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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 19, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta i PAGE EIGHT -_THE FRIDAY.'.! U; Jl ill V AGRICULTURAL FINANCE AND MARKETING ANNUAL BOARD y im'.ins of pictorial chatU reproduced in the highly inlcresl- interim icport which, as Chairman o[ Iho Ucorgian Hay Canal Commission, he1 has sttumillsil to the Government. The methods by which our wheat finds its way from thV prairies to thi! consuming markets; the factors of availability and tiio cost of transportation facilities; Hie speed, nl which we ioiul up thesa markets, contrasted ngniiist the slowness and slcadinesj of Iheir buying week by week for consumption; the depressing elfctt on prices for our grain, brought about by our present system (or rather hick of system) ot marketing, as well us the enormous strain that we place on' our transportation facilities at certain timca of ihe of those call for Cfireful study'by our tilid' uidml by all of our grain nnd our livestock production and marketing nre thu vitals of Canada's existence. People engaged in the great business of grain production and marketing and' transportation have acquired knowledge by experience which have been arrived nt only bv the highly expen- sive process of sustaining which anyone having The Creameries in. Lcthbridge and throughout the district dii excellent business in past season. The number of dniry cows in the district eonli'.io.J to increase, and larjje con- signments of cream are received here to be mode into biittcr. POULTRY. The numbers of poultry in this district continue to in- crease, and.more ultcution is being devoted to the care of eggs for tpe market, and to the attractive preparation of poultry ior sale. The I.c-ihbridge Poultry and Pet Stock Association had a very successful pouliry shoh- in Lcthbridgc and birds from ihis District liave been well up iu the prize lists of ilio various shows in the Province. in which, are conveniently situated on a railway Elding for receiving cattle, sheep and hogs, from sellers ami despatching them to buyers. The city street car line runs out to j., knowledge ot the various inler-rclaling factors these yards at the Fair Grounds. i could have shown to be inevitable. It is only by such patient investigations as iliosi undertaken by Mr. Sanford ICvans that Ihcso facts can bo ascertained, and placed before us so that WD can understand them. IXTF.iuoR STOIUGB Nothing has yet been douc in the dirccliou of providing an interior storage elevator at Lclhhriilge, the lack of whicl causes most serious loss to our farmers. II was stated in tin middle of 191G that the Hoard of Grain Commissioners wouli shortly visit I.ctlibridgc in their capacity as n Special Co.'imiii ion appointed by Ihc Dominion Government Io look inti aspects of the grain trade. Our farmers, grain nicr and milling interests hen; ure impatient at the n this regard. There were several occasions daring the past season whci Ihrcshing operations were interrupted by inclement, weather if there had been an inferior elevator at threshint ttiulil have been started ogain almost immediately after Hies delays, because Ihe grain could have been sent in in a slightl [lamp condition, anil dried at once in the elevator. Ther were other occasions when cars were in short supply, and arrangements could have been ivade to store the grain here a half-way house; and in hte December (here was an nctua embargo on grain going to Fort William, when such un elevatd would have proved most serviceable in enabling farmers to mak use of Iheir teams in hauling, at a season when their time ivi useful only for that purpose. ECONOMIC Ait) DEVELOPMENT The following remarks appeared under this heading in the "Annual .Report of this Board of Trade, for whole Dominion Is alive now to the necessity for an -appraheosion or th? deslini-.of.our.national life. .A Royal Ccui- uiissioa Is now In session mating (all eaquirj- into the Teaturcs ot our agricultural business. The wide scope ot this Economic anil Development Commission, embracing as it does enquiries lulo niaHers concerned with agricultural production anil mar- coloaiaatiou anil ImmigTatlon. labor bureaus, transpor- tation end agricultural and manufacturing credits, tc'e encour- ageuient ai 'conterslou agricultoral products into mauufact- ui-ed suppllss-wlHin tic Dominion, etcV ete., tmpllea thai some time must elapse before deGnitc.conclustons can be presenlcdr but as it ia tial Jate'rim reports arc to be made Id the Government, aclion on; more pressing mt'ttera may proceed even while tue deliberallong We live in a period of and change, and none mar say Trtiat deTelopments may tahe'place TThcn the.war 13 concluded. Tbe personnel oE this Commisiion haa been cjiliclsed; but if profitable arid speedy.action is to result It Is" absolutely DCC- essErj that on the one hand there ehouli be -wide consultation with the various factors of our citizenship, and on the other, connection with the Government; and It becomes evi- dent.ibat our ilpty lies in the ilirectlon o[ doing'whatever ive can to aid thtt Commission to arrive at well-rtise-sied undiaga Just as quickly as poss'tble." In August, 1010, a communication was received Secretary from the. Chniriuan of a Special Coinnu'ltM! of the Senate on Agricultural, Industrial and Trade Development, askin" for assistance in the work of the but ai about.the came time a iatcrriei'v with the Chairman bj the Commission 'stated that the offices of the Commission had been closed. JOIST. CoitsiiTizF OF COMMERCE AND AcmcuLTt'iiE. This body of farmers and men came together for the first lime at Winnipeg in ilarch, 191C. Another meeting was held in December. In July the farmer members had conferences, with representative bankers and with the farm mortgage The Committee onder iici purvievr aU .malters in which commerce and agriculture are jointly involved, and it is composed of tiTeiity-live farmer members Irom the Eseciitivtd of the formers' organizations of Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatche- wan and Alberta: and twenty-five business men representing the general, banking, finance, wholesale and retail merclian- di'sing, railways, etc., irilcresfs of the prairie provinces. The Committee sat (hiring ilirce ij.iys in March, and great progress wa; made by the gradual discovery during the delib- erations of a very patent fact that seemed somehow in the busier yc-.irs of our rapid development to have been loit, Eight that the interests of si! Canadians are identical; that we nre all human; that vrc are not all crassly relfisli; and iliat each one of us owes a patriotic duty to his wunirv, and has responsibilities comiecied with the development of our people that are quite as important, though not so pre-eminent a! (lie moment, as our patriotic duties in. connection with the war. The Conftrecci; in ,March Krved .further to clcf.r up grounds of difference into which the farmers and the bunkers and Iho men hail simply for lack of ai: nf various duties and It wa> intorjled that the meeting in Dctcmlicr should have A prominent fanner in this district wrote to the Lcth bridge iferald in October, "What Is being done, about getting that big storage clcvnto for Lethbridge? Here.I am silling down v.Tlllng a letter I ought to be watching uiy thricshiiig gang working instead o ealiag their heads on. It there was a government elevator i Letbbridge-as th'ere should be, Uie same as nt ilooje an Saskatoon, I threshing right along, auj if lie C.IU would give me a few cars, which it seems can noi would be's'endlng Iho grain'In''In'-a slightly dim'p condition be dried at the'clevator at' LethnriSge.- It appears like th ivesthc-r'.Is going to be uncertain right and can't nu'or to waste a minute." The Impirlolge that such an elcraior was built at Ciilgai in ,i direclioii out-of-the-way from thai of the grain moveinei aggravates not only our farmers, but all who are interested i the mqvemcnt of that means every person in ih dislriet- Tn spiie of the fact that during part of the. season 1015 1016 the charges for storage in the Calgary .elevator wer cancelled, thai elevator dealt wilhrlcss than Two million buslio of grain. The elevator at Slpose J.iw put through live and half million bjishels, cud. the Saskaloou elevator eight and half million bushels, aud the farmers were glad to pay the ftdl charges. the service. If there had been an Elevator at it would ccr- ainly have been filled to a three million bushel capacity several imcs over during the season- It is impossible to estimate jiut what economic loss the country snlTercd from lack of Ihis accommodation, hut it must lave been very great, for farmer? had io leave ail ciilliv.iling ihcir land in the Spring in order to haul grain that could have' jeen already well ou its way to the csport outlets. LIVE STOCK It has bcciiifoiiiul in praclicg thnl the farmer ratlicr giving security (ho name of a "Chattel tlio odium lhal iidaclifs to Hint li.ime, and hcciiiisc o_ giving of a cliiillel nioflg'njo hns implied tliat Ihc farmer in fmandal dililciilties; whereas the very fact that'a .grain rmer is conserving both his linaiiccs and his farm by fecijiiig vestock is one of the best indications that he is a good, mid irifty former. It is hoped (hat this matter may bo dealt illi at die'next sitting of I'lirlinrucul, tuid that steps inoy'K1 to dcsigimle such seciirily as this under the Jinmo of a Livestock niid also Dint Ihc fonit of lien should be simii- ficd so that the hank manager'innv readily complete it himself, it! registered nl n nominal chayge. Disciiesions liro now proc-ccdinj; as to how jucli livestock usiness is to be-properly financed. It is held strongly by somu ciniicieiit uiitliorilics that finances can be urrimgitl Clammed the ctfcci? of tome recent legislation, was made ir. .-V.rcclirju, hut tin homo progress orily onjy by livesloric companies mid commission men; with radical inspection, ranch on the lines on which thu cnllle ceding business is mmiaged in the. United plates; will, due -gard to the precautions thai would bo required to (jet tin loncy to the farmer al as cheap a rale as possible, unit with voidancc of collusion with big packing interests. On (lie oilier it is said, iiiid apparently with soundness Ihc business must develop from small beginnings; nnd thai ho locnl branch hnnk is (he only found connection with Ihe tinner who might start in live stock operations in a small wnv; vhilo it is stated (lint the country, branch bank managers u're low rapidly developing n reasonably sound knowledge Ihc npabilitiea of llieir farmer'customers. The distinct advantage lint would accrue_ from (he fanner's doing all his I'ilh ilia" Hatik as the only source of credit for his fnriiiin rt'solvcd, the liiuird of Traih1 re.'pectivcly invites he nltc-ntioii of the 1'nleral liiiviTiitncnt uml the tlfjveniiiH'iH if.Ihe I'rovincc f.-f to the Mi'imirainlum; he.hope.i.' cxjiriwi'd the inallfr will lii> dealt with nit .Copies of Ibis Memorandum as allow anil of (lie' ioii wore sc-nl i" the Hi. linn. .Sir' If. li. Honlcn, I'rimi: lliin'stcr ami iiu-mliiTs tin1 1'rivy 1'iniin-il: tu Ihc Htm. L- Sirion liinil mcnibi'-r.'iari.'o of'these plnis ill Albrrtii, and in ibis ilir-rc lire al MagrAth, Milk l.ivcr, Knrcmnsl, (Jra.-sy Like-, T.ibor. Cannangay, Maclcod I'ilichcr f'rwk. '.Hy iiifans nf ihoso re-suit? of tlio work done at the 1-Api-riniental V'.irm nn- ciirricil out in full view of all Ihc fnrmr-rs .'if (bcsii ilislrii-ts, nnd (he bi-nci'it.i arc thus spread widely .ininuil. SViiooi.s ur The m-.irr-.-) Provim-ial P'-hiwl "f and Iv-iu.-m- jir.ilion r.irm i> at prcsi'iil at rbresliolnt, konn; Fovcnly mile- frViin and it is far Lj ;ip.'pcrlj the OS NKM ;