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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 18, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHMIDOI HERALD Jinliory II, Maurice Western Nourishing controversy U.S. authorities seem to have a penchant for nourishing controversy. A classic case concerns the investi- gation of the assassination of Presi- dent John F. Kennedy. Ever since the Warren Commission delivered its verdict that the foul deed had been perpetrated by a single individual there has been a persis- tent attempt to persuade the public that others were involved. A spate of literature has appeared in promotion of this point of view. The controversy could possibly have been avoided if the pictures and X-rays of the assassinated leader's body had been made available to the public. However, such was the mutil- ation caused by the bullets that the family understandably ashed that the pictures be kept from view. As a consequence, not even members and staff officials of the Warren Commis- sion examined them. In 1968 a suit was brought to force disclosure of this vital material. At- torney General Ramsey Clark fended off the suit by appointing a panel of. four private pathologists to examine the 65 pictures taken during the aut- opsy and describe them in a written report. Naturally their finding that these items corroborated the Warren Report did not cause the controversy to subside because it was easy to sus- pect the panel of being oriented in advance to the official government position. Recently there has been a slacken- ing of the regulations imposed on the pictures so that interested medical specialists may see them. The first such is Dr. John K. Lattimer, a New York physician. He has declared that a study of the pictures "elimi- nates any doubt completely" about the validity of the Warren Commis- sion's conclusion that Lee Harvey Oswald fired all the shots that struck the president. Although Dr. Lattimer is well qualified to judge the evi- dence, it may have been still another unfortunate means of nourishing the controversy. As yet no critics of the Warren Report have been permitted to view the pictures. Critics who are qualified to make proper examina- tions should be granted access to the evidence for only then is there any hope of quashing suspicion. Fortunately consideration is being given to the request of two such critics: Dr. Cyril H. Wecht of Pitts- burgh and Dr. John Nichols of the University of Kansas. They may dis- agree with Dr. Lattimer but then an intelligent debate can be expected which may eventually produce a con- clusion that will end the controversy. Politics and noodles Food parcels and money from Jap- anese well wishers collected through tlie auspices of the Kobe, Japan, YMCA have been arriving in Seattle for the hungry jobless. "It's says Sen. War- ren Magnuson who was responsible for putting through an amendment allowing distribution of stocks of sur- plus food bought yearly by the U.S. government for overseas distribution. The U.S. department of agriculture refused to release the food parcels in areas where eligible persons could buy food stamps, and a local organ- ization called Neighbors in Need was formed in Seattle to distribute free food parcels no questions asked, no means test applied. Japan- ese sympathisers heard about it, sent money, canned goods, and rice noodles for the nourishment of their starving American friends. Along with the food and the collected by the Kobe YMCA, the Japanese well wishers sent some po- tent political proaganda though to do them justice they were probably quite unaware of the extra dividends lurking in the rice noodle packages. Lack of effective communication between the administration and Con- gress is an area in which President Nixon has been highly vulnerable to criticism. In this case the depart- ment of agriculture is accused of re- fusing to distribute food when author- ized to do so by the Congress, thus laying itself open to charges of in- difference to genuine need, and a soulless bureaucratic approach to human problems. No single occurence could provide the Democrats with a more effective talking point than the case of the Seattle hungry. They are sure to make the most of it. One is left to hope that the jobless will benefit from public exposure of their distress. Never was the old cliche about ity beginning at home more apt. c D i L 1 Dangerous precedent A B.C. lawyer has rejected his award of a QC on the grounds that it is meaningless. This is a dangerous precedent. If every- body starts shucking the letters after his name just because these have no real meaning, we'll be up to our navel in al- phabet. I don't want to feel obliged to have sec- ond thoughts about my BA. It is part of me. If my BA is meaningless, then I am meaningless. I can't accept that. The letters after my name are the ca- boose on the train of my identity. They go where I go. I would feel naked without them. But some of our lawyers seem to feel so secure, professionally and emotionally, that they can spurn the QC. Now, in my opinion the QC is a formidable appendage, considering that only two letters are in- volved. I would gladly trade an ARIBA for a QC and maybe throw in my Scout knife. The QC, as you may know, means Queen's Counsel. At one time I was as- tonished at how many counsels the Queen had, in Canada alone. I thought Her Ma- jesty must be getting into a hell of a lot of trouble to require the services of all those legal beagles. 1 also met a few aging KCs. The problem with a KG was that you didn't know wheth- er the King was George or Mackenzie. This was the political side of the award that some lawyers are complaining about. They think that the QC should be given to a lawyer who has not practiced law but got fairly good at it. Alternately the QC should go to the law- yer who has been at the bar so long he has forgotten why he went there. In short, the malcontents want some cri- teria for the bestowal of the QC. Their demand could greatly complicate matters for those who select the recipients. As any- body knows that has ever been involved In honorific awards, the main things to be decided on are, in descending order of im- portance: (1) whether to serve drinks at the award luncheon, (2) whether to invite wives, (3) how to trap a guest speaker without paying him an honorarium. If those in change of arrangements must (also fuss about who is to get the award, the whole operation may well become too cumbersome to be practical This would be a pity. Although the QC means little to the recipient it is reassur- ing to clients who must engage in inti- macies with the legal profession. Letters after one's name have the effect of a se- dative, if not actual therapy. Patients have been completely cured by doctors whose medical training was limited to putting MD behind their name. Indeed the honorary degree often has more impact than the abbreviation that has been fully earned. At university I knew, very slightly, a classmate who had been awarded the BMOC (Big Man On Cam- He was a football player, majoring in coeds. In the scale of esteem, there was no doubt in my mind, or that of other dull, grey book vermin, that me BMOC outranked the PhD and possibly the FOB I hope that the QCs will respect this tradition. Don't rock the boat, chaps. To paraphrase that other classic of vacuous glory: Yours not to reason why, Yours but to frame the lie Charlie's non-convert By Doug Walker QHARLIE Bnucr retired recently alter 50 years as a printer. It will seem odd to drop in on the night crew in the back shop and not encounter Charlie and not have a few hundred words from him on the subject of roses. No doubt one of Charlie's major disap- pointments in the last few years was his failure to convert me to rose growing. Early In his endeavor to achieve this end he made a fatil mistake. Chnrlle lost me when he said that a pre- requisite for successful rose growing What happened to that million? fTJTTAWA accounts for 1971 will be awaited with keen interest by rank- and-file taxpayers, who are called on year after year to support our stout-hearted do- mestic Industries. How much has the government been able to save out of the mil- lion which was set aside for them in emergency assistance following the imposition of the American surcharge? On the evidence of the latest statistics, the cries of alarm, which reached the government last August and September, were, to say the least of it, pre- mature. Our exports did not go down in the surcharge period; they went up. Moreover, the best gains were in the threat- ened sector; to the end of No- vember, sales to the United States were higher by 10 per cent (fl billion) than in 1070. They went on rising In No- vember, assisted, presum- ably, by the improved market for ne-i-sprlnt, wood pulp and lumber. This Is gratifying for several reasons. It is clear that the Nixon administration took a generally charitable view of the Canadian Employment Support Act and regulations, since it did not resort to coun- tervailing duties. Our trade es- caped serious injury and the govciuiiieui. presuniabiy, tat been able to save most of the money, which it proposed to transfer from the pockets of taxpayers to those of the manufacturers. In presenting the bill to Par- liament, Jean-Luc Pepin chill- ed MPs by reporting that nil department, carefully review- big responses from af- fected firms, calculated that the direct loss of export Mlee at annual rates after three months could well approach million. There were other disturbing possibilities, includ- ing relocation of firms in the United States. While we do not yet have the re; urns for De- cember, it is evident that we escaped disaster in the [irst three and a half months; it will be astonishing if much change is apparent when the expe- rience lor the enure surcharge period Is exposed by the bu- reau of statistics. If sales were well main- tained, as now appears, there was obviously no case for employment support payments justified by the U.S. measures. This, of course, is a general proposition. Some individual firms presumably were affect- ed but the sums involved must have been small In relation to the government's estimate of probable damage on which the total of WO million in assis- tance must have been bated. But a reckoning by the audi- tor-general or anyone else must be .extremely difficult, for the wording of the legisla- tion (which, Incidentally, is permanent) is extremely loose and could be open to abuse. One reason for this is the fact thai the government, unable to read the future courses of ev- ents, wanted maximum flexibil- ity; another is the concern then entertained that pay- ments might be interpreted by the Americans as export sub- A manufacturer could apply for assistance to the Employ- "I'm sure Mr. Benson wouldn't close up your loopholes on purpose, dear.1' matt Support Board on (be ground "that tlie work force at his plant is, or is likely to be, significantly reduced through layoffs during a specified pe- riod by reason of meMUres taken by other countries in re- spect of Imports therein from Canada." The amount of the grant was not very precisely stipulated, much being left to the discretion of the board. Generally, however, it was to approximate two-thirds of the applicable surtax on exports to the United States, on tnt ba- sis of 1970 exports. There was a safeguarding clause (13) which said: "No grant shall be paid to a manu- facturer in respect of a plant or otherwise for an assistance period unless, at the termina- tion of the assistance period, the board is satisfied feat, to the extent that in the opinion of the board was possibis under the circumstances, the manu- facturer has maintained the level of employment. in ac- cordance with the specifica- tions o[ the board or at pre- scribed levels if the board did not specify any levels of em- ployment for that manufac- turer." This appears to mean that a manufacturer must snow loss to obtain the grant. By itself it would be difficult to reconcile with the "is likely to be" of the application clause. The board was not in fact so re- stricted for, by clause "Notwithstanding Section 13, the board may, if in its opin- ion circumstances so warrant, authorize payments to a manu- facturer during the assistance period of amounts on ac- count of the grant payable in respect of that assistance pe- riod." Even so, a later clause provides for repayment to the receiver general of grants to which a manufacturer was not entitled. It obviously cannot be held that exports were maintained because of the grants for, in that event, the companies would have been relying on ex- port subsidies; a notion abhor- rent to Mr. Pepin and his offi- cials. But, if exports did hold up, there was no need for as- sistance in employment maintenance. As it now ap- pears that the export .perform- ance was admirable, the gov- ernment has presumably saved most of the million. We shell know the fate of our millions when the minister of industry, trade and commerce presents his report to Parlia- ment at the end of the fiscal year. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Gavin Young Sheikh Mujib comes home to great expectations 1QACCA-----The Messiah has returned to Bangladesh. Ten months after the massa- his supporters and his exile from East Bengal, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the hero of 75 million Bengalis, has achieved his Glorious Restora- tion. Nasser and Castro never had a welcome on such a scale. Now, with her husband at her side, Begum Sheikh Muji- bur Rahman "Mrs. Sheikh" to Bengalis will no doubt continue to ask people who crowd to shake her hand "where they were when she wanted to shake their hands at the end of March." That was the worst of times. A time of massacres when General Tikka Khan, repre- sentative of Yahya Khan's gov- ernment in West Pakistan, al- lowed his soldiers to kill any Bengali in their sights. The failure of that policy can be seen today with a vengeance as Sheikh'Mujib lords it. to the elation of the multitudes under the green and red banner of Bangladesh, as East Pakistan recedes into a fading memory, all traces of it erased from offi- cial maps or wall signs in Dac- ca, as Dacca's erstwhile West Pakistani rulers await repatri- ation, surrounded by Indian troops in the cantonment area of I he city. The desperate times ot 1971 are even now being recalled in gruesome ways. Just before the Sheikh flew back, human remains were still being un- covered In villages, from road- side graves and from wells- some Just parcels of bones, some more recently dead, hands tied, clothes blood-soak- ed, throats cut or shot. The Awami League lenders who returned from exile in Calcutta before the Sheikh ar- rived and whs have been hold- ing the fort with some diffi- culty since, are not in a hurry any more to make great play with evidence ot West Paki- stani atrocities. For one thing, there is much unfinished busi- ness with Islamabad mid with Its former representatives here. There are foreign assets to be shared with West Pakistan, there are Bengalis .in West Pakistan and non-Bengalis here who want to get out with- out being massacred them- selves. The government is not for show trials of "war crim- inals" one assumes that Mujib would be against them, too. Enough scores have al- ready been paid off by Ben- galis quietly, brutally, with- out fuss. Non-Bengalis have disappeared recently. There are few saints in the story of the birth of Bangladesh. And probably the man with great- est claim to reasonableness and light is Indeed the Sheikh himself. No one felt secure without him here. Everyone wanted him back urgently, from left- wing Bengalis, who might op- pose him later, to beery, cheery, British shipping or tea men in Chittagong or Sylhet concerned with getting back to business, to turbanned Sikh generals of the Indian Army, concerned with looking after prisoners of war and law ind order in Dacca generally. Mujib was always against a, violent showdown. Even some of the Sheikh's colleagues can be faulted for having contri- buted to the final clash be- tween Yahya Khan and Sheikh Mujib. If, that is, faulted is the word. Many Bengalis hen now 'Crazy Capers' Well, under different circumstances I'd say, would say that things have worked out fine and that the bloody clash from March to December was the worthwhile price for independence today. But that is not how'Mujib saw it back in the spring of 1971. Independence was not his in- the immediate fu- ture at least. Perhaps Mujib above all re- members even in these heady days just how heavy the price in Bengali lives has actually been. And despite the joy to- day, there are serious-minded Awami leaguers and other Bengalis who are not quite as ecstatic about the total break with West Pakistan as others plainly are. They are not pin- ing for the company of those fatuous whisky generals in Islamabad. But they contem- plate that curiously bending, though intangible, comfort de- rived by one isolated Muslim territory. Those who say that religion is not longer an ele- ment in the sensibilities of the people do not seem to know their Bengalis. (Though, nat- urally, Indian and Bangladesh leaders strive to play this down and it is entirely de- sirable that they should suc- ceed in doing On top of this religious fac- tor is the straightforward eco- nomic one. And also, however unpopular it is to say so here today, the political fear of "big friend" India. Sheikh Mujib's Bangladesh presumably will follow his pre- cept (not newly-minted) that small states should keep their distance from big powers or should, rather, try to stand equidistant from all of them. Tajuddln Ahmed, Bangla- desh's prime minister, told 'me: "Big friend means big boss. We shun those big friends' relationships most certainly." That was always Mujtb'i philosophy, "I am ne- ither on the Right or the Left but the Awaml League a centrist he said. The Awaml League Is essentially a pnrty of the middle class or it had been until the' recent war. Now other elements have been thrown Into too Awami League pot and indeed into East Bengali politics. Guerril- las, when young and success- ful, often take a radical turn and feel they have earned a say In things that before they were content to leave to their elders. But the Awami League has always been a bit of a mixed bag. It contain- ed intellectuals well to Mujib's Left. Young Bengalis, recently or even still Mulcti Bahinis, have been on liptpt with anticipa- tion for Mujib's return. They do not have to be Awami League students to be so af- fected. Later they may even fight the Awami League. But no one now wants to be anti- Sheikh It would be like be- ing anti-Mao in China today, though not punishable as hi Peking. For days before he I was bombarded from all sides by people of all ages by the question: "When is he com- There has been exas- peration and longing in those voices at the delay. Do they think Sheikh Mujib can solve all their problems? Perhaps he can. Perhaps, un- known to people in Bangla- desh, he has extracted certain concessions of a useful and surprising nature from Presi- dent Bhutto in Rawalpindi. Bhutto, after all, has offered to come to Dacca "if the people want to receive him." Would he make that statement if he had no reason to think Bangla- deeh-ites would in some way be grateful to him? Naturally, all remains, even with Mujib here, an enigma. Bengalis are charming, easy- going, pacific, hating violence but indulging it when it is safe to do so, volatile in the ex- treme, now under-dogs become top-dogs. Sympathized with be- fore, but essentially despised by all the world, now courted by all the world (Brit- ish Labor MPs come out now, more Bengali than the Ben- galis, sporting how Bangladesh ties run up by some women's organization in How can Mujib cope a man of compassion with a warmth of heart, perhaps a private generosity and sim- plicity? Has he wit, Imagina- tion, acuteness of Judgment? There is time enough to wait and see. (Written for The Herald ind Tltt- Observer, London) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1922 Tlie latest bootlegging device in the city is that of ped- dling whiskey contained in lit- tle novelty flasks sealed, with one drink of one ounce. The price of the "wee drink" is SO cents. 1132 A series of lectures under the university scheme, is to be held at the Marquis Hotel on Saturday nights. 1W2 Anniver s a r y of the commencement of the war em- ergency training program insti- tuted at the Lethbridgc Techni- cal School, will be observed this month. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBHIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second CUn Man Realisation No. 0011 Member of The Canadian Pren Ind Ihe Citnndlnn Dally Newspaper Publlihirr ana Ih. Audit Bureau ol Circulation! CLEO w. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Minastr DON PILLINO WILLIAM HAY Managing, Editor Assoclnlc Editor ROY F. MIUS DOUGLAS K. WALKER Adwllilng Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;