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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 1HI IETHBRIDCE HERALD Wednesday, Jonuary 17, 1973 That property tax break Albertans have been a privileged people for a long lime. Revenue- from the oil industry has enabled the gov- ernmejit to keep the province an is- land in ihe sales tax sea around it. Now the Lougneed government is of- fering relief Ln the property tax field as well and Albenuns appear to be becoming even more privileged. In the Ions run. however, "the peo- ple" have to pay. All 'hat tax jus- giins doe? is rediitri'ouie the vehicle for collecting. Taxing property ES a means of get- ting the money necessary to rua gov- ernment has undoubtedly gone the limit and beyond. It is nght to take the load off prcpeny and the pro- vincial government is ;o be eongraru- lated for making this move. But where is :he lost revenue to be recovered? There are few sources of tax money avjulsble outside the sale of licences and liquor. Alberta has had a bonanza ir. its oil and resources; it got rich from the royal- ties en Droducrloii End the sale of leases. Premier Peter Lougneed is counting on the proposed increase in the price of gas 'o bs the source of the needed revenue. If the gamble fails, the province could resort to the income tax. Ot- tawa could be asked to collect more from Albertans as it already does from Quebecers and return the revenue to the province. And that would be preferable to either resort- ing to a sales tax or reverting to pre- vious property tax levels. Should the gamble succeed and the province gets its money from higher gas prices the people of Alberta could still find themselves paying for the relief of the property tax. There can be little doubt that goods brought into Alberta from the areas paying higher gas prices will have an in- creased'price tag on them as the manufacturer seeks to compensate himself. Other more direct forms of reprisal could also be in store for Albertans. More important than tax sources is the value people get from the tax dollar. Gi'-inj people a tax break can make a government popular for a time but only the government that is careful and treats the people's money as a trust truly serves and can exTiec: to survive for long. An unwelcome ruling Acting on series of complaints from the Rubber .Manufacturers As- sociation, the U.S. treasury has ruled that production oj steel-belted tires by the Michelin Tire Manufacturing Company of Canada is subsidized by the Canadian government. Accord- ingly, any Vichelin tires shipped from Canada to the wul be sub- ject to countervailing clu'-ies. Miche- lin's two plants in Nova Scotia were built with of substantial grants from il-.e re- gional expansion, ar.-ii a low- interert loa government. Michelin is r.ot a C. it is owned loci, stc-ck ar.d barrel in France. From the outset, its North American production target has been the U.S. market. But a very substan- tial Canadian operation is involved, and now seems likely to be affected adversely by this riling. In commenting on the ruling, the president of the Rubber Manufactur- ers Association observed that it "should help stem the loss of Ameri- can jobs to unfair foreign competi- tion.'' In this case, ths American jobs gained will be Canadian jobs lost, and in z locality that already has severe unemployment. Of more fax-reaching importance is the effect this ruling could have on the whole DREE concept. Expansion grants ere the core of the govern- ment's nrosram for dealing with re- gional economic disparities. If the products rf firms receiving these grants or any other form of gov- ernment assistance, for that matter are to be subject to these coun- tervailing tariffs when shipped to the U.S.. it will probably be necessary' to review the entire scheme. If this decision s-.ands up through the inevitable series of appeals and representations, ar.d becomes a part of U.S. trading policy, it means that F..T." plar.t pianzinj to export to the U.S. V'.'ili have to think t'.vice about accepting assistance from DREE or ar.v other government agency. Or put another way. only those firms that do not intend to export can afford to apply for such grants. Consider- ing the importance of a favorable trade balance, this has substantial implications for the whole regional disparities program. According to reports. Trade Minis- ter Gillespie is in close touch with the situation, and at present is con- sulting with Michelin as to their plans for an appeal. Regardless of these, strong governmental represen- tations are "to be made to the ap- propriate U.S. authorities. It" is to be hoped that through one route or the other, some means of reversing this ruling may be found. Canada, especially the Atlantic re- gion, has all the unemployment prob- ferns it needs. no" new problems, either. ANDY RUSSELL Wild stroifberries Of all the fruit nature grov-T h the rvilds or elsewhere none can match the wild for its delicious quality of ila- TOT, its delicate perfume indeed its un- mistakable anft impact on the taste buds.. To be sure, man has used his horticultural geriius to hreed tame var- ieties with a vastly heavier yield ti fruit, but he never maraged to duplicate the delightful flavor of the wild kisd Nor has his intrusion cultivators aod livestock been ir.ythir.g but damaging to this native plant. For once the sec is broken, wild strawberries never grow there again and even the pressure of grazing livestock effects it For when land is graz- ed, though the plants iil gro-.v. the amount of fruit they bear is r.oi_-.g to the fruit >-ield in '.vile Tr.e '-void strawberry is a cl-_d o; the vv'lderr.ess taking root ihe hooves ar.d paws of wild things leave '.heir prirvrs. and in re- turn for their ger.-.le pressure a bounty of the most wonderful fruit in the world. I've seen the floors of mouatair. valleys sa carpeted with wild srra-.vberrles that our horses' hooves were red with the juice and these with white fetlocks locked as though they had been hurt ar.d were stain- ed with blood. Or.e summer years aeo when the upper Flalhead Valley of British Col- umbia was relatively untouched wilder- ness, the meadows alor.g both sides of the river were an almost solid mat of wild strawberries. Our noses were full of 'ha scent of crushed fruit as we rode with tha padttrain. All through most of July ar.d early Aug- ust there w-ere cveryw hrre (or the gathering. We caufht nig trout i'-. the river and fried them in butter serv.ra the dish with vegetables v.-o carried In O'ir packs ar.d wour.d up witn stra'rfierries served in ''-ay It was [ood for Rods made doubly delicious by vigorous outdoor activity and long hours on foot and in the saddle. We were not the only ones the berries, (or our horses ale them by the gallon. Many birds particularly the thrushes ard grouse were stuffing their crops with them. The elk, deer, coyotes and foses were eating them too even a wolverine the evidence was written in tracks and scats. Bui ii was the bears, both grizzlies and blacks, that were truly in paradise They ate till they bulged, full to the ears, then snoozed in some cool place w wake and eat some more. One afternoon I -as sitting in the shade of a second spruce on the edge of a small meadow in the midst of a vast expanse of old burned timber, some still star.Ging but much of it iayirg on tbe ground. I had iieen climbing over down logs all monlng exploring for a packtrain route through this tar.gie of fallen timber. Tired ar.i lazy after a gcod ', a cold drink irorr. a little spring nearby a_id a dessert of strawberries picked and esteji oa the spot. I tvas my pipe looking ouc across a of ri'.er ar.d big green trees flanking it all bright under the sun. Then up over the bank from the river's edge came a big griziy bear rolling along ir. that typical rolling gait, his head swing- ing to every step, ard his fur rippling in time with the movement ot" powerful mus- cles under his shaggy coat. When he came out on the far fide of the meadow he be- gan eating berries with a gusto, slurping them up where they grew thidtest along tile snuth side 01 some huge old rotten IDE; lying on the little fiat. Through my bir.oculars at a range of net more than a hundred yards the aaimal was drawn so close to seem within reach. His expression benign and obviously this one had nor a care in the world. For a while he wsikorl a? he fed. hut then the heat began to to him and he lay down on his belly -'ill feeding on a particularly thick clump of bemes within Finally he vcr.L over to lay down in the shade "of a li'tle tree, his big rose resting on his paws. There he stayed till ttie wind, gave my presence away and then he left bounding and snorting back toward the river. As I bnck inward camp. 1 had the good feeling of having shared some Fairer representation needed By Maurice Western, Ottawi commentator for FP Publications mm MID OTTAWA So brilliantly en- tertaining BBS John Diefenba- ker's contribution to the debate on the Address that almost, no attention was paid to his posi- tive proposals which appear to have gone virtually unnoted in reports on television and in most newspapers. This is unfortunate because the former prime minister dealt, albeit briefly, with impor- tant matters. One oi them, in- viting immediate comment, will be considered here. 5f. Dieienbaker called the attention of the House to the plight of Manitoba and Sas- katchewan in the matter of rep- resentation. This received wider notice because he followed through on the next day with questions addressed to the prime minister. Other in- adequacies in the present ar- rangements for represertation were dealt with LI e'cceiler.t by John Reid. Lib- eral member for Ker.orE-Rainy River ar.d Wslly Firth, new-iy elected XDP member for the North-West Terrirories. The prospect is that Manitoba and S'askp.'.cr.ewtLi each lose a rr.errrv-- m ib? present redistribution. Ir. the post-war attrition, the east-centra! prairies will have given up a dozen members ia slightly mor2 than two decades; a serious matter for an area dis- advantaged iri oilier respects. This might be avoided without grea: injustice to other prov- inces in various v.-ays including a slight increase in House mem- bership for which, as Mr. Die- fenbaJKQ- noted, there if a prec- edent in consequence of reore- sentarions made at the time by the iate James G. Gardiner. The fonner prime minister inquired about tr.e possibllitY of ar, ameridiEerj' to the British North America Act to svert these losses. Mr. Truieau saH thai some w-is bsb; given to ils inc prom- ised .T.nre. He two difficulties which r'o seera to be alike u characier. First, such ac amerximent wouM to be retnECtive siTKie reclstrlbuticirj is already b progress. Obviously, this be an untidy b'jsiness in- volvbg some waste. But ;WT> points deserve consideration i the basic importance of repre- sentation in the House of Com- mons and the fact that what is now done will, in the ordinary course, be irrevocable for 10 years affecting an unknown number of elections. Further, the redistribution now being effected cannot be just. Two provinces enjoy, and have long enjoyed, absolute pro- tection; another nil! be pro- tected following this round. Manitoba and Saskatchewan en- joy DO effective protection at all. There are now two con- stitutional safeguards. One en- sures a pr r-mce against a loss exceeding 15 per cent in one re- distribution. This is of DO help in present circumstances to Manitoba and Saskatchewan: nor. if trends continue, would it be any help next time. The second, dating from 1915, stipulates thai no province may have fewer members than it hss senators This now r-rciecrs New Brunswick and Pnnce Ed- ward Island. It will be of no use to Manitoba and Saskatchewan until each is reduced to sue seats. This provision is the more ob- iectior-abie because senate rep- resentation, as the joint con- stitutional committee recog- nized, has no relation to popu- lation. New Brunswick, (popu- lation has 10 Senate seats white Manitoba (popu- lation 9SS.2471 IKS, six. Nova Scoria (population 78S.9W) has 10 senate seats while Sas- katchewan (population PSs.r-sr) has six. Prince' Edward Island has approximately one Senator for IS.'OOO inhabitants. On such a if the did mirror population. Manitoba w-ou'.d have K and Saskatchewan 33. The prime minister men- tioned another difficulty. His however, is obscure and it :rs: ne 5Tcke with- out due considers'.ion as may easily in the exchange? of perlcd. Hansard recorded him as fol- lows. "I do know that this is an important problem for many provinces of Canada. It does in- volve an amendment to the British North .America Act. and thai is no easy undertaking.'' The kit six words are puizl- ing. The apparent implication is that the government could pro- ceed only by agreement with the provinces. It is often very difficult to secure such agree- ment as was shown by the re- jection of the Fulton-Favreau formula and later of the Vic- toria Charter. But this is a matter affecting the House of Commons. In such mallere there has never been a requirement for agreement or even consultation. Excellent evidence on this point was provided by the Pear- son government when it caused to be published, by authority of the late Mr. Favreau in 1965. a background booklet entitled The Amendment of the Constitution of Canada. This contains a valu- able historical summary, listing successive amendments to the British North America Act. From this, it is quite plain that provincial consent has never been deemed essential for amendments touching represen- tation. It was not required when membership of the House was enlarged by the entry of a new- province (Newfoundland in 1W9 being the latest It was niJ even rwuired when the sen- ate was enlarged although the provinces are supposed to have a special interest in that body. It was not required when redist- ribution was postponed although one province protested on that occasion. It is most difficult to see why there should be such a tion on the freedom of the cen- tral government when the prov- inces constantly alter their own representational arrangements without the slightest reference to Ottawa Sir. Trudeau has not been noted for unilateral derog- ations frora the federal power. While the government at moment is certainly inclined to consult more with the provinces in seme matters than in the re- cent past, ii seems unliliely that it row regards parliainentary representation ss a rT-oper suh- ject for negnrjp.tion with provin- cial governments. The probability is. therefore, that Mr. Trudeau, by a some- what unfortunate choice of words, left an imwession other than that which he intended to convey. Without question there are practical difficulties to be surmounted but a requirement of provincial consent is cer- tainly not one of them. 1973 tj Ii interrupt the inaugural aJJnss to tting jett thil iptaal is New line needed Bv Joe Balla Angry press harms U.S. By C. I. Snlibfrger, New York Times commentator PARIS It prove his- torically correct that the Com- munist Tec offensive of IS3. a military failure, was indeed North Vietnam's first real vic- tory over the Uriied States o tbe Indochina war. and that the American bombing attack on Hanoi and Haiphong in Decem- ber. 1972. despite demonstra- ble Communist l-osses in strik- ing power, provided them a second major triumph- Neither conjectural assess- ment can yet be regarded as conclusive in both cases, it is apparent that purely ma- terial aspects of strategic ac- tions turned, out to be second- ary in impor-ance to psycholo- gical and poliacsl aspects. The let offensive was disas- trous to the Communists from a battlefield v.e.vpoir.c. After initial successes and re- pression in the temporarily captured South Vietnamese city of Hue. the Communist forces were defeated immense casualties. Saigon's army regime proved they could fight. But'.cul'able damage done in ihe crucial sector of I" S. public orir-icn and criticism of President Lyndon Jchrsor. :e: iivorcti ir.-ell'.'ctiia's arrf si-y stvce.its. Tris e-.ded with j c.-jisor.'s roiitlcal re'Lrerr.erL U.S ix' oi the NortreT. centres after an ori- ginal :ourh to Han- oi s March. 1I'72 offensive ar.d alter af.acl-is on Commu- nift positiics in Cambodia ar.d Laos which had kept alive the savage of those wrx) detested the -vsr's ur.pact on America itself. The bombers struck following a breakdown Paris peace regoiiaacns ar.d during a lapse in sessions. But, ju.-t as the of Coramun- ist in was politically counterproductive, the Decem- Tre American ard Eurn- poan filled uif.h sboui. hom'v ,ind "terrrr hombine." Fmcc mon humans laudably favor any underdog, within lit- tle lime emotional adversaries began to compare Nixon with HitlfT and Ihe raids with Nazi Hanoi's official figures, ac- mese delegation io Paris, say that 1.31S people were killed ia Hanoi ai SC5 in HaipfcoDg by the December E-52 raids. Blood cannot be measured: nor can the esmiisite and precious gift ot Sfe. .Vevertheless. certain compa- risons must be made. North Vietnam's official statistic of 1.623 persons killed in the "murder bombings1' of Decem- ber compares with Saigon's of- ficial statistic of 5.800 persons slaughtered, princ i p a 11 y by ttoat-cuttiDg or burial alfve, during the Communist occupa- tion of the South Vietnamese city of Hue In February, 1965. The second point in this cold- ly dreadful numbers game a Books in brief j iituiui a uiiicini [iKiura, t ana striwtierrieg with an old aojuilntance. cording to the North Vletna- "Dead Before Docking" br Scott Corbett (Little, Brown and Company, 134 pages, The perils of a trip to South America unwind Li this juven- ile nys-ery. What should be a journey is spoiled fay the far. "hat someone is to ir.urile- one of the ers. A g-ft for lip. reaclir.g helps the hero cope with some of the difficulties created by a boat load of unlikely characters. T. M. "The Mod- ern Myths" edited by Alan Lowell (McClellird and Sltw- zn Lid., 271 pages, 53.95, pa- This is the sixth publication of the University League for So- cial Reform, a group of Cana- dian professionals and academ- ics formed ia 1065. The 24 pa- pers, with chapter introduc- tions, record a series of sem- inars sponsored by the league during on the topic: The Impossible City of the Future. Housing, social services, city planning arid other urban issues are dnoissed ia a technical, theoretical, generally uninter- esting way. There is gloating over the banning of the pro- posed Spadina Expressway in Toronto, condemnation of the "bureaucrats" and "techno c-ats" and private enterprise, while "the public Rood'1 is praised, but rarely defined. G. XL in terms of comparison with other bombardments. During the Second World War. deaths were caused by alicd bombing of Dresden on Febru- ary 14 and 16, 1S45 and 83.600 in Tokyo on one firebomb raid in March. This does not men- tion the ghastly results of atom- ic attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki There are certain dismal de- ductions to be made. L'.S- raids cm North Vietnam ob- viously avoided use of those incendiary bombs which so easily destroy .Asiatic cities fifes Toiyo or Hanoi. Secondly, although the enormous tonnage dropped by B-52's blatantly ei- ceeded Second World War air- loads, they produced relatively lesser results. They certainly weren't aimed a: North Viet- nam's vulnerable dikes. These subjects have not been adequately discussed in the augry western press. One has enormous distaste for quamirv- rae pain. Yet the fact remains that, in cortras with spirited criticism published in democra- tic organs, tbe Soviet and Chi- nese expressions have seemed relatively restrained. Ail ihis havint been said, there tr.'; tl'e slightest doubt that the Uniied States is eager to er.d this unfortunate war, so tarnishing to its image. It seems doomed to the distaste- ful choice between accepting an unhappy compromise even less palatable than that hoped for before the bombing started ar. even unhappier fail- back The North Vietnamese have employed si] kinds of devices such as imftrsnslstions of the word "mien" or "zone'' of Vietnam to obfuscate even the implication of a South Uetna- mese, authority ui Saigon, in order to coriuse any agree- ment. They have guilefully used V.S. prisoners to blackmail Washi.TCton into exercising pressure nn Saigon prefer- ring to press "for a United P'stes role of open hostility 10 President Thieu rattier than a mere I' S. withdrawal At this moment, the Ameri- can people seem stuck with to awful choice at conditions. They possess immense military power to impose their national and they possess link political wiU or moral desui to UM tUt power. The Koolenay and Elk rail- way is proposed as a TO.B-mile line in the southeastern corner of British Columbia from Sparwood near the Alberta-Brit- ish Columbia border. From that point the rail line would travel west to Elto. B.C., and then south to the U.S. border to join the Burlington Northern at nearby Eureka. Montana. Its prime function would be to create cheaper freight rates between the coal fields around Sparwood. and the ocean cargo loading point of Rpbers Banks, south of Vancouver. At present, the southeastern comer of British Columbia is under considerabk exploration work and some sizeable re- source developments are said to be imminent. It's felt that evea without measurable in- creases in grain freight to the west coast, the two existing railroads in this country will be ill-equipped to handle the huge volumes of new freight that vouM result from the develop- ment of more natural resources. Establishment of the Kooten- sv and Elk railway, owned by Crows-Nest Industrie Ltd. of Femie. could become tbe back- bone for resource devrirjpmert in the East Kootenay district The railway was incorporated in British Columbia as a pro- vincial line in May. 1966. Crows- Nest Industries meanwhile, has been lone-time resource, devel- oper in the east Kootenay re- gion, with the beginnings going back to the turn of the century. It pioneered the development of many of ibe major coal seams in the reeion and it continues to bold extensive min- eral rights throughout the area. At the time of incorporation. CM had been unable, after i-j years of negotiations, to secure lower freight rates for increas- ed volume coal shipments. These shipments were to incorporate the economics of unitized trains. At stake was the sale of Can- ada's first large volume of cok- ins coal to Japan. Subsequent- ly? CNI brought Kaiser Steel Corporation of San Francisco into the picture. Kaiser was financially and technically equipped to develop even la-cer tonnases of coal than CM" had projected. At the same time Kaiser was in a po- sition to assist in financing the of the new buik- loasmK facility at Roberts Bank." Later. Oil applied for a li- cence to the dominion board of transport commissioners to build the required trackage and were promptly turned down. The case was appeald to Supreme Court of Canada. An old rail line between Elko and Great Northern trackage bad been removed durine the First World War and the line would have to be rebuilt to Eureka, Mont. Following the supreme coort ruling, some developers assum- ed that a rail lire h'cmoe would automatically be grant- ed Kootenay and Elk and afl the company had to do was 10 proceed with construction on the portion to be built, While CM officials felt tins could be the position, a new application was made to the board of transport commissiao- ers for a licence. In the meantime, the whole situation became to'enroves with British Columbia'! new New Democratic governmert and its policy statements. (Second in a Letter Speak up, teachers The editorial on rebctance to iri'.e editorials on schooling surprises me. i; never occurred to m? '.hat teachers might be afraid 01 unpopularity or reprisals If they have real cause to be. that is a reflection both on them and on their 'masters'. I would like to make It par- ticularly clear that the refer- ewes to discrimination against teachers who write refer solely to the public system, as do the examples of ATA reaction. I cannot speak for Mr. Burte. hut to my knowledge neither o! us has felt in any way threatened or intimidated. In any case, it (eems clear that, as debate is in ed'jcatica today, and i-.separable from the Intel- JKrjs! life itself, leaders should be grateful for The Her- space. .And if one has con- not to utter them si.-.ply out of "fear" or aOach- nc.-; :o soHTaHed "securiry'' a to e.xhibit a meanness of spiril which is alien to profession. once said that OM should always fight the strong- esi ihir.g in one's own time, because ii is always too strong. I thiri thai one reason that teachers don't write (or paper is that many simply can- PETER HUNT Leihbrldge The Uthbridge Herald 504 Tlh St. S., Lethbridge, Albtrta LETHBRTOGE HERALD 00. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1903 by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Seccnd Cliu AMD Na. Del] of Preis ind IN Canadian Dairy NawiDacar JUvclalion ire ID. Awn Burnu M CIrruUTiM CLEO W. THOMA1 H. DON PILLING EdlTir ROY f MILES ttfyanlung Managtr MOWERS, Edllsr ing FuMlthtr ADAMS. Ot-dll M.rvictr WILLIAM HAY Airclin Ea.-of OOU5LU K Hlrar HtRAlO SERVES THI SOUTH' ;