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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 20, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta -Saturday, January 20, 1973 THI ICTHMIDG! HERALD 3 Book Reviews Columbus guided by Norsemen's maps: The Voice Of One "Viking America: The Norse Crossings and Their Legacy" by James Robert Emrriine (Doublertay, S7.D5, 217 Two theses ''contrary to es- tablished doctrine" concemir.g Norsemen in North America are presented in this book: thai Leif Eiriksson's suc- cessors in GreenJar.d eventually vacated that Isiid ard spread throughout North America, as ftr "as Alaska. meanwhile sending to Europe geographical ir-formation that sparked Col- umbus's voyage. Second, that Leif Eiriksson's North Ameri- can 'Vinland1 of A.D. 1000 was rot a land of grapes on the temperate eastern seaboard but a lar.d of pastures in nearly arciic Canada.'' That there is an "established doctrine" about the Norsemen surprises me: I had an impres- s'.on that beliefs about the Norsemen were in a state of fins. Since Helge Ings'.ad prov- ed archaeologically that there had been a "Norse settlement ei L'Anse au Meadov.-s on the ncithern tip of Nem'oundinnd about lOdO A.D. and argued cuiivir.cingly that Vinland nv-'ant no: "vine- land" it has been nearly im- possible to to notions of Vmlar.d being ider.lu'ied rnore southerly regions. There seems to be 2 tendency r.ow to concentrate the for Vin- land in Newfoundland snd north. Perhaps it is Li his belief that "spread throughout North A-merca" that Enlerlinc depart from cioe- irt-e." This U r.o'. a new idea, of course. Aamirai Samuel Eliot Morison in his bosk. The Euro- pean Discovery of America, commented caustically that "liisre will always be people v.-ho btLevc that the Vikings lumped all over North Ameri- ca, shedding implemen'.s. bat- and runic inscrip- tions" The willingness of Enter- to give credence to some of the controversial Norse finds in the Great Lakes area makes Ivm miserable to the criticism thtt he is grasping at straws to support his position. His couple of pages on the finds are when compared to the The power grid material assembled by Mori- son The greal weakness of Enter- 1'ne's book, even in those parts which seem plausible, is the lack of real evidence. Another of supportive evidence Is comirg apparently, but it fliay not be loo convincing ir. view of the author's repeated admission thai archaeological confirmation is lacking for most of his proposals. For instance, K is possible thai Enterline is right in contending that Vin- lard is on the west shore of ngsva Bay nonhem Que- bec. But he has no archaeolog- ical evidence to support that claim and fells back on a subjective explanation thai Lab- rador canr.o: be considered sir-ce iii the sagas tbere is a reference to sense trees being ti? enough for house-building v.-hlch suggest in him that they were a condition no: applicab'e to Labrador. Trai's not very substantial evi- dence in niy books. plaosibie me argument is aboui maps draivn by Norse- merj sparkLng the interest of Columbus witi have to be as- sessed by the experts. In an IC-page epilogue Thor Heyer- d 3hl support? t he thesis con- tending thst it is quite wrong to Columbus accdent- aUy fo'jnd On the con- Iran, he says. Columbus from tbe maps in the keeping cf the church that there be land about where he discov- ered it. This is net z shar- ed by Morison sr.d I en hardly vyt for his projected study of the so-Jihem voyages of the European explorers to see if he has anything more to say about it foUoTTing this book's ar- gument. Woatever msy be the final assessmeG" of Enterlice's book rr.aies a useful coritribution by forcing a cossideration of s. different of maps ard DOUG W.4LKEB Seventy-seven dead for the cost of a wireless "Death on Ihe Ice" by Cas- sie Brewn. (DOubleday, :H paces. SS New-foEdiard carried a cargo as she sailed pDrt a; St. New- lo-undiarxi Ln April of 1914. In her hold, stacked three deep, were th? frozen bodies cf f? of crex she left eight men lost forever it ihe Atlan- tic of NerioiEdiaad and C'e-1 .r ir; the trar.c :o.I to T7. Tr.e story of this grlppr.: and triple possibly be written ar.y better thar Cas- sorrow- filled account. I; is an ex- spetl-hinoling v-ork of Luc highes: maeniajde. deaiced for the top of the charts. Literwoven in the are stories of courage, greed, fu- tility and tragedy. The Newfoundland's numbered 1S4 when she fe; in early March on the seal hunt. Sealers would risk their lives, kiilins and skirjung 5.00M.OOO seals a day for an average of K9 a E; best the record was FNS a sc.i- soTi TheT wa; core on the ,Vr-ctic ice ard cerh was always jus a rii-stcp away. Suncrbly illustrated photographs, the book shows the bleakness o[ the ice flows and the ill-equipped men who had to face their rigors. The photos acd to the grira reality of the The author brbgs o'jt the poor accommodatioTiS arci the- terrible food the nien h.vi ta put un net just on lite but on ail the fiajng sMit. r-Lher boasted ere the Newfoundland c'loti't hcve a -.vii-eiess. Had lite ship Ken equipped with a wlre'css the trafedy not h'.ve haripered 11'1-? had tr the rh'.p it wasn't paying for Th? s'-ake up even th? as ore of f .trers ?.r.d soris freezing to in each others dyir.g kneeling in men like Jessie Col- lies who w-as responsible for of his comrades; and of Art Moulaad who knew he would live despite the odds, to see his sweet-hear, again tia rnen were di-ins on the ice. lost in a blizzard only a short distance froin their ship. another tragedy was tak- ing place. The Southern Cross, racing to be the first home from the grounds ar.d loaded lo t'-e hilt with the skins ci the dead baby seals, ran the fame storm that had trapped the men on the ice. The South- em Cross and her 173 men were never heard of again, Cassie Brown points out close 10 a dozen circumstances, had anv one of which been carried out would saved tbe New. fcundland's crew. She brings the greed and lust for power and position of one of the prin- cipals into sharp and critical forus she rovers all the angles, letting tre blame fall where it must. In recording ihs. one of Can- ada's most hor-endous traged- ies. Brown has moved among ihe best in Canadian lit- erature. Her rook will last a lone, long time. (It is to note that Don Tizrerd. a Herald Lns employee and rerert- iy from Nev-'curdiand. is quite certain that the b-j'sum on the Nox-foirndlard and or.e of the Tiriard. was his grandfather'. Jack Robinson's 'failure' to break barriers. "I Never Had II Made" hy Jackie Robinson as told lo Alfred Duckeli (G. P. Put- nam's Sons. 5905, 2S7 paces, disirihuted by Longman Can- ada Desptte all the rewards and to Jac'-ro Rc-b- is rhi not that he har. it became to the e-d of his life he remained a black man in a white man's world And looking beyond himself he knew he dicVi't have it maiie because SD many of hi> black brothers and sisters suffer de- privation and rejection merely because of their color. A fierce fire burned within Jacl-r.e Robinson lo break ucv-n the black barrier. It tx rim irt.i lot> o: trouble ar.d lost him rtir.y frijrds but he refused to deny the comp'ision to set hs people free. How ssd it is to -c-d his autobiography and find that he felt he hnd failed and that it is a correct there was success o: sorts, cf KohiiiMTi it. Ke was the Luring Americans to Canada "Onk Farmers Need Ap- ply by Harold Tropppr 'Gril- fin House. IISECS. o: ;2i_ o: lo er- c." i in sone "lure" v- a farmers 10 Western Car sria ih-? per.od ifM M 191: T-e of ihe in- to cncxirsce :o to Canada ar.d assisMnce they S father a if House ir, lo have been ll-.e lear-lin; V.Ehi, Liberal riir.isior o: ihe interior, in form- policy en iraiTup'aLion ?rivi only frrrner? cot ir.to Canada. "No :ioev1 en .ipp'.y" was ofiu-ial5 nflen ruv.i'revi Ihci" 'hroucli f rii v illi cnvernment and their n'crpreta- t r: t'-c l.i w.v oflcn color- c .T pajiicular officer's pol- er his personal at- 'o or for ap- TT of agenls ,-ir.i in I'.R. i-'.itr., is rxplanied as is llif-ir subsequent worih EJIQ Lhe du licity such 35 Abo the wars behind ihe scen povernmer.t. nr railway acejiLs, each vi' the other to gc: to their land Tfie difficuily for farmers to ITIOM? their land ofier. rr.onca ed to a flood. The V.S rail coir.p.ir.'e- a in ihe pereral by enco'.irarii'.g blaci in Oklahoma for inMancc. sell their r.nd miprr.te Canada, therebv A r.i-S-r v.ro do- KREUSTKK or? >vho made it lor black men to play professional bsseba'.l by breaidna in Viith the Brookhn Dodgers in 1947. ao duly recognized by h.r.'mr him thro'.v our a baseball to -pen the World Series 25 years But that was o-'.y a black men a still barred from managerial and front of- fice p-vllions in baseball Eitremess over the way his cour.try has persisted in prac- using racism Jackie Robinson to abate his once pas- sionate naiionalistic spirit, in !P4? he accepter] an invitation appear before the Aclinties 10 hini.-e'j iron1, the msde by sir.zer r.erroos rot fighi for the U tl-e U S.S.K. ir, a war. In he opposed Dr. Martin Luther King's war posi- But in he !-ad chanc- iv lii> mind abo'.ii country uToU'. "There a time when I dee-ply believed in Am- erica. I have become bit-erjy dis- "I canno; and sing the I sal- ute" the flag." Tne which a black man r.iusi maxe to break out of his witr, mrre restrsin: than T had expecte-c. Ii has been much more moMr.siy pictured in an- o'Jier autobiography. Road Without Turning "by the Rev. JEJEes H. The tvell known founder of Opera- tion Crossroads Africa and lonc- tiiiie minister of The Church of Ihe Master ir Harier.i. by coin- tiie-n year. Cruelty picture overdrawn "Like the Lion's Tooili" liv Krlld.cp 11'arrnr. Strnus and Giroux. disirihiil- rrf in anada hy 147 paprs. Marjone Kellogg FOOIV.S to in sboui on in the minds of neg- lected and unloved children. Without iisinp A lot of excess wordage she soon has fipur.imc tears n! sympaU'.y and indipin- Uon flowuiq from Uir of Po rld per eji. The ovfi-d; a In her b 'Os, .IUHT i1 off very ihc 1. ion's 'lo.Mh Ihrre is wme- ilccsn'f quite ruig atluU ptS rates on the1 chil- seems .1 ard ore feels at rej-e-'.il-iul nbout S'jll. Ijke a Uon s Tooih is worth ro.ifiinn Tlicie a sivcinl for lieji tbe ol.1 lievr pud for lus aulisUe brolJier Philip fnr wliom IV1! plays the role of faLlior. A'ld the sensilJve rtvider vvill for- iwet for even- person liip richl to childhood uniil ho is ready for 'Jie 10 anJ privileges of of senlimc.nMliiy. Jackie1 had :o endure. niithi .-._so bocii- to coin- preliend how much vorse it be f.r ihe black wl.o do no: ee'.ebnues. Rouchly the the story o: Robinsen from his ly until he retired from The pan cea'.s ir. sfparate iiiuts spools of Iv.s life afler came; husines ;he Governor Nelson Kockore'.lcr. ihe rejeotion oi Ilioiu-i: d Nixi-r i.no e of Mart Lr.il-rr Kir.c Iv.s and irapc rieaili A people ottn'r-. smarl undoi the i .indnr u'-ir1! (Jipy arr t.renleil I: i? Mint .isekip Robin.-oTi his Ivok be- fore his rieaih las: it' a' !u> hie vit.h r. American life. No such messiah is in sisht. ERIC N COL Out of order Krakatcs in Johnstown m 1539. Ana now in 1973 disaster has struck again, a heavy ramlaJl that caused storm sewers b our ncehlxrhcod to overflow end s telephone CGbie. pufucg phones out of service for 24 hourE. The entire exchange n'a; struck mute. Kcrw does one put irlo words the dimen- sions of such a catastrophe, for a household that includes two teenage daughters' Even before the news n-as en the raio. my daughters kne-.v that ne were cut off from tivil'zjtion. Had they no! sounded the alarm, our phone could have been dead for days wiihout my being any the w-iser. St-cner or Uuer I migb: wcoder why I hadn't been called to the phone to answer the question of wheSier we wanted our crumneys cleaned. But by then a de- Rineer moni? v-puld set in. Instead. I walked into the kitchen, where fe phone lives, and the white shocked fsces o: my female children told me at once ihst vie had a dear one. Tuey moved away from the body, so strangely silent on the sideboard. I could see that the situation was grave: the receiver was crad'ed on its back. It looked awiul. To the cluster of the phone's ne.tt of kin I said- "I krww that at E moment such as tha. charged as it is with personal grief, you may find it difficult to accept condolence from a stranger. Perhaps if I introduce rayse'J I am your father." I could tell by the hostile gleam in their eyes ths; they believed me to be taking sc-varitage of 2 situation, attempting to Domm-iEiicsie with them while they were temporarily deprived of the voice? they trust. "Shut up." one of them summarized. Slipping away from rce. 1 saw, w-as a rare oppomniry for lErnily uriiry la urns of crisis. I tried to empathize more expli- citly. 'Thif hoitse is a I said, "that for some reason has sulled OD back side of ihe moon, (xnmaimicatioa blacko-jt iritb Earth. No sound, only ths eerie silence of tbe cosmos. do we A drawer opened, the drawer. I continued "At such times people often find comfort in singing together. 'Abide With Me' is the usual choice Ducking the steak kniie that had some- how broken loose in the module. I re'Jred from the kitchen to my den. When the family rsthf-ed fc- din- ner at the kitchen t-.b.e. Lie phone was B'Jl in extremis. AH I had to pass during the meal wse the vet and butter. It was sirange. to eat my beans without having to pull out tbe phone cord, not to listen to a conversation of which one half, tiwJEh plainly hilarious, --as to me iraud- I; occurred So me that the reason why XorJi Americans have developed the habit of shifting the fork to the right hand to eat is to free the left hand m hold the phone. The custom was probably stoned by Alexander Graham Beli's teeaaee daugh- ter. After our sombre repast and during the erenmg 1 heard feet running on the roads outside, bearing couriers messages to srear-hen young women's faith in resump- tion of the audio of their lives. A; las; pur phoze rang. Eager haadE swept it alofi. Tae ho-jse once again re- so'jnded with life and Isusrhter of the young. Only their parents were out of order. Transition equals change By Louis Burke PALMA. Such a for- iike r. applies to 2; coc> U1 Maybe more so ir. because the must be erea: the ;lrre isc-ior is shorL Tiiai cOiT.bir.aum. dioJice acids u? 10 prc- iricuCTi or I'.e.ii. Spea-kirc "o Spaniards, who speak Eng- lish, the revorjiion far from th.ir ir. Ire'.anc. it continues 10 i-n'.oljer m fiass ft.rucii'.e bvvr. midd'p and RerrenaWy. the 'iwer ir'iasse? lake p'.ice the cake Tins can :v u: the they to aooep-: eve- ihousb centra: covom- nier.; 10 bridge the Or.e >uci: otteivipt viovvi oa tlie of I: VMS an eicht roomed tuo storey modem sminurc ir-iendod lo ser- Mce a frri.iV. are.i tiwe'.i- iiies rerlfllnly lliry n1'.; no! "Ine" ful anri ficini" So i? unc'oiilxvdly quilp n relative term, but eoaid easily M ish Mler runn_c -i MMI lo Inea a lo-n nf 20 JO from r.ilma 1 r.inic .irross ,T ur.iqur fohool for primary it wa5 -ike a limpid, 10 ihe haok tsu of Lhr church the main KTHAFC Ii oS as old ss ihe church, some -W years. Ii climbed thve? s'.oreys hieh. up the back sno 0r.Iy one vic-o. i-ke series o: marked boxes. Thf valis were enonnoiisly ihicV. cjid had one yard-square for each room. Except for the odd fiorescen; licr.; darkness seemed 10 prevail. Bui. I am sure the Uriht of spread arnor.c Lhe scholars v.-JMi many F. pant ha5 steppo.i o: a or.e-roomea, red- bricked in u u-as cJear ihs; such condi- ;ion? for ihe woric'.r.c conlri- TCI ihc ,'iar.ie? of rrvo'.u'jo-sry ;ire5. LJ.C schroly Lhe o: idual diffi-rences., from bad to ccvxl and in Nv Tii.i; for equi-nuM; find Ti i.-.kos Mnie ;o rhanco. appoars 10 h.TU' ;.i-.ar place? oirror a ;hf- iwplrs IV ovor btv.vmi' of vhicli Ihe can ;S- h.v "ilio (rl'.ar.ccs a ;T for the bo tJie n in 1 no1 ;