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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 20, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Saluro'oy, January 20, 1973 Trudeau's allegations anger Tories Running away costs hit-and-run drivers are mot- crisis who crunch anolher's lender vhea e.'.sing themselves in and out o: 5ii..'ppmg plaza parking lots. They o-ir.ce out iheir window, consider the damage as fairly slight, see no one arum-iil, liien drive off calculating r. .5 better to take the chance of cems caushi than being stuck with the repair" bill. In so doing they be- come another statistic in the city's total of 517 hit-and-run drivers chalk- ed up last year. The" city has three constables track- ing down" guilty motorists. They visit body shops in the city two or three times a week, checking paint, glass and fragments and surprisingly er.ousii some So per cent of hit-and- run "offenders are apprehended through this means. Had the culprit reported ihe infraction there would have been no charges laid, but hav- iiu the accident scene he be- cttrup snity of a hit-and-run offence. Despite tha increase in population and vehicular traffic, with most fam- ilies tpdav oDeraung" more than one car. the police report indicated Lethbridge hit and run incidents dropped one diri: this pas; year, from 518 in 197l" to 517 in 1972. Both Calgary and Edmonton have a high- er hit-and-run incidence per capita than that of Lc'.hbridge. But still more care is needed on the part of the individual motorist. This was evi- dent over the Yuietide when despite the sign-posting educational campaign sponsored by the Alberta Motor As- sociation 6-i accidents were recorded. Along with individual driving care there is need for improved traffic regulations in the city. Some would have all parking removed from such main arteries as Thirteenth Street and Third Avenue in order to allow maximum utilization of the full width of these thoroughfares rather than sacrificing lanes for parking. Others believe the minimum require- ment of S'6'' for a parking stall at a shopping plaza is too much of a squeeze to adequately service the variety of vehicles utilizing them. In- ching one's way in and out is a night- mare at times. Some recommend that the penalty for hit-and-run driv- ing be increased to S200 and include a 30-day licence suspension. Each of these suggestions is worth consideration with a to remov- ing at least some of the reasons con- tributing to the rash of bumper-bend- ins as well as influencing the motor- ist asainst takini the coward's posi- tion of leaving the victim to pay the shot. Talk to be excluded Seven major Lar.adian cities will be equipped with computerized air traffic control systems ty 1977. This viili en the television like radar screen a flashing red liiht and the letters HIJ shouii a piiot ce confront- ed w.th a hijacker. The multi-million dollar, computer- ized air traffic control system, called JETS for short, will be established at Gander. .Moncion. Montreal. Win- nipeg, Toronto. Edmonton and Van- couver and is expected to result in greater safety measures for both passengers and crewmen. A similar alert will also be includ- ed to allow pilots to electronically r.ctify the ground of a general on- board emergency. This will allow ground authorities to concentrate on helping the aircraft in trouble and to take necessary precautions to safe- guard the lives of others Ln the air near the aircraft and at airports where the aircraft is expected to JET will subsitute electronic infor- mation for talking. There will be iden- tification cedes for the individual air- craft: numbers will represent air speed ar.d altitude- numbers and let- ters will identify registered flight plans and call attention to emergencies. There will be no need to say a word. K. E. Hicks, director of special products marketing at Computing De- vices, explains that the basic prob- lem facing air traffic controllers today is that they talk too much. talk too much to aircraft and to other air traffic controllers." What the Joint Enroute Terminal System is intended to accomplish is terminate all need to converse with the pilot. 'Nyet' says Pravda A recent editorial in Pravda de- votes a long article debunking the idea that warmer relations between the U.S.S.R. and the West will mean free foreign travel and access to Western ideas for Soviet citizens. The article makes quite clear that any "ideological thaw" is ou: of the ques- tion. The aim of the article, obviously, Is to dampen any hope that the pro- posed European security conference would in the end mean freedom of movement of people and of ideas across the Sonet border. The Rus- Weekend Meditation sians are plainly fearful of what would happen to their OV.T. ideology if it were exposed to the competition of Western ideas. It is ironic that the West was once equally frightened that communism might, one day, infiltrate the political life of democratic nations. So far. it has been unsuccessful and one of the reasons it has been is that, de- spite all the faults inherent in the democratic system, the free people of the world have weighed, and re- jected irs message. The passing scene In his book "Great Contemporaries" one can see thai. Winston Churchill chose men who were celebrities rather than the truly great. The sole exception is George Bern- ard Shaw. The inclusion of .Alfonso XIII and Hitler can only be explained by the fact that the bco.t was written in IS37, but even then makes a sad selection. By what standard was King George V great? Churchill does not mention Einstein, phil- osopher and physicist, who claimed to be- long to the ranks of the devoutly religious in the sense that he believed and entered into the emotion of the mystery of life, for "to know that what is impenetrable to us really exists, manifesting itself as the highest wisdom and the n. st radiant beauty which our dull faculties can com- prehend only in their most primitive forms this knowledge, this feelir.g, is at the centre of true relietousr.ess N'or dees Churchill mention Aibcrv. Schweiizer, who toured Britain in Iho thiriic-- giving con- certs for his in his phil- osophy of rc-vercr.cs for in his ou'n victory over irnpn.-onr.i.r.l, loneliness, grief, -Icica1. all men. especially among scholars. Was Marconi, the man who "annihilated nf more endur- ing worth than the potty politicians1 One woiu'd have expected Churchill's live nf painting to have cbrecn who maintained his 'ha1. ij not done lo decorate .ip.ir'- menU-i. H is HII instrument of v ar oeain.'it brutality and Surcij also Thom- as Mann. Thomas Hardy, and johri Gals- worthy. all cor.terr.tor2r.es e-" Churchill should be ccr-side-rec great. Ore may not like Sigrcund Freuo. b.: he did transform tr.e face of psychology. Few people excite nic-re ersy than Jor.n De-.i-ev. bu; :or re-re or his mark- on education can erased. Indeed his insistence that philosophy and social change must be integrated revolutionized philosophy, as well 35 changing society. In the making of to modern mind, men like Karl Jaspers, Frar.z Kafka, Albert Camus. Jean Paul Sartre. Martin Buber, Rudolf Bultmann, and a spate of other cre- ative and germir.ativc- thinkers were more important than John French and Boris Sav- inkova. But couii any man omit from the great contemporaries of Churchill such a vast name as that oi V.'oodrow Wilson? He hrousht into U S. v 1-jt the historian S. E. Morison calls the age" of America ar.d his effect or. 'he inlernatinn.il field will be otcrr.il has a claim to being the greatest mar. of his age. One could co on as one narr.o recalls another. Perhaps it would have been woll to have becun by drt'.ning grentr.ess. Certainly there al.-f be a long list of rloclfirs as Sc'h-'.cii- zfr .--aiil when lie v as a.-ri-il who tit.? of rr. '.'crri.s 'Those no-one .nl. lo IIM' t of man S. M. By Prior Drsbarals, Toroolo Slar, Ollawa commentator The Jekyll-and-Hyde charac- ter of this Parliament's debate the Throne Speech was c.valtxl and personified by the prime minister. His speech at the outset of the debate last week provided the setting for everything that fol- lou-ed. U was really two speeches. The lex: provided by the prime minister's special assistant and sreechwriier. Ivan Head, and the detailed notes prepared in advance by Trudeau himself, contained a defence of the mi- ii o r i t y government's con- stitutional position and an ex- planation of its immediate ob- jectives. This was the speech that everyone ignored, in (he House and tile country. Tiie prime nur.is-Lcr iu'.-iself appeared 10 be bored almost beyond en- durance as he read it. The other speech was so ex- temporaneous that no one in his cabinet, or even in the prime minister's own office, knew in advance that he going lo deliver it. The documentation for it consisted of a few news- psper clippings. Iis theme was List anti-Quebec sentiment in English-speaking Canada, ex- ploited "by the" Conservatives, was an important element in the government's loss of sup- port in Ihe October eleclion. This speech interested every- one, including the prime min- ister. Twice during his panicipa- '.ion in the debate he returned to this theme. Each time, the Conservative benches roared in anger as the prime minister goaded them. It was an im- promptu performance but it was cool and deliberate. The howls of Ihe Conservatives seemed to be music to music at long last, after the dis- sonance of the election cam- paign. The rest of the debate, at least as far as tlie public is aware, has largely been a com- mentary on the "Mr. Hyde" part of Trudeau's performance. The Conservatives have ex- ploited it as an opportunity to blood their new and solitary spokesman from French-speak- ing Quebec. Claude Wagner. So- c i a 1 Credit leader Real Caouette, trying to explain his own lack of support in English- speaking Canada, has supported Lhe prime minister. Transport Minister Jean Marchand has Canada to feel the U.S. squeeze By Brace Hntchisoa, special commentator for FP Publications WASHINGTON: In Washing- toe I wss given an ei- official I: puports to show that Canada is now running, and has run for the last three years, a huse favorable balance Ln its busi- ness with the United States During the first ha'f of for mstaiice. Canada's saie ot goods m ihe American market was SW6 million larger than its purchases there. Even al- lowing for so-called invisible items like dividends, interest payments arid capital raove- rr.ents. the ".vhole year shouM gl-e Ci-.aca an sdvariage in the- total exchange which the United States considers excessive. Tne Canadian government de- nies the accuracy of these iis- ures ar.d Lhinks that, finally corrected, they will show a rea- sonable trade balance after many years of large American surplus, now conveniently icr- in Washington. Since the experts in cai> itals disagree on the current statistical facts hy a margin of something like a billion collars, th? layman cannot hc.pe to un- derstand the arithmetic of the dispute. But he can understand the politics and see why the two nations soon face a critica! turning coin: in their joint affairs this when Can- ada, its own governlrg demoralized, is least able to bargain with its neighbor. In Ottawa it is cheerfully as- sumed that, after a year of stalemate, the United Slates will not press its case for a beiier trade deal urn! Canada has emerged from political crisis and established an effec- tive government. In "Washington this reporter found that the state department fully understands the Canadian crisis thit the deau government, or i's suc- cessor, will be in no position to negotiate for some time yet, perhaps not before another na- tional election. As the ostensible custodian nf foreign policy, the Mare depart- men', has no intention of push- ing Canada too hard, 'ro fast, at the cost of provoking a wave of anti-Americanism ar.d, worst of all. a Canadian election fought on this old emotional is- sue. Such a clash of visrer.il prejudice, t h e department fears, would submerge i-e eco- nomic facts, postpone any sen- sible agreement and dnmaco the historic friendship, to the Iwnefit of neither side. If those views nre cnoo'.irafriric lo a distracted r.innclian government i! should '.ike .1 seconil In.ik nl Ih" post- flection .scene in Washington. Tbcn it niU we at once liat the state department no longer controls foreign polio- in its economic aspects. For all prac- tical purposes control has moved to the treasury wbere Secretary George SbulLz is now entrencid. unlike any prede- cessor, as an over-all manager, alraosc a czar, of the United Stales economy. Canada had better watch him cJosely be- cause, nest to President Nixon, he wiD. have more power in the neighborly argument than any other American. Mr. Scbultz is mild of man- ner, outwardly the antithesis o! his immediate predecessor, John Conaaily. ihe nazcbet ir.an from Texas, who bafiied and infuriated the Canadian govern- ment But if the government supposes that 'shultz will be weaker and more obliging than Mr. Connally when the chips are down it is roakmg a serious mistake. Or so I was assured bv men who should know Besides. Mr. Shultz has the final power, and total trust, of the president behind him. In any case the real custodian of economic foreign policy con- fronts a problem of his own so complex in detail but so simple in its threat to the United States that he carnot begin to soive it without some very tough decisions, domestic and external. Nor can he delay them for long to suit Canada's convenience. -Ar.d clearly Can- ada is one of his three main targets, the others being Japan and the European Common Market. As he must i'jdse his r-rohleni Li broad perspective, the Unit- ed States is stilj suffering in- tolerable deiic-.ts ;n its busi- ness with the world despite the devaluation of its currency, its direct control of wages and prices, and all Ihe efforts to keep its goods competitive. The hemorrhage this year seems likely to be worse than ever. In the long run there is no re- liable cure outside the princi- ples and machinery of the Gen- eral Agreement on Tariffs and Trade a growth of commerce between all nations, backed by a new international monetary system. But the forthcoming round of tariff reduction, to stirt in late 1973. cannot be completed, if it is successfully completed at all. for at least two years, probably longer. Meanwhile, in the short run. the United Slates must try to staunch, or diminish, the hem- orrhage and its tourniquet wiil be applied, if pnesible. to Can- ada. In an apparent treasury view, unstated publicly, of course, it is all very we'll for the state department, or even the presi- dent. 10 sympathize a neighbor in deep pob'ticsl dis- tress, to put the long-run gains of generous friendship ahead of short-run economic fosses, but those losses simply cannot be sustained much longer. It is ail very welj for the Canadian gov- ernment to deny the American trade figures but Washington considers them suffice-illy ac- curate and is appalled by their dimensions. Thus Canada, next tn Japan, is re2arced as the chief villain of the piece. Here an almost absurd pub- be posture can be observed in WsshiriEtm ar.d alike. Sc'h they are sincerely devoted to the ideal of free, or at least freer trade. Yet both are maintain- .etter To The Editor High cost In December I pulled into a filling station in the city to get a new radiator hose and two rcw heater hoses installed in r.v." car. The work was done very ef- ficiently, and the bill iras made out with even greater efficien- cy- Standing at the courier with a S10 hill in my hand 1 naively thought that Tmighl get some change, but I had underestimat- ed the cost of professional cx> CORRECTION The Herald regrets the innir- reel .spelling of Bohdan Kf.m.in- ink's name in the byline lo his article ID Thursday's paper, of driving peruse. The bill was 513.50 for parts and 513.50 for labor. On checkir.g with the whole- saler I find that the of Up grade materials used is M 6.T. which leaves a net pro- fit of 53120 for about three- quarters of an hours work. I was lucky thru I hadn't de- cided to lop off Ihe gas lank or thore mieht have hoc-n an addi- tional charge of S13 30 for the invohed in the tank and clearing the windshield. If there is a moral to ihe ii could well be the old adage. "He fools me onco. .-Kime on him. ho fools me t '.ice. shnmc on mo." E. KLOITF.MiOKG Lothbridga bz. and somet i m e j raising, commercial barriers of many The United States has its im- port quocas, its new e-xport sub- sidies called DISC and other restrictive devices, open or cov- ert. Even these measures that defy the spirit if not the letter of G.ATT are roc enough to sat- isfy ihe ardent protectionists of the Congress who. learning nothing from history, propose still higher barriers. Canada, for its part, also en- forces quotas, tai incentives, and probably the highest tariff structure in the Western world, though Liberal governments have protested lor a century that they are passionate free traders in principle if not in practice. Macdonald's old Na- tional Policy may be condemn- ed at election tine but it has never been repealed. Hence neither nation, both o' them sinners, can come to the bargaining table with clean hands or even with agreement on the mathematical facts. There is e great difference, however, between their present drains lances. The United States has a newly-elected government ILT- challenged by any opposition: a r: simas: "unlimited arid assuredly an unlim- ited capaciry to change his mind without warning: a trade which he ir.tends lo re- duce by orie means or another, letting the chips fall where they may. For the moment, anyway. Ca.iana IMS no giivemmfn; Kith e-'fective power a; hnrr.e or abroad and L'lLle public grasp of its changing place in Lhe Hxcld of commerce. On the other hand, it enjoys abundant exports, a fleeting ample exchange reserves and, according to Washington's iires. a handsome over-all trade surplus. Such is the rough and dis- puted of the impend- ing argument between the good hut. as a later report will try to explain. Lhe details look more dubious. provided the emotional orches- tration. In the meantime, English- speaking Canadians have been puzzled and irrilalrj, and this reaction has cut right across parly lines. Even several days after Lhe prime minister's speech, senior members of cabinet were still struggling with their own reactions to it- close associates of the prime minister, m the party and among his own staff, were still being defensive about it. "It was something he had to get off his chest." was the most common explanation from Lib- erals. There were reasons for re- sentment in English-speaking Canada. The 1972 campaign, In fact, was not noted for an extraor- dinary degree of racial prej- udice. If it had been, the medu would have picked it up imme- diately. Tbere are few political sentiments that leap into the Deadlines as quickly and as prominently in Canada as ani- mosity between English and French. A single tainted bill- board in a remote constituency, or a suspicious mimeographed campaign letter from an ob- scure candidate, is invariably enough to create a locus of In- terest at any leader's press con- ference along tie campaign route. In this camaign. the media detected only the usual racist sniping in English-speaking Canada, most of them by Corj- s e r v a t i v e leader Robert Stanfield. For the prime minister to claim that this was a major in- fluence co the English-speaking electorate is dangerous for his own credibility among voters. If his Haim were true, it should be supported by plentiful evidence. Isolated newspaper editorials and scraps of cam- paign literature are insufficient. If it were true, it should be sup- ported not by his partisans in Quebec but by his ministers to English speaking Canada wto presumably had rirst-hand ex- perience of anti-Quebec feeling cuTL-g the campaign. They were Lhe politicians who pre- sumably suffered from it, not Marchsnd. But unliia Marcband. they have said aJ- most nothing about it. The prime minister's anger End frustration perhaps was di- rected net so much against tha Conservatives, h fact, but against his ow-n sense of failure. In the conflict of the sixties, Trudeau and his colleagues from Quebec saw an opportun- ity for a lasring armistice be- tween English and French in Ciiada. la the heat of Lhe cam- paign, the prime mirjster tried to persuade Canadians, and per- haps almost convinced himself, tha; he had achieved this. Measured agains IT.IS stand- ard, Trudeau failed Car.aca as Canadians, and the election. failed him. But WES this a realistic meas- ure of the government's per- form ancen In the eyes of most Cana- dians. Trudeau succeeded be- yond their expectations in main- taining the oi Can- ada and dealing wnh the Que- bec "problem" during his term. This very success under- rrtrsd the basis of his aston- ishing political success in 1963, ar.d iert the prime minister without en effective personal platform in Politicians who win the big battles often lose the political If Lhe British could throw out Crjrchill in Ca- nadians perhaps were being eminently human acd pre- dictable when they drew back from Trudeau las October. It was not ingratitude or prej- udice. It was simply that they had had enough of the Wood, sweat and tears of the sixiies. Cinadiarj: asked the Liberals frr row ar.-i specific obieetivea i" kind of program cortaL-.ed in 1973 Throta Speech. "I: was, a good Throne Speevh." scdd a top Liberal or- ganizor wook, ''b-jt it wxvjld have beer, a fantastic campaign pi-form. "Why didn't we have It That question is mpre rele- vant to the election result thaa the painful and divisive debate by Lhe prime minister lasi week. The Lethbndge Herald Albcria LFTHBRFDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published by Hon. W. A. B I' CHAN AN C'jss Vjn K: y'1 Cireu CLE3 HERAIO SERVES THE SOUTH' ;