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The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, January Strong judiciary needed The attempted bugging of the French satirical weekly, Le Canard Enchaine, continues to develop along lines somewhat parallel to Watergate. It seems indisputable that the bugging was attempted by the counterespionage arm ot the police, the Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire, or DST, as it is known. The attempt on the part of the French government to coverup, protesting Us innocence and refusing to have its agents testify, is considerably less elaborate than in the American case, partly a left-handed tribute to superior American organizational ability but part- ly an indication that administration in- volvement is at a lower level ot government. Both cases have some bearing on the Canadian scene because both are marked by a strong judiciary which has assumed the responsibility not only of protecting civil rights but also of pursuing civil wrongs. The French judiciary has taken the un- usual step of assigning two judges to the case because, it is reported, the police could not be trusted in the investigation. The strength shown by the judicial branches of both countries is heartening because in Canada, under the regulations oi the new wire-tap law, the burden of protecting citizens against wiretapping is put directly on the shoulders ot the judiciary. There is the customary restriction that the police must have written authoriza- tion for installing a wiretap but there is also the added provision that evidence obtained by use of an illegal wiretap may be used in court if the judge feels that "to exclude it as evidence may result in jus- tice not being done." Considering the encouragement given to illegal wiretapping by these dozen words, and without quibbling over syn- tax, a staunch judicial system is the only safeguard of privacy. Salt or more sand Most Lethbridge people go along with city council's recent decision not to use salt on city streets. The corrosive effect on autos is one of the main objections. There is a tendency in Lethbridge to let the chinooks take care of hazardous ice conditions, and often that is quite a satisfactory solution. However if the chinooks happen to be delayed or weak, WEEKEND MEDITATION there is a dangerous interval between the original application of small gravel and the final disappearance of the ice. In short, without the application of salt, very serious ice conditions can develop, for both motorist and pedestrian, and it is irresponsible not to do something about them. If not salt, then more sand and gravel should be used. When it's hard to go on Thomas Traherne, 17th century English poet and spiritual mystic, said, "Your enjoy- ment of the world is never right until every morning you awake in Heaven; see yourself in your Father's palace; and look upon the skies, the earth, and the air as celestial joys; having a reverend esteem of all as if you were among the Angels." Such a gift is for the rare few. It is said that the chief characteristic of this time is tired eyes. "Thou hast put gladness into my exulted the psalmist, but most people are plain unhappy. An old English saying describes the key to life as accepting the impossible, doing without the indispensable, and bearing the in- tolerable. Yet this certainly is not the true at- titude for the religious person. The religious personality should have a sense of victory and therefore of exultation and joy. "I am come that they might have life and have it more said Jesus. The chief torment of man is the disharmony within himself. "No sooner does a man expel God from said Gustave Thibon, "than everything within him (every fragment of his dislocated being) is successively sum- moned to become God; and at the same time to become war." A world without God is full of contradictions. The malaise of today is a lack of conviction, a lack of a centre, a lack of coherence. Thus a man loses faith in himself. He is unsure of everything. He reads books on psychology, takes courses, repeats slogans, and keeps very busy, all to no good effect. Without faith in God a man cannot have faith in life- or in himself. "It is the spiritual which makes the per- says Dr. Stocker in his study of nervous disorder. But Dr. Maeder goes on to say in his study of the relation of medicine and per- sonality that "faith is essentially the affair of the person." So faith is the total response of the personality to life, the response of the body as well as of the mind. In this way alone is concentration achieved, resources dis- covered which enable one to go on, and vic- tory gained over the soul's sadness and despair. "In thy said the Psalmist, "is fullness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore." Over and over it is repeated that the Kingdom of God is not meat or drink, but a spiritual possession to be found in God alone. It is the divinfi source and divine guidance of life that gives dignity to man's existence, enables him to rise above the dust and confusion of these evil times. Only God can impart glory to life. Man is not self-made and when he tries to manage his own life the result must be dis- aster. God is the holy inspiration within man; God is the power lifting life to higher levels; God alone leads man to self-fulfilment. Therefore fill your mind with God, think upon him day and night. Let your mind in the idle moments of the day run off to him as a sailor turns his eyes sea. the sickness of our time is idolatry, the giving of life to this and that, the worship of business this day, of sport this week-end, of sex this night, of power tomorrow. The ancients were not fools when they chose names for their gods. They saw men and women following these idols and gave them names Bacchus, Venus, Mars, and the rest. The worship of such gods led to madness and destruction. The old hymn has it right, as a man comes to God he comes to sanity, peace and joy: "now rest my long divided heart, fixed on thy blissful centre rest." God's guidance for your life can be, will be, exciting, though it may be hard to accept. St. Theresa said she often was afraid to pray because of the deep anguish she would feel. Yet "in his will is our peace." Guidance com- es through human need, through prayer and meditation, through doors that open unex- pectedly, and through the words of a friend. Only as a man places himself at the disposal of the Holy Spirit and responds to the call can he know security, can he feel life full of con- tinual expectation as he says, "What does God want of me PRAYER: O God, keep my ears open to your call; keep my eyes open to see your signals; keep my life open to do your will. F. S. M. ON THE HILL Joe Clark, IMP tor Rocky Mountain 'I know Kohoutek is not due back for years due back any minute." but the babe in 1209 is Erasure prompts questions By Frank Rutter, Herald Washington commentator WASHINGTON The Watergate tape erasure is the most dangerous "evidence" so far against President Richard Nixon. Yet the news of the tape that is what it amounts not excited as much reaction here as some of last year's Watergate sensations. It may do so, however, as it sinks in. The first question that has investigators and prosecutors scurrying around is, "who did But surely the crucial ques- tion should be "what was on Granted the evidence is cir- cumstantial. All the Watergate evidence so far as the president is concerned has been circumstantial. But the circle is tightening. Previous evidence under oath that the erasure was ac- cidental has become inoperative, as White House official would say. It is inconceivable that go- ing back over an 18 minute segment of tape at least five times to rub out that part of a conversation lasting, altogether, an hour and 19 minutes could be accidental. And it just happened that this part of the conversation, between Nixon and H. R. Haldeman, his former chief of staff, was about Watergate. Haldeman's personal notes show the two discussed a "public relations" campaign on the subject. It does not seem unreasonable for The New York Times ,to have characterized "public re- lations" as "a euphemism for coverup" as it did in an edito- rial. In any event, why would it was is not the prime part of this conversation un- less it was incriminating or seemed to incriminate the president? It is all very well for John Rhodes of Arizona, vice- president Gerald Ford's successor as Republican leader in the House of Representatives, to despair, "nobody reall knows what was on the tape." In fact, somebody does know the president and Haldeman, because they were doing the talking. this was another case of blind and misguided loyalty on the part of a White House aide, be she Rose Mary Woods or anyone president is implicated far more seriously than he has been up to now because it's what he said on the tape that counts. If what he said could have cleared him then there would have been no reason for anyone to erase it. It is only human to deny, as White House spokesman Gerald Warren has done, that the president had anything to do with the erasing. Spiro Agnew was denying things right up to the moment of his downfall in court. Besides, Warren, perhaps accidentally, made what could be a most revealing slip when he also said that "there have been many discussions about this is, the erasures. He said this just one day after the proof of erasures was delivered to court. Up to that point, so far as the White House was telling the public and the court, there had been only one erasure and that was accidental. Did Warren mean, then, that someone had known all along that the tape was doc- tored? The trouble with Nixon is that whatever he says, or his spokesmen utter, is subject to disbelief. Nixon's public support, after a brief spurt, seems to be sinking latest Harris poll, which has con- sistently given him a slightly higher rating than Gallup, has support for the president down to 30 per cent, its lowest rating. But there are beliefs, deep in the American psyche, that are hard to dislodge. One of these is in the inviolability of the office of the presidency. This explains the reluctance of the public and its representatives in Congress, to go all out for impeachment of Nixon and, to a lesser ex- tent, to demand his resignation. It is the office, not the man, that they are afraid of dimin- ishing. It is rather like im- peaching the Queen, though not at all like getting rid of a prime minister. And yet the monarchy survived the ab- dication, or "resignation" of Edward the Eighth on a far less serious moral issue than that being charged to Nixon. Well, what happens next? There are two courts and Congress. Special prosecutor Leon Ja- worski, proceeding through the courts, is expected to try to find out who erased the tape and possibly why. Congress will resume sitting next Mon- day and on the agenda of its House of Representatives judiciary committee is the investigation of possible grounds for Nixon's im- peachment. One would expect that Congress would be more concerned with what was on the tape than who erased it. Unfortunately, the answer will probably never be known. Russian power expanding By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator Calgary oil executive Nick Taylor decided to have some fun the leader of the Alberta Liberals PARIS Heinrich Heine, better known for poems than prophecies, wrote a strange forecast in 1842, six years before 'the Communist Manifesto was published and three-quarters of a century before Lenin's revolution seiz- ed Russia. "Communism is the secret name of the dread an- said Heine, adding: "wild, gloomy times are roar- ing toward us, and a prophet wishing to write a new apocalypse would have to in- vent entirely new beasts the future smells of Russian leather, blood, godlessness, and many whippings." This sounds like a Manichean vision of a pre- Marxian Foster Dulles. Nevertheless, there is a streak of prescience in Heine's words. For certainly today the future smells strongly of Russian power pervading even the pleasant aura of detente. The plain fact of the matter is that the U.S.S.R. is steadily increasing its arms manufac- ture, the quality of its weapons, and improving the strength of its military forces, ground, air and sea. One can get an excellent indication of the Soviet ordnance industry simply by examining the equipment of Moscow's clients during last autumn's Arab-Israeli war. Syria alone had tanks. This compares with 800 in the French army today and yet there are only seven million Syrians as against 51 million Frenchmen. Comparable figures apply to Egypt. had a greater store of arms than Syria but also a much larger population. The U.S.S.R. has established an armaments industry so colossal that it can continue replacing losses of such, material. The U.S. armaments in- dustry suffers in comparison. The huge Lockheed organization, on which American aerospace efforts draw heavily, teeters between bankruptcy or foreign sale. Petroleum shortages slow down automobile production, a main source for armored equipment. Looking back on recent history, one can see that Moscow has steadily gained in the superpower race. The strategic result of Israel's Six- Day War was the permanent entry into the Mediterranean of a Soviet fleet. In 1968 the Russians occupied Czechoslovakia with only mild Western demurrers, reasserting its might in Eastern Europe. In 1971 Soviet backed India smashed U.S.-allied Pakistan. The United States has gradually lost in the super- power rivalry. One result has been a loosening of bonds with its NATO allies where a sauve qui peut mood is developing. The U.S. can never use conventional forces in any showdown confrontation with the US.S.R.which has more than 10 times as many divisions. The Soviet Union is also ahead in space weapons, such as the fractional orbital bomb system. The only basic Major changes in National Parks policy have been recommended by Parliament's standing com- mittee on Indian affairs. In December, the'com- mittee unanimously recommended changes in the approach to local government in park townsites. That report was a result of committee hearings last August in Banff and Jasper. In early January, the com- mittee amended a govern- ment bill to create new parks. The amendments guarantee that there will be public hearings before any new park is proclaimed. Those amendments were not un- animous. They were moved by myself and an NDP MP, and supported by our parties, while Liberal MPs abstained. So far, these recommen- dations have no legal force. The government can simply ignore the recommendations concerning local government. The public hearing amendments cannot be ig- nored, but the government could refuse to proceed with the bill in its amended form. In summary, the "local government" report had four main recommendations. First, that residents of both Jasper and Banff should have the opportunity to vote on a special proposal for a substan- tial degree of local government, before October 15, 1974. Second, that the federal government pay its full fair share towards operation of the townsites including full tax- es or grants-in-lieu of taxes, and compensation for the provision of the special ser- vices required in a park town- site. Third, that a. Committee, including park residents and Parks Canada officials, should prepare comprehensive recommendations regarding planning, housing, redevelopment, and absentee ownership. Fourth, that a special in- quiry be conducted into the future of Waterton Park Townsite. The report does not attempt to force a particular form of local government upon the townsites. Instead, it says that townsite residents have the right to choose themselves whether they want an expand- ed form of local government, and set a timetable for that choice. I consider this report to be a substantial step forward, because it recognizes the principle that people who live in national parks should have some control over their own affairs. Stated another way, this principle is that Ottawa bureaucrats should not have absolute control over National Parks policy. That is the same principle that inspired the amendments concerning public hearings. Presently, public hearings are held at a time convenient to the Minister (or, more likely, his senior Usually, those hearings are at a date too late to change anything. One recent example concerned the proposal to con- sider removing the CNR from Jasper. A hearing was held after that announcement but only because I called one, after the minister refused to. He has now agreed to hold an official hearing later. It is conjectural whether the minister, left to his own devices, would ever have held a hearing on the CNR ques- tion. And the danger remains that his hearing will occur after the decision has been taken it will be designed to not to "discuss." Another example concerns the new Nahanni, Kluane and Baffin Island parks proposed for the north. These are beautiful and significant areas, where parks should be established, but it is a striking fact that, at this date, there has been no public hearing at all concerning the northern parks. When the standing com- mittee visited Whitehorse in December, it became clear that at least three important groups had serious questions about the proposed Kluane Park. First, conservationists wondered why the original park boundaries had been reduced, to exclude areas of interest to mining companies. Second, mining interests wondered what hydro and mineral potential lay within the boundaries of the proposed park. Third, native groups wondered how the establish- ment of a park would affect their aboriginal claims to land in the Territories. i None of these questions had been addressed satisfactorily because there was no "public hearing" opportunity, to raise them and request- answers. The decisions were- taken in private, by senior parks officials. If the standing committee has its way, more will be public in Canada's National Parks from now on. Letters Green cheese theory asset left to the United States is its atomic-missile complex, provided this is maintained on the level of "sufficiency" call- ed for. But to deter, a country must not only have a minimal number of weapons but must prepare to use them effec- tively. This is the obvious reason for the shift in strategy implied in Defence Secretary Schlesinger's statement Jan. 10. He said that henceforth some of our missiles would be aimed at Soviet military targets instead of only at cities. No Moscow government would start a nuclear war with the United States, know- ing its population centres were targeted for revenge unless such a government was confident it could first wipe out virtually all U.S. missiles, on land or under the seas. Washington aimed its ICBM's only at Soviet military targets during the 1960s when it knew it had a big edge and could hit back against any attack without blackmailing cities. Now it seems less confident. By aim- ing at Soviet silos today it im- plies another strategic alter- native employing the first nuclear strike in any theoretical war There woulc. 'v -se in pointing mis an enemy s silo? 'iem 'er they ha J arter their I. merly inside, were alt whining toward the United States. Doug Walker is to be com- mended for reviving the Green Cheese Hypothesis. That the moon was at one time made of green cheese is a theory long ignored by a defensive and ingrown scien- tific community. In fact, I would like to propose that Mr. Walker be awarded an honorary degree at the same time as his great mentor, Immanuel Velikovsky. His qua- lifications are at least equally as impressive. He has drawn on a variety of disciplines, including philology, archaeology, astronomy and history. He has challenged a complacent academic es- tablishment, and to date no one has proven him wrong. All these points were recently ad- duced in support of the giant Velikovsky. I even dare to hope that some day my own name may be associated with our univer- sity. Could it be that posterity will inseparably link together the names of Velikovsky, the University of Lethbridge and Mickey Mouse? M. MOUSE Lethbridge Cartoons unacceptable I derive a good deal of pleasure from political car- toons, and those which focus attention upon news stories and human situations. Drawn with accuracy and good taste, a sharper insight may be ob- tained by a reader much more quickly, than from the dry interior of a serious editorial. With respect to the cartoons by Jackman, I would suggest that the Lethbridge Herald save a few dollars and eliminate editorial cartoons altogether, or spend a little more money and time to ob- tain better quality material. Recent attempts by Mr. Jackman to portray the wedding of Princess Anne, the problems of Mrs. Goida Meir, and even the retirement ot our Governor General are representative of his total dis- respect for every public figure, office or which falls prey to his pen, and is sullied by the grotes- que results. I feel that Mr. Jackman's cartoons are no longer accep- table in my home. Fort Macleod. T. D. BEATTY The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St S Lethbridge Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON M PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M TINT ,j Circulation Manair-i KENNETH E BARNECT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;