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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 17, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 24-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, January 17, 1974 Former Siberian prisoner advocates labor camp system OTTAWA (CP) - A former resident of the Gulag Archipelago sees lessons that can be learned by Canadian penal authorities from the'notorious Siberian labor camp system. Dr. Tadeusz Grygier s'Sys he can see nothing wrong with es-tabli.shing prison labor camps for criminals in the Canadian North, providjsd the inhumanity, starvation and corruption of the SoViet system is not duplicated. The director of the school of criminology at Ottawa University said in an interview the North American penal systems should be changed to make paid work by prisoners the central feature of any penitentiary. He said such a system is used in the Soviet Union, Poland and Yugoslavia. While corruption and cruelty had made the Soviet system unworkable, he was impressed with what was happening in the other two countries. The Polish-born Dr. Grygier is something of an authority of the Siberian camps, called the Gulag Archipelago by author Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn. He was arrested by the Russians in 1940 when he was in charge of the psychiatric ward in a Polish hospital. Called a dangerous element, he was deported to exile in perpetuity. FINALLY FREED He was freed only after clearing himself of charges of being a spy spreading typhus. The charge that arose because he was the person who identified an epidemic as being that disease. Eventually, when the Soviet Union established relations with the wartime Polish government in exile, he was instrumental in helping to free thousands of other Polish political prisoners in Siberia. He said that in Poland and Yugoslavia the centre of a penitentiary is a factory of some nature. North American prisons too often are fortresses with some treatment and training units attached. In the two East European countries trade training and living quarters are additions to the central factories where prisoners do piece work for the same pay received by outside workers. The prisoners pay for board, loding and entertainment. Part of their pay, which could include overtime, goes to their families, .part to the victims of their crimes and part toward paying for after-release care that is provided by government and private agencies in Canada. There is group motivation to work. If a man refuses he is isolated by his fellows and given a minimum diet. It is only a matter of days before he returns to work. Counselling and treatment is available after working hours. REFLECTS CONCERN Dr. Grygier's call for a work-centred system in some ways reflects the concerns of pehal authorities who say it is difficult to give prisoners an incentive to work. These authorities say all the prison trades training in the world is no use if a man has no inclination to get a job after his release. Penitentiaries Commissioner Paul Faguy now is investigating the possibility of a pilot project under which prisoners would work in production for the federal minimum wage. They would pay board and lodging. He is wondering whether such a production line could make something on a continuing basis for the government. Last year, prisoners at William Head, B.C., d': .-e construction work foi pay. But that was not a continuing Rosenkowitz sextuplets given names CAPE TOWN (AP) - The Rosenkowitz sextuplets now have names: David, Jason and Grant are the boys and Nico-lette, Elizabeth and Emma are the girls. A spokesman for Mowbray Maternity Hospital announced .the names and said the five-day-old sextuplets continue to thrive. Feeding tubes are to be removed from the huskier ones soon, the spokesman said. Susan Rosenkowitz, 25, saw the six babies again. Her condition was described as "very satisfactory." She was receiving no special treatment apart from that normally given to post-caesarian patients, a doctor said. "No complications are expected and medically there is no reason why she can't even have more children if she wishes," said Dr. H. Q. De Groot. program. Dr. Grygier acknowledged that the Polish and Yugoslav systems work well because they are part of a socialist economy. But he said the same idea could work here. After all, he said, like it or not the prison economy is a socialist economy. While he did not know the rate at which individuals return to prison, he said the general atmosphere of prisons in East European countries is better, despite living conditions that are poor by Canadian standards. In visiting Canadian prisons he had found that those who looked forward to doing some^ thing after release were those who had been motivated in the workshops that served a minority of prisoners. Nixon's twelve crises. The fund speech 'Tell them ... I know something about politics too^ Second of a series During a white-hot week in 1952, Richard Nixon found himself engulfed in his second crisis, one which came within a hair's breadth of ending his political career. Senator Nixon had been nominated as Gen. Eisenhower's vice-presidential running mate. . A couple of weeks into the campaign, Peter Ed-son, a Washington columnist for Newspaper Enterprise Association, asked Nixon about an alleg-ed "supplementary salary" of $20,000 which was paid by a handful of California businessmen. Nixon had no doubts about the propriety of his fund, and he referred Ed- son, as well as Leo Katcher of the New York Post, to Dana Smith, a former campaign treasurer, who administered theiiind. According to Smith, the fund collected around |20,-000 a year from, wealthy backers. The money was used for transportation, telephone charges and for circulating leeches, questionnaires, newsletters and Christmas cards, which Nixon's senatorial salary of J12,500 could not cover. While Edson's story was handled soberly, the Post article ran under the headline: "Secret Nixon Fund: Secret Rich Men's Trust Fund KeeDS Nixon in Style Far Beyond His Salary." The Democrats seized on the issue, demanding that Eisenhower ettison Nixon from his ticket. The fund became a national issue. Editorials called for Nixon's replacement. Nixon's advisers decided that his only option was to gb on television and plead his case to the nation. "resign," Nixon wept after An hour before Nixon was scheduled to gp on the air, he received a call from Thomas Dewey, one of the G.O.P.'s elder statesmen, telling him that Eisenhower's advisers had concluded that Nixon should announce his resignation at the end of his'telecast. speech "What should I tell (the advisers) you are going to do?" Dewey asked. "Just tell them ... I know something about politics too!" Nixon replied, slamming down the receiver. A few minutes later, he delivered an impassioned speech baring all his per- sonal finances and revealing that the only political gift he had ever accepted was Checkers; a cocker spaniel whith'had been given to his daughters. Nixon concluded his plea by inviting the audience to wire its verdict to the Republican National Com-mittee. thel publif response overwhelmingly supported him. Eisenhower called him "a courageous ^rrior." According to Nixon biographer Earl Mazo, "(Nixon's) success sent the Republican campaign soaring, establishing him as the . . . best-known, largest  crowd - drawing Vice-Presidential candidate in history." Next: Ike's Heart IS RIGHT 9:00 a.m. - 9:00 p.m. DAILY NOW thru JAN. 19th ^ Complete New and Used Inventory on Sale ^150 Cars and Trucks -All Makes - All Models FINANCING NO DOWN PAYMENT (on approved credit) No payments til March 15lh 328-0174  328-0177  328-8726 ;