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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 20, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 24 1HE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, January 20, 1972 Mackenzie King survived wartime crisis OTTAWA (CP) Prime Min- ister Mackenzie Ring lold his war cabinet July 29, 1941, that he would resign ralhor than support the introduction of con- scription for overseas military service in the Second World War. He would be "bound" to sub- mit his Liberal government's resignation in event of conscrip- tion, King said as recorded in minutes of the proceedings of the war cabinet made public Wednesday. In the event, conscription was Introduced in 1944 to meet thn problem of overseas army cas- ualties. King forced the resigna- tion of his defence minister, James Kalston, during the con- scription crisis, and Justice Minister Ernest Lapointe of Quebec resigned. But King himself did not. He survived the crisis and re- mained in power until 1948. The documents show that all through the first two years of the war King consistently op- posed the raising of a big army, its dispatch its engagement in any military op- erations once it was in position in Britain. DISAGREED WITH RALSTON He fought Ralston avery inch of the way as each division was recruited and five of them sent overseas. The minutes cover 132 war cabinet meetings up to Dec. 29, 1941, in seven volumes. There are also associated documents such as telegrams between Ot- tawa and London. The war cabinet fought off a U.S. attempt to take supreme command of all Canadian mili- tary torces when the U.S. enter- ed the war. These included Ca- nadian forces not only abroad but in Canada. The classic Canadian solution was brought in play: a Cana- dian liaison committee was es- tablished in Washington to con- sult with the Americans on the war. On April 30, 1941, King told his cabinet the government could have no thought of con- scription lor overseas service "under any circumstances." Ralston said he could no commit himself to such a pos tion. There might come a tim when conscription might be Ih only possible course. The war cabinet debated the issue time and time again. King said Canada should con centrate on machines, not man power. On May 20, Ralston said ther was some public apathy abpu the war effort because Canadian soldiers had not taken part i any active operations. He SUE gested that opportunities be ex plored for the army to meet the enemy, even on a small scale. Air Minister C. G. (Chubby Power suggested Canada offe an infantry brigade to fight in the African desert with British troops. King opposed any such action On July 15, King suggested Dial physical standards for the army be lowered so that re- cruits could be more easily ob- tained. defender Alberta's Ombudsman exists for one purpose... so that if any person or group suffers an injustice at the hands of a department or agency of the Government, someone in authority will listen. And do what he can to redress the wrong. Anyone who believes he has a grievance against the administration of the Government of Alberta, and has exhausted all normal appeal procedures, is entitled to present his complaint to the Ombudsman. Complaints must be presented in writing. They may relate to decisions, recommendations, acts, or omissions made by any department or agency of the Provincial Government, which the complainant feels to be discriminatory, contrary to law, unjust or wrong. When the Ombudsman decides a complaint is justified, he recommends remedial action to the legislature. Contact your Ombudsman at this address: 920 Centennial Building, Edmonton, Phone 423-2251 He apparently foresaw tha replacements would be harder and harder to obtain as the war progressed. On July 29, King complainet that the army ston was seeking a sixth divl sion by this beyon< anything contemplated. It was at this point King sail he would resign before he woul< accept conscription. OPPOSED COMMANDO RAIDS On July 31, the Canadian com mander in Britain, Gen A. G. L. (Andy) McNaughton sought permission to use somi Canadian troops in commando raids on the European coastline King opposed this. He saic failure would only encourage the enemy. On Sept. 10, King quoted Brit ish Prime Minister Churchill as saying Canada did not need con scription but should concentrate on weapons. On Dec. 3, King said conscrip- tion would so divide the country that dimunition in the war effon would result. Finance Minister J. L. Hsley replied that division already ex- isted because many Canadians believed voluntary military service for overseas entailed "gross inequality of sacrifice.1 The documents show that the Canadian government was well aware of the possibility of war with Japan when it dispatched two Winnipeg Grenadiers and the Eoyal Rifles of Hong Kong. The cabinet order was made Oct. 2, 1941, without recorded debate. Japan attacked Pearl rfarbor Dec. 7, 1941, and Hong Kong was overrun by the Japa- Piggyback traffic increases OTTAWA (CP) More than 212 million tons of freight were oaded on Canadian railways ast year, with a major in- crease in so called piggyback ralfic, Statistics Canada re- wrts. The total of freight car load- ngs was up 2.3 per cent from 970, but piggyback loadings were up 27.3 per cent at1 5.4 mil- ion tons compared with 4.2 rail- ion. Piggyback traffic on the rail- ways is freight loaded in high- way trailer vans which are roll- ed on and off railway flat cars, simplifying transhipments. The year end report by the statistics bureau said freignt oadings of all kinds were up 0.3 per cent in 1971 in Western Canada, but down 2.7 per cent n Eastern Canada. The in- crease in tonnage loaded in pig- gyback traffic was 26 per cent in Western Canada and 28.2 per in the East. There was greater utilization of railway oars. While total reight tonnage rose 2.3 per ent for all Canada, the num- er of cars-used was up only per cent, at 3.92 million com- ared with 3.87 million in 1970. rlighlanders receive new ease on life LONDON (AP) Scotland's Argylle and Sutherland High- anders arc ready for action after wobbling on the brink of extinction. A million-signature public pe- ition and a change of British ovemment saved them from isbandment. The "Wee Tough Scotties" ormed the think red line at alaclava in the Crimea in 1954. ought in two world wars, in [orea, Palestine and Aden and are likely to see more action in orthern Ireland. They paraded their new lease n life today in full battalion trength of COO at Kirknewton, Scotland's Midlothian area. "The Argyll end the Suther- land Highlanders live again to confound the Queen's Maj.-Gen. F. C. C. Graham, their commander, declared at parade. STORE SALES UP SASKATOON (CP) Sas- katchewan retail outlets boost- ed their 1971 sales nine per cent over the 1970 total, it was announced here. nose Christmas Day, 1941. At the next war cabinet meet- ing, Dec. 29, no recorded refer- ence was made by any Cana- dian minister to the loss of Ca- nadian troops at Hong Kong. Chu-chill, then visiting Canada, offered his sympathy, however. NEW WAGE CONTRACT NEW YORK (AP) The sedated Prtsa and Wire Ser- vice Guild agreed here on a two-year contract that will bring the top minimum for journalists and photographers to a week by Oct. Credit Union dinner set NOBLEFORD (SPECIAL) The annual dinner meeting of the Nobleford Savings and Credit Union is set for Jan. 28 at the Nobleford Legion Hall. Tickets are available from the executive. Non members are welcome to attend. LORRY WINS BATTLE -The driver of a lorry loaded with imported cool wields on iron bar, as he defies striking British miners who try to stop the vehicle at Dover. He managed to drive away. OPTICAL PRESCRIPTION CO. SIMPSONS -SEARS The Tough Twin This twin-bowl sink won't stain or chip. You save Regular 39 99 You've been dreaming about getting rid of your old stained and scratched porcelain kitchen sink haven't you? Well, now is your chance! Why not replace with ihis gleaming stainless steel sink? It's so faugh we guarantee fhaf il'Jl keep its sparkling good looks through a whole lifetime of scrub-ups. Won't chip. Won't1 crack. Won't rust or corrode. And its smoolh mirror surface is a dream to clean. Side-by-side twin bowls give you the conveni- ence of wash-and-rinse in one operalion. Perfect for laundry rooms too! So easy to install you can do it yourself. (Faucets are nor Single.bowl Space-saver Sink. Reg. Economy double-bowl link, Reg. 19.99 29.99 Bathroom and Kitchen Ventilating Fans Save Reg. 19.99 Kilchen venlilofor removes kitchen odour, dust and heat. Mounts onto ceiling. Requires 6" discharge oul- let. Pullchain switch. Slim-line Bathroom venlifafor mounts on either wall or ceiling. Needs 3" oullel. Keeps air fresh and clean. Plumbing and Heating Quality Costs No More at Simpsons-Sears STORE HOURS: Open Doily 9 o.m. Jo p.m. Thurtday and Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Centre Village. Telephone 326-9231 Before You Buy... Check at Beny's or You May Pay Too Much! BENY The Beny Boys ore anxious to Deal They're putting you FIRST in a BIG way CHEVROLET OLDSMOBILE SHOWROOM 2 Ave. and 8 St. S. Phone 327-3147 OK SUPERMARKET LOT Phone 327-3148 ;