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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 19, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT THE LETHShlDGE DAILY HFlRflkLD Saturday, januarY'19, lois ANNUAL REPORT OF I>RESI|iAR�^ TRADE PART I.-Ccneral BoMieu Tliis report endeavors ioprescnt^^ a sketch of tlic npriculliiriil and business activities of Lethbritlge ami tlie districts doing business witli thiit, city during 1917. Tlic niembei^ of tiio Board of Trade recognize that-tjicir function is to serve tlic people of tlie city and of the siirroundiug towns and farming districts in their day-tfi-dav requirements for the goods that can be ccon-nminnllv liaiidlod from l^thbridge as a distributing ccqtrc. PART IL^Raaway and llfea� Serrics lUiLWAv .VXD Passbn*oku Skuvicks 18 after, the snow liad gonc-off, \t\\iA\ enabled ho live stock to get into goiSd.shape.again. . v ' Several very largo: Bhipnicnts of splendid .fningc cattle-and s . sheep were made duri"rigl�17.' . ' ; Livi! Stock on IniiiGATKO lMjn�..it^ . Cattle breeding on a largo scale is no-fr beingituutnrtokon on several of the irrightcd' farins. The Hyssop Bros, farm and > the Smith fam undei'Geo;; 0. IjLorr, ohd the fdhns of W. H. I Paw8(m, liiive'turned out sortie jood cattle, oUd Biin Pawson has I The retijil irade in Lethbridge and in the many very healthy' .......-fV-fe "V" towns in'the district requires, however, better support in the S ,ItnS'l,V. f" ' growing^ season with mterm.t- expansiou of some lines of wholesaling; there are good openings i '"I'^^J^f m some areas and heavier m others, and in many dirc^ctions: the boot and shoe trade and drj- goods may' ,7. K ^^^^^^^ thaiwas excepttonal- be meiUioned. Distribution from Lethbridge can be effected LSonf^Pv^V^lt^rn^fv^ Itf^ T'-''' over an area supplied with about five hundred miles of railroad ^.1^^?!^ liS^?!^^^^^^^^ ^r�"'� and goods received at wholesale in Lethbridge have a freight J^'^^'^^rrfn .^^^^'^^Js^' fSft-ng on the Toremost-Many. advantage of about two hundred miles in distribution fromtlus, ^^^^i " '"=fy �" � ^ � j intermittent rains, and the crops were consequently very light. city. ^ Coal Hinixo There has been no difficult^'in finding a leady market for all the coal produced by the^-oal mines at Lethbridge and in the coal mining districts close to the citj-. Lethbridge coal is the favorite fuel all ever the praij'ies, anfl with the shortage of labor caused by considerable numbers of miners having gone to the front in the earlier days of the war, it has been difficult to meet the demands for our coal. There was a strike of co&l in common with the/general experience in the eastern parts of Alberta and the westerly portion' of Saskatchewan. The general average crops of wheat ran from eighteen to twenty-five bushels per acre on summer-fallowed' land, and twelve to twenty bushels oh land that had been in crop'in 1916. There were the usual e.Tceptions to the'average, quite a number of. summerf allowed fields running-up to forty ^bushels and over. The crop of oats jvas light and so was the barley crop; these w.v, V.--------- .- ----- ------- r'i."- u I. I ^"'�^^ grains, planted as they were generally on land tjiaf miners during two months in the summer,-butv^mce then there jjjj^ jjgg^ jji crop iqiq having had less advantage fronij has been a steadv production of about two thousand five hundred tons a dav from the mines within a radius of six or seven miles from Lethbridge. During the same period last year the daily production was nearly three thousand tons. Ploub MiLLtXG . The Flour Mills in Lethbridge have been busy tliroughout the year. ' � -, . > � � � Macaroni M-iNCFACxuRE The Marinaro' Mticarbni Factory has been fully, employed during the year. LiFK ASSUEANCE BUSINESS There is an inviting field in this dlitrict for the extension of Lite Assurance Business, and it would be in the general interest of this comiuunit)' if nior^ of this business were done, particularly limong our farmers who are how well placed to make such provision for tlie safetv of their families. There are many bi'aneh agencies of offices in Lethbridge, but only two,opmpanies . maintain offices here. ,  . liETAiL Stoue Houbs ; ~ Just before the close of the last session of the Alberta legislature, a measure was introduced and htirriedly'"passed, which ^required great changes in the hours during which retail stores in Iveihbridge would have to do business. TJp^n urgent repre senlations fromVstorekeepers the operation of the Act was suspended for a time. The passing of such a .measure as this, involving the-dislocation of long-established custom without due notice to the citizens of the province, and even ^vithout due discussion in the legislature cannot be too strongly deprecated. It would appear to be opportune tliat legislation should be passed that would govern the hours during which all retail! stovesfin Alberta might be open; aiid this might .easily be fitted' with reiaso^able hours of work for retail clerks. Our busy farmers, coal miners' and industrjal workers require proper facilities for shopping on Saturday evenings, and if trade between the country aad t^(e cities,' towns and villages of our province is to be reasonably cared for, this necessity must be jorne in mind. ^ The Alberta Government has appointed a Commission to look into and report upon .the features of this Act, with a view to arriving'flt bet*ei arrangements for the conduct of retail business. � , , , Hotel and Residence AccoiuiopATiox ;in Lethbridge � There.is not enough hotel accommodation in Lethbridge to take care of the business that is offered. An excellent oppor-, tunity for investment in this direction is available. A good hotel building would invite the attention of thoroughly coni-.])elent hotel managenieiit. /All,the available house acconunodation is ltdly occupied, and �more is needed. 'Rest Hoohh For Fariier.s' Familiks ' I, A suggestion was nindc in 191G that the Board of Trade build-: iih^ should,b& removed to another position in the Gait! Gardens f,;nearer the business houseV - .fpuntain and-lavatorv , Jwell-ostabliBhed farmers hii te^J^'.^'v'" 'jrif tl�em;90w;0iii;�ing their 'ttt'themoment so great; but the m.ittor should not;-bo lost sight .((fiifpr.such accommodation'would bo a direct incentive to bettor jlmsiuew relations with visitors from' the country, and it would jery ugefqliwhenthq'further influx of enterprising fid-mers 'j^prvTinsettled.la'hdB'assumes.larger proportions, os will cw-nlvrbe'tiie-caee whca ibingB settle down after the war. ' the previous year's moisture, had' to depend-more on the light summer rains. The conditions in 1917 for winter rye and winter wheat jvere excellent, and soine large yields were recorded I'he general appearance.of the grain crops dtiring the spring was nearly as favorable as'in 1915 and'191 Shekv and Wool \ The greatest sheep productibn in Alberta, Wntrcs around Lethbridge and the s6uthern .part 6t the proylhde. On the range and on the farm's in this district'about 150,000 shoop nrO cnrriod. The first nooijcrativc.mttrkctiug of the:wol grown by the members of the Southern Alberta Wool Grower's Association M'as made in 1910, when the larger portion fit^iho wool clip was graded here and sold by tender. A furtheitvstcp wos taken iu 1917, when the wool, after being graded, jVas shipped to u wareho\jso in Toronto, and there put up fof snip.' Soriio six or seven hundred thousand pounds was sold there at prices "that lictted the growers an average return of abdtit 621/^-cents- . per pound. Considerable credit is dii5 to the Dom niou Depart-' meat-of Agriculture for their endeavor in bringing the sheep growers to see tlitat their interest lay in getting the wool together -in good shape for sale, and in facilitating the arrangement for getting the growers and the manufacturers closer together for the mutual benefit of each. This result has� come about after several years of jiatient work, and Mr. T. R. Arkell, of the Sheep and Goat division of the DepiJrtment, has been untiring in his efforts to bring about these liutisfaclory reSults. SfSveral of the sheep growers are going to consitlerable expcMBO in iinporting-sires and dams of. purebred stock to improve their flocks; Mr. R. C. Harvey brought in a number of'purcbred sheep from England during the year. It would be well if more attention coiild bo-given to this feature by making use of tlic Dominion-Experimental Farm at Lethbridge for the carrying on of breeding tests. There is every indication that farmers will increase their small flocks, and every,encouragement should be given them in this; sheep may become quite a feature in our f.inning operations in keeping down weed growth on .qnmmcr-falloAV. ......_, .:_____ PART VI.-^Water SuppUei^ Water Suri'LiES for Faiisiers / * The greatly increased numbers of live stock on the farms in this district brings home to our fii-rmors more and more -the need for niore and better supjilies of water. It was decided that it w^ould be-well to follow up the previous work of Ibis board of trade in causing inquiries to be made regarding further waftr 8t\pplies, by holding a Conference here on .Time 22nd, 1917. This wns largely attended, not only by fanners, but by oftieers of tlie Canadian Geological Survey, the Irrigation Branch, the Commission of Con,scrvation, the Alberta Agricultural and Public Wlorks Departments, as m'oU as by' the irrigation and^rail-' way engineers and public health-officers. So considerable an amount of valu'able information was adduced that it has been considered, advisable to print a special report of tJie proceedings^ of the conference, and thiS is now available for distribution.' ' . The Conference a.skcd that tlio Dominion and Provincial* gov-  jvcrnmcnts should, pursue the work, already being, undertaken in part by the Geological Survey, of making further test holes for the diacovei7. of w'ell water, and in developing cheaper methods of drilling,for farm water; that complete records of water discoveries should be made and tabulated so as io facilitate further' research work; and ^that regulations .slioiild be deviscfl nnd enfbrecd for the conservation of flowing well waters. , . ' Tho�C6iiference alsd requested that full inquiry,siioulfi bo made regarding .the preservation of stock Watering reserves have water for n small area; and the greater cost per acre irri-j along all water fronts, also that practicable road approijclios to gated would not be such a drawback as'ihight at first sight ap- such reserves should be provided. . _ ' _ pear, particularly if it were arranged that the water allotted to I A request wns alsp registered that furthejinqiij^ should be eaclrfanu could be used on any part of theuicrcagc; because this would enable a farmer to make rotations of his crops on different parts (if his farm. Letiibhidge Northern Pkoject made to discover {vhctlcr a living strenm ^bf water cotdd be ' taken.from the Milk R(ver to be'diverted along the irrigation-canals into Etzikom Coulee and Pakowki Lake. . . Farmers and town communities have neglected one ready -^gricultural Labw; . and'FintiKf � s I :[ . . Farm Labor Farming operations in the Spring and Autumirof each year-require considerably mor'e labor force "than, is availahJe in this district-.' The Alberta Government jilaccd'an officer in, Lqtli-, bridge during these two seasons, and this BtTard of Trade plated part of their otiice. accommodation at his disposal; This greatly It is eBscntialfor the, bust interests of the future develwmentU'"^',.!^/^''''". "1"*'"-''''''"'V."'"m""V'' "T, ""i""'"': this district, the productive duality of the soil of which'has l^'^^'"*'^'*'?, "'e:P�'"PCT di.stnbution of the available men and, women; the olhcer being in touch with the Canadian immigra-, tion ofTioers in the United States was ablel to follow the-movement and to serve the farmers of the district'by giving thein-f information ,ns to the ])eople available, .thus, supplementing the wrk of tlie firnis who moke the distribution of farm labor nart of their rcgidhr business. Certificates to enable harvest hands to got the benefit ^of the special passenger rXies given by': 'he railway companies wore issued by the goverhinen't dlffcer.- If we are.fflvorcd \vith average crops in'1918,',oh the greatly iiicroniSPd acrqago now ttnder ci^tivation, the probldni of ptovicV ing siiffipiont labor :(pr the harvest \vUlibe .quite serious;-The supply of such laboKlfas been .grdatly/l^epleted. by recruitiw^ (both in tlio United States and in .Canada;!and,it will bo forC; uniite'.indeed if we get a aepotitiori of the excej?tion(ill.y favorable harvest wcftthoi- that prevailed iirtlie,fall of 1917; whicli enabled nearly 'ey'cry Imryest hand to'work ;pfacl,ically cyefy'.day."; , * ^ iNTiiiiiOR Si'ohaoe-Elbvatou ..  - of this district, the productive quality of the soil of which'has been so amply demonstrated, that there shouhl be no cessation of the imp"ortant work of continuing research hito the engineering and economic possibilities for making the greatest u8e of such -waters as may be available to be spread ovcrAtho land. .^^ -* I Tader Project /' It was libped that this project which provides for making up of the .spill waters from the A. R. and I. Co.'s irijigatijn distric  by carrying that water to irrigate some seventeen, thousand acres;of land.near Barnwell and Taber,-might have bei^n gonc on wth in 1917, but no start has yet been made on this work. No great engineering work is required, audit should be possible to arrange the business, details to enable the work to be carried through during 191g. / . As the irrigation farmerBi^whot^cami?; here ilurihg the pnst ten to fifteen years"liavQ-bcpome;better'^stablishcd^z-tlioy liavo increased their lipldiiigs of Jivostoek, and they now find that their piolieer efforts are.boijjj^- ''" "'^ ' ' " the Hiistidio^ of buying' too ' , / PART v.-Live Stock 4'v"';,� � ... ^ ^ ,��-'� � ; Live Stock Production ' -There havo been very great increases.in the live stock hold-l lugs of nearly every one of the farmers in this district. Priori to 1914 there were great stretches of tins'prairie,farming c�Hm-; try over which one niight trii.vol for miles Avithout seeing any animals other llian horscs^dut every grain farmer nowyhns a herjl of cattle feeding around-his straw stacks, and "eating'up that good feed which fornici'ljc was ijjvariably bnrnud.* .There has also been a iiotiraabic increftsu in the number, of small flocks of well-bred sheep on the grain farms.Many �farmers are discovq-ing.that it coats n-actieally nothing tQ�,keep I It few, shoopi around the farm, iind lesides the fact thnt it is Iprofittlbleto raise a few fihcop, thcf farm housewife socs thpt thp change in dieb that is nvaiiablo from an occrigioijnl bit of mirtr (on i6 greatly apjirociatcd by'the Jumily and tlie farm,helpers; � ^ ' . OAi-ri;e ANu Sjieki' on RAnq); � , ' Live stockiwof giVdV by all -.the- farmprs present sliowingthodiHabilitios''thoy;W''>�.V, nm<)h'Of wliich. was cut^nd slacked fo?, winter uio, /The Board of Grain' ComhiifisihnOTa inuofwakVi^g .tlw yerBK-r^^ttcli'lttnS; and they had a hard There was aiJirip^^ui bctwci 1^ two snow stornts in D,et6m- tim oxid�u'!dl^ to the' Minister of'1?i'adeUiiidCoih^^ ;