black in the Rose Bowl. Result: the U.S. is in deep shock. The spiritual comfort that the nation formerly drew from the words of its resident pope, John Wayne, no longer suffice. To warm a people whose most cherished illusions lie shattered about feet suddenly suspect as being of clay, Americans cast about for a message from on high. wi»æ»S; ‘At eight miles to the gallon, how can we be considered anything but friendly to gas-producing nationK." Bigger role for reserves By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA — In his very brief but obviously important address on Thursday to the Conference of Defence Associations, James Richardson outlined a New Deal for the reserve units of Canada. Mr. Richardson could afford to be brief because he was announcing specific decisions. The general problem to which these relate was explored in a much longer speech by the Chief oif the Defence Staff and aie two statements may thus be taken as parts of a single package. It is clear that the problem of the reserves has been a serious concern for some time; indeed they trace back in some respects to the great controversy over unification in Paul Hellyer’s time. Both the minister and General Eiextraze believe that the reserves must play an increasingly important role in national defence; indeed the chief of the defence Staff summarized his philosophy last year in the simple statement; “When the regular force decreases in iUTe as has happened over the past six years, the reserves must be increased—first in quality and then in quantity.” But in fact the militia units collectively have been short by some 3,000 men of authorized strength. Accordingly, the whole question of the reserves became the subject of a major study last year. Eight areas of particular concern were identified. Some obviously were inter-related. Thus it was found that the attrition rate was so high as to reduce significantly training effectiveness. Evidently there was a morale problem in the sense that the units were no longer attracting and holding voung men in adequate numbers. The minister, shortly before Christmas, was able to deal with one problem by announcing new pay rates, combined with an incentive system of bonuses (for those qualifying for the ranks of sergeant and captain), which should help to improve the retention rate. Turning to other fields, Mr. Richardson promised to move ahead with the equipment im-jrovement program, already n process. Mr. Richardson then moved to a more sensitive matter which for a long time has been largely and unwisely ignored, y He described this as “of the greatest importance to the morale and motivation and loyalty of the personnel in the reserve units.” “I am referring,” said the minister, “to tlie identity of individual units and the way in which a person may, in his clothing, be identified with his unit, and with that unit’s achievements and traditions." As an obvious example, he cited the case of the Highland regiments. Indicative of the change in attitude are two specific decisions announced on Thursday. In the case of the Highland regiments, the department is now prepared to meet 60 per cent of the purchase price of kilts and, in addition, to pay grants of $7 annually for kilt maintenance. Secondly, the Rifle regiments have been authorized by the minister to wear their traditifflial black belts and sword holders with the new uniforms on ceremonial occasions.    . ' Any minister of National Defence, addressing such a conference, would be expected to emphasize the im^ portance attached to the reserves in the defence system. Mr. Richardson, however, was in a rather odd position; he did not have to elaborate on the point because the present plans, as detailed by General Dextraze, speak for themselves. Dealing, for example, with one of the problem areas which he had previously identified, the chief of the defence staff said:    ’ “For our part over the next few months, and coincident with the completion of allied studies, we will develop clearly assigned tasks for each reserve unit for which they will be able to train in peacetime, and which will provide ‘them with a challenge, a sense of accomplishment, and in turn acknowledgment that they belong to the ‘first team’. I visualize that, where possible, reserve units will be assigned regular operational tasks as units, or sub-units, both in Canada and in NATO, to augment the regular force so as to field the most viable and well-balanced force that we are capable of producing.” The most striking paragraph in the section detailing these new or continuing opportunities is doubtless the following: “For the first time, we have during the past two weeks gone out to all reserve units offering 125 p«>sitiot)s (about 10 per cent) within Canadian contingent UNEF to reservists. The operational experience that the reservis* will be exposed to in these areas will serve to provide you with additional expertise within the reserves upon which to draw so as to produce the quality force we require.” In all, it is a rather impressive package. Mr. Rictiardson foresees a more significant role for tee reserves in the national defence scheme of things and, on the evidence of his half dozen announcements on Thursday, has already made a good start in that direction. Canada could benefit from shortage By Frank Rutter, Herald Washington commentator And there came unto them Gordon Sinclair. It matters not to the children of Abraham Lincoln that their Moses led the flock from the backside of the desert, which is Toronto. Red Sea or Detroit River — hallelujah. The air waves have parted to admit a miracle. Oh, there are those among the lost tribe who doubt. "Have we developed such a massive inferiority complex that we need some demented disc jockey up north to tell us how good we are? " snorts the head of a Washington news bureau. A plague of locusts, yes. Gordon knows not whereof he speaks. But a plague of national Inferiority complex, verily the message comes straight from the burning bush. For he will deliver you out of the hands of the Egyptians. As for Gordon's fellow Canadians, what is to be our attitude towards the role that destiny has thrust upon him: the crutch of American ego. Do we scoff? Do we compound the shame of our having relentlessiy leased the good-hearted giant next door, failing to understand that Goliath too had a need to be loved? Or do we say to our friends south of forty-nine: Yes, this is a bona fide recording angel. If Gordon looks upon the ledger of your deeds and finds it good, then surely will you enter the kingdom of heaven that is southern Ontario- Let the chorus of kind words swell from nation to nation!    . Let the disc jockey in Haifa praise the Arab, the DJ in Dublin toss verbal Tiouquets at the British, the radio commentator in Peking get all choked up about the Russians! And they that are without Sinclair among them, let them first cast a stone. WASHINGTON -Canada is in good shape to withstand the energy shortage and could benefit substantially from it, says an economic report being circulated here. Although the report warns that a spillover into Canada of a U.S. recession could have adverse effects, it says, “the direct threat to the Canadian economy does not seem to be great or immediate.” The report, which has been shown to interested officials in Washington, was made by EMB Ltd. research economists here. “If the U.S. somehow meets its energy needs, Canada would not be seriously affected by the oil crisis,” says the report, which was written last month. "In fact, Canada might find its economy stimulated by replacing imports with domestic production and by exporting goods that other industrial countries are unable to supply.” ' There may be “minor difficulties for short periods” the EMB researchers say, but "the direct effect on the Canadian economy should be negligible.” Problems caused by the shortage are regional, rather than national, it says. One problem that looms is that Canadian exports may become over priced. But EMB suggests that a scarcity of the imports on which Canada has traditionally relied could be offset at least in part by an increase in domestic production. “Canada may find this an opportunity to expand the petrochemical and other industries, not only to supply the domestic market but to enter export markets,” the report says. It predicts slightly slower economic growth in Canada in 1974—maybe a growth rate of five per cent instead of last year's seven per cent—but foresees “little or no adverse change in total real output.” , Notinf; that Canada is more self-sufficient in energy than most developed countries, the report concedes the regional nature of the economy causes problems. Quebec and the Atlantic provinces, for in. stance, have been depending on imported oil for about 80 per cent of their requirements. “British Columbia and the prairies are very well oft, with ample oil and gas and with proven coal reserves to fall back on in case of need,” says EMB. “Canada does not have a long-term energy problem as its actual and potential supplies are adequate for its growing needs. “The energy problem arising from the worldwide shortage of oil is local to two regions~the Atlantic provinces and Quebec. “For the future it will be possible to move Western oil or gas to these regions by pipeline, as the government has just announced its inten* tion of doing,” says the report. Meanwhile the vulnerable Atlantic and Quebec regions will have to rely on some conversion from oil to co«l, on imparts, including oil imported from the U.S. or through it. and on expensive trans-shipments from other parts of the country. “The measures that could Editor's note The Herald published a front page story Monday Jan. 14 quoting policemen and an Indian social worker on problems of people who reside in Moses Lake on the Blood Reserve. The social worker, Arnold Fox, who works for the Blood tribe’s social services agency, charged that one of the contributing influences on the way people grow up and live in Moses Lake is the treatment they receive from the residents of nearby Cardston. The article has raised the ire of several Cardston residents as reflected in the following editorial and letters. Herald sniffs glueProm Cardston local press Monday’s Herald carried a front page story, insidious, but typical of that paper’s hog wash type on similar subjects over the past several years. As with previous articles, this one is full of quotes which put all the onus on the Individual quoted thereby leaving the. Herald just in the reporting business.    ' Cardston residents have had to put up with this kind of garbage for years and'tho the blood bolls a bit at the total unfairness of Such reports, they generally say, “well these people'must have their point of view too.” But how about the way it really looks to us, o Lethbridge herald.    ' It is our opinion that no group of people anywhere in Canada have driven more hundreds of thousands of miles at their own expense, spent more tens of thousands of hours, loaned more money, done more acts of kindness, or stand more ready to help native people, than the residents of Cardston. We have always opposed something-for-nothing handouts to anyone, not just Indians. We have always maintained that Reserve residents must be independently responsible for their own support. We are also aware that the existing conditions have little hope of changing until all outside help is cut off and the Reserve people sincerely want and are willing to seek the type of self help that wiU establish their independence. Cardston residents have given more help than the Herald could measure. Some thanks have been extended for the service rendered. But so has a great deal of abuse of which Monday’s article was typical. Prattle on, o Lethbridge herald — residents of the Reserve likely think you are great stuff. We too think you should be great for stuffing.Editorial is truth The-editorial above, from our local paper is the truth and not a biased piece written by someone who isn’t close enough to write an article on the subject. You have to live among the Indians and deal with them, and teach them to know them. Anytime an Indian from Standoff or Moses Lake gets into trouble, it goes into the paper under Cardston. Is The Herald anti-Cardston? There are very few Indians who really live in the town and it's not fair to our town to list these news items under Cardston news. MRS. A. H. SOMMERFELDT CardstonDeplorable article be taken in Canada to accelerate the development of alternative sources of energy include the production of gas from oil, the initiation of work on the extraction of oil from the Athabascan tar sand and the development of nuclear power,” it says. Aside from specific examination of the energy situation, EMB takes a look at the Canadian economy in general and finds some puzzles. A major one is the seeming paradox of continued high unemployment and a simultaneous high rate of job vacancies. Unemployment in Canada has been running consistently higher than the U.S. rate— about a full percentage point higher. Yet, says EMB, "employers complain persistently of inability to fill vacancies of various kinds.” Some such jobs may be unattractive or in unpopular locations, and some may require skills that are in short supply, but there is still an unexplained gap and the employers' complaints are "widespread,” the report says. The report finds that the slightly slower growth rate estimated for the Canadian economy is highly dependent on performance in the U.S. “Obviously with 70 per cent of its exports and imports in trade wllh the ^ , Canada will be very much feoted by the response of ihe U.S. economy to the oil cri-sis,” it says. Obviously. Unless Canada pursues the main new idea in the report—diversification of exports—and actually capitalizes on the problems faoed in other countries. The Herald's front page article re glue sniffing at Moses Lake is deplorable to say the least. All the social work of several workers for a whole year can go up in smoke over one such blasphemous article concocted in the warped mind of some knot-headed reporter. The Lethbridge Herald is by far the worst enemy the Indians have, by continuous reference to discrimination which does not exist. Like many other residents of Cardston, I have driven many hundreds of miles taking my native friends home, etc. Some feel this is not always appreciated, but my experience has been that I have received many expressions of heartfelt BERRÏ’S WORLD gratitude. Every time I walk along the main street of Cardston I am accored many pleasant smiles and hearty greetings from my native friends. LEO W. SPENCER Cardston Facts please The editorial in the Cardston paper is a little overstated I suppose. But I think this pretty well expresses the opinion of the people of the Cardston district and rightly so. Let’s have the facts, not hearsay. ORRIN FISHER Cardston ® 1974 by NEA . As you can see, the profit picture for oil companies isn’t all THAT bright ..."The Utltbridge Herald '    S04 7th SI. S. L«thbrld9«, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO, LTD. ProprWtúri and Publish«» Sacond Cla«» Man Registration Mo. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor »nd Publiiher DON H. PILLIMG Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Pjg« Editor DONALD fl. OOftAM âerrerai Manager ROBERT M FEMTON Circulation Manager KEMNETH C, BARNETT fiu!uneas Manager"THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH” ;