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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 18, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Rough ride predicted for Canada-U.S. ties Jmmrr II, THI UDMIDM HMUlR 21 OTTAWA (CP) Prim Minister Trudeau's top foreign policy adviser predicts a rough- er ride ahead for Canada- United States relations. "Differences in attitude be- tween the two countries are likely to increase in numbers in the writes Ivan special assistant to the prime minister, in the January Foreign New York publication. "Canada's resources and geo- graphy will demand of her re- sponsibilities and decisions which may be contentious else- where." The problem, he says ing Irlr. Trudeau is that "living next door to the U.S. is in some ways like sleeping with an ele- phant. No matter how friendly and even-tempered the beast is, one is affected by every twitch and grunt." That much-quoted -remark was made by Mr. Trudeau in the spring of 1969 in Washing- ton on his first visit with President Nixon, addressed to a National Press Club audience. Mr. Head says it means the U.S. must exercise special care in its treatment of Canada. "When the vulnerability is almost totally on one side, there must be a proportionate- ly higher degree of awareness on the other." differing attitudes ted Canada to declare in ItfO pollution con- trol zones in the Arctic seas 100 miles offshore a move protested formally by the U.S. government. "Canadians, it is assumed, are so similar to Americans that they must surely share the same goals, value) and desires. "If this assumption is borne out in some instances, as in support for the United nations or in similarities In legal sys- tems, it is not regarded as significant. Yet when varia- tions appear, annoyance fol- lows." He cites as examples: Cana- dian trade with Cuba, closer re- lations with the Soviet Union and China, apposition to a West Coast oil tanker route through the Strait of Juan de Fuca and pressure to end all nuclear test. Ing. necessary awareness on Washington's part was missing when the August U.S. import surriarge was applied to Can- ada along with all other coun- tries, Mr. Head tells the pre- dominantly U.S. readership of Foreign Affairs. "Canada was caught la a sit- uation not of its own making and in consequence, thousands of Canadians suffered griev- ously." He reiterates the Canadian ing exchange rate and no dis- criminatory trade barriers against U.S. imports, was not guilty of the policies that Wash- ington opposed in tome of its other trading partners. "Our sin, apparently, has been to sell more to the U.S. than we have bought ID the past couple of years." In fact, he notes, when in vestments are added to the money flow between Canada and the U.S., Canada has main- tained an Increasing deficit in international payments. "T h e question Canadians face is whether they can afford to remain so vulnerable. Some are even asking whether they can survive." To the question of economic uitegrailon with the U.S. and its economic gains to Canada Mr. Head says Canadians have always answered, in'favor of independence. But technology and mass pro- duction have led to unprecc- rfer'ed economic Jinks with the U.S. "The dependency can be eli- minated quickly enough, as the militant Canadian nationalists assert repeatedly, but at an immense cost to Canadians as individuals and to Canada in its relations with the U.S." Mr. Head says some of those view that Canada, with a float- Moon questions still unanswered What was ChurchilPs darkest hour? LONDON (CP) What was Churchill's darkest hour? How did Roosevelt get the United States into the war? How was the biggest secret of all kept from the enemy? Historians and commenta- tors are panning for gold as they dig through docu- ments, the very core of secret war cabinet deliberations bared by the government in one generous sweep. But while occasionally strik- ing a rich vein, the diggers are sometimes reminded of Shakespeare's caution that all that gutters is not necessarily Uw real stuff. In many instances, little of the real story of the war emerges from the cabinet pa- pers, suggests The Spectator magazine in urging a halt in further release of documents until the current flood is dig- ested and arranged. Unless this is done, it says, the real history of the war may be missed. CHURCHILL NEARLY OUT "We will not know, for ex- ample, how close Churchill was to being forced out of the government in April, 1MO; that Chamberlain and Hali- fax, not Churchill, were re- sponsible for the disaster of the Norwegian expedition; of the occasion on which the chiefs of staff intended to re- sign'en bloc, in protest against the political conduct of the war. But the national press fig- ures there already is enough gold in the tersely-written cabinet summaries to engage the reader with great new narratives. The Sunday Times suggests, for example, that Churchill's "darkest hour" came In 1M) when the Japanese sank the British battleship Prince of Wales and: the battle-cruiser Rerjulse. "It already seems sf.-irt the paper, "that with each new disclosure of once- secret papers, the wartime role of Winston Churchill, once simple and heroic, be- comes more and more puz- zling and equivocal." ASSERTED HIS VIEWS Many historians will agree that It is hardly a secret that Churehirj directly intervened in the military conduct of bat- tles, attempting to assert his with a dogmatic deter- mination that agonized his military advisers. But Ths Sunday Times sug- gests Churchill did not always take public responsibility for his secret military blunders end that his memoirs did not make clear that it was through his d e c i s i o n strange geopolitical gamble" -that the Prince of Wales and the Repulse were lost. Churchill had believed that dispatching these prized naval giants to the Far East might deter the Japanese; He hardly believed that the Japanese planes might be capable of sinking thsse powerful ships. "I wes thankful to be Churchill write in re- ferring to the disastrous news. The Sunday Times said he felt his personal involvement by attempting to suppress the of- ficial historical account of the sinkings wfc-n the war ended. SUGGESTED STRIKE Of course, little ot this is disclosed by the war papers, though mey do make clear tot just the sinkings ChurcMll suggested to the Commonwealth a pre-emptive strike against the Japanese by seizing the Kra Isthmus in southern Thailand. The idea '.las taken up enthusiastically by some Commonwealth members though Prime Min- ister Mackenzie King wired back that it would be "a terri- ble mistake." The discussion became lost in the terrible roll of events. Within less than a month.the Japanese rained death and de- struction on the U.S. Pacific fleet and brought President Roosevelt into the ivar. Wartime papers aiso dis- close that Roosevelt earlier told Churchill that he was eager to get into the struggle and that American forces had instructions to attempt to pro- voke the Germans into an in- cident that could be repre- sented aggression to the American public. CHIEFS DOUBTFUL' This understanding between the leaders was reached in August, 1941, at the Atlantic Charter meeting off the New- foundland coast. But the Spectator suggests that while Churchill was quick to disclose this secret to the war cabinet, British political and tnllitary leaders took this Hoosevelt promise with a grain of salt. "Roosevelt had given ex- actly the same assurance to X-Ence in June, 1940, and had welshed on it once Churchill asked him to publish that as- the Spectator said. Once in, the U.S. worked closely with Britain and other allies preparing for the 1944 D-Day invasion, a date that had to be kept secret above all other secrets. In February, 1944, General Eisenhower wrote to Church- ill: "If Hie enemy obtains as much as 48 hours warning of the location of the assault area, the chances of success are small and any longer warning spells certain de- feat." Churchill ordered a full se- curity screen. Fishing off the southeast coast of England was banned GO that no fisher- man would fall into German hands. Travel by sea and air to the Irish Republic wis stopped. .Churchill feared enemy agents were lurking among the Irish neutralists. Military leave was slopped two months before June 6. For the men in sealed camps D-Day arrived with the secret destination the German coastal command wiUi Bieir trousers The Daily Mail suggests. As the struggle rolled to- wards a final successful con- clusion, Churchill still seemed to be chalking up some errors in judgment amid his unchal- lenged triumph as war leader. He returned from his Cri- mean conference with Stalin in February, 1941, saying Sta- lin had admitted his cruel op- pression of Poland in the past but promised Dot to repeat that policy. Churchill said at that time he had every confidence in Stalin and did not .think he would "embark on any adven- tures." A year later Churchill was to condemn Stalin wiflj his fa- mous Fulton, Mo., speech' warning that "an iron curtain has descended across the con- tinent." HOUSTON (AP) Two and one-half years after man first set foot on the moon, stientts have put together a bare outline on the nature of the moon fro (he data gathered in four Apoll lunar landing missions. But they have yet to fill in the details needed for a total picture. Basic and vital questio: about the moon remained unan swered at the end of the space agency's third annual lunar sc ence conference here last weel at which some 60 scientists dis- cussed tear daM swiimu so far. Many-believe those final an- swers may still be years awa; Cornerstone questions wtiic are still puzzling scientists in- clude these: Where did the moon come from and how was it formed? Precisely how old it? Is there water on the moon Does the moon have a core Arc there still live volcanoes on the moon? (VO LIFE ON MOON Scientists, however, are In general agreement on these points: is no life on the moon. The mechanisms fo evolving life halted long before Air plant help set deadline TORONTO (CP) A strike deadline of 10 a.m. Thursday was set against de Havillanc Aircraft of Canada Ltd. here by the United Auto Workers Union which is embroiled hi a wage dispute with the company A meeting of the 918 members of Local approved the strike after hearing a report which said bargaining was stalemated. De Havilland, which produces the Buffalo, Caribou and Twin Otter aircraft, has been hard-nil by a lack of orders which has resulted in employee layoffs. The UAW, working at the plant without a contract since June 23, is seeking a package increase of 37 cents an hour over 18 months on the current average wage of S3.G6. OFFERED 34 CENTS The company's last wage pro- posal was for 34 cents an hour over two years which would bring the'average wage to frl.10. DC Havilland also offered to ne- gotiate Improvements in pen- sion benefits. Meanwhile, UAW leaders of Local 1967 at Douglas Aircraft Co. of Canada Ltd., came under attack from Dennis McDermott, Canadian UAW director. Mr. McDermott, in a report to a Canadian UAW council meet- ing, said tliat in a recently set- tled strike against Douglas he had "never experienced any- thing us totally unreal, so de- void of reason, so impregnated with lunacy." The strike lusted for about two months, and was ended on instructions from the interna- tional union after the workers got the settlement they hid been asking for. But after getting a settlement w'-ich met (he union's goil, Mr. McDcrmoll said, the local Douglas leadership Insisted on a bigger settlement. forming even the basic cheml cal building blocks needed. moon has a crust, and hence, at one point, the outer shell was molten. still rock the moon, but they are extremely small The quakes are caused by rida forces generated by the eartl and not the stress of internal energy. evolution on the moon essentially stopped about three billion years ago. The earth, which is still experienc- ing the large quakes and vol- canoes of evolution, Is a million times more active than t h e moon. three basic types of rock on the moon, in contrast to the several hundred different types on earth. These rocks, which are unlike any on earth, are an aluminum- rich rock; t basalt, and a rock called beep. ORIGIN A PROBLEM Despite intense study by thou- sands of scientists from around the world, there is still no gen- eral agreement on the correct theory of Hie moon's origin. Each of the three theories which are so old they are called 'traditional" are still consi- dered likely candidates to be he correct answer. The traditional theories, briefly, state: moon Is a twin planet to the earth, forted from a collection of space debris as was the earth. moon formed elsewhere in the solar system and became captured in earth orbit while wandering through space. moon was at one time a part of the earth, but broke away to become a natural satel- lite. Dr. Eugene Shoemaker of Cal- ifornia Institute of Technology, who has seriously proposed a revised version of the earth- rreak away theory for the moon, admits that, "all of the hree model theories are still alive, but they all also have problems." ON AGE Most scientists believe the moon dates back to the begin- ling of the solar system, about .6 billion years ago. But no ecks that age have been found and, as one scientist noted, "it ill be only through chance that we ever do find one." The great wealth of data now vailable about the moon has made scientists less willing to >eculate about the nature of arth's only natural satellite. At the first lunar science con- erence theories were common and scientists talked about "the leory of the hour." Last week, the third there ere no really new theories pro- posed. "The moon Is a more compli- ated place than some of us taught it would be before we rent said Dr. Paul a space agency scientist. U.S. YOUTH DOUBLES WASHINGTON (AP) The nan bureau lays the number young people in the U.S. pop- atlon Increased by 53 per cent the last decide. Youth, or at segment of the population between 14 and H years old, to u.6 (ram 27.1 million. 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