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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 17, 1907, Lethbridge, Alberta 1 """"""wVVWWVW "Not one man In ten raada booki, Tha* newspaper la paront, school, coltega, pulpit, theatre, example, counsellor all In one."-Wendell Phillip*.  ������������� What papers do you read f Let us suggest the satisfying combination of a first class metropolitan daily and a well edited, up-to-date local weekly such as THE WINNIPEG DAILY FREE PRESS - AND - LETHBRiDGE HERALD Wo will send you the above two excellent papers on a three months' trial order for 75c, aud prepay the postage on both. A nominal price, just to get you started; you will not, we arc satisfied, having once read them, lie content to do without tlviii. To take advantage of this offer you must, however, be a resident of Alberta. The following form filled out and forwarded to the Herald will receive grateful acknowledgment and prompt attention. � IlrniM, l.ethhrldge. J Mi:'i i.i undersigned address the Wlnnl-  pl tuuny Valu-u'jio lewis arc lunik' ut puu.ic ox-l-onso which a i armor would have iiciihjr tlw time nor inclination to 111:1 K.U. Everybody nowadays takes off his Jut to tiio "dry lanuor." 'Jlu colleges Ullll tho experiment muttons make tests and select seed for him. The government ((uuriera the globe in its endeavors to Intel luw types of grain and turugn ciops lor h,s use, mil u host oi guides, philosophers and frienas give h.in uiivicu uudiiiake more tests ior him. It is ol tins ciass of tests that 1 wi.-.h in pui\ictiiar to speuK. A tost is of no value whatever uiiicsh made under lust couduloin und extended lluoubh several seasons. For instance, a man piows throe patches o( land, one lour incites, one livo inches, one seven, tor some reason whkh In Uo.mi t understand lumus that me iuiiU pio.M'J iour inches produces, m luul particular season, moie gum than eimer ut the others lie nu...ioUiaUly ,uiups to the conclusion, utid UApccts owners to do the san.u, unit lutir niches is tho Lest depth to plow . 'lo prucucui insit such a test proves al/ouluU'O njinuijf. lit vhe nrsl place to secure lest coi.ili lions, he iuii.il liud iiuee pieces oi land exactly lucuucui Hi all respects as to their loiniiuaiiicn, uiuouui of humus con-laiiicU, suo-^oil anil exposure 'ihou he must Sv-e to it tJial the suiirn um-oui.l ol luboi' is expanded on eucli p,ot and Unit eucli receives the same aiuoiini. ui raiuiuit. '1 h.iii i( he p uuiM the same ipiaitty oi s�vd und nn e.,uul ainoiint thereof, the sumo uiil.oiiu ilisiuiuo upun ou cuch pa.cn, tisiUtj lite Miuiv uiuchinory lluou^liout, mid coi.ilucis his t>x|H.-ri-m.ius liirou^h a term of at. least li�e seusut plows deep, but lite ne\t season und the next he may raise i.othinij. I often ieci\u coiiiuiuu.cations Horn fartner.s who coiupla'a' that du>s a  iale ^oli with it. Tuere iiro some lands, few und far boiwivn in this s-uito, but more pi�'n-t.,ul in w.Noiiuns. Idaho and l-'aii -forma, siuh as the gypsilerous uu.l volcanic, whah uro very rich und lifclu mid iK*ed no plowing. There is ul.o a Mir.ety of very lifcht, handy l.oaom loam, occasionally mot with here and there, lli.it will produce crops with a faood p-owiny every second jear. 1 he tjeiicral run ol soil, however. n-ce possible up -| pliod. In tho state of l.'tnh, whoi-u tho I precipitation ruus us low as eight to ten inches, the six dry farms of tho stato ugricultural department have adopted a plowing depth of Irom ten inches to a loot; and,thousands of dry farmers now ^lerating in that staty are plojy^ig that depth wltn excellent results. That Utah loads tbs 'west as a dry farming # �t�^^ spite ol its scanty precipi -ta^f^B can hardly be doubtod, and ' ^Ht is du�. la moasure, to an enUwrlslDK legislature and liberal appropriations, Tn Colorado, with a precipitation of from fourteen Inches upwards, we need at least eight or nine-Inch plowing. In most cases even deeper work will produce better crops, and Is of-Un more economical Sot the farmer than shallower plowinj with more Intense cultivation. lly many farmers, plowed sod is considered poor stul! to mlsc a crop on; but the opposite d and worked until perfectly One nn the ntirfa'ce. will raise bottorcrops than old land plowed much deoper, anil a successful experience on sod will often lead tha boginnor to a belief ir. shallow plowing. In thu lust flvo years thi a vera go yield of winter wheat in my neigh -iKirhood on seven-Inch land has r.ot exceeded fifteen bushels j�r acre; but some of my Ocriinin nctpjalntances who l>cll(!Vo In d�ep plowing, are averaging from twenty to thirty-flvo 'bushels or. nine and tin inches. These Kamo men are also raising about thirty bushels of corn per acre, whllo tho shallow plowcrs have given up raising anything in that lino but fodder. In the last twenty-five years wc ! have had six dry years in which ' many gave up In despair. farmers The only crops that came through was a few stands of corn and po  latoes which were planted in grouu I plowed over eight Inches deep, and which yielded good crops. Many of the "rain belters" were forced to abandon their farms for no reason whatever, except that they wore shallow plowers, while the few who know how to plow deeply have had no difllcully In rulsing crops in dry or wot years; and are still er. the ground ready to reap a handsome profit for tho ttdvar.ee in values due to th> adoption of a proper system of arid agriculture. In planting alfalfa th.-> first season's stand and growth depend entirely on tho depth of the plowing. In shallow plowed land many of the plants j mil uill dry out in dry weather after attaining a height of six or seven Inches, leaving a poor *t�n4. The average for ten ymrs on my happened along exactly when they were most needed. Tho water contained in tho plowed ground at date of seeding was not more than three Inches, yet the corn this season vas among the finest ever raised. The discrepancy between the test tor the amount of water needed for a crop and the actual facts presented 'by those whose business It Is to raise crops will be found, I think, In tho idea that a plant requires and uses up a certain percentage of moisture regularly throughout the saas�a regardless of weather condition*, there as such Is not the case. As Soon as drouth commences the natural adaptability of th-j p'an% U> adverse ccBdltlons begins to manifest Itself, the rank growth of straw und stalk ceases, the leaves toughen and In some cases turn edgeways to tho sun. transpiration diminishes and its mcrgles become concentrated u*i tho final production of the scod or grain by which its species Is perpetrated. The tallest wheat seldom gives the largwt yield, nwlthur do big com stalks always produce the targ*f*UiarH This hailing process In growth is rwrfctjily Mtural ut.d, if not too prolonged, has no shrinking effect on the yield. On l%o other hand, the crop that has plenty of water and to sparcwill transpire nearly twice as much as th# dry crop and produce a larger amount of dry matter; hut the excess will bo almost entirely in tho form of stalk and straw. Deep plowing conduces to a nioint subsoil. Whrn land is first brokci; ..................................mmm REAL ESTATE i 1>cr to anuouDcs that I have opened an office in the LETHBRIDGE HOTEL BLOCK For the transaction ot a general Real Estate and Insurance Business i urn establishing connections with' eastern and western points, both in Canada and tho Uuited you luivu anyiliintf you wish to'aell lit! it will cost you nothing it I dot,not mile. If you wish to buy and I have not what you wind, givo mo a description �nd I will find it (or you. Statt's. it with fleet a It nie, N. T. Macleod Fire and Life Insurance. ..........................................I ""I ithe subsoil is usually dry, in thenr-; id region, but after a noason or two of scientific tillage there Is usually a surplus over and above the amount us�l by the crops, which, in timea of plentiful pr eipitalk n. will leak into the subsoil for future use. Although th� roots of the crops tmty r.ot come In nctual contact with said moisture ( $ the topsoil, by the action of capillarity In damp weathi-r, and evaporation and condensation In the mulch in dry weather, will absorb a portion of it, and the full effect of a damp subsoil underneath the plow-ed ground ] ^> on a crop muy eipial from one-half an Inch to an im-h in precipitation. In dry weather, when the ground Is not wet enough for capillarity to aet the moisture still continues to rise, I in the form of moist ulr or va- i ' por. Cultivation prevents this from i escaping into the atmosphere, and. I vluiInK tlio cool nifrhts. it condenses j 1 in thj soft topsoil and forms a kind of underground dew. u great help place would run about as follows On six-imh land th* alfalfa growth ;in jnys ,r drouth, lor the first season will bo about se- j Tl)C 1/Cst nrgumcnl in favor ofgood work on th ven inchos. On elght-ineh land, twvb. inches; on ten-Inch lund llf-t.-en inclu*. The thickest stand, also is on the ten inch land. Although tho six-inch land will give a fair stand in a very favorable season, that on in thu driest season ever experienced th> ton-inch land will make a staad. farm i� thut it fills the j (armor's pocket and nJvuncos thv- val-i uo of his oMute a hundredfold. Since th  advent of deep lowir.g and sclen-Uiflc (arm mothcxls, lund has increus-( pd in value all over tho west and v ill j ktv>p on incn.'nslni{ fur years to como. i for nowlu'iv in the L'uUevI Htates can i tiats rojuire deeper iplowinjr Mur. |)ftm, )h. bought for less s and lu^es � the other side my tlcnnan frim-t ! plows nine Inches with tin extra j horse and raises two hundred bushels on the same quantity and quality of lnn:l. After a depth of nine or ton inches has been reached, the o,tu-stion ns to whethor H will ho pro fltublo to plow When in need of a BEATING OR COOK STOVE Call and mcOw Stock aael yon are vre of being aaHafied HicK C& Wahely Tho Loading Tinners, Plumbers, Stuom and Hot Water Fitters. Telephone 110. dor our system, which is more economical than irrigation and therefore produces forger profits with a much smaller capital. A WORTHY THIIU'TK rut. TO THE "So reflection, hygenlc or sanitary is cast upon your city when I say that, for tlw hog. it is the most un-still deeper must bo j healthful in tho world I can count back 61.000.000 of him (hat have ; come to Kansas City nnd tho roc- j ords show all dead. Therefore, as j his next friend, and of his family, J I come to make a few remarks nnd I introduce resolution*. I "Prom antiquity, through th? long I laterully several foot on tho hard - ; progross of yiars, h  has brcomc civ- | (an. forming a kind of sandwich bc- ; iliscd. is a del't-payer a wortgago-rc-tween iho p!ow.-d ground and the nun! mover, anl a buttress of prosperity. so1'- flfV! yields grout luxury ilot'-rmlned ly tha economic conditions prcvniling on tho farm In quo*, ticn j Tho roots of most crops will at-taui to tlu depth that the land is j plowed; nnd strong roots, those of coin, for instance, will spread out ClK Bettl Hrimaion FRED. ROONEY, - PROP. 1 hive hoard it remarkod by tonw of our colleagues In scientific farm -ing that, according lo experinrrnt, it requires ten or eleven inchea of water to produce a crop. TWa is aint-I ly an example ol another test gone wrong nnh could only be true on very hh.tllow land whore the heat is always greater than on deep land ar.d tho tinnspiralion inoro rapid. In Colorado, whero wo can count only on one and a quarter inches of ra'n por monih we have to mako good crops in a totnl precipitation of seven or ei;ht inches and fomotimos or. much Irs;,. The average water holding **pac-ii.v of our soils, to tho point of saturation is four and a half inches of He must bo . reckoned w ith by th.t luckless ex -plorer of tho Yukon. Flo is nn nulo-' malic reducer of the corn supply nnd 'a raiser of the price He is a bucolic 'bond, whose coupons are large lit-j U�rs of pigs- "Ho Is n palint pig. a condenser j of ham, head cheese, glue, bristles, ; buttons, ferHKaer, saddle covers and snumge. 1!� is a mint nn>l the yellow corn is tlu bullion which ho  tranwn.utes into coin. In all homes he is on tho tables, highborn, rich ' and foor He is with tlu soldier in i the camp nn.l the f,a')or on the deep ! "At 82 25 per cwt. h* is a plebe- i Ian and wo won't s|x>ak,to him j when wo meet h.m on tho stiyet. At, j $72,1 por cwt. ho Is a gentleman and GOOD ACCOMMODATION FOR THE TRAVELING PUBLIC IXCELLENT CUISINE BATHS HOT ANO COLO WATCH KATES ,$i.R0 A DAY | LETHBRIDGE - ALBERTA ��������� * ROYAL * H0TE1 TABER, ALTA. llrYinc & Lemon, - Proprietors I Rates $ 1.50 and $2.00 per Day FKEE BUS MEETS ALL TRAINS SAMPLE BOOMS IN CONNECTION water to a foot of plowed 6rnnid. !a scholar and stops associating with Therefore, if a piece of land.is plow- \ tho country people. He io.i\ - lo ed nine imhea deep early enough to [town and becomes nn aristocrat honk up enough precipitation to bring it to tho pofut 9t aatfiration, when tlw surplus will run off. It will crntain three and threo-olghtha m-clias of water at the maximum when tin crop is planted. Ttwn If tho av-orage of an inch and a quarter of rain is precipitatod for the threo growing months. It will total up seven inches and ono-etgktti and -houUl produce a fino crop undojr our me'.hod of soil culluro. If 1 were to statu in figures tho least amount of ra'nfall romilsito to mako a crop of corn planted on ten-inch land well saturated by the springy precipitation before planting the^dmount would be so small that "ho one would ljollovo it and I would hardly believe it myself had I not experienced it. In this part of the state the precipitation this year, from our planting time to maturity, was from two and three-quarters to three inches, dlvid-�d into flv� showtrs wfctak, feawwer, but gets it in the neck at th" packing bouses, is bled to death, becomes the commerce of the nation, the fat of the lar.d. "The pig p.'ls c�> luxury-dish -water. Dit-hvator contains preserves jmolassos, pepper, tomatoes, milk on-; Ions, sUak, gravy, pickles, groaso. chooso, and exiled dishrasjs. It is sour nnd a wool, wholesome and I toothsome. "In Texas they ha�o th? ruzor-back hog- Ho is made up after Swiss cottage architecture. The highest peak of his corrugated buck it, six inebAS abovn his tail. Tlis tail hangs like a dishing from a back window. Ho leaves tho impi'esslor. of a man stint ing late to his office in tho morning. He lives on roots and peanuts. He will help his neighbor gather th crop by crawling under the fence at night. Crossing him with blue blood3lves Uttlo improve -merrt. The only effectiv*. way to crow him is with a railroad train ((.'MVinuad pas* 4.) The Hotel Windsor H. E. MJEBACH, Proprietor Every tttlontioii given tlio travelling public Feed Slnblu in conticctioa Telephone 47 Lntulneekors' anil Bitnoher's Headquarter* $1.00 PER DAY 1 TELEPHONE NO. I -FOR ALL KINDS OF- Fresh and Salt Meats Fish, Poultry, Etc. PIOHE & MIRON ;