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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 20 THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD Saturday, January 19, Ask Andy THEY SEE STARS Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Patrick O'Neal, age 10, of Diamond, West Virginia, for his question: Do the astronauts lee the stars? Naturally the most suitable person to ask would be an astronaut, so one of Andy's devoted helpers asked Astronaut Al Worden, who piloted the command module during the Apollo XV mission to the moon. The answer was a very definite Yes. When an astronaut looks out through the module porthole, he does indeed see the stars. In fact, he sees such a stupendous sight that our view of the starry heavens from down here seems hardly worth men- tioning. While Astronaut Al Worden orbited around the moon, he had a chance to see the stars above the daytime side of the moon and also on the opposite, dark side. At all times, the background of the lunar sky was stark black, blacker than the blackest midnight. There were stars, brilliant unblink- ing stars even in parts of the daytime sky but more, many, more in the skies of the lunar night. We look up at the sky through hundreds of miles of airy atmosphere and our view is screened by teeming gas- eous molecules. During the day, they scatter the short waves of sunlight to color our sky with heavenly blue. After sunset, the airy gases manage to hide most of the stars that shine down on our earth. Even Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Jan. 19, 1974 Prime Minister John Diefenbaker announced the resignation from the cabinet of State Secretary Henri Courtemanche, 43, for health reasons 14 years ago today in 1960. Courtemanche was ap- pointed a senator but resigned late in 1961 after a Quebec in- quiry showed he had received large sums of money after helping a Montreal hospital receive government grants. 1954 Britain adopted Belgian FN NATO forces rifles. 1950 The Avro CF-100 air- craft was first tested. 1945 Russian armies oc- cupied Cracow and Lodz. 1899 The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan condominium was proclaimed. 1840 Lieut. Charles Wilkes discovered the Antarc- tic continent. on the clearest night, when the whole sky seems crowded with sparklers, we could count only about stars. The brightness of the visible stars is measured in degrees of magnitude. A star of first magnitude is two and about half times brighter than one of second magnitude. A second magnitude star is two and a half times brighter than a third magnitude star, and so on. On this scale, first magnitude is about one hundred times brighter than sixth magnitude. And a star of sixth magnitude is the dimmest dim star that our human eyes can see from the earth. The astronauts leave the earth's atmosphere behind them and see the heavens without its veil of airy gases. From their portholes, the most brilliant stars we see from the earth become one hundred times brighter. The dimmest stars we see from the earth become brighter than those we see as first magnitude stars. Naturally, this means that hosts of dim and still dimmer stars become visible as big bright beauties. Though we barely see sixth magnitude stars, our telescopes reveal that the heavens are crowded with stars of eighth, ninth and even dimmer magnitudes. Astronaut Al Worden reports that while orbiting the moon, it was possible to see stars of ninth and even tenth magnitudes. Imagine how many, many more teeming stars must be visible from out there in the airless lunar skies! However, even there the dazzling sun tends to steal the stage. During the lunar day, fewer stars are visible in the neighborhood of the sun. But there are plenty of be seen when a person turns away from the sun to look at some other part of the sky. And at night, when the sky is screen- ed from the Sun and shrouded in the moon's shadow the black, black sky is populated with teeming hosts of brilliant stars. The astronauts behold a sight far more stupendous than we can imagine. Questions askvd by child- ran of Herald should mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) TOO MUCH DOUGH ATLANTIC CITY, N.J. (AP) The president of the American Farm Bureau Federation discounted Sunday statements by United States bakers that a loaf of bread will soon cost Goran on Bridge BY CHARLES II. GOREN Tin TrlkuM WEEKLY BRIDGE QUIZ Q. l East-West vulner- able, as South you hold: 092 4AKQ982 The bidding has proceeded: East South West North 1 A Pass 3 4 Pass What do you bid now? Q. vulnerable, as South you hold: VAJ73 C'KQfiS The bidding has proceeded: South West North East INT Pass 2 NT 34 What do you bid now? Q. South, vulnerable, you hald: 4AQ76 vAKQ3 085 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 A Pass 2 0 Pass 2 9? Pass 2.4 Pass What do you bid now? Q. vulnerable, as South you hold: 484 7MQJ7B OK82 AKS5 The bidding has p-oceeded: South West North East 1 Pass 1 4 t What is your rebid? Lil Q. South, vulnerable, you hold: 4KQI0972 The bidding has proceeded: North East South Wrst 1 0 Pass I 4 2 Pass 2 4 Pass 2 NT Pass What do you bid now? Q. 6 Neither vulnerable, as South you hold: 4AQ9 vA9865 OQ7 4A72 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 4 Pass 2 "y Pass 2 4 Pass 3 4 Pass 4 4 Pass What do you bid now? Q. vulnerable, as South, with HO on score, you hold: 4QJ954 OA83 4762 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 2 OU SHOULD PKXIT our, SINCE ITfe FOR YOUR- SELF. I'LL MEET YOU I PICKED OUT A PAY HE DIDN'T EVEN 6ETASFARAS THE DOOR WITH BUGS BUNNY C'N I HELP YA ACROSS TH STREET, GRANNY? BLOMHE by chic young I BROUGHT YOU A CUPCAKE, MR. BUMSTEAP SAY, THIS IS THANK YOUR MOTHER -7 FOR ME MY MOTHER DIDN'T BAKE IT- I MADE IT WITH MY CHEMISTRY SET THE SULPHUR ICING SHOULD HAVE BEEN A TIP-OFF ARCHIE by bob montana JUST LUNCH ...NOTHING BE IS THIS ALL E'RE HAVING THE YOU MEAN YOU'. RUNNING OUT OF HEATING OIL FROM OLIVE OIL FROM ITALY HAGAfi THE HORRIBLE dik browne THREE TIMES. I TWICE MUSCLE TWICE I'M I THE MAM I LJSEP TO j BEETLE BAILEY by mort walker X FOPSOT ME- A VORACIOUS SORRV PLATO, IF YOU NEED ANYTHING I'LL 6E-T IT you POST LIBRAF byalcapp TUMBLEWEEOS WANTgp ONE FAintRJL W.A.S.R ;