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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI IflHMIDOl HHAID Mwidoy, January 17, If71 umoitixis Peter Degbanits Joey departs It's good-bye to the effervescent Joey Srnallwood, the redoubtable ar- rogant Mr. Newfoundland. Many Newfies will be sad to see him go, even those who fervently wished for his departure. His passing out of po- litical life one wonders if he might still by some trick of fate pop upright like one of those old fash- ioned childhood tumble toys is the end of an era for Canada's young- est province. He was the father, the champion, and some say the exploit- er of his rocky offspring. Joey went down fighting a battle already lost, his manner of going a blot on his career in public life. This is to be regretted, for in the in- terim of the time he was politically dead but refused to lie down, he dem- onstrated his disregard for the con- stitution of Canada, that confedera- tion which has extended its; benefits with a iaviaii hand to Newfound- land. Under a new leader, the province that is no longer Joey Smallwood's private preserve, will be less in- ward looking, its people an integral participating part of the greater whole. The call from St. Johns' is "au revoir "hello A bilingual country Good sense prevailed when the ma- jority of federal penitentiary work- ers refused to become involved in a protest against wearing bilingual shoulder flashes on their uniforms. It would have established the peni- tentiary workers as a highly unrea- sonable group had a proposal of de- fiance been acted upon. Members of the Drumheller local took the position that the wearing of bilingual shoulder flashes was too small a matter to take a stand on. The fact is that it was not a matter on which to take a stand at all. This is officially a bilingual coun- try. There should be no objection whatever to anything appearing in both French and English. Especially is this so when the originating source is the federal government. The fact that French appears above English on the shoulder flashes is irrelevant. One or the other has to be first it was probably a mat- ter of chance which took the top po- sition in this instance. Maybe it was the turn of French to be given prior- ity that language has a lot of turns coming to it after years of refusal among the English speaking ma- jority to recognize tha bilingual na- ture of the country. English-speaking Canadians are ar- rogantly indifferent to the rights of French speaking Canadians. Eng- lish does not belong above French and the shoulder flashes will carry a salutary reminder for some who apparently need it. Down with arms sales If the sale of arms did not loom so large in the budgets of affluent na- tions, wars between the poorer ones would be considerably reduced. Re- cently the Pakistanis were waging war with Canadian built F-86 Sabres while Indians were bombing with British Hunters and Russian MIGs. Diabolically, governments which traffic in weapons of war are quite impartial as to which side the pur- chasers are on. All that is.essential is that the sales are economically satisfactory. What makes this whole business even more revolting than it already is are the continued solemn expressions for world peace emanat- ing from the governments involved. Britain has been a notorious arms peddler for years. The Soviet Union charges the United States with ag- gression in Indo-China while pointing to themselves as purveyors of peace. Yet they -were Russian warplanes and tanks the Indians used in the recent Indo-Pakistani conflict. It was Rus- sia that blocked two attempts by the UN Security Council to pass a simple resolution calling for a ceasefire. The whole rotten business is an af- front to concerned people in all coun- tries who pray for peace but whose governments play the war game. Bri- tain, France and Russia may take the lead In this thinly veiled gam- bit in economics but the U.S. and Canada are pacing them. Public op- inion will likely not alter the sale of arms, but it would put matters in a more honest light if all governments involved would not appear to wave olive branches while at the same time hiding guns behind their backs. ART BUCHWALD Who is Howard Hughes? WASHINGTON There is far more at stake in OK Howard Hugnes-McGraw Hill-Life magazine affair than whether Mr. Hughes did or did not sell his autobiog- raphy for publication. Tile American people, who have been reeling from one credibility crisis to an- other, are now being asked to decide whether two of the most distinguished pub- lishing companies in this country or one of the richest men in the world are telling UK truth. The evidence is strong on both sides. Howard Hughes in his famous telephone interview says there is not a shred of truth in it. McGraw Hill and Life both insist they have the real thing and plan to go ahead and publish the autobiography no matter what Mr. Hughes says. The problem for the public, which up until mis time has remained neutral, is that Mr. Hughes is such a mystery man that we don't even know what he looks like any more, and it's causing tremendous paranoia in everyone's home. For example the other night my family was watching the news, and suddenly Hu- bert Humphrey came on the screen to an- nounce he was once again a candidate for president. "You my wife said, "it's funny, but I get the feeling that that isn't really Hubert Humphrey." "How can you say I said, look- ing closer at the screen. she said, "just suppose, that person was Howard Hughes." I said, "I know Hubert Humphrey. That's his voice. Besides why would Howard Hughes want to be Hubert "Nobody knows why Howard Hughes does she said. "It would be per- fect disguise for him. Everyone would think he was locked up in the Bahamas, end all the time he would bo going around the country making speeches and meeting pwple and looking for new things to In- vest In." "I can't believe I said, with my face pressed as close to the screen as I could get it. "Well, we all know Humphrey has no money. It's very interesting that he would announce for president right after Howard Hughes denied he had sold his autobiog- raphy." "I'm sure it's just a I said. "You have to come up with something 'more concrete than that." By then Hubert Humphrey had faded from the screen, and after a commercial we were shown films of Sheik Mujibur Rah- man being welcomed in Bangladesh by his supporters. My wife said, "Did you notice his fin- "What's wrong with his I said. "They're short. Howard Hughes said in bis press conference that he bad short fin- gernails." "Lots of people iiave short fingernails. Wait a minute. You don't think Sheik Mujibur Bahman is Howard "I'm not saying he is, and I'm not say- Ing he isn't. But at his hai. Howard Hughes said he cute his own hair. The sheik looks as if he cuts his own hair, too." "You're going 1 said. "Well, why didn't he say that he wasn't the sheik in the The news program went to another com- mercial and then gave an interview with Ralph Nader. I watched my wife carefully. Finally she shook her head and ssid, "No, he's too young." Tne iuval segment ot the show showed pictures of Africa, natives dancing, drums beating and eventually the camera closed In on Mrs. Richard Nixon wearing a na- Urn and a towering headdress. My wife sat up in her chair and said, "Of course. Why hadn't I thought of "My I cried. "You don't think Pat Nixon is really Howard She Just smiled. "I'm not ruling It out. Everyone knowi UM real Mr., Nixon halei to fly." (Toronto Sun Newi Service) Unlikely development of a nationalist (Fifth In a Mriet) QTTAWA If Canada ever erects a memorial to the pioneers of economic indepen- dence, the statue of Ian Wahn will be placed in a side chapel facing backward. Only four years ago, this cor- poration lawyer from the Tor- onto riding of St. Paul's was a most unlikely candidate for the army of Walter Gordon and Melville Walkins. But in 1970, as chairman of the parliamen- tary committee on external af- fairs and national defence, he gave the nation the most ra- dical of all the official reports on foreign investment. It rec- ommended the establishment of a 51-per-cent Canadian owner- ship "guideline" for all com- panies operating in Canada with a provision for govern- ment enforcement of the guide- line "where there is not rea- sonable compliance" by com- What happened to Ian Wahn between IMS and 1970? The normal development of an economic nationalist in Can- ada starts with a concern about (he extent of U.S. ownership and control of the Canadian economy. This concern then ex- pands Into political, cultural and social areas. Wahn started at the "wrong end" of the process. As chairman of the committee on external affairs since 1968, he first became concerned about Canada's political and military dependence on the United States. Eventually this led him to question economic relations between the two coun- tries. "I'm certainly not anti-Amer- he said in a recent in- terview in his Ottawa office, "but during the investigation of bur military relationship with the United State, 1 became more and more concerned about the position of Canada M an independent country. "When me committee under- took an investigation of NATO, my personal view I don't think It's any secret was that we should withdraw all our forces from Europe. Then we had gone into North American air defence arrangements and here again, I felt that very substantial changes should be made in NORAD. "But every time you came to a rational decision, you kept getting these other considera- tions thrown at you if you do that you'll annoy the Ameri- cans if you do this, the American swill crack down on us. "You kept coming back to these economic problems all the time." Wahn's nspoow wu to di- rect Ms commKtM toward in examination of these problema. wu, tt he admitted "no tremendoui degree of enthu- siasm" for (Mi among other members of the committee and even tosi within the cabinet which had already decided on a study of Its own. Ai result, the committee tackled the mas- sive project with limited re- sources and there were poHUcal moves which Wahn Interpreted as attempts to sabotage iti work. Before the committee started its hearings, Hie'question that separated Wahn from Walter Gordon's position wu this: "what do we have In Canada which Is n very different from what the Americans have that It Is making an eco- nomic sacrifice to maintain The hearings showed Wahn "Somewhere out there there's a virus with my name en Out "whether or not inert If any good mm for maintain- Ing our Independence and being different from the Anvertetni, matt Canadian ire deter- mined to do just that." "It was a little futile for me to be worrying about the under- lying he Mid, "when it was pretty obvious that Canadians hadn't the slightest Intention of coosdously permitting Canada to become completely subordinate to the United States." This realization led Wahn to the basic question: "Can we have a high degree of economic integration with the U.S. and still maintain our political in- "This was the thing that gave me the greatest be said. "There is no question that from a social point of view, American companies operate up here just as responsibly is Canadian companies. They pay jurt well. They obey the laws. Why should it matter if they are owned by Ameri- "In the course of the com- mittee's work, it became dear to me that if there was eco- nomic Integration with- the United States, Bat's where the basic decision-making would take place. "Oh sure, all our political paraphernalia would continue the changing of the guard, the opening of Parliament and it wouldn't be entirely form. There would be some substance to it. We would mate all sorts of useful regulations, just like municipal governments do. "We'd be doing all sorts ot useful things in the Parliament of Canada but they wouldn't be the basic, vital and important things. The decisions on those things would be made south of UK border." Only a few yean earlier, eco- nomists of the "Vordon School" such as Toronto's Abraham Rotstein had defined "a shift in the locus of decision-mak- ing" as one of the basic theo- retical arguments against eco- nomic integration with the United Suites. In his own fash- ion, working "backwards" from a study of Canada's political and military relations with the United States, Ian Wahn reach- ed the same conclusion in 1970. His committee's report be- came an important element in the structuring of the response to foreign investment which the federal goverroent will an- nounce early this year. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Bruce Hutchison Prospect is for big government, growing bigger TJNLESS their ears deceive them, the Canadian peo- ple already have heard Prime Minister Trudeau's first major campaign speech in Hie elec- tion of 1972. But in that speech (disguised as a casual televi- sion interview at the end of 1971) there was much more than partisan politics. Whether he wins or loses the election, what be said about the broad future of government in Can- ada will remain true. It will be big government, and growing bigger. The malady of elephantiasis afflicting governments every- where has two obvious causes the politicals' appetite for power and the public's appe- tite for the services and boun- ties of the state. Less obvious but far more important is a third cause the inherent na- ture and living organism of our mechanical society Itself. When the first machine was invented it looked harmless enough. It promised man re- lease from the brute toil of the ages and, In the Western world Letter To The Editor at least, fulfilled its promise handsomely. For this purpose, the economists tell us, industry must have "the economies of the concentration of machinery and markets, if it is to produce a maximum of goods at the lowest possible price. So it must and to ft does, giving us, in America, what we are pleased to call the highest standard of living ever known on earth. One of the physical prices exacted for such affluence is the depletion of the earth's raw materials, the pollution of iti air and water. We grow richer, for the time being, like a man who lives on his dwindling capi- tal. Everyone has begun, very late, to understand, the price of big government. As power was increasingly concentrated in business, the labor unions and various other massive blocs, the state found itself grappling with giants as powerful as itself. Then, not unwillingly, it was forced fo in- crease its own power if it wag to protect the weak, unorgan- ized sectors of society, me great main oE the people. In the word of a famous Ameri- can jurist, "the curse of big- ness" gradually permeated the entire social process. As Mr. Trudeau says, everything is growing bigger, including gov- ernment everything except the individual human person, who shrinks under the shadows of the official and unofficial giants. Like iron filings drawn to a magnet, small corporations join in larger units and some of them become international cor- porations, knowing no home- land. Small labor unions do the fame. Nations form regional groupings, common markets and joint The Group of only Ten suddenly re- vises the currencies and trade channels of the world, and two superpowers preside over all mankind. Thus a technological society, with the material benefits of its machinery, becomes a machine of sorts, itself more complex, independent and brittle than any machine of steel. Like a jet plane in flight, society is endan- gered when even its smallest gears fall to mesh. They are not meshing very well now- adays, with results familiar to everybody, but what power ex- cept government can hope to make them mesh at all and avoid a crash? While big government emerges inevitably from the bigness of Ha rivals, and tria to referee their struggle, it does not follow, of course, that big government will succeed. It does not follow, either, that government makes itself any wiser by increasing Us size. On the contrary, it follows that when it makes mistakes they will be correspondingly big and dangerous. The ultimate mis- take by Hie only two nuclear superpowers would end all mi8- takes by ending civiliza- tion, and perhaps all life, in i few minutes. Clearly, then, the immediate danger confronting uc In the age of proliferating technology is not that the state will fail to grow sufficiently, but that it will grow too much and, with its power of central manage- ment, will mismanage every- thing and, in the sacred name of democracy, will extinguish the individual democrat alto- gether. How can we combine person- al freedom with the machine and our greed for its products? How can we have big govern- ment, big business, big unions and big organizations of all kinds in control of the social machine -without diminishing man himself? The same old riddle faced aO societies of the past and usually broke them in war or revolution but it now faces us on d scale unforeseen even a generation ago. The economies of scale, valid in an economic sense, cannot solve the riddle in a political sense. Something much larger and more difficult Is required a human species with enough intelligence to dis- cipline its appetites, limit its expectations lo its means and behave humanly before govern- ment turns men into ants. This, I take it, is what Mr. Trudeau has been talking about in the vague pre-election hints and smiling generalizations that must hide a man as puzzled as the rest of us. But as govern- ment of any party grows big- ger and bigger we should watch what it actually does, not what it says. From now on it will need a lot of watching. (Herald Special Service) A good modern library serves everyone Looking backward J THROUGH THE HERALD Men's Club ecain ra I would like to congratulate the library board and the city council for their decision to build the new library on the Central School grounds. I be- lieve a person's decision on this matter depends on his im- derstunH'mg cf Tfliat has tajten place in libraries in the past few years. Some people look upon pat- rons ol a library as "book- worms" but little do they know. Libraries or media centres now include la their collection large audio-visual sections. Until a few years ago students used libraries to research an as- signment but today students find pleasure In acquiring knowledge In all their interests. It is surprising to sec chil- dren in elementary schools wait- ing to get into their libraries before 8 a.m., not to do re- search but to read for pleasure, view films and listen to tapes. Education does not atari and stop with school but rath- er is a life-long process and the more n ssrichta his life the better educated and hap- pier he will be. The position paper on audio visual present- ed to the Worth Commission by Dr. Fritz stated, that IB the future anyone wanting informa- tion on any subject, even re- placing a washer on a tap, may go to a library and find what is required. Most itudents years and younger have the training lo use all library facilities so they have a greater advantage than older students. Some of our Ju- nior high aujdenU art using all facilities available to them, in- cluding the university, college and Herald libraries. A good modem library serves everyone: young or old, rich or poor, Illiterate or Intellectu- al, blind or deaf, no matter wnat their Interests may be. The taxpayers are providing the facilities but {or it to be used to the fullest extent attitudes' must change. Llbrarirau and Die library board are unable lo do this so the challenge lies with our young people who need, want and understand Us potential to satisfy inquiring minds. As a parent who has seen library attitudes cliongc I am pleased that Lcthbridge will be prepared for the fuUire. "A PA11ENT." Lettbridgc. THROUGH THE HERALD 1K2 Since 1900, immigrants bave entered Can- ada. 1132 A meeting for tha purpose of forming a badmin- ton club wu held hi the drug- store at Warner on Saturday night. 1M2 The Southmuuter Men's Club again provided first class entertainment at "Ladies' Night." 1152 Defence Minister Clan- Ion, who noted of Canadian soldiers during Us re- cent visit to Korea, has order- ed shipment of 100 sets of hoc- key equipment for the troops there. The Uthbridge Herald M4 7th St. S., Lethbrldge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published IMS-MM, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Stcwia GUI Mill Riplstrltlon No. 001J Canadian Daily Newspapor PlttlllMri' Allocation und tht Audit Bureau ol Clrculatloni CLEO W. MOWERS, gdllor inn Publisher THOMAS M. ADAMS, Ointral Manager DON PILLINS WILLIAM HAY MiMghg Editor AHaclnlt Editor f. Mll.es DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advtrllilng Mmigir Editorial Paga Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE ;