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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 18, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LKTHBMDGE, ALBERTA. FRIDAY, JANUARY 18, 1918 NUMBER 32 LENINF 1 ? * + * + + + * + � FORBID SOCIALIST PROPAGANDA IN GERMAN ARMY Washington, Jan. 18.-Orders forbidding all Sociuiits propaganda In the German tirmy have been issued by the Oermau military authorities, according to a'deapatclt loday from Switzerland Socialist newspapers arc forbidden to be sent to the soldiers. ? ? Bolsheviki Premfer In Strained Relations With His Foreign Minister CONDITIONS POINT TO NEW REVOLT IN THE COUNTRY SOON Stockholm, . Jan. 18.-Violations between Premier LenJne and Foreign Minister Trotzky are growing more �t rained daily, the Petrograd. correspondent of the Helsingfors Huvuds-tadsbladets reports. Lenlne is said to bo displeased both at the way Trotzky continuously occupies the public eye and at his foreign policy, which Taeniae believes is contrary to the best interests of trie Russian revolution. Trotzky formulates his own foreign policies �without regard to what Lenlne advises, find often without submitting questions to the premier. Friends of Lenine, the co-respondent adds, declare that he intends to Hubmit his resignation to the congress of workmen's and soldiers' delegates in order to force a vote of confidence or lack of confidence. Turbulent Conditions Lfondqp, Jan. IS.-News from Russia in the niorning newspapers adds nothing to yesterday's report of the Russo-Rumanian relations and the former emperor's escape, nor does it make clear whether the constituent assembly would meet today as reported previously. Despatches from Petrograd indicate that ferment in the oity is likely if the assembly meets: Large demonstrations are lifting prepared by the alliance for the defence of the constituent-assembly, which is issuing appeals to the people in the streets and is carrying on agitation iu the military barracks and among the crews of the Warships in the Neva. The correspondent of the Daily News ays that trouble of some kind is almost certain. The Cee.ing among the soldiers of the Petrograd garrison, a Petrograd despatch to the Daily Mail says, is becoming more divided and the 'governr.ent cannot place full reliance on them as it could a month ago. Conditions of life-in* Petrograd as described by the various reports suggest that the people are likely to seize any resort to express their discontent. Food is sometimes impossible and al~, ways difficult to procure, says the Daily News' correspondent, who adds that Petrograd has forgotten the taste of milk, tho'igh it is possible now and then to obtain an inferior grade of butter at ten roubles a/poiincl. The manager of the.rersian discount loan hank and several high officials of the finance ministry and the treasury department, according to a Renter despatch, are charged with aiding the strikers in the government departments. Gen. Kornlloff, leader of one of the opposition factions, is reported to have been wounded in a fight between his forces and Bolsheviki at Chernigov. M.'iBronaky, commissary for foreign trade, says that a decree regulating foreign trade would he issued shortly. It will provide that trade will he allowed only with countries where committees are appointed to insure that imports from Russia will not pass through I Wo hands of middlemen and which will guarantee that goods thus import-, ed will not be subject to speculation or re-exportation. GREAT DISCONTENT A USTRIA NS COMPLETEL Y DEFEA TED B Y IT A LI A NS; HEAVY LOSSES INFLICTED Impatience Over Delay in Peace Pfegotiations May Lead to Revolt Great Unrest in England Over Alleged Unfair Distribution of Food WORKMEN PLAN TO STRIKE FOR A DAY AS FORMAL PROTEST Italian Headquarters in Northern 1 which had been thrown into the Italian Italy, Jan. 17.-(By the Associated lines. The Bersaglieri hewed their Press),-Italian troops have succeeded J way to the enemy support line. The in breaking tire pressure which the I fight was stubborn for the first two enemy has been exerting on the lower jhour3 but the enemy gradually. gave Plave in the sector nearest Venice. | ground as fresh ranks of Bersaglieri This is a triangular sector originally cheering and singing patriotic; songs, I -L. _ M U.S. I I I Order Has Gone Into Effect in Spite of Senate's Motion To cleared of the enemy when the whole region was inundated by opening the canals. Hut recently low water has permitted the enemy to renew his incursion almpst to Coponlle an4 the Venetian lagoons. Enemy patrols had established dug- London, Jan. IS.-Popular dissatisfaction with the food distr bution which is particularly strong in the industrial j districts, will be forcibly expressed at Manchester and in that neighborhood January 2fl, when, according to a decision just reached, 100,000 workers in the Manchester engineering shops will cease work for a day with the purpose of protesting against the unequal distr bution of food and demanding a rationing order. The engineers new London, Jan. 18.- Serious strik�s, accompanied by rioting, have taken place at Vienna and in other cities throughout Austria, according to news agency | are' supported by the Manchester and telegrams to Zurich . and other Salford labor council, and similar dom-points in Switzerland.' castrations are to be held in Silford, . " Altriueham, Eccles and Stretford. Ac- Grea.. impatience cording to the leaders of the engin- London, Jan. IS.-The troubles In eers there is deep dissat sfaetion and Austr'a leading to strikes, it is as- suspicion among the men. who believe serted. nro due to the prolongation of that the dlfficml.ics are due less to peace negotiations at Brest-Litovsk. ' shortage of food than to unequal dls-the continuation of the reduced bread , tribution. , rations-one half the former allot- Popular Impatience j inent-and measures against peace London, Jan. IS.-Increasing atten-zneetlngK of the workers. tion is being given by the newspapers A peace demonstration at Vienna oil to food troubles and popular impali-Tuesday night ended in a riot during ence with what is regarded widely as when, according to an Exchange avoidable privations. The Times to-Telegraph dispatch, food shops were day*�prominently calls attention to the looted. A wireless press dispatch "persistence of the unequal distribu-from Berne says strikes broke out on tion of food and its offspring, the Monday morning in factories in queue system," which, it says, Is be-Vienna, Gratz Brunn, Linz ginning to tell on the tempers of num-aud Wxner-Neusladt, the walkouts hers of persons. resulting in rioting which necesitatert It refers to numerous protests and vigorous police action. On Tuesday the demands for rationing which the number of strikers increased and are finding an outlet in some instanc-there were numerous conflicts with es in outbreaks of disorderliness. It the police-. j writes sympathetically of people stand- Since Wednesday, the dispatches; ing in long lines in the bitter weather state, no Austrian papers have reach- prevalent in parts of England, included Switzerland. \ London, and says it would be folly ' Jt. appears that the Austrian authori-' t0 ignore the obvious symptoms of ties are anxioua regarding the situa- unrest. tion at Prague, Bohemia, as* the civil Numerous paragraphs appear in .the governor has been replaced by a mili- newspapers, recording demonstrations, tary governor. unsatisfactory distribution, sufferings, � The Vienna correspondent of the'' shortages, prosecutions for hoarding Munich Nouste Nachrichten says that, al"* allegations of profiteering, reports of an Austrian cabinet crisis fThe labor. correspondent of the are well founded. Dr. Von � Syuler. j Times says it is evident that a sltua-the premier, is opposed not only bv tlon 13 imminent which will tax the threw themselves into the struggle. The enemy was finally pushed back from the positions he had gained. One of the favorite niK-3s used by the enemy was for a party of his troops to advance with their hands up, calling "Kamerad" when they outs and posts.in the lagoons at Azen- i would rush forward suddenly with xa Sullana, just across the river from ! hand grenades, but to be mowed down Caposlle, which commands the canal 1 as they advanced by the Italian ma-running to Porto Grande and the re-1 chine gun fire. The fighting through-gion back of Venice. During the early out was at close quarters, days of the war the Italian navy ha/1 Heavy losses were sustained by thft bombarded the dugouts and destroyed ! enemy and the Italians captured l.'.O the bridge on which the enemy was j prisoners. The battle ground was cov-attenrptmg to crogs the Agenzia Trez- ered with Austrian dead and burial za. The enemy made repeated at- 'parties were busy throughout the night} tempts to enlarge his positions but burying the bodies, was uniformly repulsed. Many individual instances of brav- Stung by the repeated checks, the ery stand out. In one case an Italian enemy brought his full force to bear officer and five men leaped into an yesterday morning. They were met by ; Austrian trench, took two machine chosen Italian troops from the Grena- guns, killed all the Austrian gunners dier and Be-rsaglieri brigades. The and brought back the guns. Italian defence was led by the Bersa-j The Italian success gives a serious glieri who had asked-that privilege in check to the enemy effort to Improve order to answer certain pamphlets his position near Venice, Have It Suspended-President Wilson Will Not Interfere With Its Operation BIG PLANTS ALL OVER CENTRAL AND EASTERN STATES ARE NOW - CLOSED AND MANY MEN ARE IDL 1 ? ? ? * * * * V TO BE HELD HERE The 1919 convention of the Great War Veterans of Alberta will be held in Lethbridge. ? ? > *> ? > ?  ? SI FLOUR Washington, Jan. IS.-America felt ? the pinch of war perhaps for the first time today when its industries hanging idle under the fuel administration's order issued to relieve the coal shortage and release fuel for ships loaded with supplies for the American army and the allies. -In tiie face of protests predicting disastrous consequences and a formal request from the senate to stay its execution temporarily, the order was signed last night by Administrator Garfield, with the approval of President Wilson. ALBERTA MAY GET NEW Demonstrations Against That Policy in Some Places in Germany Food Controller Says White Flour May Disappear From Households Czechs and the south Stars, it is as- food department to the uttermost. He i London, Jan. IS.-The political situation in Germany and the relations with Russia continue to b ceases to be required wholly or in ; er, could catch up. part for this purpose, it will revert en- ( ^t Chicago N e tirely to the province for general us as a sanitarium. No site has been chosen for the building as yet, ' the and St. John, N.B., Jan. 18.-That Canadian lines' are tightening up defences strengthened In anticipation of a German offensive was the infor- mation given by returned officers who arrived here by steamer and left for their homes in the west. Prominent among the 'party were: Captain (Kev.) "Bob" Pearson, of Cal-cary, member-elect of the Alberta leg-'Tslature; Lieut. B. W. Harmon, .M.C.. of Woodstock, N.B.; Lieut. C. D. Roblin, son of Sir.R. P. Roblin, ex-premier of i Manitoba; Dr. J. H. Egbert, of Cal- _ Igary; Captain J. M. Ready, M.C., Tor- 'o4to; Captain C. B. Cockhurn, Hamil-rihis Was Part of Conspiracy j*on, Ont.; and Flight Commander J. 1 Falls, of Vancouver, who has bagged PLOTTED TO MASSACRE i Light Sentences-One Soldier Confesses to Having Married Five Times Against British Rule Fomented By the Germans San Francisco, Calif., Jan, 18.-Massacre of the white population of India was part of an alleged conspiracy against British rule in that country, It is understood the speech \ according to testimony given yester-will cover the general food situation j dav at the trial of thirty-one persons Quebec, Que., Jan. 17.-Mr. Sauve /nJu the Quebec legislature today, read his suggested amendment to tho Francoeur motion, which was as follows : - "That all the words after Quebec in the main motion be struck out and replaced by the following: "In view of the marked hostility that is being shown to it by certain loading spirits in provinces situated to the west of the capital of our country, and tho insults published daily in the great newspapers which mould or direct public opinion in those provinces, and as a consequence of the adverse attitude adopted by a tremendous majority of the electorate of Quebec, and by a considerable ntiDZ^r of citizens of other parts of the country towards the MilitaVy Service Act. 11117, and other acts resulting; from it, th*s province deems if its duty, in tho interest of the pence and harmony which should reign "n the d'i'fercnt provinces of the Canadian confederation, to address itsolf to 1 lis Majesty tho King !n council to auk, by virtue of clause 50 of (lie British North America Act, the repeal of'the MiT- ARRiVES SAFELY An Atlantic Port, Jan. IS.-The Hawaiian-American Line Steamship Texan, which was in a collision at sea last Monday, arrived here safely today and that important statements will be made by the controller. { ^__1-_____ ____ � I �! ���� ^1^^ IS REPLACED \ Copenhagen, Jan. IS.-Rudolph Von Valentini, who has been head of the emperor's civil cab'net since 1908, has been replaced by Herr Von Berg, governor of the province of East Prussia, according to the Kreuse Zeitung of Berlin. As chief of the civil cabinet Von Valentini was private sec-rotary to the. emperor and held an in-fjuent'al position as intimate adviser to the emperor. cha>ged with conspiracy, by Pramatha Nftth Mukerji, a defendant, who testified for the government. He said he had made a trip from India to Shang- 29 Hun airplanes. Geneva, Jan. IS.-Several south German newspapers which have been received here, raise a cry of alarm over the increase of bigamy in Germany during 1917. They says the many acquittals and the lenient sentences imposed indicate that the authorities are condoning the offence. Among the excuses pleaded by the men accused are loss of memory because of shell Bhock; departure of the wife without leaving ! an address and infidelity on the part ! of a. wife. Some have gone so far as to declare boldly that plural marriages are good for the nation'3 future. A corporal told a Munich court that he got married every time he obtained leave from the trenches and believed he had five wives. Eleven cases were tried in Berlin, seven in Bologne and flvejh Munich last December. The deceived women usually are not willing to prosecute. ' Copenhagen, Jan. IS.-A declaration -either through the chancellor's coin-hai to warn alleged, revolutionists that j ing speech or in the form of a special BANK OF ENGLAND STATEMENT the British authorities were aware of their plans and knew of the plaCe designated for the landing of munitions to be vised in the uprising. Maurice Hall, former honorary consul general for Turkey here, testified that the German government sent $250,000 to San Francisco in 1914 for war and propaganda work. proclamation-is expected this week regarding Germany's attitude toward Polish, Lithuanian and Lettish territories, according to a Berlin despatch to a Copenhagen newspaper. Concern- London, Jan. IS.-The weekly statement of the Bank of England shows the following changes: Total reserve, increased �67,000; circulation, decreased �3G8;000; bullion,, decreased �310,558; other securities, increased �'167,000; public deposits, increased �3J617,0.00; other ing Poland, the declaration is expected {deposits, decreased �1,944,000; notes Local Branches of the Red Cross to state that Germany is both politically and economically disinterested, and with regard to * Lithuania and Courland, they are to remain politically independent hut closely joined with Germany in an economic alliance. reserve, increased �96,000; government securities, decreased �100,000 The proport'ou of the bank's reserve to liability this week is 3 9.57 per cent; last week il was 19.71 per cent. l* i (Continued on Faue 6) 1 Jf In the opinion of the executive of'the Provincial Branch of the Red Cross society, conditions are favorable in the way of proposed membership and there is a good prospect that sufficient funds can be raised, a local branch will be organized, if application therefor is made by any responsible, person. The local branch must be self-sustaining. It must bo able to purchase all the supplies required for its purposes and send moneys to the provincial office to be forwarded for Red Cross purposes nearer the seat of warfare. Where it is not thought advisable to form a branch a local auxiliary may be fornied on application. This applies particularly to the very small centres and gives an opportunity for every one no matter where situated to participate in Red Cross work. The aux iliaries are generally linked up with the nearest local branch. The local branch will always be pleased to forward a bag of work to any person or group of persons desirous of aiding. Of course, all work has to bo done according tV instructions. Bulletins are sent out regularly show--ing what is needed and the branches will always'be ready to show now the*^vork is done. Much depends on the uniformity of the work. Materials to be made up can either be obtained by a local branch either locally or through the provincial office at Calgary. Miss Pinkham is the honorary secretary end will attend to every application. The local auxiliaries get their supplies from the branch they a!*e working under and in^eturn the auxiliary turns in all collections of n oneys to the branch. London, Jan. V.-The fact that tho Irish convention has adjourned until next Tuesday, instead of closing this week, as reported is understood to mean, according to the Daily News, .that the government in the meantime w!ll ascertain whether a compromise oyd-George Emphasizes Need of Raising More Men London, Jan. 18. - Premier Lloyd George, addressing the labor delegates tcday said no man standing on the watchtower could deny the urgency of the need for raising more men. The prime minister said no deraoc- is possible on the point at issue, it is j racy has ever long survived the failure reported from Dublin tin* p-Pm*�r of lts adherents to be read: Lloyd Georgo has taken steps to inform himself personally of the atuiuue of the Ulster council toward a settlement. In connection with this matter the name of the Marquis of Londonderry is ment oned. ready to die for it. WE A THE It Htflh..............._____ Low ................... I Forecast-Continued cold. Mr. Lloyd George said that he and President Wilson without previous consultation-there was no opportunity-had laid down substantially the same program of demands for the termination 0$ the war. , There was no man willing to make peace without complete restoration of 14' Belgium and reparation, the premier -3 said. From Germany there had been but one anawor, he added, "and It came from Von Tirpitz* soul-never. Our channel ports are not tar from the fighting line," continued the premier, "and unless we are prepared to j&tand up to the people who are dominating Germany, Britain, British democracy, French democracy, and the democracy of Europe will be at the mercy of the most cruel military autocracy the world has ever seen." Mr. Lloyd George said that his and President Wilson's war aims had been acclaimed throughout the entente allied countries. There had been hardly a voice of criticism save from a few who wished he had made more extreme demands. The Socialists, of France, Italy and Great Britain, he said, had accepted them as very fair, general deiuauds. Chicago, Jan. IS.-More than one billion, dollars in capital and some 500,0u0 workers are idle today in Uie Chicago d.strict, as a result oi: the conservation order of the federal fuel administration, according to figures compiled by commercial uodies from me latest, census reports. The estimated loss of wages by workers In the district dur.ng the enforced idleness for the five day period beginning today and the nine successive Mondays is $17,000,000. Busmess men and manufacturers had apparently decided to observe the sph\t as well as the letter of the order, following futile efforts of yesterday to obtain a modification of the edict. The Chicago board of trade and tho b.'g packing plants here will continue in operation as usual. In Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Penna., Jan. 18.- Approximately 2,000,000 workers in Pennsylvania will be thrown out of employment during the five day shut down of industries affected by the federal fuel administration's order, according to statistics compiled by the state department of labor and industry at Harrisburg. One million and a half workers will be similarly affect-. ed on the Monday holidays and the approximate loss in wages was placed at. $114,000,000. ' Many of the department stores and manufacturing interests in Philadelphia announced today that they would pay their employees during the enforced suspension. President Won't Interfere Washington, Jan. IS.-It was stated officially early today that Presttfent W.lson is not even considering interfering with the fuel restriction order and feels that the country will be satisfied with its necessity. At Buffalo Buffalo, N. Y. Jan. 18.-Twenty-five hundred industrial plants employing between 500,000 and 000,000 men were idle today as a result it uie suspension order issued by the fuer administration. The observance of the order was\general. To Keep Exchange Open New York, Jan. 18.-The governing committee of the New York Stock Exchange yesterday voted to keep the exchange open on Mondays from January 21 to March 25, 'in order that the money loan market be in a position to be undisturbed, and that banks and borrowers and lenders of money Uavo the facilit.es of a market" The committeo also decided that the , I c\( hange would be open during the i five days specified in the fuel adminW trator's order. , Edison Plants Close Orange, N.J., Jan. 18.-In comp ance with the order of Fuel Admir; trator Garfield the manufactu � plants of the Thomas A. Edison ^ pany here closed down this mo* ore All employees of the company,-tses. bering more than 0.000, are id* anj tho exception of a comparative*1^, engaged in office and executive at- Teli:grapher� Quit. / Chicago, Jan. 18.-When th?'> ,. board of trade opened today �erai"y telegraph operators qu'.t on ug aaver^ cold and practically all out*Ngt _ ing was stopped. 2 7292 ;