Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 19, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
10 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - Tuesday, January 19, 1971 Artist ai work Shoemaker Frank Mazzuca repairs one of many boots he has worked on over the years he has been in Lethbridge. As usual he is surrounded by trays of nails, glue, and various shaped hammers, punches and needles. It is a familiar sight-a man. his apron, his stand and a hammer. Peigans three-day conferenee will centre on development Percy Smith, Peigan Tribe economic development board chairman, today announced a special three - day economic development conference Jan. 20 22 in the school at Brocket. Officials from both the regional and district offices of the department of Indian Affairs and officials from the provincial government are expected to attend the meetings. Mr. Smith said the purpose of the meetings is to find out where financial assistance can be found to help expand development already on the reserve and to set up new development. He said several people on the reservfl have been working on developments such as the cattle co-operative, handicrafts, recreation board, health and sani- Icy conditions take their toll Plastic, cardboard shoes take toll Shoemakers struggle to survive By LARRY BENNETT Herald Staff Wrilcr The life of a shoemaker these days is not an easy one. Many Lethbridge shoemakers report they are forced to work longer hours than many unskilled laborers to make enough money to pay the rent for their shops, buy the needed repair materials and provide a reasonable income. Inexpensive imports and cheaply constructed shoes containing plastic and pressed cardboard have forced the shoemakers to keep their prices low. Many people, according to the shoemakers, prefer buying a new pair of inexpensive shoes rather than having the old ones repaired. The low income and sporadic work coupled with the high cost of renting a shop and buying the materials has resulted in few young people wishing to enter the trade> Many Lethbridge shoemakers learned the trade in Europe, as children, attending school by day and working in shoe shops by night. One shoemaker said that if he had it to do again he would not enter the trade, but now, at his age, he could find nothing else to do. Another admitted the hours were long, the pay poor, and the business unpredictable, but at least he was his own boss, and could work bis own way. All shoemakers interviewed said that the best shoes were constructed entirely of leather with a stitched and not pressed welt. The all-leather shoes were reported better for the feet, more comfortable, longer wearing and more easily repaired than those constructed of the cheaper synthetic materials. OLDEST ITEM Shoes represent one of mankind's oldest items of clothing. Their protective value in rough terrain and hostile climate is obvious. In all civilizations shoemakers were highly - skilled craftsmen. Styles and varieties were slowly, laboriously and expensively produced entirely by hand. Modern mass production methods depended upon the development, in the middle of the 19th century, of specialized shoe Recommendation on wages before council on Monday The finance committee of city council Monday came up with a recommendation regarding 1971 salaries for the city's non - union personnel. Committee chairman Rex Little said the recommendation, which was worked in a closed session, will be made public when it goes to city council Monday. The city only last week came to a settlement with the police force. Increases granted by an arbitration board with 11 per cent and nine per cent for the next two years. Other settlements with union Etaff last year were approximately the same. Non - union personnel were granted a 10.5 per cent increase by council last year. Non - union staff include secretaries, clerks, foremen and administrative personnel. machinery- The industry developed most extensively in the highly industrialized nations. In the early 1960s it was estimated that the United States manufactured and consumed nearly 25 per cent of the world's leather footwear. The first type of footwear was simply loose leather wrapped about the foot and held in place by leather laces. Gradually the designs improved and took on many variations. Another early design was the sandle -a sole held on the foot by.a leather thong. The oldest shoe now known was discovered in Egypt, it was a sandle of woven papyrus and dated from about 2,000 B.C. Until the Middle Ages moccasins, sandles and simple boots were the prevailing footwear. Woo5en clogs and shoes, worn by the lower classes were important, but not as desirable as the leather types. Until modern times shoes were largely home-made, although shoemaker guilds date as far back as ancient Rome. MACHINES USED In 1818 wooden lasts (forms) were first made in the left and right foot shapes. In 1846 the sewing machine was invented and greatly speeded the assembly of shoes, as well as improving the quality. A continuing trickle of improvements in the industry brought shoes to a true mass production level by the start of the 20th century. Leather, the oldest of shoe materials, is being replaced as the components of many shoes. Inner soles, for examnle, once made only from leather, are being replaced by non-leather materials. Most of these materials are the products of modern chemistry and have qualities similar to leather with a lower manufacturing cost. The various kinds of leathers commonly used in the construe tion of the upper parts of shoes include side leather (cowhide), calf, kid, reptile (alligator, snake and lizard), horsehide (cordovan) and certain specialty leathers such as deer, kan garoo and ostrich. Each kind of leather has its own characteristis and is used for its own specialized purpose Calf-a luxury leather-is used in the highest quality men's and women's shoes. Side leather (so called because the large cowhide is cut down the middle for easier handling) is the most versatile of all the leathers- It comes in several grades and has a vari ety of uses. It is estimated that 70 per cent of all shoe uppers are made from side leather. MORE USES Kid leather, made from goatskin, has a variety of uses including women's high - grade dress shoes and men's casual shoes. Sheepskin is mostly used as lining in slippers and winter boots. Reptile leathers are used to some extent in women's fashion shoes and a few men's shoes. Cordovan (a small muscle layar in horse hide) is popular in men's shoes. Pigskin is used in comfort and athletic shoes, ostrich in women's fashions and kangaroo in western boots and athletic shoes. There are 800 ways to make a shoe, though far fewer are actually ujed. Basic construction of a shoe consists of attaching the sole to an upper in a way that the shoe will withstand the conditions for which it was designed. There are four fundamental methods. They are: sewing, cementing, molding and the use of fasteners. Of these methods sewing and cementing are used the most. With the coming of the Chinook Lethbridge city streets and sidewalks have virtually become a skating rink. Police report numerous minor accidents on Monday, the more serious involving parked cars or rear-end collisions, some with minor injuries. All told 18 accidents were reported. On Monday afternoon Mar-jorie Beverly Paskal of 1819 6th Ave. N. was involved in a rear-end collision at Mayor Magrath Drive and 10th Ave. with Ambert L. Kessler of Lethbridge. Paskal received a cut lip in the accident. Damage amounted to $525. In another rear-end collision Monday on 9th Ave. S. in the 1500 block, Murray Kenneth Galbraith of Vernon, B.C., and Hugh Allan Stevens of 1253 8th Ave. A. S. were the drivers. As a result of the accidents a parked car owned by Shirley May McLellan of 2121 11 Ave S. was struck. Stevens received a whiplash in the accident. Damage amounted to $235. Malcolm James Peake of 727 12th St. A. S. and Lloyd Spencer of 2429 9th Ave. N. were involved in a collision on 9th Ave. and 23rd St. N. late Monday afternoon. The Spencer vehicle was stopped at the time of the accident. Spencer and his wife, Florence, received whiplash injuries. Damage amounted to $250. Joe Kinniburgh of Purple Springs and Albert Mottl of Calgary were the drivers of vehicles involved in another rear-end collision on 3rd Ave. S. in the 700 block Monday afternoon. There were no injuries. Damage amounted to $550. The city streets and sidewalks weren't the only hazardous thoroughfares in Lethbridge. Police report an accident in a parking lot amounting to $425 damage. Drivers of the vehicles involved were Robert Schenk of 1706 Lakemount Blvd. and Carol L. Christie of 2811 Parkside Drive. The accident happened on 5th Ave. S. in the 1600 block. There were no injuries. Fortunately, the people injured in accidents on Monday didn't require hospital treatment. Police also report a semi-trailer truck jackknifed on the coulee hill Monday and blocked the passage of eight other trucks. Flooding was also reported in Lethbridge with numerous blocked drains. tation; as well as private individuals and enterprises with other projects. "We'll try to make money available to the reserve population so new development can take place and established development can be expanded," he said. "We have met with the district branch of Indian affairs and with the Indian Association of Alberta but we haven't been getting any interest from the money lending bodies. "There has been lots of talk but very little action." He said this is the first meeting where so many high - level officials have gathered to discuss economic development on the reserve. Several rules cover charges A story in The Herald Mon day stated drug abuse means use of any drug contravening the Criminal Code of Canada should have read contravening two federal statutes, The Food and Drug Act and the Narcotics Control Act as well as provincial health regulations. This includes overdoses of prescription drugs like sleeping pills. The statement was referring to police records which showed drug abuse resulted in one death, 12 attempted suicides, and nine other persons being treated in hospital in 1970. "We're looking for an Indication as to where the money can be found and we will ask for a resource person to be made available to the reserve for advice and counsel on economic development." Sewage charge synopsis ready soon City Manager Tom Nutting says a synopsis of the city's sewer service charge bylaw should be available to Lethbridge citizens by the middle o* the week. The new bylaw was approved in principle by city council last. Monday and will be discussed further by council next Monday. It sets the domestic rate' at $2 a month, or about 20 cents per 100 cubic feet of water consumed. Industrial users would pay 13 cents for 100 cubic feet, plus a surcharge for strong wastes. In addition there would be a 1% mill levy that would brine in ahout $190,000, enough to pay operating costs of the secondary sewage treatment plant. Revisions to the bylaw may I be made before it is adopted. ' Persons wanting to examine the bylaw may obtain copies of the synopsis at the city manager's office.' I "JACKPOT BINGO ~i I This Tuesday Evening, January 19th I Starts 8:00 p.m. Sharp - Parish Hall Corner 12th Street B. and 7th Avenue North Jackpot starts at $125 and i* wen every Tuesday Sth - 7 No. Jackpot - $18 - Cards 25c or 5 for $1 Also froo cards, fro* games and a door prlie. Person* under 16 years not allowed Sponsored by the Men's Club to St. Peter and 9t. Paul's Church Think a bit about Alberta. Think a bit about'Blue*. And smile. lilt? f L THE ULTIMATE IN PASSIVE RESISTANCE - It just wasn't a day for brotherhood and love. Here was this "Yield" sign, just standing there at 12th St. and 10th Ave. S., just minding its own business and proclaiming to the world its peaceful philosophy. Then alp.ng came . well, who knows what dastardly warmonger came along? Anyway, when turning the other cheek and restatement of its philosophy didn't work, the sign lived up to its motto and yielded its position to the intruder. Peace.