Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 19, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
taitwty IV, IfW TM UTMMDM HaUU) J7 Pollution centre in ideal location By ARNIE HAKALA BURLINGTON, Ont. (CP) In today's polluted world, it's tough to be i bird, in or i fish. There ire so many sources of pollution that It is difficult So keep your bead above the water. Scientists no sooner find and regulate the 111 effects of mer- cury, phosphates, DDT and human wastes than they are forced to consider cadmium, lead and organic chemicals along with hundreds of other new hosts. At Burlington, the Canadian government has set up head- quarters for a national re- search laboratory which is taking a fisiwye view of Can- ada's water supply. Established in 1967, the Can- ids Centre for Inland Waters has buildings worth lion and 210 employees who provide the scientific brain to answer questions on Canada's fireatest resource. As far as pollution is con- cerned, the centre is strategi- cally located. It overlooks Hamilton harbor, sometimes invisible behind the layers of smoke spewed out by the steel mills. The water ol the harbor is so foul that even scavenger fish such as carp and ale- wives have a tough time brea- thing. SLUDGE IS FERTILE But an example of the centre's diversification has been in that polluted bay where scientists have discov- ered that sludge dredged from below the polluted water grows better tomatoes than the soil on land nearby. "The fellows who grew the tomatoes ate said A. R. Kirby, public relations director of the centre. "They're still walking around so I guess the bottom of the bay is good for something." Waif learns name By LESLIE COL1TT London Observer Service BEB1N Vladimir Selyooi who has now learned bis rea name, Klaus Arndt, is one o numerous German children who were adopted as waifs in IMS by Soviet soldiers in war-torn East Germany. His East Ger- man mother, Frau Dorothea Arndt, ltd never given up hope her boy was still alive. Fleeing the smouldering ruins of Dresden with lour children shs had placed the youngest, five-year-old Klaus, on a farm- er's cart. When the older daugh- ter collapsed on the road from weakness the mother lost sight of her child. Afterwards no one she asked had seen tire cart with the boy. Repeated inquiries to Moscow from the East Ger- man Red Cross turned up noth- ing. Unknown to all, the boy was found months later exhaust- ed and abandoned near Dres- den by a Soviet officer, Viktor Selyoni. Klaus remained with him as the Red Army liber- ated Prague and occupied Aus- tria. A regimental tailor sewed a miniature uniform for the boy and a photo taken of the smiling, blond Klaus In a Red Army officer's uniform, was kept in an album belonging to a woman medical orderly, hda Bulgakova, who helped care for him. Lieutenant Colonel Victor Selyoni adopted Klaus in No- vember 1945, named him Vladi- mir and took him back to his wife Valentina, in the Ukraine. Vladimir forgot the past, was raised as a Soviet citizen, be- came a welder in Shchernovtsy, in the Ukraine, and married a Ukrainian girl who gave him a daughter. Nadezhda Bulgakova, how- ever, had not forgotten. When she came upon the yellowed photo of the fivc-ycar-old-boy in uniform recently she sent it to a Soviet newspaper along with the story as she recalled it. The photo was printed in both the Soviet Union and East Germany and recognized almost simul- taneously by UK son and his mother. Officials of both countries ex- changed the information and on the second day of Christmas last month Fran Dorothea Arndt in Dresden received a telephone call from her son In the Soviet Union who wished her a "Merry Christmas my dear mother" In faltering German. Last week Frau Arndt and Vladimir, together with his family were reunited In Dres- den after 27 yean. I Mr. Kirby said the main aim of the centre Is to collect a foundation of knowledge for all of Canada's Inland waters. This knowledge la forwarded t o legislating governments who are then able to act up water-management policies. "Our most difficult task ii to educate the public about our water. "In the past the public bat been indifferent and Ignorant about It and everytHng was just a case of bad manners. "I think we have overcome the indifference in the past few years but it now appears that the public conscience Is going back to sleep." That reference was to the fact that 1971 was not a good year for public awareness and pressure to enforce anti-pollu- tion safeguards. During 1968-70 issues such as mercury in fish, phos- phates indetergentsand human wastes in cottage areas resulted in the forma- tion of hundreds of anti-pollu- tion organizations. Many of those organizations since have gone under. One organization which sur- vives is Pollution Probe, based at the University of To- ronto. It has about 40 affili- ates across the country. Brian Kelly, a co-ordinator of Pollution Probe, said in an interview: "The band-wagon approach to issues appears to have ben clearly defined with pollution. "It seems that we have tost most of our people to eco- nomic nationalism and otter contemporary issues. I would say that anti-pollution groups have lost about 90 per cent of their workers." Mr. Kirby said HK sudden drop in public interest in pol- lution is not healthy. "We need the man on the street. He is the one who has to understand because ID the long run it his money that provides a better future for his children. He has to want that and understand that." QUANTITY UNCHANGED The centre has basic facts to work with: the world began, earth has had the same amount of water, roughly 326 million cubic miles. that 318 million cubic miles are salt water and eight million cubic miles fresh. all the fresh water, 12.3 per cenl is under the earth's surface and 87.3 per cent is tied up in glaciers and polar ice caps. the earth's ijlants and animals and man himself de- pend for life on about 1-100 of one per cent of the fresh water. To illustrate the consump- tion of water Mr. Kirby said it takes an average of 20 gallons to do the laundry, 10 gallons to wash the dishes, and gallons to make one ton of steel. "One can easily see that we need he said. Canada is endowed with the largest system of fresh water in the Great Lakes system, which is receiving more and more pressure from municipalities, recreation and thermal power. Because of the increased pressure on the system, the centre concentrates much of its work there. LAKE CHOKING Dr. T. R. Lee, head of the research section of the centre's lakes management branch, said that while Cana- dians have enough fresh water for years to come, there is still a desperate need for wide-ranging studies. Writing in the Canadian Geographical Journal, he said: the root of the water management problem in the Great Lakes basin is people, their employment, and their i distribution." The impact of that state- j ment was clearly evident in the International Joint Com- I mission's report that Lake Erie is becoming plugged up I with algae, the growth of i which is directly related to the discharge of phosphates into the lake. The phosphates aid the growth of algae which in turn suck up the oxygen needed by fish and other aquatic fife. Dr. Lee said the disposal of wastes to water bodies and (he dedication of the lakes to urban functions arc the areas of wator use of most serious concern. IN RAPID DECLINE He said the increasing use of the lakes for waste disposal has produced a rapid decline in quality. This decline has been matched by an in- creasing demand for a high level of water quality In the recreation SIMPSONS -SEARS FAMOUS ARTISTS LONG PLAY RECORDS YOUR CHOICE Sale Priced Personal Shopping Only Limited Quantities Grand Funk "Grand Funk Railroad" Capitol Records .99 The New Seekers "We'd like to Teach the World to Sing" Elektra........................ '99 Partridge Family "Sound Magazine" Bell Records............ m 'm 3.99 i Highway Polydor Records....... 3.99 Rod Stewart "Every Picture Tells a Story" Mercury Records..... L.99 James Gang "James Gang Rides Again" Polydor Records.................. The 5th Dimension "Portrait" Bell Records............ Carole King "Carole King Music" A M Records.......... '.99 L.P. Records by Famous Entertainers T.99 Only X Choose from Johnny Cash, Buck Owens, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Beatles, B. J. Thomas. 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