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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 20, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta The ones who stayed behind Freedom seen for 4ft$00 Germans By BORIS KIDEL London Observer Service BONN - The West German Government hopes that 40,000 persons of German origin will be allowed to leave Poland this year as a result of the reconciliation between the two nations. In exchange for de facto recognition of the Oder - Neisse frontier between Poland and Germany, the West German negotiators obtained an undertaking that Polish citizens who can prove irrefutably their German origin will be authorized to emigrate to GeVmany. This humanitarian concession, to which the Polish Government agreed with the greatest reluctance, will help Chancellor Willy Brandt to overcome parliamentary opposition to the ratification of the treaty signed in Warsaw two months ago. Armed with the Polish prom ise, the West German Government will be able to point out mat the fate of Germans trapped in Poland now depends on the Bonn Parliament and its willingness to acknowledge the loss of the eastern territories incorporated into Poland at the end of the war. This is a formidable weapon likely to daunt the Christian Democratic opposition which is still reluctant to recognize Poland's post - war frontiers without a peace treaty, The exact number of Germans still remaining in Poland is unknown. Most of the nine million Germans who lived in the lost territories left with the retreating armies or were subsequently expelled. But thousands, unwilling to leave their homes or to split up their families, stayed behind. During the Stalinist era the frontiers remained tightly clos ed for Germans who had sec ond thoughts and who wanted to leave for the West. To suj-vive in a hostile environment they had to abandon their language and customs and pretend that they were as Polish as their neighbors. It was only during the thaw after Stalin's death that Bed Cross representatives of both countries managed to agree on a family reunification program whereby Polish citizens of German origin with close relatives in West Germany were allowed to leave the country. Between 1955 and 1959, about 250,000 emigrated to West Germany. During the next 10 years the Polish authorities allowed an average 13,000 annually to move to the West. Despite this steady exodus a large number of Germans are still resident in Poland today. Estimates vary between one million and 400,000. In the recent negotiations, the Polish delegates at first refused to acknowledge that any Germans at all were left on their territory. For several months they adamantly rejected German attempts to link recognition of the Oder-Neisse frontier with the repatriation of Germans still living in Poland. It required the personal intervention of Walter Scheel, the West German Foreign Minister, to persuade the Poles that their flexibility on this issue would make the acceptance of the Oder - Neisse frontier more palatable to the opposition in Bonn. Faced by enormous economic difficulties, the Polish Government was clearly reluctant to dispense with the services of German technicians and workers highly valued for their skill and reliability. The Polish authorities also appeared to fear that massive departures to the West were liable to cause unrest among an a) ready disgruntled population and provoke an outbreak of "emigration fever." The eight million Poles with relatives in the United States would be the first to become restless if thev witnessed how others with fam- ily connect i o n s in Germany were leaving the country. POLISH AGREE Finally, the Polish Government agreed to let the remaining Germans go, chiefly because it needs West German aid to accelerate the country's industrial development. Intransigence on the repatriation issue could have easily jeopardized the outcome of the entire negotiations. In a statement accompanying the German - Polish treaty, the Polish Government pledged to facilitate emigration for its nationals who could prove their German origin. Disputing Bonn's figures of I Germans still resident in Poland, the Warsaw Government said merely "several tens of thousands" would be affected bv the new repatriation scheme. It is highly indicative of Poland's domestic difficulties that this statement was never made public in Poland itself. For the first time not only people with close relatives in Germany but even those without family connections will be allowed to leave as long as they can prove their German background. The German Red Cross has the names of 270,000 people who in its' view would benefit from the new agreement. The Polish authorities want to prevent people who can claim only slender connections with Germany from using this new measure to leave the country for political or economic reasons. Particularly in Silesia, where two-thirds of the remaining Germans reside, exact national identity has always been difficult to establish. The Polish authorities are certain to insist on convincing proof before allowing applicants to leave the country. Among the expected minimum requirements will be the continued use of German at home or evidence that prospective emigrants were educaetd at German schools. Despite these obstacles, the German government hopes that 40,000 this year and another 60,- 000 in 1972 will benefit from the new agreement. Intensely aware of the possible domestic problems for the Polish Government, Chancellor Brandt and his ministers are determined to give minimum publicity to the homecoming of Germans from Poland. It is now realized that the triumphant bulletins about the mass flight of East Germans to the West contributed to the Communist decision to halt the exodus with the erection of the Berlin Wall. This time the West Germans are set on utmost discretion to avoid embarrassment for the Polish Government. Why so many Germans failed to take advantage of earlier repatriation schemes remains largely unexpl a i n e d. Judging from letters received by the German Red Cross at least some clung to the hope that Germany might still retrieve possession one day of the lost eastern territories. Others feared to expose themselves to persecution by applying for emigration to the West. Under regulations existing until now a person of German or igin applying for exit papers not only had to produce an "invita tion" from a close relative in the West but he also had to fill in no less than 18 forms before his case was even considered, Moreover, he had to prove that he had no outstanding obligations to the Polish Government or to private individuals. Once the West German Parliament has ratified the new treaty, Polish officials have indicated, these formalities will be eased. By acting in a liberal style, Poland's leaders will help to reduce West German opposition to Brandt's Ostpolitik and contribute to improved rela- 1 tions between the two nations. Wednesday, January SO, 197J - THE 1ETHBRIDOE HERALD - 35 TALKATIVE HOSTESS - TWA hostess Linda Bernard is reported to haye talked a young man out of his proposed hi-jacking plan on a TWA flight from New York to Denver. Capt. Ray Schriber (left) landed the plane safely at Denver where FBI agents boarded the plane and arrested a man identified as Patrick Miranda of Boundbrook N.J. Miranda had a small revolver in his possession when arrested. Denver was the termination point of flight No. 155 but Miranda is reported to have told the hostess he would take the plane on to Las Vegas. Florida invaded by Mickey Mouse By PAT LEISNER KISSIMMEE, Fla. (AP) -Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck soon will be drawing millions of dollars to central Florida, but to some of the cattlemen and retired citizens in the area, money isn't everything. While promoters of the Walt * . ,......,, 25" SPANISH CONSOLE COLOR TV Spanish styling was never more elegant than in this sculptured 25" Custom Color TV . . . with the unique Moorish gift for adding lightness apparent in the delicate scroll work at the bottom. Automatic fine tuning, memory fine tuning, perma-tint control, color level monitor, voltage fripler circuit, automatic degaussing circuit, pre-set volume control CONTEMPORARY LOWBOY COLOR TV-4C518 KAZ HIRAGA President The rollaway front that makes elegant old desks sought after as prize antiques reappears in a modern new setting ... to make this 25" Custom Deluxe Color TV a real collector's item. Automatic fine tuning, memory fine tuning, perma-tint control, color level monitor, automatic degaussing. LIFETIME PICTURE TUBE WARRANTY SYLVANIA - THE PRESTIGE LINE' TELEVISION 535 13th Street N. and College Moll "Television Is Our Middle Name" Disney World talk about the fantastic revenues that will pour into the city, county and state economies, some residents talk about other things-sky-high land values, traffic jams and the loss of privacy. When Disney World, a multi million-dollar East Coast equiv alent of California's Disneyland, opens next October, it will bring an estimated eight million tour ists the first year. In sprawling areas nearby, there are those who like space, cows and orange groves and are reluctant to see change; others welcome the prospect of transformation. Since the Disney project was announced five years ago, it has brought immense wealth to some investors, hardship to some small property holders challenges to Chambers of Commerce and headaches to officials who haven't faced urban problems before. Simply by its massiveness the project creates problems in providing for the numbers ex pected. The Disney company anticipated these by building on-site hotels and its own sewer, water and electric facilities. LAND VALUES SOAR The impact will be especially felt in Orlando, where there are already overcrowded highways in Lakeland, where retail development in two years has totalled close to $15 million, and in Kissimmee, the smallest and closest city, where land values have skyrocketed. "1 can't live here any more.' says Larry Dodd, an elderly man near retirement, who lives a few miles from the Disney gates. "I can't afford the taxes." "Traffic already has in creased 50 to 100 times on this road," he complained, motioning a few feet to a state road being widened in front of his house, now up for sale. Dodd' bought his land and house 13 years ago, "because it was quiet here and that was what the wife and I wanted.' Property values in Osceola and Orange counties abutting Disney property have soared. Hundreds of thousands of idle acres have been bought, sold and resold at fantastic prices Other than large oil companies and several huge motel chains, much of the land remains in the hands of speculators, many from out of state. "Disney people came in here and bought up most of the land -some for as little as $85 an acre- before anyone knew what was going on," said C. H. Nelson of Nelson Realty, a firm established in Kissimmee since 1909. "Yep, a lot of people getting rich." Acadia Vallev man killed CALGARY (CP) - Roy Arthur Conway, 22, of Acadia Valley, was killed when a half - ton truck he was driving went off Highway 2 near Irri-cana, 23 miles northeast of Calgary. Police said the truck left the highway on a curve, crashed into a ditch and rolled over. PREMIER'S WIFE DIES LISBON (Reuter) - Maria Teresa C a e t a n o, 64-year-old wife of Portuguese Premier Marcello Caetano, died here. FINAL 3 DAYS of HIGA'S MEN'S & BOYS' WEAR GIGANTIC JANUARY SUITS GROUP 1 REGULAR TO $120 GROUP 2 REGULAR TO 89.SO GROUP 3 REGULAR -TO 79.50 40 '20 BALANCE OF ALL SUITS 20% OFF PLUS ALTERATIONS WOOL and CASUAL PANTS By Days, GWG, Kangaroo. Regular to 18.95. NOW ONLY % 5 OVERCOATS 10.00 30% off ONE SELECTION ALL OTHERS .. SPORT and DRESS shirts LONG and SHORT SLEEVF' l/2 PRICE sweaters NORVYK .. 20% Vi PRICE ONE GROUP SELECTION OF shoes Broken Sizes. y3 off snow boots Including Fur Pile Moccasins 30% off DOWN FILLED jackets 10% off BALANCE OF ALL winter jackets NOW REDUCED fl- FURTHER TO ........... WU /O * BOYS' LONG SLEEVED t-shirts CLEARING AT 30% off MEN'S DRESS pants CLEARING AT 30% off ADDITIONAL MERCHA special TO GIVE YOU $1.00 TABLE MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS YOUR CHOICE 1.00 NDISE ADDED TO OUR . tables EXTRA SAVINGS $2.00 TABLE VALUES TO 7.95 YOUR CHOICE 2.00 $3.00 TABLE YOUR CHOICE 3.00 $5.00 TABLE SHIRTS AND SHOES Values lo 15.00 YOUR CHOICE 5.00 Open Thursday and Friday Until 9:00 p.m. CASH ONLY! ALL ALTERATIONS ON SALE ITEMS EXTRA! HIGA'S MEN'S & BOYS' WEAR 406 13th ST. N. PHONE 327-7610 ;