Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 20, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
8 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, January 20, 1975 Wetlands and pheasants By DENNIS McDONALD and LOUISE McARTHUR 24 of 45 parts Who says pheasants are afraid to get their feet wet? Sloughs, potholes and marshy areas in southern are almost as vital to pheasants as they are to waterfowl. Wetland margins support cool season grasses which are heavily used for pheasant nesting and brood rearing. In some regions, over 65 percent of annual pheasant production occurs around wetland sites. Often the only substantial acreages of nesting cover remaining after mowing of haylands, burning of road and railroad right of ways, ploughing of croplands and grazing of pasturelands, is that around sloughs and marshes. Because these areas remain' undisturbed during the nesting period, hatching success is usually much greater than on other sites. Conditions in wetland cover favor greater survival of pheasant chicks as well. Insects are abundant in the undisturbed natural vegeta- tion around wetlands for these areas are generally not sprayed with insecticides dur- ing the spring. As outlined earlier in this series, pheasant chicks require large quan- tities of insects during their first five weeks of life. Their diet is almost totally restricted to insects at this time. Commonly, adjacent croplands s.upport fewer insects due to 'their lack of well developed vegetative cover in early summer. In ad- dition, many insects in such areas may have been Ask About The NEW INVISIBLE Multicocal Lens (MULTILUX) destroyed by pesticide applications. Thick growths of cattails oc- cur around many sloughs and marshes in southern Alberta. These dense stands of shoulder-high vegetation af- ford excellent shelter from winter storms even during the severest blizzards. Though heavy snowfalls may force many of the cat- tails to collapse under their weight, enough space remains beneath the cattails to protect the birds. Occasionally, however, the snow cover may freeze and form a solid blanket under which some birds may be trapped. The attractiveness of cattail beds as pheasant wintering cover is well known to most farmers and upland bird hunters. It is not uncommon to flush several hundred birds from such areas after a severe winter storm. A striking example of the critical value of wetland areas for maintaining pheasant pop- ulations throughout a large area is provided by the Eight .Mile Lake area near Lethbridge. The cattail beds around this waterbody constitute the only wintering cover for pheasants within a 30 square mile area. If these cattail beds are destroyed by cattle grazing, burning or drainage of this marsh, the surrounding region may no longer support more than a remnant population of pheasants. Some portions of the cattail beds have already been destroyed by livestock trampling. Drainage work completed on the marsh outlet in 1974 threatens additional large acreages of vital winter- ing cover unless water levels are maintained by installing a control structure in the drainage outlet. Similarly, the critical value of wetland areas for pheasant nesting and production was evident last year when breeding populations were at an all time low in the 'Lethbridge region. A crowing count transect was conducted through an area north of Coaldale and east, past C.P.R. Reservoir. The only concentration of nesting pheasants encountered along the entire 20 mile survey route was found in the cover around the reservoir site. Fortunately, many Alber- tans appear to that wetland areas are essen- tial to man's welfare for many more reasons than their capability to support pheasants and other forms of wildlife. Hopefully, this un- derstanding will persist in the future so that efforts to drain our precious wetlands will be discouraged. Wetland preservation is an important first step toward ensuring the maintenance of adequate pheasant pop- ulations in southern Alberta. Next: Pheasant Manage- ment Hovy Wildlife Biologists Determine Survival and Production of Pheasants Bridge results Ladies' Wednesday D.B.C. January 8 1. P. McLean. E. Manders; 2. G. Redfern, M. Barrow; 3. M. Green, G Balfour. Wednesday D.B.C. January 8 N.S. l. W. L. Waters, M. J. Grant; 2. I. Johnson; I. Shaw; 3. and 4. tie B. Nilssoa. P. McLean with I. Qnon, B. Loewen. E. W. 1. B. C. Evans. Mr. Barrow; 2. D. E. Michaelis, W. Zumstein; 3, M. Harris, N. McDonald. Thursday D.B.C. January 9 Membership Game N.S. 1. M. R. Mrazek, W. L. Waters; 2. C. Roberts. G. Roberts; 3. Mr. and Mrs. Del Lowenherg. E.W. 1. M. E. Barrow, P. McLean; 2. B. Daniel, R. Wobick; 3. J. E. Anderson, R. Miron. Overall Winners; M. R. Mrazek and W. L. Waters. Friday U.B.C. January 10 N.S. 1. W. L. Waters, M. Barrow; 2. L. Smith, M. J. Grant; 3. B. Stilt, E. Goodman. E.W. 1. R. Spackman, C. Sudeikat; 2. P. Madany, R. Wobick; 3. M. Wobick B. Domeier. Novice Game Half Tie Mr. and Mrs. B. Kwiczak with A. Scott and K. Strome. ISLAND DELICACY Seal flipper pie is a New- foundland delicacy. DARWIN CYCLONE ETCHES DEEP ON SURVIVOR'S MIND By IAN STEWART New York Times Service SYDNEY, Australia Theo Ginis, a Greek im- migrant with a wife and two children, does not know whether he will go back to Darwin, where he worked as a laborer on a construction site before most of the fcity was destroyed by a cyclone on Christmas Day. He worries about his daughter Katherine, aged two and a half, who spent six hours in a bathtub shielded by her father while their house disintegrated around them. Katherine remembers the cyclone when she is sleep- ing and cries out, "no more in the he said in an interview at the government hostel where he is staying. Ginis is afraid that returning to Darwin might upset her. Two weeks after the disaster, social workers and psychologists have expressed concern about the hidden, long term psychological effects of the cyclone on Darwin residents, especially children who witness- ed violent death and awesome destruction. Children exposed to horrifying incidents include a teenage girl who saw three men sliced in half by a fly- ing sheet of corrugated metal. Some Darwin residents are now scattered throughout Australia as a result of an airlift organized by the government with the help of the armed services and commercial airlines; the airlift reduced Darwin's population of to a level that could be handled by the administration under emergency conditions. Women and children were given first priority in the evacuation program, and separation of wives and husbands has aggravated the emotional tensions. The tensions have surfaced in public bickering between Darwin residents and federal officials over how aid money should be spent, how the city should be rebuilt and how soon women and children should be permitted to return to the city. Norman Kelk, a social wprker in the pediatric department of the Prince of Wales Hospital, said that depression, sorrow and anger were almost inevitable concomitants of a niajor disaster and that people should be allowed to express their emotions. Faith Macask'ill, supervisor of the Darwin Evacuee information service, which was organized by the coun- cil of social service of New South Wales, said that she and fellow social workers feared that many people would not get the "kind of help that allows a person to talk through their feelings all the way." She said that an evacuee told one of the social workers: "It's dreadful having to keep on asking for help." Miss Macaskill stated: "These are independent people who have managed for themselves and now find they have to accept handouts." While psychologists and social workers expect an increase in psychological problems among Darwin residents, government officials are finding that the practical problems of Australia's new displaced per- sons are growing. New cabinet shuffle likely in late spring Ibur leisure yeats madeeasier, Brst Canadian Retirement Savings Plan first Canadian Retirement Savings Plan helps you plan for your leisure years. Retirement can be the time of your life. But you have to plan for it now, while your earning power probably your high. You can start by reading about First Canadian Retirement Savings Plan, and how it can" make your leisure years, as well as your saving years, much, much easier. 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Ask your bank manager to help you work out a regular payment schedule and automatically transfer funds from your bank account to your R.R.S.P., as per your instructions. The best time to start is right now. Now is the time to afrange your saving program for the future with First Canadian Retirement' Savings Plans. f) For an independent analysis of types of l .plans, what to look for, costs, etc., ask for R.R.S.P. specialist, R. booklet, "Registered Retirement Savings J Complete information and applications at branches you sec this sign. By STEWART MacLEOD i OTTAWA (CP) The current session of I Parliament, which resumes Wednesday, is unlikely to end without another cabinet shuffle, but no one is predicting changes until late spring or early summer. When Prime Minister Trudeau made his last shuffle in August, and dumped three ministers in the process, he indicated there would be further changes in the future. Officials in his office say the prime minister is "probably mulling it over in his mind" but that no announcements appear imminent. No one, with the exception of Mr. Trudeau, knows how extensive the.shuffle will be, when it comes, but most observers are predicting that the key portfolios of justice and transport will be involved. Justice Minister Otto Lang, under heavy fire recently for allegedly imposing his own personal views on the delicate abortion issue, is known to be interested in the transport portfolio while the present transport minister, Jean Marchand, is believed ready to assume a lighter work load: Mr. Marchand, transport minister since November, 1972, is also the party's effec- tive Quebec leader, and has borne a heavy load over the last few'years. Amid persis- tent reports of nagging health problems, it is believed he would prefer a lighter port- folio than the huge, unwieldy, transport department. WANTS CHALLENGE On the other hand, Mr. Lang, a dogged worker, would like the administrative challenge involved. With tran- sportation a key issue in the West, the Saskatoon minister, who would retain responsibili- ty for the Canadian Wheat Board, sees the transport portfolio as a major economic portfolio so far as the West is concerned. If Mr. Lang leaves justice, there are several lawyer- ministers who could replace him, including Health Minister Marc Lalonde, who entered the cabinet with his present portfolio in 1972. He has been credited with a top- notch administrative job in his huge department. And justice ranks much higher than health in the political pecking order. The prime minister is un- likely to touch the external af- fairs portfolio, since the pre- sent minister, Allan MacEachen, assumed his job only five months ago. And without an opening in the prestigious External port- folio, there is no room to pro- mote Finance Minister John Turner, who has already been justice minister. But an interesting rumor has recently cropped up that Mr. Turner may be offered the job as chairman of the World Bank when Robert S. McNamara retires. Last year, in Washington, he was ap- pointed chairman of an impor- tant committee of the Inter- national Monetary Fund. DECISION HARD If the offer were made, it could present a difficult deci- sion for the 44-year-old finance minister who, in the opinion of almost everyone, remains the most obvious successor to Mr. Trudeau. However, with Mr. Trudeau now talking about fighting an- other election, there may not be any job opening in the East Block for some time. Another interesting piece of speculation making the rounds is that Mr. Trudeau may invite Herb Gray, whom he unceremoniously dropped from the ministry last August, to rejoin his former colleagues. As an outspoken private MP, Mr. Gray has made a strong impression since he left the consumer affairs port- folio. But this is not the only i thing the speculators have in mind. It is being argued that the return of a demoted minister would make it easier for the prime minister to shuf- fle other ministers in and out of cabinet without the demo- tions being regarded as per- manent. Mr. Trudeau has always spoken in favor of more fre- quent rotations, both among cabinet ministers and parlia- mentary secretaries. Firemen dispute malingering charge VANCOUVER (CP) The Vancouver Firefighters' Union has denied Chief Ar- mand Konig's claim that city firemen are "goofing off" but a survey of departments across Canada indicated that absenteeism here is high by comparison. Figures presented by Mr. Konig to city council's finance committee show that each Vancouver fireman, on average, missed 11.3 shifts last year because of sickness, injury, compassionate leave and jury duty. In a survey taken Friday, the 'Calgary fire department .reported that the average fireman there missed "no more than three" shifts dur- ing 1974 for those reasons. Regina's fire chief said absentee records are kept in a manner different from Van- couver's, but added: "I can say for sure that our men mis- sed a lot less than 11 days apiece last year." A spokesman for Toronto's fire department calculated missed shifts by percentages and reported that the Van- couver rate is about 30 per cent higher than Toronto's. The Ottawa fire chief said the average firefighter there missed about five shifts dur- ing 1974. "As far as I'm concerned, we have no present problem with malingering or short he said. A Montreal fire official said statistics for 1974 have not been completed. "Each shift currently is reporting from one to 1'A per cent absenteeism I'm sure that the Vancouver record is con- siderably worse than Winnipeg's fire chief es- timated that missed shifts are running at about five per cent which, on the basis of about 210 shifts per man per year, would make Winnipeg's record only slightly better than Vancouver's. Soccer scores Nuclear shelter 'a joke' TORONTO (CP) The state of .Canadian preparedness against nuclear attack is "nothing but a bloody says the head of the Emergency Measures Organization in Ontario. Director N. W. Timmerman said in an interview that the basic foundation should be public shelters "yet in Canada we don't have a single one either marked or stocked." "The guy on the street pays his taxes and assumes that somebody up there is doing something to protect him in case of he said. But Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the federal gov- ernment have swept the whole issue under the carpet. "They simply refuse to grasp the bullet and. bite it. The reason is obvious. Any talk of nuclear war upsets people. It doesn't get any votes. "Meanwhile, if a nuclear strike is launched on North America, the guy on the street is left to look after himself. It's one of the saddest things to me. It's nothing but a bloody joke." EMO organizations are set up in provinces and municipalities under federal auspices, but Mr. Timmerman said no single group can mark or stock a public shelter of its own volation. "We must wait for the federal government to set an official policy on shelters. Un- til then, we can't do a damn thing." LONDON (CP) Results of soccer games played Saturday in Britain: ENGLISH LEAGUE Division! Birmingham 0 Everton 3 Burnley 1 Luton 0 Carlisle 2 Ipswich 1 Chelsea 0 Leeds 2 Leicester 1 Stoke 1 Liverpool 2 Coventry 1 Man City 5 Newcastle 1 Middlesbrough 0 Arsenal 0 Tottenham 1 Sheffield U 3 West Ham 2 Queen's PR 2 Wolverhampton 0 Derby 1 Division I! Blackpool 1 Fulham 0 Boiton 5 Bristol R 1 Bristol C 2 Hull 0 Mlllwall 3 Notts C 0 Norwich 2 York 3 Notts F 2 Orient 2 Oldham 0 West Brom 0 Oxford 1 Aston 2 Sheffield W 0 Portsmouth 2 Southampton vs Cardiff, ppd. Sunderland 0 Man United 0 Division III Aldershot I Bournemouth 2 Brighton vs Halifax, ppd. Colchester 3 Swindon 0 Grimsby 0 Southend 0 Hereford 2 Tranmere 0 Huddersfield 0 Preston 1 Plymouth 3 Chesterfield 0 Port Vale 1 Peterborough 3 Walsall 3 Bury 0 Wrexham 0 Gillingham 1 Division IV Barnsley 1 Shrewsbury 0 Bradford I Darlington 1 Brentford.2 Workington 2 Crewe 3 Northampton 1 Doncaster 1 Reading 1 Exeter 2 Rochdale 1 Mansfield 3 Torquay 0 Rotherham 0 Cambridge 0 Swansea 1 Scunthorpe 0 SCOTTISH LEAGUE Division I Ayr I Celtic 5 Hearts 3 Partick 1 St. Johnstone 2 Hibernian 2 Airdrieonians vs Aberdeen, ppd. Clyde vs Morton, ppd. Dumbarton vs Arbroath. ppd. Dundee vs Motherwell, ppd. Dunfermiine vs Dundee U, ppd. Rangers vs. Kilmarnock. ppti. Division II Brechin 0 Falkirk 3 East Stirling 1 East Fife 0 Forfar 0 Clydebank 2 Meadowbank 1 Cowdenbeath 6 Queen of 0 St. Mirren 1 Ralth 2 Berwick 0 Stirling 1 Montrose 4 Hamilton vs Ailoa, ppd. Queen's Pk vs Stranraer, ppd. Stenhousemuir vs Albion, ppd. IRISH LEAGUE Ballymena 1 Linfield 1 Coleraine 2 Ards 0 Crusaders 4 Bangor 2 Glenavon 3 Cliftonviile 2 Gientoran 5 Distillery 1 Portadown vs Lame. ppd. YAMAHA ORGANS New and Used COLLEGE MALL Phone 328-3694 HOW DO I BUILD A RUMPUS ROOM? Get the answer by attending Southern Alberta Co-Op's RUMPUS ROOM CLINIC The Clinic will beheld WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 22nd at p.m. in the BASEMENT COALDALE SPORTSPLEX SERVING SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOR OVER 50 YEARS!