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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 21, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI: LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, JANUARY 21, 1918 NUMBER 34 THE BIG RED CROSS DRIV STARTS HERE ON TUESDAY ASSEMBLY! ? FIRST 8HIPMENT PLANES ? FROM CANADA ?-- ? ? *> a Hamilton, Ont., Jan. 10-Captain H. E, Roynell, formerly of the Black Watch, who will be one of the squadron commanders at the Beamsville aviation camp, said today that a staff of mechanics ie expected in March to assemble the first shipment of planes. Ho also stated that the first complete aerial gunnery camp will be established at the lake here in connection with tho flying camp. The equipment will consist; of a submarine, fast motor boats and other equipment. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? a ? ? STILL To IN BRITAIN SO Be a Workmen's and Soldiers* Delegates Issue a Decree Explaining Reason for Dissolution NO REAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FACTIONS; QUESTION IS LEADER Petrograd, Jan. 19.-~The constituent assembly has been dissolved by the Bolshevik), it 1b officially announced today. Sailor guards closed the assembly at 4 o'clock this morning. Issue Declaration Petrograd, Jan. 21.-The Bolshevik! government has is8ued a declaration to the peoplo of Petrograd, suyins in part: "Knem'es of the people spread the report that revolutionary workmen and soldiers have fired on a peaceful labor demonstration. This is done for the purpose of sowing trouble in tho ranks of the workers, causing ox-cess and Inciting against revolutionary leaders. "It has been proved that the authors of those rumors fired at sailors, soldiers and workmen who are keeping order in the city. The central executive has .opened a searching inquiry and the culprits will be tried by revolutionary tribunals." Tho proclamation concludes by ad-tlsing the people to ignore the rumors and remain calm, by assuring them that order is being- maintained by Bailors, soldiers and workmen, Congress Issues Decree Petrograd, Jan. 20.-The decree Is-attflU- by^.tba catttral executive commit- c)lift-Ai, wiu �^�. , t, , ��*- * T^ ' K The party's policy for reconstruction after the war will be framed. The proposals to be submitted include a national jyage minimum, democratic control of industry, revolution of national finance and the use of private surplus wealth for the common good. Some of the sub-heads In this program are: Employment for all; organization of the demobilized armies; insurance against unemployment; nationalization of land, railways, mines and electric power, steeply graduated taxation on incomes and wealth. Washington, Jan. 21.-The right of the German emperor to the exclusive making of war or peace has been reaffirmed in the Prussian chamber of lords in the adoption of a reslution presented by Berlin representatives, says a despatch from Berne. As quoted in the despatch the resolution said: "Tho chamber of lords firmly hopes that when peace is concluded the government will see that the rights of the emperor of Germany are safeguarded. These rights are conceded to him by the constitution and peace should be commensurate with the sacrifices which have been made for the political and economic interests of the country." Accompanying the resolution was this commentary: "The president of the United States has asked If the German negotiations at Rrest-Litovsk are in the name of the majority of the rcichstag or in the name of the military party. For our part we affirm that it is the German emperor who In the-terms of the constitution has the exclusive right to make war and peace." Militarist Triumph London, Jan. 21.-The pan-German newspapers of Germany are hailing the removal of the emperor's secretary, Rudolf Von Valentin!, as a triumph for their cause and the disappearance, of the last remnant of the Bethmann-Holhveg system. Herr Von Valentini was one of the best hated men in tho eyes of pan-Germans. His successor, ! Herr Von Berg, former governor of I East Prussia, enjoys the complete con-fidence of the Conservatives. GUARDING BUILDINGS San Juan, Porto Rica, Jan. 20.- Military squads today were placed about the federal building, 'in which arc located virtually all the offices of the United States insular government Guards were also placed on bridges near the city and at other important posts. i. RETAIN RAILWAYS AFTER WAR V ? FOUNto HIGH EXPLOSIVES Youngstown, Oh'o, Jan. 21.-Accidental discovery of a box of high explosive cartridges placed between two ties at a point where the rails interlocked probably prevented the blowing up of an Erie Passenger train near Glrard, five miles west of this city yesterday. JAPS DENY IT Petrograd, Jan. 21.-The Japanese embassy here;': in an official statement, made denial of the reports vthat Jap-anesejforces had been landed at Vlad-j ivostok. "Jap&n Is a sincere friend of Russia," says the1 embassy statement, "and does not enlerta'n the least intention of interfering with the internal affairs of the Russian people. The presence of a Japanese cruiser at Vladivostok has no connection whatever with the present situation in Russia." ? Washington, Jan. 21.-Director General McAdoo told the senate interstate commerce comm.'ttee today he thought the government should retain operation of the railroads for some time after peace comes, and not return them to private ownership until new and comprehensive laws should be enacted to govern them. ? ? a ? ? a GreatyMovement of iroops Reported in Vicinity of Antwerp ANOTHER ATTEMPT TOWARDS CALAIS IS SURE TO COME a a a ? v v a a London, Jan. 1.-British casualties reported in the week ending today were 17,043, divided as follows: Killed or died of wounds, officers 76; men 2,277. Wounded or missing, officers 213; men 14,477. These figures represent a decrease of nearly 8,000 from last week when 24,979 casualties were reported, an unusually high total for this time of the year. Two weeks ago the figures were 18,998, and three weeks ago 9,951. 3 Senate Bill to Create War Govt. of Three Is Not Approved Washington, Jan, 21.-Establishment of a war cabinet of three distinguished citizens of demonstrated executive ability Is provided in the senate military committee's bill as introduced today by Chairman Chamberlain." The war cabinet, the bill provides, thall be appointed .by the president with the consent of the senate and is to have the following jurisdiction authority: Consider, devise and formulate plans In Naval Attack at Entrance Dardanelles, Former German Boats Sunk All Industries Co-operating" Another Cold Wave Handicaps Railways Washington, Jan. 21.-Business activity generally east of the Mississippi river was suspended today for the first of the series of ten heatless Mon- , . days ordered by the fuel adminJstra- and policies, general and special for tion to re]ense coal ror. private con- the effectual conduct and vigorous pro-� secutlon of the existing war and * * * J to procure the execution of same. sumption and trans-Atlantic shipping. At the same time manufacturing plants throughout the east were Idle i IL M. W. RATIFY Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 21.-The United Mine Workers, havinn ratified the Washington wage agreement for bituminous coal miners late on Saturday, will take up the compact by which the snthrac to men received a substantial increase In pay. President Gompera of the American Federation of Labor, is expected hero to address the miners on Tuesday. Toronto, Jan. 21.-Hon. J. D. Reid, minister of railways and canals, stated that Canada's transportation system was greatly hampered as a result of the hplding by American railways of some 22,000 cars belonging to Canadian railways. "We have no shortage of motive power," added the minister Referring to the possibility of: transporting coal from thfi Crows. Nest mines for consumption in Ontario, the minister said that it would be practicable next year. At present it would be impossible owing to the scarcity of cars. To bring cual from the west during the summer was possible and he would adyise such a course. London, Jan. 20.-In a naval attack between Br'tish and Turkish forces at the entrance to the Dardanelles, the Turkish cruiser Midullu, fromerly the German cruiser Bresleau was sunk and the Sultan Yamaz Selim, formerly the German cruiser Goeben, was beached. This announcement was made by the admiralty today. The official statement says: "The Goeben escaped but has been beached, evidently badly damaged, at Nagara Point in the Narrows of the straits. The' Goeben is now being attacked by naval air craft. Our losses rev ported are the Monitor, Raglan and a small monitor, the M 28/' 172 Of Crews Rescued London, Jan. 21.-One hundred and seventy-two members of the crew of the Turkish cruiser Midullu, formerly the German Breslau, were rescued after the action between British and Turkish forces at the entrance to the Dardanelles in which the Midullu was sunk, it was officially announced tonight.- Of the total of 310 men on the British monitor Raglan and the small monitor M-28, lost in the action, there 1 are at present reported 132 survivors, the announcement states. To supervise,, co-ordinate, direct and I for tne fourth successive day in corn-control the functions and activities ofipUance Wuh the administration's five all executive departments, officials and j dav closing order, effective last Friday agencies of the government insofar, as, in the judgment of the war cabinet, it may be necessary or advisable * * * for the efectual conduct and vigorous prosecution of the existing war. To consider and determine upon its own njotion or upon submission to It, subject to review by the president, all differences and questions relating to the conduct and prosecution of the war that may arise between any such departments, officials and ageniecs of the government. President Wilson has served notice to Democratic leaders in the senate that he will use all his influence and power to beat the bill to create a war council. "The president will fight to the finish," was the word brought to the capital today. there had feeling in orders. In-fully, they PEACE IN AUSTRIA x Limit Profit Bran and Shorts Ottawa, Jan. SI.-In order to prevent retail dealers taking advantage of the scarcity of bran and shorts to exact excessive profits over the price fixed by the food controller, the latter has ordered that the retail price of bran and shorts, where cash is paid, must not exceed by more than ten cents per bag the cost f.o.b. track at the dealer's station. In cases where purchasers take delivery d'rect from thenar the profit has been limited to a maximum of five cents per bag. An extra charge may be made where credit is given and the bran and shorts delivered from the dealer's store, but this amount must be only a reasonable charge representing the consideration of such services. When the m'ller sells at the mill in less than carload lots, he is not permitted to add more than five cents per bag of 100 pounds to the price at which he is permitted to soil .under the food controller's order of December 17, 1917. When the purchaser brings bags to bo filled, the miller ^nust not add more than $2.00 per ton to the price at which ho fs permitted :to sell under the order of December 17. In effect the miller must not charge more $ban the fixed � Fort William bulk prices, plus or minus freight to or from Fort William and in addition $2.00^per ton as retail , charges..For example, suppose that at [a point In eastern Canada the'fre.ght from Fort William is $4.20 per ton. rh this case the selling price for bran per ton when the purchaser supplies the baps would he $24.50 plus $4.20, plus $2.00, a total of $30.70. Tho order applies to all millers and dealers in Canada. The food controller has taken measures to reserve for the farmers of the Dominion all by-products of grain elevators that are ava'lable for stock feed and also feed wheat, bran and shorts and all such mill feeds. A*i-1 plications for licenses to export 6,640 tons of bran, shorts and mill feeds have been refused. Indeed the saving has been very much greater because the mills were definitely informed that licenses would not be.issued for the exportation of sucn products. Feed wheat has all been strained In Canada and more than 2,850 tons of screen ngs Wiave also been saved from export. Arrangements have been made which will keep the exportation of oats, barley and other feeds to a minimum ex? cept for shipments overseas by the , allied nations. ' The food controller hns been^n con-atnnt communication w'th the authorities at Washington w'th a view expediting shipments of corn into this country for feeding purposes. Af-rn u gam en t s h aV,e been made for . its enlry as .soon as means of transportation have been provided. Petrograd, Jan. 20.-A. A. Shingar-off, minister of finance in the Keren-sky cabinet, and Prof; F. F. Kokosh-klne, state comptroller, under Keren-sky, were murdered in their beds last night in the Marine hospital. M. Shingaroff and Prof. Kokoshkino were removed recently to the hospital from the fortress of St. Peter and St. Paul, because of illness. A dozen armed men entered the hospital and demanded that they be shown the beds of the former ministers./ Prof. Kokoshine was killed as he slept, two bullets being fired. M. Shingaroff wakened and protested. Six bullets were fired into his body. The assassins then le^t the hospital. James cfiarge South- TAKES NEW JOB h. Kansas City, Mo., Jan. 19. - F. Holden, vice-president, in of traffic for the Kansas City ern Railway, today was appointed supervisor of telephones and traffic for the shipping board, according to a telegram from \jHfishington received at the offices of the road here. The appointment was made by Secretary McAdoo. London, Jan. 21.-The strike ' movement is spreading throughout Austria-Hungary and it is associated with a demand for immediate peace, according to dispatch** received In London from Swiss and Dutch sources. A general strike was declared at Budapest on Friday, when the entire transport . sy&tem came to a standstill while from all parts of the dual empire str'kes and demonstrations are reported. The food situation and the question of peace were the sole subjects of discuss'on at the sitting of the budget committee of the Austrian chamber of deputies on Friday. CLOSE BUILDINGS. Guclph, Ont,, Jan. 21.-The first definite steps to conserve coal here will be taken this week when five public buildings will be closed and several local industries will go on shorter houcs. \ and designed also to save coal and assist materially in relieving the traffic condition. Fuel officials declared been a radical change of the country regarding the dustries were co-operating said, and virtually complete acquiescence was expected of concerns affect-er by the Monday closing program begun today. Handicapped by another cold wave, covering the greater part of the coun-i try east of the Rockies and adding tp the winter's record of the severest weather in recent years, railroads strove to increase the movement of coal to favored classes and straighten the freight tangle. Reports at the office of the fuel administration salA that the supply to householders and steamship interests had been increased, but officials directing the railroads asserted there was little hope for material Improvement in traffic conditions until the weather moderated. Deserted Streets In N. Y. New York, Jan. 21.-Almost deserted streets in the downtown business section and shipping districts gave evidence today that industrial New York generally observed the first of the "heatless Mondays" decreed by the national fuel administration. Skyscraper office buildings virtually untenanted, great department stores closed their doors, hundreds of factories and small business houses were idle. Toronto, Jan. 21-A apecXal cable from Paris to the Mail and Empire flays: "French military critiCB who since early in December have been weighini: the probabilities and discussing the possible points of attack in the expected German offensive have virtually come to an agreement that it i� likely to \>q delivered on on* or t^o sectorj, possible on both. "Their conclusions are based on reports of movements of German forces in Belgium where several nun* dred of fresh Oerman troops have ar> rived, composed principally of the best units withdrawn from the Russian front, Indicates in their opinion that the British line in Flanders will soon be subjected to Intense pressure. It is no secret that the German military chiefs desire particularly, for its polit* ical and diplomatic effect, to recap* ture territory from Field Marsha! Haig's army. The latta^feports state that the movement of troops in the neighborhood of Antwerp is so great that traffic betweeri that city and Brussels is almost at a standstill.  t "The other front, where a German attack is considered most probable, la in the Grand Couronne of Nanc^. | Here', too, there has been a great con* centration of troops between Strass-burg and Metz, where four double tracked railways and numerous automobile roads afford the means of rapid transportation for throwing a heavy force against the Lorraine front, with, the fortress of Metz as the base of' operations. "The repulse of the German crown prince in this sector.In 1914 furnishes an additional reason for an attempt by the Germans to succeed where once they had failed." Two Divisions Moved London, Jan. 21.-(Via Reuter*s Ottawa Agency).-Routers learns from statement's of Hun deserters regarding the movements of German troops from the east to tho west front thatjt whs clear that both the 31et and 42nd divisions of the German army were transferred from the east front after the armistice had been signed between the Bolshevikl and the Germans. i POPE AS.PROTECTOR OF HOLY SHRINES England To Name Him Protec tor Palestine-Irish Catholic Regt. as Guards St. Cloud. Minn.* Jan. 21.-President Wilson's war .aims message was endorsed at a monster meeting of German Catholics yesterday in response to a call from Bishop Joseph Busch of St. Cloud diocese. For more than an hour the bishop extolled the high ideals and great moral force of the president's message. At the conclusion of the bishop's address, a resolution supporting the president was adopted by a rising vote. Boson, Mass., Jan. 21.-"England will declare Pope Benedict protector of Holy Shrines of Palestine," said Monsignor Arthur Stapylton Barnes, Catholic rector of Oxford University, and a British army chaplain, in an address it the Academy of Notre Dame yesterday. "The British government," he continued, "has selected the men of an Irish Catholic regiment as guards outside the places sanctified by the life and death of Christ, and. every sacred spot is in charge of the Franciscans." DEP.-SPEAKER MAY WEATHER High ..... Low ..... Forecast 27 11 Fair and mild. The Red Cross-Our Duty Hitherto the women, have done nearly all the work In connection with tho Red Cross Society. Now that the Patriotic Fund la being taken care of by the Government and the. work has increased so enormously it is the duty of the men to do a share. The men can lighten the burden by contributing nloney liberally. Have you done your share and are you anxious to do it? You -will have an opportunity to contribute as the big spring drive of the Red Cross is on Give as much as you can-not as little as you can. Do not think because you planted one package of seeds that you have waved the Allies from' starvation nor that you have done your whole duty to the Red Cross society by taking out a membership card. The need is groat and increasing every day. /The men can and should pay and remember that "he gives twice who gives quickly." Lethbridge needs $30,000.00 this year for Red Cross work. Figure out your share. x . � Ottawa, Jan. 21.-The probability of a deputy speaker of the house of commons having to be selected from the French opposition members is suggested by the Morning Journal-Press. fc J. G. Turriff, M.P., has been mentioned tar the post, but it has bpen diacov-, ered that the law states that when the speaker is English, the deputy speaker must be a French-Canadian. Dr. Chabot, of^ Ottawa, is the only purely French Canadian member supporting the government and it is understood he has no ambition to he-come deputy speaker. LAUNCH NEW FREIGHTER Vancouver, Jan. 19. - The steal freight steamer Alaska, built at. th� Coughlan yards here, was launched successfully at 10:15 o'clock this morning in the presence of a large crowd. r f ;