Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Fridny, January If72 THE LITHMIPOI MIIALB Farm and ranch notes Market key handling By Kit Swihart proverbial battle of the bulge for the farm community continues this to re- lax the straining granary walls for as many as four crop years collection of grain. Several conventions this past month and one of. the most important, the Canadian Federation of Agri- culture convention Feb. 7 to 10, stress the importance of moving grain. The assumption that farmers in Canada can grow the stuff is well kink in the system is marketing and transportation. The most fundamental of the problems is the movement of the grain to the coastal ports. Train is the only feasible method, although costly vacuum pipe lines have been dreamed of. This means the methods used by the two railway companies must be updated or renovated. Introduction of the block shipping system has added at least twice as much grain to the system in five years. As this system improves, the quan- tity of grain will increase. The problem seen by many farmers and farmer organizations seems to be how to cope with mar- ket opportunities which come up on the spur of the moment. The' unit train concept was proven without a doubt as one method which can be used to move large amounts of grain in a short period of time. The hindering part of this is that not enough grain can be loaded into a ship from one train. Now to the practical farm community, this would seem a simple matter to more trains until the right amount of the right type of grain is available for the ship. The fact that grain handling company actually asked for an opportunity to try a unit train in front of a farmer delegation of 475 delegates to a grain convention while the original "unit train com- pany" was in attendance proves the interest is there. Now just do it. The most smoothly evaded question at any of the conventions is by government officials regarding the possibility of terminal construction, either at the coast or inland. Clean grain is the only way to improve the ca- pacity of the present system. Grain cleaned at in- land terminals, graded at inland terminals and grain shipped at one classification is the way to move the most grain. This is being used at Churchill but this port is in operation only 12 weeks a year. It is being used elsewhere too but not ideally. The government officials throw out huge figures with dollar signs in front of them. They cry of the costs of changes. But with a new record of 800. million bushels of grain expected for this crop year with present methods of transportation, the costs of change would be worth it. It takes money to make money. Perhaps the most beneficial thing to happen from huge expenditures, for the grains picture would be the contentment of. the Canadian farm community. It is up to the government to do the right thing. SOT the farm community. It is the backbone of the Canadian economy. Insect free in five sold, the market operator will add the name and address ol the warbled cattle to the form. The completed form will be made available to the regional agricultural service board and to other government agents so follow-up procedures may be taken. Any further action for warble control at the markets must be by individual arrangements between the market operator and the pest control officer or the agricultural service board. The idea behind the program is to trace the infected cattle, said Mr. Perlich. Once the officials know where the infested cattle are, they can proceed to treat them to eradicate the warble fly problem from the 1 The marked cattle in the auc tion ring will likely be discount ed by the buyers, said Mr. Per Uch. It will be to the advantage o the producer to have warble free cattle and that means spraying program in the fal before the sale. It will mear better prices. Gordon Ross, region liveslocl officer for the department a agriculture, said the forms will the information about the in fected cattle will be sent to the areas where cattle will tx shipped after being bought. It will be up to the pest con trol officer and the buyer to make sure the infected cattle are sprayed to control tne war bles if the animal is not spray ed at the point of sale. Mr. Perlich said his company is seriously considering putting in spraying equipment. This would allow the animals to be announced as having warbles but as being Warble By R1C SWIHART SUlf Writer Alberta will be warble free in four or five years if the provincial program effective Feb. 1 is successful, said Joe PerJieh, president of the Alberta Auction Markets Association. Warbles are an Insect which lay eggs under the skin of cattle and horses. When the young emerge they leave holes in the hide, rendering the skins useless for many uses. Mr. Perlich said the infected cattle don't do as well and don't gain as well as animals which are warble free and this is where producers lose money. After Feb. 1, all cattle will X! inspected by at the auction market. If the) are infested with warbles, the1 will be painted with a large yeltow W. When the infected animals are brought into the sale ring the auctioneer will make an an nouncement that the animals for sale have warbles. The program, announced by (lie prnvinc i a 1 department o agriculture, will be in force in all Alberta auction markets but will not apply to terminal yards The regional agricultural service are the policing body behind the program. When the veterinarian finds warbles, he will notify the auctioneer. He fills out a form with the name and address of the seller. After the cattle have FEBRUARY 1, 1972 AT All ALBERTA LIVESTOCK AUCTION MARKETS CATTL SHOWING SIGNS OF WARBLE INFESTATION WILI BE SPECIALLY MARKED AND BE OFFEREE FOR SALE WITH A WARBLE INFESTED YOUR DISTRICT AGRICULTURIST OR AGRICULTURA SERVICE BOARD FIELDMAN FOR INFORMATION REGARDINt TREATMENT FOR 4-H Clu TABEH The regular meeting of the Tabtr 4-H Sugar Beet Club was leld Jan. 3 at Central School Gymnasium with 19 members and one guest present. Debbra Donick opened the meeting. Cindy Badura led the 4-H pledge. A skating party was held Dec. 1 with 14 members The annual banquet and awards night will be held in February. For the evening Mr. Addy gave an interesting talk on public speaking. Debbra Donick thanked Mr. Addy for coming. The next meeting will be held Feb. 7. CLUB REPORTER. Cindy Board VAUXHALL The Vauxhall 4-H Beef Club meeting was held Jan. 8 at p.m. in [he high school. The minutes and treasurer's report were read. The first tour wi] be held Jan. 29 at 1 p.m. Roll call was the name of your calf. Two minute speeches were given by Esther Rempel, Eddy Geers and Shirley Geers. Dec. 29 our club had a skating party at which time we had our Christmas gift exchange. The guest speaker was Gordon Schnell from Taber. His topic was public speaking. CLUB REPORTER. Leslie Johnson. LETHBRIDGE The January meeting of the Leihbridge Foothills 4-H Light-horse Club was held at the Bowman Arts Centre and brougM to order by president Bonnie McEwan. Tie pledge was led by Bod-ney Jorgenson. Roll call waF taken and the minutes were read and approved by secretary Ginny Holmes. Kevin and Carol Tooby gave reports on the curling bonspiel In Nobleford. The public speaking and the marking of record books was explained by Joe Pavan. Impromptu speeches were given to complete the meeting by the members to prepare them for the speaking eliminations in March. Members were also reminded of the attendance rules which stale that they must attend six meetings in order to compete in achievement day. CLUB REPORTER, Carol DEPARTMENT Of MfLvm n Computer aid DR. J. B. BOLE, PLANT NUTRITIONIST Computer analysis has made it possible to summarize 15 years of data from fertilizer test plots distributed throughout the dryland of southern Alberta. The analysis allows us to evaluate fertilizer recommendations made by individuals and by the Alberta Soil and Feed Testing Laboratory in Edmonton. The factors governing response to applied nitrogen and phosphorus are now more clearly understood. It is obvious that, when was severely limited, economic yield responses on cereals were not obtained from nitrogen fertilizers. The yield responses would no1 have paid for the cost of the fertilizer. However, when moisture was adequate, optimum economic responses were obtained at nitrogen levels twice as high as those currently being recommended. Phosphorus response is also moisture-dependent although to a lesser extent than nitrogen. Optimum economic responses were obtained at approximately 28 pounds P205 per acre except when rainfall during the growing season was less RESEARCH STATION s agronomists six inches. Winter wheat yielded economic responses to higher levels of phosphorus and tne response was not as dependent on moisture. An accurate soil phosphorus test was shown to be a useful means to predict the phosphorus fertilizer requirements for cereals. Fertilizer recommendations made by the soil testing laboratory closely approximated those levels shown to give the best return on fertilizer investment. Soil nitrate tests did not allow us to predict the reponsc that could be expected from added nitrogen as effectively as did the phosphate test for phosphorus fertilizers. Although economic responses to nitrogen occurred on most plots, the nitrogen response on these semi-arid soils was governed more by the level of available moisture than by the soil nitrate reserve. Hopefully, meteor ological data will soon allow us to make adjustments to the fertilizer recommendations i n accordance with spring soil moisture reserves and predicted rainfall. If adequate moisture is not present in the soil the application of nitrogen fertilizer may Se delayed until spring rains Bonita The Del Bonita 4-H Sew am Sew Club meeting was nek Dec. 4 with 10 members anc six advisory members present The meeting was opened by Deanne Henry leading the pledge. Helen Newton gave a report on the Annual 4-H Lead ers Conference held in Edmon ton in Novembe.r This was fol lowed by a discussion of group insurance coverage. Barbara Juhasz and Linda Hoyt were nominated to the Ad visory Board. CLUB REPORTER Bridgelle Donovan Cow ley Dec. 10 the Timber Trails Sewing Club held their Christmas meeting in the Cowley Community Hall, with all members exchanging gifts. Reg Newkirk of Pincher Creek was the guest speaker. Mr. New-kirk's talk was on the conduct of a business meeting. After lunch several members left to attend the public speaking workshop in Pincher Creek. CLUB REPORTER Christine Lank Coming agric January 23-28 Banff Fi Course January 24 Bow Island men! Course coimn January 24 Claresholm I meut Course conui January 24-28 Pincher Creel istration) January 25 Brooks Alfalfa meeting January 26 Lethbridge Board Conference January 26 Claresholm P Insemination January 27 Lethbridge Reg birides and Pestici January 27 Lethbridge Soi eral meeting. January 28 Edmonton events inn and Ranch Management t-wk Farm Business Manage-ences Mvk Farm Business Manage-nences Welding School (pre-reg-seed, hay Production costs South Alta. regional service raotical approach to Artificial ional Chemical School on Her-des th Alta. Poultry Council Gen-Hapeseed Assoc. annual mtg Farm Business Management Farm Business Management Western Stock Growers Asso-and Estates meeting nual Sugar Beet Growers As-lications meeting Itural Short Course (tentative) al Welding Clinic Baler and Hay January 31 Oardston 4-wk Course commences January 31 Bassano 4-wfc Course commences 'ebruary 1-3 Edmonton ciation February 2 Brooks Wflls February 2 Lethbridge An soc. mtg February 3 Orion Comma February 2 Vauxhall Agricu February 7-11 Brooks Rut February 3 Picture Butte SALE SAINFOIN SEED A pertnlot or pailura that does not cauM bloat, ilmilar to alfalfa at pir Ib. For morf information sit your district agricultcrist or B. Vci-dervalk, Boi 311, Fort Mot-Icod. Phoni 234-2 1U. Operator savy is vital The operator is the most im portent part of any ventilating system for livestock buildings, according to Gerald Law, the Alberta department of agricul- ture's regional engineer at Cal- gary. Management, he says, can make or break the system. There are many different sys- tems on the market today. They include single speed, two speed, variable speed fans, adjustable inlets, power inlets, negative pressure, p o s i Hve pressure, neutral pressure systems and a variety of heating systems. Keeping the livestock comfor- table is one important function of all these systems. To achieve this, the air temperature must be constant, the humidity rea- sonable, the air flow constant and free of draft. These con- ditions must be maintained dur- ing the winter and summer for maximum livestock efficiency. Fans alone cannot accom- plish this task, Mr. Law ex- plains. Proper inlets, supple- mental heating and a method of cooling all form part of the system plus a well constructed and insulated building. The operator must be able to adjust the system's component parts to obtain the desired en- vironmental conditions and ani- mal comfort. Certain readjust- ments and settings will be nec- essary to adapt to changes in barn and weather conditions. SEMEN EXPORT UP Canadian semen sales to for- eign countries exceeded mil- lion last year, or Uiree times the value of 1969 semen ex- ports. The majority of these sales came from Alberta based ntuds. All models with trade 15 UNITS ONLY! WASHER SPIN DRYERS Regular list on higher models will run as high as 259.95 .95 169 BONAFIDE CLEARANCE TILL THESE 71 AND 72 MODELS ARE GONE! Rinses clothes unbelievably clean Needs no plumbing hook up to faucet Non-clogging power drain pump Automatic safety spin brake stops action when lid is raised Portable... rolls on casters... easy storage Pulsator action gives a cleaner wash faster FAIRFIELD SERVICES LTD, 1244 3rd Ave. South Phone: 327-6684 OPEN THURSDAYS AND FRIDAYS TILL 9 P.M. CLOSED ALL DAY ON MONDAYS!