Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 19, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
FORECAST HIGH THURSDAY 10-3 BELOW The LetKbridge Herald VOL. LXV No. 32 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS THREE SECTIONS 40 PAGES Major thermal power plant moves closer By JIM MAYBIE Stall Writer The prospect of a major thermal power plant in southern Alberta is gradually moving closer. "It is only reasonable to assume that Calgary Power is going to have to move power production a Calgary Power official told The Herald. A likely site for a thermal plant would be Brooks. CanPac Minerals Limited has proven up more than. 100 million tons of low-sulphur sub-bituminous coal, more than enough to meet the demands of a large power plant throughout its life. CanPac, how- ever, is hoping to export Hie coal to Ontario Hydro, which could be a more immediate market. The coal field is located between the Bow River and Lake Newell, either of which could supply the thermal 'plant with sufficient cooling water. Lake Newell, which supplies the Eastern Irriga- tion District, now has acre feet of water stor- age which could be raised to acre feet by slight- ly raising some dikes. Disposal of the heated water from the plant raises some problems. Ecology and economics of power pro- duction tangle. Warm water is said to be good for promotes earlier and faster development of plant life. An E1D spokesman said he is not too excited nbout using warmer water because it creates a weed problem in the ditches. Raising water temperature can also have a detrt- mental effect on animal life in the water. Varying temperatures can be fatal to various fish species, can inhibit or prevent reproduction, or can shorten the life of various species. Other fish survive nicely in warmer water. If Lake Newell were used for discharging Uie thermal plant's hot water, for example, largemoutb bass or catfish would probably do quite well. A fishery could possibly be established. There are other solutions and possible solutions for the disposal of a thermal plant's hot water. In the U.S. an experiment is under way using tha hot water to heat nearby greenhouses. If it proves successful, the Brooks area might be looking at a new industry. Large artificial lakes could also be developed for cooling. An artificial lake a mile wide by three miles long would be sufficient to dissipate the heat from a megawatt plant, larger than any now in Alberta. Water from the Bow or Lake Newell could be used to replace that lost in Then, of course, fiere are huge cooling towers, standing 300 to 450 fee' in height, which cool and re- circulate the water through the plant. There are "wet" and "dry" towers which vary considerably in cost. Cost in millions Cost of such structures runs into the millions and utility companies often increase their rates to pay for this ecological protection. In the "wet" tower, hot water from the plant Is exposed to air moving up through the chimney-like tower. Heat is removed by evaporation. The cooled water is emptied into a waterway like the Bow River or Lake Newell or recirculated through the plant. The main drawback of the wet tower is the large amount of water vapor discharged to the to gallons of evaporated water a minute for a power plant. That would be equivalent to an inch 'of rainfall daily on an area of two square miles. (Perhaps a rice paddy could be developed in the In winter, thick fog and ice would cover the vicinity of the plant. The "dry" cooling tower avoids evaporation. Hot water is channelled through tubing that is exposed to the air, like a car radiator, and gives up its heat to the air without evaporation. Air is moved through the lower by fans. The "dry" system costs Vh to three times as much as the "wet" system. For a nuclear power plant proposed in the U.S., it is estimated that the costs of operation and amortiza- tion would be ?2.1 million per year for a dry system and per year for a wet system. For the consumer the relative costs would amount to 2.G and one per cent of the electricity bill. In any event, there are solutions and possible solu- tions for the disposal of a plant's healed water, some of which could benefit the area and protect the ecol- ogy. Line to Letlibridge A thermal power plant at Brooks could provide Lethbridge with a direct power line of 75 to 100 miles guaranteeing reliability because of less line exposure than now exists. Lethbridge could gradually phase 'out its power plant and assume increasing amounts of power from, the Brooks plant. Until l.he city plant is phased out, power could be routed through the Calgary-Medicine Hat. main line of Calgary Power into Lethbridge. Then when the city's plant was completely phased out, a Una direct to Lelbbridge would be warranted. The city now is studying the matter to see where it is going with Us plant and future power require- ments and cost. A decision has to be made soon on lire economics of the city running its own plant or sticking with Calgary Power. Coal ash from thermal plants now is used in the manufacture of building blocks. Perhaps a similar in- dustry could be cslablislicd near Brooks If a thermal plant were built there. Calgary Power and the province have looked at the Bow River near Brooks for building n dam and a water storage reservoir and a small hydro plant. De- tails of the study have not been released by the gov- ernment but It is reported the project is not favored because of the amount of sewage Calgary dumps Into Uic river. Why not, Urcn, a cool fueled thermal plant? Brooks coal may soon fire power plant in Ontario Huge Brooks coal Held to be developed Brooks Taber Lethbridge You still htm the oM chtrismf You still htn tha old You... Major mining project tlated for southern Alberta New government 'stuck' with million bill EDMONTON (CP) The Progressive Conservative gov- ernment has had to provide million because of "obvious un- der-estimating" by the former Social Credit regime. The cabinet today approved million in special warrants "arising directly from financial commitments incurred by the previous ad- ministration, but not included within last year's budget esti- the government said. The effect of this alleged un- der-estimating by the former MiG shot down in blazing duel SAIGON (AP) A U.S. Navy F-4 Phantom jet shot down a MiG-21 inside North Vietnam today in a blazing air duel. During the engagement, at least three American planes were fired on by eight surface- to-air missiles and anti-aircraft guns, the U.S. command re- ported. One of the planes suffered minor damage but all U.S. air- craft returned safely to their carriers in the Gulf of Tonkin, the command said. A command spokesman re- ported the action began when eight Soviet-built SAM missiles and anti-aircraft artillery fired at a navy reconnaissance jet and its fighter escort near Quan Langa airfield. This is about 170 miles north of demilitarized zone sepa- rating North and South Viet- nam, and 155 miles south of Hanoi. The Phantom jet shot down the MiG-21 with air missiles, the spokesman said. It was the first MiG shot down in 20 months. The MiGs have been showing up more fre- qiently during the intense U.S. air campaign against North Vietnam's Ho Chi Minh Supply trail in Laos. There was no immediate indi- cation whether any of the planes involved were from the world's largest warship, the nu- clear-powered carrier Enter- prise, which only today returned to the Gulf of Tonkin. Its 75 planes joined in the campaign against the Ho Chi Minh trail. President Nuton had ordered the carrier into the Indian Ocean last month for a show of strength in support of Pakistan during the India-Paki- stan war. The Enterprise joined the carrier Constellation off the Vietnamese coast. administration means that new programs have been hamper- ed, the government said in a statement. Special warrants are normal- ly used to provide funds for new programs introduced after the legislature approves the budgetary estimates. The estimates for the current fiscal year were approved by the legislature in April, 1971. Four months later, the Social Credit government was defeat- ed by the Progressive Conser- vatives in the Aug. 30 provin- cial election. The statement quotes Provin- cial Treasurer Gordon Miniely as saying that it appears that the former government has full knowledge of the commitments that had to be covered by spe- cial warrants. Part of the special warrant passed today provided million for the Alberta Hospital Services Commission. The remainder of the million warrant includes million for three university grants and million for what the government labels only as "under estimates in Social Credit development pro- grams." By JIM MAYBIE Staff Writer Four or five unit trains constantly moving South- ern Alberta coal to Ontario Hydro power plants is a prospect currently under consideration, The Herald has learned. Already at least 100 million tons of "the best sub- bituminous coal in Alberta" have been proven up for open-pit mining about seven miles southwest of Brooks and 65 miles northeast of Lethbridge. AMPLE SUPPLY "Within the next two years, something should be happening at Brooks as far as a decision on development is said Dick Marshall, manager of engineering and production for CanPac Minerals Limited, in an interview. CanPac, the mining arm of the CPU, owns most of the coal in the field, which is about 10 mles long by three miles wide at its widest point. The CP Rail main line to the east runs through Brooks and a spur line to S c a n d i a cuts through the coal field. A unit train a day to Ontario, carrying tons of coal, would be sufficient to fuel a large kilowatt power plant in Ontario. There is more than enough coal in the field to supply such a power plant for its 25 to 30- year life. OanPac plans to continue drilling this year to prove up additional reserves. Tne com- pany has been working in the area off and on for the last 10 years. Detailed mining feasibility studies will be completed when the prov i n c i a11 government brings out its new envlroianen- tal control regulations. The regulations could conceiv- ably have a detrimental effect on the imme d i a t e economic feasibility of removing the coal and getting it to market at a competitive price, Mr. Marshall said. ENGINEERS ELATED Engineers and consultants for Ontario Hydro have studied the Brooks field. A Brooks resident told The Herald the engineers were elated and were ready to start mining right away. D. J. Gordon, general man- ager of Ontario Hydro, told The Herald in a telephone in- terview from Toronto, that Brooks coal would not be be- yond the realm of possibility, that it was closer to their re- quirements than other Canadian coal sources. Ontario is going to rely heav- ily on thermal or nuclear pow- er, and buy power where it can, "based on reliability and he said. Mr. Marshall said it would re- quire about two years of lead- time before the field could be brought into production. Therefore, if a market were to be obtained by the end of this year, the mulfi million- dollar coal mining operation could be under way in 197S. (Additional stories on page 153. Malta ante raised From AP-REUTER ROME (CP) Britain, Malta and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization resumed negotia- tions today on the rent to be paid for continued use of the naval and air bases on the Med- iterranean island. Lord CarringtoD, the British defence minister, NATO Secre- tary-General Joseph Luns and Prime Minister Dom Mintoff of Malta met the Italian foreign ministry. Tliere were reports after i NATO Council meeting in Brus- sels Tuesday that the alliance would put up million in cash and economic aid In addition to the million a year Britain and the allies have offered. Mintoff has been demanding million. "I don't know what will hap- said Mintoff. "I only know the road is much smoother than before." The British have made clear that it's not worth any more than they've offered to keep Mintoff from offering the bases to the Russians, his only other prospective customers. Mintoff, Oarrington and Luns conferred for nearly eight hours in Rome last Saturday, and Kinto3 lifted his ultimatum that the British troops leave the island immediately. Seen and heard Author dies in nursing home CHAPEL HILL, N.C. Bctty Smith, 75, author of A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, died at a convalescent home in Shel- Conn. Found dead VIENNA (AP) Security po- lice were investigating today the death of Grant Laverne AT- nol, 47, an employee of the Ca- nadian embassy, whose body was found Tuesday in a car filled with exhaust fumes in the garage at his home near Vi- enna. About town AMATEUR cook Don. Chlrka prep a r i n g a "gourmet dinner'1 for his friends and then refusing to eat any himself Shirley Thompson c 1 a i m ing she would like to go on the next militia winter campout Five year old Marie Nelson of Raymond disappointed at not getting a baby sister, tell- ing her big sister Valerie "I guess I can learn to love a dumb brother." Second World, War documents reveal plan U.S. wanted to command Canadian forces OTTAWA (CP) The United States wanted to take over su- preme command of Canadian forces once it entered the war in 1941, minutes of meeting of Ihc Canadian cabinet wnr com- mittee reveal. The minutes and associated documents were public today at the national archives by the Privy Council Office. Tlicy still bore the stamps Se- cret and Top Secret. The Canada-U.S. pcrmnncnt Joint board on defence prepared a "Basic Plnn 2" which visual- ized entry of the U.S. in the Sec- ond World War. The U.S. en- tered Un war in December, 1941, after the Japanese attack- on Pearl Harbor. In April, 1941, the Canadian chiefs of staff told the war com- mittee that the U.S. section of the board, with approval of the U.S. administration, wanted strategic command of joint Ca- nadian and American forces, in- cluding Canadian forces in Can- ada. COMMANDER UNWILLING Gen. Harry Crerar, then chief of defence staff, said he was prepared to accept U.S. su- premo Command only In n des- perate situation, such as Britain being knocked out of Ihc war. The chiefs said the U.S. was prepared to allow Canada only tactical control of its own forces in a few places, such as the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Bay of Fundy and within .10 miles of defended ports such as Halifax. The war committee decided that it could accept no such U.S. control but that it would favor co-operation and consultation with the U.S. Earlier thnt same month- April, lS41-Prcsldent Roosevelt bypassed the joint board on de- fence nnd told Prime Minister Churchill directly that lio wanted to put a battery of guns ind squadron of bombers at St. John's. Newfoundland1 was then a British colony. The Canadian cabinet wa? non-plussed because nobody in Canada had ever heard of such a plan. Britain, for its part, wanted Canada to garrison Iceland, ap- parently for the whole war, with a full division. Canada resisted nnd Britain finally agreed that the 2nd Ca- nadian Division could go to the United Kingdom to form part of a Canadian corps. The cnbinct records show that us early us the spring of 1941 the army was having difficulty obtaining recruits. Coast defence units had to be stripped to fi'l commitments overseas. Tire minutes quote Prime Minister Mackenzie King as saying (hat compulsory service for overseas was "quite out of the question." King said the government should lake great care to avoid any commitment which would lead "directly or indirectly" to conscription. In 1944, the government had to adopt conscription for over- seas duly to replace casualties in Europe. The documents released today cover only the period up to 1ML Strike gap closes OTTAWA (OP) The gap was narrowed slightly but the jump seemed to be still too great Tuesday for negotiators representing the Canadian Air Traffic Control Association and the federal treasury board to reach a settlement in the strike of air controllers: With the strike by the control- lers continuing to shut off al- most all commercial air traffic in the country, union and gov- ernment bargaining teams met with mediator Noel Hall in the morning and again until late into the evening. The union broke a news em- bargo to announce that it had cut its salary demand in half and was awaiting a counter-pro- posal. When the talks adjourned for the night, Mr. Hall told a re- porter the treasury board's offer amounted to the 15.5-per- cent raise recommended in a conciliation report which was rejected in a union vote last week. The negotiations were to re- sume today but each hour that passes without an agreement in- creases the probability that the dispute will land at the weekly meeting of the federal cabinet Thursday. WOULD FORCE DECISION By then, the strike' would be In its fourth day and a decision would have to be made whether to recall Parliament and seek back-to-work legislation. Any such process would re- quire up to 48 hours to shuttle MPs to Ottawa on military flights and at least three days to obtain Commons approval for legislation if unanimous assent were to be denied. The secrecy that has BUT- rounded the latest round of talks since they began Friday was broken by the union appap-" entiy as a result of membership pressure for news of progress. Association President J. R. Campbell told news confer- ence the decision to break the embargo requested by Mr. Hall was made "for the good of the membership, the aviation indus- try and the general public." He said that in response to a treasury board proposal, the union had lowered its sights to a salary raise of 30 per cent in a 27-month contract. The Initial demand was for a GO-per-cent raise to In 27 months from the current top rate of for operating con- trollers. IDLE A strike by air control- lers has put more than people out of work across Can- ada, hit travel plans of tens of thousands and is causing airline losses totalling more than million a day. Major layoffs Tuesday ind today: by Air Canada, by CP Air, by Pacific Western Airlines, 480 by Nor- dair and 200 by Eastern Provin- cial Airways. The strike began Monday. Air Canada has said that the Strike is costing it million daily in gross revenue. CP Air has set its revenue loss at daily and Pacific West- ern airlines TECHNICIANS RETURN Meanwhile, about Cana- dian government technicians, many of whom work in main airports closed by the control- las' walkout, returned to work at B a.m. today, ending.a 24- hour walkout to show their dis- pleasure over a conciliation board report. Effects of ths controllers' strike spread to hotel workers, travel agencies and other sec- ondary businesses which began to feel the pinch, such as taxi companies with franchises for airports. Albertan hurt in Moiitaiia BUTTE, Mont. (AP) FOOT persons were taken to hospital and another 13 slightly injured Tuesday night in a bus car crash on old U.S. 91 near Elk Park, about 22 miles north of. here. Officials said an Inter-Moun- tain Lines bus swerved to avoid a head on collision with an oncoming car pulling a trailer. The bus struck Uie trailer and nosed into the ditch. In hospital were Francis Francy, 21, and Mrs. Montana Sechen, 54, both of Butle, An- thony Kaindrlsky of Edmonton and Mrs. Pauline Amunrud of Clyde Park. The bus, carrying .10 passen- gers, was en route from Great Fills toButto.