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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 18, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Charles Fofey Some American poor get food parcel from Japan gEATTLE A half ton of picture of the economy in dec- tle'i Senator Warren Magnu- i wn as "a fr rason offered eon, 63, "that the richest na- gitt from Japan lo tlie citi. for the administration's long lion in the world should be get- xem of frozen Seattle, goaded an unwilling Nixon Administra- tion recently into opening its bulging surplus warehouses to feed millions of hungry people America. The arrival of this first for- eign lid to reach the U.S. in two centuries has shocked the country into realizing the des- perate plight of the growing of unemployed. The wish to reflect a bright refusal to help: another is the offence that free distribution of food might give to big business and big farmers. Seattle's gift of rice noodles and canned goods accom- panied by (750 collected as a surprise Christmas present by Japanese well wishers through their YMCA camo from her lister city of Kobe. More is promised. "It's says Seat- ting charity from across the Pacific. In 27 years in Con- gress I've never witnessed such humiliation, arising frorc a cold hearted disregard for our people's needs." This former boom town of the Pacific North West is now the worst hit of a score of major Industrial areas suffer- ing from recession. It has Been its unemployment figures quad- ruple in the last two years. until today, at 18 per cent they are three times toe national level. The B o e i n g Aircraft Com- pany, mainstay of the city, bai sacked two thirds of its work- era. Those who have exhausted unemployment benefits depend on some 40 "food banks" which, in turn, keep going on a hand- to-mouth basis, with vol- unteers. Once affluent aerospace en- gineers gather three times a week in rain or snow for bags of free groceries. An overflow Enough resources for all the world's people By Don Oakley, NEA service TTIE trouble is not Just that Uan can figure. People With the most honest intentions in the world can sometimes be led oft onto false tangents by one-sided interpretations of per- fectly neutral statistics. An example suggests itself in the figures we often tear about how the United States, with only 6 per cent of the worlds' population, is consuming be- tween 35 and 40 per cent of the world's resources and produc- ing 50 per cent of its pollution. America alone, we are told, consumes 37 per cent of the world's energy, 25 per cent of its steel, 28 per cent of its tin and 33 per cent of its synthetic rubber production. These and similar statistics are offered as proof that Americans, and a few other fortunate countries, are using more than their "rightful" share of the worlds' resources and that by so doing are fore- closing the future for millions Dow. living and as yet unborn in the undeveloped half of the world. In the words of biologist and prominent doomsayer Paul Ehrlich, "Rapacious and short- sighted behavior by the de- veloped nations is comprom- ising the aspirations of the bulk of humanity to a decent exist- ence." Yet just as legitimately, the same statistics can be inter- preted to mean simply that, (1) the United States is a nation of advanced technology and, (2) as other nations approach its level, the U.S. percentage of resource consumption will begin to drop. The joker, of course, Is that the resources we are talking about are usually considered to be finite and nonrenewable. There is only so much iron ore, coal, oil, etc., on earth and the more that is used by Ameri- cans today, the less there will be for other people tomorrow. In the view of one population expert, however, this whole ar- gument misses the point. Resources are not material; they are socially defined, says Frank Notestein, president emeritus of the Population Council and a member of the board of directors of Planned Parenthood-World Population. Coal did not become a re- source until a few centuries ago, he notes. It is barely 100 years since petroleum had any but medical and magical uses. Nuclear energy is only begin- ning to become a resource, and it lias almost unlimited pros- pects. "We talk of diminishing re- turns with our nonrenewable Toro mission next? NEA service VOU'D think that the discov- ery that another celestial body besides the moon lies within earth's gravitational field would be big news. Maybe it's because the body in question, is so small, little more than a mile in diameter. The tiny asteroid was actual- ly discovered back in 1964 by UCLA astronomer Samuel Her- rick, but it was not until re- cently that its orbit was com- puter plotted and found to in- tersect earth's path twice ev- ery eight years once every eight years in January and once every eight years in Aug- ust, but in diferent years. TTie next August "encounter" will be In 1972 and the next Janu- ary one in 1975. The latter year could see an unmanned space mission sent to Toro as another step in un- locking the secrets rf the ori- gin of the solar system. The asteroids, which may be left- overs from the formation of the planets, have been orbiting in space undisturbed and un- changed for eoiis. At its closest Toro Is 9.3 mil- lion miles from earth, about 50 miles farther away than the moon. According to calculations made by Dr. Hannes Alfven of the University of California in San Diego and graduate stu- dent Wing-Huen Ip, chances of a collision between earth and Toro are remote, "at least for the next 200 years." resources, but so far as I know almost all materials usually put in that category have de- clined In relative worth The fact is that basically we have only one nonrenewable re- source, and that is space. Oth- erwise, mankind's basic re- sources are knowledge and skill." Thanks to the high consump- tion of the developed world, he says, we have generated the knowledge and techniques that have greatly expanded both the supplies and the reserves of raw materials in the world. There has often been out- rageous waste, but on balance, our heavy use is expanding the world's.resources, not diminish- ing them. We.can argue about whether the more developed nations have paid enough for the raw materials they have purchased from the less developed nations but any substantial reductions of those purchases would bring economic chaos to the latter and greatly retard their devel- opment. "Our sin is not says Notestein. "Instead, it is the failure to pay the costs of use by avoiding pollution and by recylcing minerals instead of further degrading them." This sin we are tardily, but definitely, beginning to rectify. And in the process we are miking it possible for develop- ing nations to avoid our mis- takes as they progress to our levels of abundance. Ski Scene Sports COLLEGE MALL FIRST If i liA SALE STARTS WEDNESDAY, Jan. 19th ALL FASHIONS PANTS JACKETS SUITS SWEATERS, etc. ERBACHER SKIS PAIMZL SKIS 101 FIBRE SKIS TOURING and CROSS COUNTRY SKIS BOOTS SKI ACCESSORIES The Sale You've Been Waiting For FOUR DAYS ONLY Wed. Thru Sat., Jan. 19 thru 22 NOW OFF SKI SCENE SPORTS DIETER GERN6ROSS, Manager Mall Phsnt 327-0353 crowd rushes front one food, bank to another, hoping to find more. "Neighbors In which runs toe employs ev- eryone from Boy Scouts to Uw black students' union to collect money. Boxes rattle at icy street corners, schoolchildren raise peonies thniugh apart tune chores. Few questions are asked of "People who stand for hours in the open In this weather shouldn't have to prove their one organizer told me, "but many have been turn- ed away before they reach us by officials who try to put moth- ers with crying kids and empty cupboards through a red-tape welfare inquisition." Mr. Dale Vide, father of three children aged from six to ten, is a former Boeing executive. "Without the food he said, "many of us would have faced starvation, As it is, we haven't tasted meat for months. Our usual meal is a tin of soup. We bad a hot meal at Christ- mas only because a neighbor paid our gas bill." Mr. Ken Baxter, 52, lost his a year post as a Boe- ing social scientist and is now m charge of the food store- houses on Pier 91. He said that at first the Customs tried to confiscate the Japanese gift, "But they, at least, knew our need and eventually gave it up." The refusal by "Neighbors In Need" to apply a "means test" gave Washington a pretext to withhold the vast stocks of sur- plus food bought yearly by the government and distributed ov- erseas. Iroracaly, Seattle is the exit port for much of this excess. Government ware- bouses stand alongside the em- pty stores of "Neighbors in Need." Senator Magnuson says that the administration refuses to recognize that its policies have brought economic disaster to millions. The agriculture de- partment had decided that the problem "did not he told me, and would not allow food distribution In areas where el- Hole persons could buy food imps the welfare coupons which permit cheap food pur- chases. Mr. Magnuson put through Congress an amendment allow- ing distribution, but the de- partment, he says, refused to use its new authority. Congress also approved use of mil- lion for food and medical aid in states with high unemploy- ment. But again these were frozen by the White House. "Bureaucrats who've never, missed a iceal in their lives made the Senator Magnuson told me. "And when Seattle spokesmen tried to see Mr. Nixon when he passed through the state, the same peo- ple fobbed us off again." A report by a Senate com- mittee on nutrition and human needs found unemployment run- ning at 48 per cent in ttie large- ly black central area of Seat- tle. It also spoke of "a new class of ineligible for welfare aid yet too proud to sell homes and furniture to buy food. Those who were buying food stamps, said the report, did so at the expense of medi- cal care and other vital needs. "Family after family goes an organizer said in evidence, "until crying children drive them here." II relief groups were to closo down, he predicted, there could be riots. Senator Magnuson sent the report with a personal letter to President Nixon, asking him to read it "with due compas- sion" over the holidays, and meet "the tragic hunger crises faring millions." "The administration gives Lockheed a million loan." he told me. "But it won't spend a dime on the hungry. Over- seas we try to buy loyalty with arras. At homo we're blind to the needs of our own people." Seattle citizens brought a suit to force the federal govern- ment to comply with laws ap- proving distribution of food sur- pluses. A federal judge ruled that the government, in refus- ing to do so, had acted "un- lawfully, arbitrarily and capri- ciously." The department of agricul- ture was planning a leisurely appeal when the Japanese ship- ment arrived. Before Magnuson forced a division in the administration gavo way. "I would like to he says drily, "that it wasn't po- litically motivated." The Senator is now trying to unlock the millions which Con- gress earmarked for food and medical relief, and to keep r.livo a bill extending unemploy- ment pay in stricken anas. Both provision ire subject to presidential veto. It seems likely that the poll- tics of hunger in a land of plenty will keep many unem- ployed famllioi in thb and oth- er forgotten areas of the U.S. short of food for some to come. (Written for The HcriM and Tire Observer, Undm) Jmwry II, DM UTHMUXU Help for the Indian Hie LwlivUle Courttr-Jvorul American Indian, at more and more people are coming to realize, baa had the worst of two worlds our so- ciety has offered. Some continue to be wards of the state, living on reservations. Others fight against heavy odds to be as- airauated into the dominant society. The policymakers m Washington have never de- cided on a proper course to pursue and bow it should be pursued, and it's not al- together surprising that the suicide rate among Indians it 10 times the U.S. aver- age. Our failure to deal fairly with American Indians is a dark stain on our national history. First we treated them as savages, to be driven from lands we wanted; and then as Incompetents. We have never ful- filled all our treaty obligations to them, and the record of the Bureau of Indian Affairs is a case study of exploitation in the name of "enligbtment" The result is that, by any measure, the Indians are our most dlsadvantaged minor- ity group, and that Is saying an awful lot. Three years ago, the Ford Foundation awarded S645.500 in grants to help the In- dians and (recently) it has announced a three-year grant of million to the Na- tive American Rights Fund for the litiga- tion of major issues affecting these peo- ple. The fund was established in 1970 with Ford support and Is now an independent organization, governed by an all-Indian board of directors. The organization's mission Is multifa- ceted to protect Indian rights to land water and other natural resources, to assist in the fulfillment of trust and treaty obli- gations, to protect Indian civil rights, to strengthen tribal sovereignty, and to pre- serve Indian culture and values. These objectives are a litany of the prob- lems involved. President Lyndon Johnson was the first Chief Executive to make Indian affairs the subject of a special message to Congress. In 1970, President Nixon addressed nun- self to the subject, describing American Indians as "the most deprived and most isolated minority group in our nation." And new activism in the Indian Bureau, where white bureaucrats are being shaken up (or out) by the first commissioner to be an Indian, suggests that we've finally starting to translate some of those of words of good faith into meaningful ac- tion. But die change will be slow because the political and economic pressure to keep the Indian down are great, and so Is In- dian resistance to rapid change. Yet, somehow, we must find a way be- tween the policy of paternalism, which hasn't worked, and forced assimilation of Indians into the dominant society that would take away from them the few bene- fits, limited sense of security and cultural values they now have. The most hopeful sign probably Is the growing trend away from tribalism, which fragmented the Indian's cause, toward the all-Indian unity that is the prerequisite for meaningful political power. Coupled with commitments; like that of the Ford Foun- dation, which give-the emerging Indian greater clout in the courts, we may at last be seeing this native American on the final pathway out 'of the colonialist subser- vience into which we have locked him. The Ford grant also will help Increase public awareness of the Indian's plight, and this is essential if Washington finally is to be forced to drop the last vestiges of the exploirjve policies that are a con- tinuing reminder that one of the most shameful chapters in our national history lingers on. End is not yet The Spokane Spokesman-Review QOV. Tom MoCall of Oregon and now Sen, Robert Packwood of the same state have expressed themselves as be- lieving that Oregon should net grow. In effect, they say, everything is just right as It is, and it will be all right for visi- tors to come and visit, but they should not think of remaining in the state as perma- nent residents. Similar viewpoints have been expressed by the. people of certain cities. "We are big they say. "Let's not become any larger." Apart from the practical problem of bal- ancing births and deaths, to say nothing of controlling migration, this viewpoint Kerns to be rather unrealistic. It is due enough that as a nation we have problems of overpopulation, largely because of the concentration of people in urban centers. It is also true that even a state as. large as Oregon Is subject to environmental deterioration through too many people if there is no improvement in our treatment of the environment. It seems certain, however, that Ameri- cans will not long continue to be the kind of polluters and lawbreakers and selfish consumers of natural resources that we have sometimes been in the past. If any popular cause can be put at the head of the list of tilings for which there is public enthusiasm, it would surely have to be the wise use of the environment. The population density in Oregon is 21.7 persons per square mite. The state of Washington is more than twice as built- up, if that is UK term, with 51.2 persons per square mile. If Oregon feefe the need to turn new settlers back at the border, Washington is either oblivious of lla peril or Oregon is ceeiag ghosts before they bare appeared. We hare known bad citizens who would In themselves constitute overpopulation wherever they might be. They are exceptions however. At the rate the American public is developing awareness of the environ- ment and the need to cherish it, it should not be many years before improved use of natural resources will enable a given area to support more people than at present, and still not suffer deterioration. Winter works program By Margaret Lnckmmt evening recently my husband grumbled at me that I was making such a racket hanging up new bedroom curtains that he couldn't hear the gunfight on TV. He didn't offer to do the job, mind; be just stood there watching me teetering on top of a flimsy box on top of a shaky stool. "They were just beading for the Pass see, when this fellow points a shotgun at the agent's head and says, "pardner yer a lyin' cheat and 1'ma "Hand IKE my black patent I In- terrupted rudely, not caring really what happened to pardner, "no, not that one, the one with the high heel." Distracted from the plight of the agent, my husband obligingly fished around the cupboard, eventually handing up the pro- per shoe. "Shoe? What do you want a shoe up there be queried with a puzzled took. "I want to move this bracket I gargled, my teeth clenched over a tiny little nail, "therefore I need the shoe to hammer in the nails, what else would I want it My tone implied he was just the kind of man who holds the ladder while grandma puts on the storms. "Gee, what a he complained, but be didn't go away and leave me alone with my problem; he stood lolling against the door watching the proceedings with in- terest. I hate and loathe hanging I always get the silly things inside out and one bracket lower than the other so that they droop, making the whole room look as if it were tilting. I wish it was still popular to have shutters inside the house, then I'd just paint a few lively scenes on (he window panes and forget about drapes and curtains. I whacked away at the little nail with my shoe, but UK nail just flipped away Into a comer. I hopped down, re- trieved it and started all over tgiin. "Wouldn't you make better progress if you used a was a tentative sug- gestion from the floor. I resisted an Im- to let him have It with Uw shoe. "If I could find the hammer I would use I replied coldly, "but forborne mys- terious reason I never can find it when I want It. Nobody ever puts anything away around and MowUmci it's in base- kitchen drawer, sometimes in the ment, sometimes out in the garage "Well I think right now it's out under the he replied, "the last person to have it, as far as I can remember, waj yourself last summer when you were tack- ing up vines." I hit my thumb and that made me ready to pick a fight. "Okay, okay, so I forgot to put it away. Just once. But if you were the real bandy type you'd have more than one hammer in the house. You'd have a nice neat little corner in the basement with a workbench and all the tools hung up in alphabetical order." The nail flipped away again taking a large chip of wood with it. The good man at last took pity on me. "Here, give me that shoe." He climbed up on the stool and began whacking away. "Let me remind you that when I was first married my father presented me with a well-equipped box of tools, everything the average householder needs. But once the boys started building tree-forts the saws and the chisels and other handy little items just disappeared. And incidentally, so did my enthusiasm for odd jobs around the house." He hammered the nail home with a nourish and tossed the shoe back into the cupboard. "Do you know what's left of that nice selection of tools my dear old dad gave he started to tick off his fingers, "well, let's see now, there's the hammer out under the snow. Then there's a pair of pliers that don't ply, a brace with no bits, a saw that some kid left by mistake in the fort and I kept, an old tin knife we use for a screwdriver and a couple of thingamajigs, which are too rusty to work. Anyway, since you're the handyman around here now, I know what to get you for your birthday." I wish I'd kept my mouth shut. In fact I wish I hadn't bothered to move that dam bracket but just stuffed the curtains on the rod even though they'd be all bunched up. Because 1 know my husband and I know what I'll be gelling when my birthday comes around. One of those cute little kits now on the market for house- wives and women who live They are scaled down for smaller hind) and come with pretty pastel handles embossed with dainty little flowers. Jut what I've always wuitcdl ;