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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 19, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT THE LETHBR1DGE DAILY HERALD SATURDAY, JANUARY 19, 1918 ANNUAL REPORT OF PRES. MARNQCH, LETHBRIDGE BOARD OF TRADE PART I.-General Business This report endeavors to present a sketch of the agricultural ami business activities of Lethbridge ami tho districts doing business with that oily during 1 !> 1T". The members of the Board of Trade recognise that their function is to serve the people oi* ihe city ami of the surrounding towns ami fanning districts in their dav-lo-dav requirements for the li'oods that can he economically' handled from Lethbridge as a diMrihunng eenire. Thov also take a Avide view of their general duties in makiug " ' �' th PART II-Railway and Mail Servics t ^ Kail way and Fasskxgku Sluvicks Such alterations as wore made in (he passenger schedules during 1!>1'7 were rather in the reduetionMhan enlargement, of service, for the time allowed in Lethbridge for passengers from the west and north on a single day's journey was curtailed by alterations that- bring passengers'in later in the d;.v. The dav nassemrer serviee on the Crow's Nest line that is so urgently needed has not vet been re-instated. The general dutv of the that serviee effective, and in laying sound foundations ior tlu-1 lHslr{ot l0 put up with Uu, |0ss u> [nx^llv^ x\hxl ivsiiiis from Uio continuing- prosperity of the people Uiey no easiness wit-! ami I k fJliW jos |,rsl inh>rosts of tho in helping the people who are coming here to auMu tlw wor.-* vi r-liiUtrv nuiv j)C ^m>j at this time of stress, precludes renewed further development, lhvogmzing that the mam business t ju,l; now . [mi h i# MvH U) lvt.0rd lhm, ,uattvrs so th.u this country is agricujt.ure, the members oi the Hoard ot liwJth0a!0 reasonable requests should not be lost siirlu of when re-nre keenlv interested in whatever may help our farmers to estab- ! .irnmiTmo,lU city and disirict. and to look forward io and j FaorosKD I\\vu-u prepare for the advent of a greatly increased population of grain farmers, irrigation farmers, and live stock breeders. This policy �will brim: its i.wu reward in increasing business in wholesale and retail business, banking, railroading, coal mining. Hour milling and general industry in the city. Bank Clkaimni;:: The Hank Clearings for U�K show a figures for I'.MO. The �v. follows: .... j!'.;n^-i- n\: nguiv- tor Ui* tj r,a in Chops Tin- amount of grain that passed through frn* railway Lethbridge to the markets from the crops of the last threej \\Y KrTKXSlOXS The same reasons referred to in the preceding paragraph govern the situation in regitrd to/absolutelv neeessarv railway extensions. Nu further extension was made in 11) IT to connect up between Manyberries and A Hawaii on the Lelhbridge-\Y>v-burn line. A personal inspection in the vicinity of the proposed rotiie'of lar^e increase over the!'be Lethbridge-Kipp-Turiu-Suffield extension was made by Mr. I Grant Hall, Vice-President of the Canadian Pacific .Kailwav, during the summer. An extension of this line at least as far a.-Turin is urgently required for the economical moving of the increasing crops grown in that district, and if" may hedioped that this twenty-five mile extension will be built just as, soon as I circumstances will permit. lasi lour vears arc a- struggle to mpke payments on higher pricecl irrigated land which their limited labor force could not put under cultivation fully under irrigation. The present period of hi#ii prices for agricultural produce of nil kinds enables them to take the fullest advantage, of all their holdings by growing grain on acreage not brought under irrigation, and alfalfa, and hay crops on the more fully developed irrigated land; and wddle the bye-product of the grain fields provides cheap feed through the stubble and from the straw stacks, the alfalfa and hay provide pasturage and succulent feed for their hogs, sheep and eaitle. Those same circumstances have been very advantageous to recent purchasers of irrigated lands, of whom there hits been (jiiiic a considerable number this year. Their first broken laud has none under grain which has brought them excellent returns; and as the cultivation under grain provides both revenues and a proper means of preparing the httid for irrigated crops, Ihey have been very fortunate as to their choice of a time for settling here. During the year practically all of the remaining land under the Alberta Kail way and Irrigation project has been sold, and there will be a considerable accession of practical irrigation fanners in 31*18 to tho Lellthridire Irrigation District, which has consistently shown good results under that method of intensive cultivation. (,'nors ox Imugati-u Lam� her, 1917, and there was bo me very fine weather in the beginning of W .18 after the snow had gone-off, xvhl&i enabled the live stock to gel. into good shape again. 1 Several very largo, 'shipments of splendid, range cattlo and sheep were made during 1JM 7 ;ards at L vear* was as follow.-: 1HK> i-rop .................-2!>.000,000 bushels MUG crop .................-JT.OOO.OOO bushels i!' 1; .-r-'p to end of December.. 13,000.000 bushels A \crv considerable amount of the 1917 crop lias not yet been Post Office axo Mail Seuvu i; marketed. I I'pon representation? made "by the Board of Trade as *to the I increased busine-s being done at the Post Office here, and the necessity for additional help, this matter was promptly dealt with bv the Postmaster General. Some neeessarv alterations iu collections from street pillar boxes were also made. The nisrht serviee instituted in-1910 between-Lethbridsre and Wholesale and Retail BrsixErs the north bv the Canadian Pacific Kailwav has established itself In heihbridire and in the districts doing business with it both' as a permanent necessity in dealing with passenger traffic. As wholesale and" retail business has been active during the year, jit is usual for such services to carry mails the general public There arc sufficient numbers of wholesale agricultural imple- takes it for granted that this is provided for. but in this case meni houses to care for the large and increasing trade in agri- the night mail service mis not yet been added. . It is verv neees- cultural implements, and as an indication of the magnitude of This trade, it may be mentioned that over two hundred light farm tractors were sold in Lethbridge last spring. The trade in wholesale groceries and fruit and produce is also well taken care of. Two firms dealing" in rubber goods, auto tires, belting, }>iping and rubber boots, opened in Lethbridge during the year, and both haw- done good "business-. In most lines of retail trade there a re enough stores engaged in the business i!o ensure active service. The retail trade in Lethbridge and in the many verv heaithv towns in the district requires, however, better support in the and goods received at wholesale in Lethbridge have a freight advantage of about two hundred miles iu distribution from this citv. Coal ^Iixixg There has been no difficulty in finding a ready market for all the coal produced bv the^-oal mines at Lethbridge and in ary thai facilities should be proridedvfor quick mail communication between the southern part of the province and the north. PART HI.-Agriculture Gjuix Faitmixg ix 1917 The features of the crop year of 191? in Southern Alberta were a fairly good supply of sub-surface moisture stored up during the previous year, a rather late and backward spring with light rainfall: a somewhat drv growing season with intermit-tent rainfalls light in some areas and heavier in others, and ed by an autumn th&twas exceptional-prompt cutting and thrashing. These generally throughout the districts doing excepting on the Foremost-Ma m--berries line to the south east; that area missed nearly all of the intermittent rains, and the crops were consequently very light," in common with the general experience in the eastern parts of The general average crop of alfalfa on irri^arcd land ran from four to four and a half tons per acre. Timothy yielded one and a half io two tons. Both of these crops were harvested ' I iu good condition, and there has been a vread^ market for so much as could be spared for side outside ot this-immediate di-irict. i'utatoes on irrigated land yielded from six to eight tons per acre, and the prices realized have been very good. extkxsiox OF IlHUGATlON" The above remarks regarding the successful pursuit of irrigation farming in this district, in which climatic and soil condit-ions have proved so favorable, lead naturally to some consideration as to the best uses to winch diverted waters may be put. In an address at the 1917 convention of Western Canada Irrigation Association, the Minister of Agriculture for Saskatchewan, lion. W. K. Motherwell, made some interesting remarks on tlu* factors that limit agricultural production in various countries; iu some the extent of tho land itself is the limiting factor; in others the possibility- of applying fertilizer; in others labor; while in a great part of our western prairies, particularly the southern portions of Alberta and Saskatchewan, moisture is the limiting' factor. Fanners using dry-farming methods carry over this year's moisture to next by summer-fallowing; but. a fanner having irrigation water available can rotate his crops and fann his land continuously. Mr. Motherwell mentioned the enormous advantage that would accrue to any farm in these areas if even a small acreage of each farm could be irrigated so as to ensure steady crops of alfalfa and pasture grasses. This same viewihaving been indicated many a time to your president in course of his talks with various farmers, he had prepared a short memorandum on the subject during 191G, raising the question generally as to whether we were guiding ourselves well as to the disposal of the limited amounts of water that arc available for irrigation by diversion froni~our rivers and streams. A preliminary enquire on this subject seems to indicate that it mav be possible to carry some of the proposed diversions to greater'-distances than might have been originally contemplated, so as to seryc a much greater territory with smaller amounts of Mater, rather thon to concentrate our irrigation facilities in aj broader, but less extended area. This latter is the practice that �k v Livm Stock on Jmugatkd Land . Cnfih* breeding on ti large scale is mnV being UnuVrtnken on several of the irrigated farms. The Hyssop Bros, farm and. the Smith farm under (Jeo! O. Kerr, and the farms of W. II. Pnwson, have turned out some good cattle, and Hen Pawson Inw done well both iu thoroughbred Shorthorti. cattle and sheep. John Mol). Davidson- is coming to the front as a successful breeder of pure bred Hereford cattle on his irrigated farm at Conldalc\ twejve miles from Lethbridge, and Sam Sidles has a, herd of thoroughbred Shorthorns. Skki:i' and Wool The greatest sheep production in Alberta, centres around Lethbridge and the soul hern part of the province. On the range and on the farms iu this district about 150,000 sheep are carried. The first cooperative marketing of the wool grown by the members of the Southern Alberta Wool grower's Association was made in 15)1 (J, when the larger portion o� the wool clip was graded here and sold by tender. A further- step was taken in. 1917, when the wool, after being graded, was shipped to u warehouse in Toronto, and there put up for sale. Some six. or seven hundred thousand pounds was sold there at prices that netted the growers an average return of about 021/2 cents-per pound. Considerable credit is due to the Dominion Depart-' menf of Agriculture for their endeavor in bringing the sheep growers to see that their interest lay in getting the wool together in good shape for sale, and iu facilitating the arrangement for getting the growers and the manufacturers closer together for the mutual benefit of each. This result has* come about aftar several years of patient work, and Mr. T. .ft. Arketl, of (he Sheep and Goat; division of the Department, has been untiring in his efforts to bring about these satisfactory results. Several of the slice]) growers are going to considerable expense in importing sires and dams of purebred stock to improve their ilocks; Mr. ft, C. Harvey brought in a number ofpurebrod sheep from England during tile year. It would be well if more attention could be given to this feature bv making use of the Dominion Experimental Farm at Lethbridge for the carrying on of breeding tests. There is everv indication that farmers will increase their small flocks, and every encouragement should be given them in this; sheen may become quile a feature in our farming operations in keeping down weed growth on summer-fallow. Alberta and the westerly portion of Saskatchewan. , . The general average crops of wheat ran from eighteen to been followed up till now, and all the engineering and twenty-five bushels per acre on summer-fallowed land, and the coal mining districts close to the city. Lethbridge coal is! tvrely'c to twenty bushels on land that had been in crop in 1910. the favorite fuel all over the prairies, ami with the shortage of labor caused by considerable numbers of miners having gone to the front in the earlier days of the war, it has been difficult to meet the demands for our coal. There was a strike of coal miners during two months in the summer,� but*since then there has been a steady production of about two thousand five hundred tons a dav from the mines within a radius of six or seven miles from Lethbridge. During the same period last year the daily production was nearly three thousand tons. Flouu Milling The Flour Mills in Lethbridge have been busy throughout the J year. Macaroni Manufacture The Marinaro' Macaroni Factory has been fully employed during the vear. Life Assuhaxce Business There is an inviting field in this district for the extension of Life Assurance Business, and it would be in the general interest of this community if more of this business were done, particularly among our farmers who are now proxisiou for the safetv of their f branch agmci'-s of offices in Lethbridge, but only two companies maintain offices here. JiEtail Stoke Hours du-t befoiv the close of the last session of the Alberta legislature, a measure was introduced and hurriedly passed, which required great changes in the hours during which retail stores in Lethbridge would have, to do business. Upon urgent re pre sentations fronr storekeepers the operation of the Act was suspended lor a time. The passing of such a measure as this, involving the .dislocation of long-established custom without due notice to the citizens of tie.' province, and even without due discussion in the legislature cannot be too strongly deprecated. It would appear tu be opportune that legislation should be j ^ parsed that would govern the hour; stores in Alberta might be open; and with reasonable hours of work for farmers, coal miners and industrial facilities fur shopping on Saturday evenings, and if trade between the country a.id the cities, towns and villages of our! There were the usual exceptions to the average, quite a number of summcrfallowed fields running up to forty ^bushels and over. The crop of oats ?vas light and so wad the barley crop; these later sown grains, planted as they were generally on land that had been in crop in 1910, and having had less advantage from] the previous year's moisture, had to depend more on the light summer rains. The conditions in 1917 for winter rye and winter wheat were excellent, and some largo yields were recorded JThe general appearance of the grain crops during the sprin was nearly as favorable as in 1915 and 1D10 when the average wheat crops on summer-fallowed land ran up to fifty and sixty bushels in 191x5, and thirty to thirty-five in 191G. -During the summer many observers of conditions throughout this district predicted very freely that the crop was ruined ; but although fanners generally were ve^y agreeably surprised at the final outturns, none of them at any time in the growing season took as gloomy a view of the situation as the average townsman did. be The favorable harvesting weather enabled the crop to saved in the best possible condition; there was practically no w well placed to make such j frosted grain, and the grades generally were good. The great amilics. There are manyjbulk of the crop was marketed on the* basis price of $2.21 per bushel for Xo. 1 Northern at Fort William, that being the pril two years. 1 lie factors that contributed to the favorable di,tr:'(;ts to the south and east of Lcthbrid-e. harvesting m 1917 made the conditions lor storing moisture the less favorable: but t^ie long open fall that extended right through the month of November gave excellent opportunities for c\-| tensive fall plowing, and the veTy large areas of cultivated, land to be available from the Old Man ltiver above Macleod for this i for gathering rain water into cisterns. The ladies of the Women's Civic club looked after the guests at the Conference and served supper in the evening. PA!?T VII.-Agricwltiiral Labor, Marketing and Finance i Faum. Lauok Farming operations in the Spring and Autumn of each year require considerably more labor force than is availaltle in this district. The Alberta Govcrnimfnt .placed an officer in Lethbridge during these two seasons, and this Board of Trade placed | of the important work of continuing research into the engineer- sibililics for making the greatest use of iviulable to be spread over \the land. Taijeu Pko.ject Potatoes and Boot Chocs province, is to bo reasonably cared for, this necessity must bet The potato crop under dry farming conditions was spotty: borne in mind. some places that got rain at favorable times gave fair yields, but The Alberta Government lias appointed a Commission to look wide differences as to yield were observed even in individual into and report upon the features of this Act. with a view to! fields.. arriving'at bet*or arrangements for the conduct of retail busi-l Alfalfa ox Buy Lanu ness. project which provides for making us spill waters from the A. 1L and 1. Co/s irrigation distric j by carrying that water to irrigate some seventeen thousand acres of land near Barnwell and Tabcr, might have been gom on with iu 1917, but no start has vet been made on this work No great engineering Avork is required, and it should be possiblt. to arrange the business details to enable the work to be carried through during 1U18. / PART V.-Live Stock -foine vci*3* good yields of alfalfa were recorded from the ten Hotel ano Besiijexce Accommoi>atio.v ix LETJiBinnoE and twenty acre natches that are now to be seen throughout There is not enough hotel accommodation in Lethbridge to! ina,l.v of: the dry-farming areas, especially from those plots that take care of the business that is offered. An excellent oppor- are P^�ted iu rows about three feet apart. These fields are tun it v for investment in \W\ to our unsettled lands assumes larger proportions, as will certainly be the case when things settle down after the Avar. As the irrigation farmers who came here durihg the past ten to fifteen years have become better established., thov have increased their holdings of livestock, and they now find tbaL Cattle avd Sheep on Baxcje Live stock on the many large ranches in tho Lath bridge district have done well throughout M)Vi. There were fine crops of their pioneer offoits are being well repaid. Most of them made wild hay, much of which was cut*�uul stacked for winter use. ! the mistake of buying too much land, and thev had a hard There was an iv**rfal bct\v17. A n*Miiorandiun on the subject was presented to the Board setting forth the great need for this elevator, with facts and figures as to rrrain production and mileage from terminals, ns well as recounting the losses occurring in economical production from the lack of such facilities as are provided in those interior elevators that have been properly located for dealing Avith grain traffic. Considerable evidence Avas given* by all the farmers presold showing the disabilities they Avcrc under in moving their crops, especially in unfavorable harvesting seasons, and during shortages of transportation facilities. The Hoard of Grain Commissioners iu'forwarding the verba- ;