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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 21, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 20 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID - Thursday, January 21, 1971 'TIGRESS' - Phan Thol, who is fighting sidc-by-sidc with Cambodian army men battling to clear Highway 4 near Sre Khlong, is nicknamed "The Tigress" for her prowess in combat. The tough 20-year-old soldier joined up after her older brother entered the army. Militia changes urged OTTAWA (CP) - An organi zation speaking for Canada's reserve armed forces is seeking to have the reserves more closely integrated with regular troops for internal security purposes. The influential, 25,000-member Conference of Defence Associations also wants the reserves used as a vehicle for a comprehensive, nation-wide youth training program. But it strongly opposes any revival of last summer's federal hostel program in which armories were converted to drop-in centres for transient youth. Among other proposals adopted by the conference at its 34th annual meeting, ended here 34th annual meeting, was one that the government consider forming reserve units to help guard Canadian sovereignty in the North. The four-day meeting was closed to the press. However, an outline of the major adopted resolutions was given in an interview with the conference'; chairman, Brig.-Gen Charbonnau of Mont- retiring Pierre real. The recommendations are being sent to Defence Minister Donald Macdonald. 300 USED IN CRISIS Gen. Charbonneau said about 300 reserves were used in relief of regulars during the final phase of the recent security operation in Quebec, arising from terrorist kidnappings. Though official policy does not preclude use of reserves, the practice has been to depend exclusively on the regular troops to be called out to ak' civil power. Their better train ing and discipline are much _. demand in delicate security operations. Now, the defence associations group is recommending that reserves be integrated with the regulars in the ratio of one to three. The reserves would train with the regulars for times crisis. Current reserve strength about 23,500, down only about 1,000 from a little over a year ago when the defence department announced they were to t trimmed by around 4,000. Tli fact the full reduction hasn been carried out appears due L persistent representations from the conference. TRAINED IN SUMMER The idea of using the reserves as a vehicle for mobilizing Canadian youth in pursuit of national goals is seen as an extension of last summer's program. In it thousands of students were paid to undergo militia training or clear ranges. One suggestion is that young people be organized through the militia to carry out mammoth, anti-pollution projects. of Report suggests increase in seaway use toll charge By KEVIN DOYLE  OTTAWA (CP) - A government-commissioned report recommends a stiff, independent approach by Canada to ease the economic squeeze on the Canadian section of the St. Lawrence seaway. The report, by D. W. Carr and Associates Ltd., recommends among other things a 25-percent toll increase by Canada over the next five years although this could involve breaking a tradition of seaway co-operation with the United States. Present toll arrangements date back to 1959. The recommendation follows a move by the U.S. earlier this month to lift financial pressures ficm the American section of the seaway as a means of eliminating the need for toll increases. The Carr report, tabled in the Commons by Transport Minister Don Jamieson, =ays the U.S. will likely strongly oppose Canadian efforts to raise tolls since Canada now pays a heavy share of seaway costs leaving the Americans in a relatively comfortable position. MAY ACT ALONE Canada could, however, act unilaterally to increase charges in areas under Canadian jurisdiction. Initial reaction to the report from the shipping industry was predictably opposed. Lawson Kaake, vice-president of Upper Lakes Shipping, said in Toronto increased seaway tolls would probably inhibit shipping through the locks, "especially grain and iron ore." In Montreal J. W. McGiffin, president and chief executive of ficer of Canada Steamship Lines, said the suggestion was "shocking news." "This will hurt the whole inland shipping industry," he said. The report also recommended a financial re-structuring of the seaway. This need not require complete write-offs of established capital obligations. It would, however, exempt the seaway from re-payments of capital investment unless revenues became sufficient for this. Only those public capital investments which could be shown to be self-supporting could be assigned for recovery under the proposed re-structuring plan. FORGIVES DEBT The recent American legislation forgives the U.S. seaway authority more than $22 million owed to the government in interest. No further interest will be charged by the U.S. treasury on PHYSICIST DIES SANTA BARBARA, Calif. (AP) - pr. Arnold T. Nordsiek, 60, physicist who invented the electric vacuum gymscope, the heart of a nuclear submarine's automatic guidance s y s t e m, died here after a long illness. He headed the physics department at General Research Corp. the $133.5 million U.S. seaway debt. Interest still is charged on the Canadian debt of about $400 million. Canadian authorities are under added pressure to find additional sources of revenue because of salary demands now being put forward by 1,300 seaway workers in Canada, members of the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway, Transport and General Workers. The report did not deal with this issue. Dispute in Iran to hit motorists By CARL MOLLINS OTTAWA (CP) - A bitter political-commercial argument in far-away Iran is almost certain to raise the cost of driving a car in Canada next summer. In the extreme, the dispute between the countries with the oil underground and the interna-t i o n a I petroleum companies could mean a rationing system that would squeeze household oil furnaces, diesel trucks, trains and thermal power stations in Eastern Canada. Roughly half the petroleum that fuels Canada's cars, trains, furnaces and industries comes from the countries that are involved in the dispute. Because those countries also account for about 90 per cent of world oil trade, the producers of Western Canada are bound to be affected indirectly. Federal authorities in Ottawa are taking a cool attitude towards the argument between the big international oil cartels -including Esso, Shell, Gulf, British Petroleum-and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. SEEK BIGGER PROFIT' The OPEC governments of the Middle East, North Africa, Venezuela and Indonesia are demanding a bigger slice of the profit. A meeting between representatives of the OPEC governments and the international oil companies collapsed last Wednesday in Tehran after 90 minutes. By a directive agreed among the producing countries early in December, they are bound to take simultaneous steps by Feb. 4 to enforce their demand for a bigger share of profits if the companies have not come to heel by that time. Canadian executives of the oil companies have said that, regardless of the outcome, increased taxes by Venezuela alone are certain to mean a one-cent increase in the retail price of gasoline. Privately, the official Ottawa line is that contingency plans exist to cover any extreme action by the producing countries. Canada and the United States would invoke an emergency plan, first used when Middle Eastern supplies were disrupted during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, whereby surplus Western Canadian crude oil is shipped to the west coast of the United States while U.S. production is sent to Eastern Canada. PLAN TO SHARE OIL In addition, an official said, secret contingency plans exist for sharing oil within the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development-the rich countries of Europe, North America and Japan-and among Western military authorities. Further, individual companies with production, refining, and marketing operations throughout the world-the same companies that operate in both Eastern and Western Canada-have rationing programs in case their Arab or Venezuelan supplies are shut down. Post office districts to merge EDMONTON (CP) - Alberta's two separate post office districts will be merged into a single unit, a post office spokesman announced today. The consolidation of the Calgary and Edmonton districts into one district office in Edmonton will start Feb. 1 and should take several months. The spokesman said the step is an administrative change which will not result in a movement of postal facilities or equipment but may affect some personnel, "who will move north." OPENING POSTPONED REGINA (CP) - The opening of the 1971 Saskatchewan Legislature has been postponed to Feb. 16. N/VOLSO/V GOLDEN Get together with the easy-going flavour of Molson Golden. It's the great get-together beer for good company and good times. 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