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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta U.S. grievances against Canada Thundoy, Jcnuory 18, 1973 THf tETHBRIPOf HEULD Bv Brace Hntchlson, special commentator (or FP Publication! For some 20 years or more the United States enjoyed a (highly favorable bal- ance in trrde with its 'trgest trading parbier. Only in Ihe last three yearo lias liie balance sunng Lhe other way. Why. then, should the United States be so disturbed, so in- sistent on a better deal for it- self? And what are the specific complaints against Canadian commercial policy on which it now seeks redress' The answer to the first ques- tion is quite simple: True enough, the United Sales says, the advantage usually lay with it in the past, and may do ?o again in the future, but in the present Canada's drain on its neighbor's financial and econ- omic system has become intol- erable. By one rneins or sno'.hcr ire United Sister' payments deficit must be re- duced, and Canada, recency in large surplus, should help to reduce it. not alone as a neigh- borlv act but in the interests of world stability, Canada's self-interest. The alternative, if the United SLates cannot solve its exchange problem, is tragic damage for its partners as well as ilseU. The question of specific Am- erican grievances aeainst Can- ada is more complicated and little understood by the pubb'c in either nation. Stripped of the political rhetoric and Ihe ex- peris' jargon, the United States' case includes four main points. First a minor concern Canada's duty-free allov.-ance on tourist purchases in the Unit- ed Stales is lower than the Am- erican figure and should be raised to approximately the same as it probabiy will be. Second a major concern trie existing joint defence shar- are urL.V.- In Irs Uni'ed Fir.'.es. In agreeing to buy military products, or their components, from Canada United States understood that it would sell roughly an equal volume here. 's NUD "Now be lair, dear! How con you expect them to mist you when you've been ffwoy on business? They didn't even knew you were flone Instead, according to the latest American figures (so lar in- complete and disputed in Ot- the United States ran a deficit of about half a billion dollars in this single category of trade during the last year. Third Ihe most prickly is- sue pending between the two nations Canada has unfairly exploited the so-called free trace automotive pact with the United States. Thereby it has piled up huge surpluses unforeseen at the beginning and now clear- ly much more than the United can afford. Wr.en Hie contract was ne- gotiated the United Sates un- derstood that Canada would re- move its tariff on American automotive products steo by step over a period of about five time hi' the tarff en im- ported automobiles E'-il! re- mains As a result the Uiiled States balance of payments is suffering a heavy, and grossly unreasonable bur- den. At the same time the Can- adian automobile purchaser must pay a higher price than t-n American purchaser for the same car. He. too, is suf- fering an unreasonable, and un- necessary, private burden. Officially the Canadian gov- ernment has always argued that i- could not rern-ve the ts-L'f lest it flood the Canadian mar- ket ?rith cheap American and damage the automotive in- dustry of Ontario. Even worse, the government says, real free trade mieht mean the removal of the industry, or at least part of it. to the United States. In fact, the government great- ly exaggerates its fears for po'- i ical. not economic, reasons. It does not believe that real free trade wodd destroy, or even seriously affect, the Ontario in- dustry, vhich is well ab'e to compete in an unrestricted con- tinental market and is here to stsy. But in politics Lhe gov- ernment's fears are entirely genuine. Before Ire election of las' Oc- to'-tr it believed that any con- cession to the United States, however small, lust and rea- sonable, would lose it many Oniario constituencies b> fright- ening the automobile workers and the communities depend- eir. on their earnings. Consequently neither the gov- ernment, the Conservative op- position nor the NDP dared to discuss, much less to open, this long-standing argument with the United States. Now. at a time ol post-election chaos in Parbiament, no party is prepar- ed to face the issue if it can be avoided or postponed, no matter what the merits of the .American case may be. and no matter vrhat the tariff costs the Canadian consumer. The fourth American com- plaint -rill surprise and doubt- less anger the Canadian peo- ple, once they have grasped it. In brief, the United States gov- ernment has examined the Canadian government calls i'_- "new industrial strategy." Under examination, this ambi- tious phrase seems, in Wash- ington's eyes, to mean tpc various ex- port industries by Canada's public treasury. The Canadian, government, ar.d provincial governments also, are handing out massive grants of or.e sort End another 10 private corporations which, bankrolled by the taxpayers, can sell competively. and un- fairly, in tr.e American market. Or. as Washington sees it, Can- ada is planning to expo-; rs unemployment problem to the United States an inexcusable offence. vrhile Lhe Canadian govern- ment regards this charge as unfounded and. in any case nul- lified by the United States' ex- port subsidies to its own ecru- orations, ir is not merely a point of political argument but a matter of American law. Under the law. the United Book Reviews States government must levy cour.iervaifing duties on impor ed goods when they are subsi- dized by a foreign government. Already Canadian automobile tires manufactured in a Novs Scotia factory which received large grants of public money come in for attention by the U.S. treasury. If, in a vital test case, exports to the Ameri- can market can be restricted by special duties, so. presum- ably, can other Canadian prod- cuts similarly subsidized. Thus Lhe ''new industria! strategy." assuming that it K more than a domestic political slogan, raises grave intematiori- al questions unforeseen and not }et fully comprehended in Ol- Uwa. Besides the four specific com- plaints, a fifth may arise out of Canada's unknown plans to con- American investment. The plans announced by the Tru- deau government and never raified by Par'iismer.. were mr. enough to cause serious alarm in Washington. But were they only the beginning of a much more drastic policy, the narrow end of the wedge? This report has tried, in over- simplified' form, to the American case which Canada must meet, sooner or later, at the bargaining table. Of course there is a CanadiaT case toe. but without an effective to crrue it for time being. And over ell Ire arguments of daily business loorr.s the far greater continen- tal and worldwide problem of those dwindling physical re- sources ttat Canada still owns in abundance and its neighbor covets. The coach's view "Hockey Showdown: Thf rengfla-r.ussia Hockry ies'r by Harry- Sinden cordial relationships between himself and some hockey plavers. Cal- ling Soriet officials "goons" and "liars" is cot calculated to contribute to good feelings be- tween nationr while labelling the four Canadians who return- ed home early "quitters" and "immature" is not likely to en- dear Sir.den to those players. I personally do not buy Sin- ion's defence of Alan Eag'eson's behavior in the Moscow arena. Any security force anywhere would be expected to curb the activities of a spectator charg- ing down on a goal judge, so the Soviet police do not deserve the flack the) get in this in- stance. Likewise I remain skeptical about Sinden's claim that the Canadian boys did not misbe- have in Sweden. What feeds my skepticism is one of Sinden's own remarks about the Gana- d'ans being superior to the Rus- stans because ihe Russians couldn't "stay out all night drinking and carousing like our guys and still sk-te their butts off the next day." The officiating did appear to leave much to be desirKl and I hive a lot of sympathy for Sinden's sense of outrage about that aspect of the series. But I'm not convinced by the argu- ment that is necessary to keep do.vr. the" srosky stuff. Good referring ought to be the answer. Hockey Showdown Is no; great literature but it is uining reading s-id with er.ousth orovocsfivc as he? indicated, to the ho', stove leapie going for quite awhile. Sixteen paces of photo- graphs help make the book i-- teristinc DOVG WALKER Books in brief "The KniertaininC Woman's ookbook" bv l.ouis-f 'Slon- lasnie Aihearn inan. 1S2 pagrs. S9.-5. b'.urd bv [.-oncman Canada From vrord co, this book ihst cookir.s: art, rav, me.ini fnr only a kiichrn but iliat can i -JL-isfarm a IP.TO The bc 01" STUDENTS Save Praclice Examination! Valuable Reference Material (or Exams. NSWERSoREVERSE PAGE hich. ir. ill? opinion he siuhor. woiilti be iii [he rocipe ir, quosuon. Kartnni: tlie ruccM ;o IXTUV: re lonui! I bo book 5 out menus [or .ill the ro'ipc? for p.'.l tlif dishes involved n tjir moini. Mrii'.y liv rtWjYis border on tV but lhi> could be llx1 thins fo1- cook vho .1 Ixxik In fall bni-k on (Jiat something roally Dan Berrigan at Trinity Bv Louis Burke DUBLIN keland is no', short of its own revolutionaries and it was no surprise that it should play host lo an American one tills week at Trinity College. Dublin. His name was Dan Bem'gan. Jesuit, jail- bird, saint, guru, communist, or you: a man seasoned for all no matter what lie 'ism'. It was a very mixed crowd which .heard him speak quietly and calmly, but clearly on the problems of peace and war in the main room of Trinity's Genera] .Memorial Building. Because of the hasle in organiza- tion, his hosts only able to provide room which was totally inadequate for the anxious over-capacity crowd which spilled into the corridors and down the stone steps COM the rosoVey outside. aud- ience included laity, ministers, nans and priests who were American. Canadian, Englisii, Irish and o-lhers: men end wom- en, old and young, but mainjy educated, middle and tipper classes. It lar a common Irish peasant croud! Father Berrigan. who had come froa Paris via London, had caught the flu as some said, ibe English strain and he labored under the strain while he spoke. A tea-cosy to-jque topped his Moe-liie black mop of unruly hair fcr those who remember the Three Stooges. Nor did he look unlike Moe in his general appear, ance. His message, however, was net f'jrr.y. He deplored the .American murder ma- chine released on Southeast .Asia over the years. He told people there WES no lirnit to human capacity to deal out destruction especially when the horror machine was being driven by the pilots of death and doom. He said there was. within the hu- man being, an unlimited ability to absorb and lie believed '-he atom was the next weapon is a long chain o: weaponry to be used m Vietnam. One point emphasized as a discovery was really nothing new to the Irish in his audience. Me glowed over the idsa of the resilient name the resilience of the peasant. If the Americans, like the British, Germans, French. Russians. Spaniards and others, belie1.e iiie indestructibility of native is a new idea, they have no: learned anything from history. The Irish lived in- destructible while the British exhausted themselves ever r.'iricre-is 01 years ifi senseless, useless, mindless pourjdiag. Nor that Dan Berrigan had the wrapped attention of his throughout Lhe hour's talit. When he .T-e.-iiorei his b-Dtr-er, Phi'Itp, c-? vo._-e r-st.Li-.ct Ore cvjitttr-er a.ied about Airican blacks anTjier shout- ed "VTogsi" A certain iraie lec'-y told him to go back to New Yori: streets to teach the yoiBg thereon. Ore ques-Joa- er ramb'ed n-i so long thai Dublin wit next to us thundered. "Get to trie question before the pub: close'" To hear him speak, a few people lived dangerously by climbing to the high nin- dow ledges on the north sic'.? of the build- ing. Every ore seemed to acmire Ihe Ean and resoorjded asked for opinions. Ore hor-s ttst hf '.'as not us? K '.at bc-conie Lhe icoi of one or the ether. The crowd was siow to more aiier ninerv minutes even while be pushed nis way gently through to Lhe pavement cratside and into the soft, moist Dublin air. Dan Bemgan. crusader modern in an ancient crusading land walked quietly away with one or two companions bv his side. Where is justice? By Btheden Lethbridge student at U of A Defending the innocent is desirable, but only one group of innocents, wbea is possible to speak cut for ail, fans somewhat short of justice. If you choose to talk about the atrocities the Americans are committing in Vietnam and stop there, as if to say that they are the orJy oppressors in the world today, you are either hypo- critical or sadly unaware of the facts. Today there's absolutely no doubt that religious and political persecution ol Jews is going on behind the Iron Curtain. And there's absolutely every reason, moral and otherwise, for united rarld protest against the persecution of Soviet Jewry. But what sbout the others? Why the si- lence about the political oppression, clos- ed trials, harsh sentences and inhuman concentration camps which cvjlime to be built and filled throughout easlem Siber- ia? What about the injustices and iadig- nities suffered by Ukrainian intellectuals writers, poets, journalists and artists? Arri this includes the intelligentsia erf ether subdued peoples in Lithuania. Latvia. Es- tonia. Byelorussia, Georgia. Armenia. .Az- erbaijan. Turkestan and others. How many of us are aware of the fate erf Yuri Shukrievych. e. Ukrainian, who in 194S. at age 15. was arrested and sent to Siberia because his father. Gene-El Roman was commarjder-in-chiei of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army which fought against both Hitler and Stalin in the Second World WET? After Yuri's original 10 year sentence had expired, it was immediately renewed because he refused to be "re- educated." What that basically means is that he refused to his father's actions and accept the guilt of being proud to be Ukrainian. A few years ago he was released for a brie! period ol time but on Sept. 1972. in a closed trial he was again sentenced to years of hard labor and five years in Vet no world leader protests ir. hcs c'e- ence. When the Leningrad trials of Soriel Jews were in the news last year, beads of state from Pope Paul to Pierre Trudeau were quick to join in the defence of thosft being unjustly persecuted. Where are they DOW? Where is the sense in such persecutions? Aad where are all those who ioueht K hard for people like Angela Davis in her battle for freedom of poiifjcal expiression in the United States? Where is the United Nations which issued 8 universal Charter of Human Rights and has subsequentlT dismissed even- single petition from Soriel Union regarding the abuse of hu- man rights? Who csa tie oppressed turn to now? I think it would be fitting to end thh with an excerpt from a letter written in Jerusalem dated Way 18th, 1S72, by Jew- ish Zionist. Avraarc Srifrin. This man sperK 30 years in Soviet concentration camps oa tramped up charges, arjd it was there thai he met Yuri Shukbevych. .After serving his 10 years, Shifria cor.tir.aed to be politically active there, especially regarding Jewish rights and was finally allowed to emigrate to Israel in 1970. Upon receiving word that his old friend Shokhevych wss again sentenced to 15 years of hard labor and exile, he agreed to come to Canada this fall and s-peik on his behalf. "The sole 'crime" of the Ukrainian. Yuri Shukhevych consists in the fact fct is the son of General who covr- fought against Ihe enslavement of Ukrainians. The sole crime o! Yuri con- sists in the fact that he loves his country and in the Ukraine one cannot be Ukrain- ian. .And so. after 20 >ears of prison, Yuri is once again in jail. "He is silent. You won4 hear him. But I. E Jew. TOO is rcrac of being a nationalist, appeal to you. of the free world: He'l? Yuri Shukhevych Demand that Lhe Soviet authorities hirr. go.'1 On th e use of word: Theoo'ere Oh-oh. A book recently issued as i back bears the title on its cover and Pile page. "I; 1 Forget But Pyramid publications, in material about tjio boos, four lure.- the as. "I; I Forjft Th-.v On salem." Notice the in the f Which is nght. o or oh? The answer As a word of address to a being or ir.e word is 0. always cap-.ta'.izo-; an; title as it appear; on the book itsflf i rod. "If 1 Forge-; Tnee 0 .leruss When used as an utier.inre foilowvd the spol'oc oh, v. e.xoep: a: tlie o; lencc ami i! is sot off by o: f-xo mas, is. nh. ftvo railcs (rotn Tel As a clatnation i; is .ilso oh and is ly followed an point: How eould you kiss me f-oni of ai' "Oir. (vMitirv 1 vr- is fsrv.'1- a- Ilii1 q'.ivk brr--'- tlv dot's bru's is. or fll any vst. aff'.v.} Ifslmg a what almost rnv Kxiy is (smilisr with if the n.inv fo: .1 senlojicc likv tlut our tlisl usi-s Iprtor of tho A casual lurns it up in only one sier's Tr.e v.-orc is pancram. Idesily r. pangram sii.iu'd use each letter o-.'iy or.oc. b'jt 2 bit much. ortdiiirs. When the polk irrecast the t-iev'.i.r. ir; bPlb'pilifr stales, the natural qjcsfio.TS ihsi artse are. v-.-hat mean and s'hfrs Lhj vord Tiie is abie cT.o.ich Ie2.1e.r. one si-.u.-s to the word's derivator., the first pan rir.c a bs'.l bccattse it vjs: s brll. The bell is sroxw lire nock Mother. from A MidM sheep that loads ;-r The :.hir.c to out for the r-ir; o; A brllwrlhrr to do wVih the f.ri M.TS.S. A rr.isus? a is '...ustr.uOii by tins from ritfr-u.-r. 'T..C r.'.iof vroufht hav- In- ;V..f'; tlv past of it w.iS wronptu. ro an .v- o: work, anci r.iear.- Thr word t.V rfivrtf; wsntfd was wreck- ed, whu-li nirans. amor.; other thincs, n- ii nr afflk-tixl ;