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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 17, 1907, Lethbridge, Alberta " Not ona man In ten rMda booka. Tha newapaper la parent, achoot, collega, pulpit, theatre, example, caunaallor all In one."-Wendell PhJlllpa, What papers do you read f Let us suggest the satisfjing combination of a first class metropolitan daily and a well edited, up-to-date local weekly such as THE WINNIPEG DAILY FREE PRESS -.and - LETHBRIDGE HEBALD We will send you the above two excellent papei^s on a three months' trial order for 75c, and prepay the postage on both, A nominal price, just to get you started; you will not, we are satisfied, having once read them, bn content to do without thonx. To take advantage of this offer you must, however, be a reside nt of Alberta. The following form filled out and forwarded to the Herald will receive grateful acknowledgment and prompt attention. * Heialil, Lethbrldge. Mni! to undersigned address the Wlnnl-ppg Diiily Free Press and the Lethbridce Hernld, postage prepaid, tar three montha^ for uhlch 1 enclose 76c. Name ................................... Address.............................. "The man who is a subscriber to a good Local Weekly and a reliable Metropolitan Daily Newspaper may not always be a well mformed citizen, but he has the materials to make him one." Here are the materials : Lethbrldge Herald Winnipeg Dally Free Press 3 M�nllis Each Post* t|� Prepaid 75c Just a trial offer at a ridiculoiudy low price, to get you started; that is all we want. Try this combination of reading matter for three months and you get the habit. Just one condition attaches to the offer-you must be a resident of Alberta. to thk herald, lcthbrioqb. Fnoioaed flnd 7Bc, tor wblch mall to my acldreaa the Herald and the Winnipeg Paiiy Free Freaa for thraa montha each, poataga prepaid. Special trial oRer. Name ...... Addreaa. For the Tillers of the Soil Deep Plowing Tests. (By E. a. Persons, Parkar, rado.) Colo- A test is where Uieory and practice meet, v\hei'e theory strives to prove itself corraci uud jjractloo stands by to proflL by the result. Tlio larmer is wary of ti-sts. ilo cunjiclers exjjer -lencj u HUi^ii- guide. nuiny valu- tx'Jiti Icb-ls ure iiiwUe at pui/iic ox-i'cnso which u lariifr woultl have nciihjf ilui limj nor iuuUnal'on to JUIverjbody nowadays takes olT his liAt t-o uui "dry laniuir." 'ilia eoliu-gvs and the cxiJonui^ut stLaiious taake tests und select seod Jfor hjiu. The govurmuL'iii nuarujrs Uio giolio in jits endeavors to UneaiuLt:iy juiiips to the conclusion, ujjU BApecls otnoj's u> Uo the , same, that lour inches is the test depth to plow. 'to practical mau such a test proves alxioiutjiy njtning. in tiia nrsl 'place lo m.'i:iire Lest cor.Uilioas, he I uiusi liud tnioe pieces oi land exactly liueniicai in all respects as to lh;-'ir composition, amount of humus con-taawU, suo-soil and exposuro. 'ihan he must s^ti to it that xtw sauiu aui-jour.t of labor is expui'ded ou each piot and that each ri*ceiveri-* lu.UtS in jo ugh a lerin. of at ioast I live seaSi.,us, we way reasona'Jly cou-' elude that the results arc worthy oi cous'.derttliou for practical purfosas. 'I'h.s V omlorfui cliumio of ours, which somu one once dubbed l;uaan, though not always Uiftutiful, i.s cer-ta n.y capricious, and full oi surprises, for no two seasons are eviU' a-liK�. 'Iho precipitation for tha whole year Will soiuc'tiuws very nearly suc- ] eotci^trlBliig legislature and liberal appropriatlona, In Colorado, with a precipitaiUon of from fourteen Inches upwards, we noed at laaat elgl^t or nine-inch plowing. In moat cases even deeper work will produce batter crops, and Is of-ti'n more economical for the farmer than shallower plowing with more intense cultivation. Uy many farmers, plowed sod ia considered poor stuff to mise a crop on; but the oPPosilo 'Is the truth. l''ive inches of sod thoroughly pulver-lz(.�d nnd worked until perfectly One nn the sarfaicw, will rai^ Ixsttercrops than old land plowed much deoper, and a s\icccssful cxpcritmco on sod vill often lead ths boginnor ^to a belief iiv shallow plowing. In the last five years ths average yield of winter wheat in my noiffh -Ijorhood on sevon-lnch land has tot exceeded fifteen bushels per acre; but some of ray Gorman acquaint�.iicc9 who IjcUcve in daisp plowing, are cra-gintr from tw��ntj' to thirty-flvo 'bushels or. nine and ten inches. These sanw men are also raising about thirty bushels of corn per acre, while thj shallow plowers have given up raiising anything in that lino but fodder. In the last twenty-five years wc liavo had six dry years in which many farmers gave up in despair. The only crops that came through was a few stands of corn and po  tatoes which were planted in grounJ plowed over eight inches deep, and which yielded good crops. Many of the "rain belters" were forced to abandon their fanns for no reason whatever, except that they wore shallow plowers, while the few who knew how to plow doeply have had no dilliculty in raising crops in dry or wet years; and are still the ground ready to reap a hand-sonie profirt for the advar.ce in values due to th3 adoption of a proper .system of arid agriculturo. In i)lanting alfalfa th.-> first season's .stand and growth depend entirely on the depth of the plowing. In shal-]ov plowed land many of the plants will dry out in dry weather after attaining a. height of six or seven In-ohos, leaving a poor a|sn4. The average for ten y^rs on my place would run about as follows: On six-inch land the alfalfa growth for tho fir.st season will be about se-vm inclu?9. On clght-inrh land, twvhi' inches; on Icn-lnch land flf-The thickest stand, also ti^en inches. ^�.vv^w-w ^^^j mg utytaLt; jiuii^'�;v�iw..-. - is on the ton inch land. Although the ^j^, advent of deep lowing and sclcn- six-inch land will give a fo/lr stand - - . , =--- in a x^ry favorable season, that on coed in falling all in ona montn. ft , - may Uood thj winter whe.it uaUl il | th3 ton-inch land will make a 8ta�d would seem almost in danger of rot- Oats racjuire deeper .iplowing ..han t.n. out; and when corn tinui conies does wheat, as the roots have l.^s lilUe ra.n is due, the pi-ecipilatiiou is Power of penetration. Down to nine scanty mid the average rights it.self. "-^hes the increase of yioUl '.h ve.y m a season of this kind the man "larked. On one side of n;y ranch happened along exactly when thay were most needed. The water con-tainad in the plowed ground at date ot seeding wes not more than three Inches, yet the corn this season was among the finest ever raised. The discrepancy between the tost for the amount of water aaeded for a crop and the actual facts pressnted by thow whoso business It Is to raise crops will be found. I t-hJnk, in t/ho IdM thai a plant requires and uses up a certain percentage of moisture reguiarly throughout the s^s�a regardless of weather conditioB*, *here as such is not the case. As Soon as drouth comuuenctii the natural adaptaJjiJity of tha plan* U-adversa ccaditions begins to manifest itself, the rank growth of straw and stalk ceases, the leaves toughen ond in some cases turn edgeways to iho sun, transpiration diminishes and its irUsrgiiH becoin'e concentrated oa the final production of the seod or grain by w^hich its species is perpetrated. The tallest wheat seldom gives the largest yield, n�ltber do big com .S'talks alw�5'a produce the lar^UffstoarH This halting process in growth is perfetjtly B�tural atid, if not too prolonged, has no shrinking ellect on tho yield. On t%e other hand, tlio crop that has plenty of water and to sparcwill tmnspire nearly twice as much as lh� dry crop and produce a larger amount of dry matter; hut tlio excess will ix? ttlmo.st entirely in the form of stalk and straw. Deep plowing conduces to a mo>i�t subsoil. \IVhcn land is first brokei; the sub.soil is usually dry, in thear-id region, but after a season or two ol scientific tillage there is usually a ,surplus over and above tl'.e amount used by the crop.n, which, in times of plentiful precipitation, will leak into thii subsoil lor future use. Although the roots of the crops niny not come in actual contact with said moisture the topsoil, by the action of capilla-ritj- in damp weather, and evaporation and condensation in the mulcji in dry w�athar. will abeorb a portion of it, and the full effect of a damp s�V;soll underneath the plowed ground on a crop may equal from ono-hal" an Jnt-h to an inch in precipitation. In dry weather, when the ground is not wet enough for capillarity to act �the moisture still continues to rise, but in the form of moist air or vapor. Cultivation prevent.si this from escaping into the attuosphere, and, during tlie cool nights, it condenses in tha soft topsoil and forms a kind of underground dew, a groat help sonietinKS in days of drouth. THc best argument in favor otgood work on tho.farm is that it fills the farmer's pocket nnd advances the value ot his estate tt hundredfold. Since R.EAL ESTATE I beg to anuciunctt that I have opened an office in the LETHBRIDGE HOTEL BLOCK For the transaction of a general Real Estate and Insurance Busiiiess I ntn est-iblishing connections with'eastern anil western points, both in Canatla ond the United States. If you have anyihinR yoti wish to*sell list it with ine, it will cost you uothinjj if I do'not effect a (tale. If you wish to buy and I have not what you watit. ^ive me a description and I will find it for vou. N. T. Macleod Fire end Life Ineurance. ...............�..........�...........mr eteeeeeMee�����#�����*eteieieeiitM�#� I tific farm methods, land has incre�is-, . ed in value all over the west and vill i-n the driest season ever experienced j^^p iucroasing for y^ars to come, who drills in his winter wheal cn !stubble may score as much us tht^ luan who in summer luilows uad ^ plows dee]), but the ne.vt season and I the next he may raise tothmg- I often rocciive communication.3 liom r.eithbor plows six inches and takes on average of about one hundrtKl and forty-five bushels ofl Jve acres >� the other side my German friiint plows nine inches with an extra horse and raises two hundred bush- ommunication.3 uoin - - ..... j , complain that deep on the same quantity and qual- fai^iiers who 'plowing ru.ns their ground. On investigating I find in every instance the trouble is that thay have no soil to plow. Eiihor the gopher clay.or gravel, or some other barren stiititum I which conLa.n.i no humus, rises with-! in inch or two of the sunaoo and there is little or nothing lor vegt>la-tion to suJ.sJst On. i a man buys a farm he should at kast see lo it that ho buys a .ittle boii with it. I 'J'ncre are some iands, few and far between in ihis suaie, 'but more pica-tuul m Wyouunii, idaho and Call -fornia. such as the gypsifcroiis aird Volcanic, which ai>3 very rich and lifcht and neeU no plowing. There is aliO a >ar.ety of very lifcht, sandy bOLLoni loam, occasionally met with hero and there, that will produce crups With a good p'owiny every second year, iho general run of soil, however, needs plowing, and plow -ing doeply, and the heavier the soil, the tloejwr should be the plowing. The fir.'it season a farmer taues to dc>9p plowing he may bo disappointed, as it naturally taVics lonjfcr to fine dovu and mellow ten inchealhar. seven; but the avorago production per annum for thd nexi ten y-cuva will be almost double. In central western states wo find that six-inch plowing produces fair crops; but an wo come wvst and tlio prLclpiialion decroa.sL-s, the depth of plowing incroa.scs, ihorcloi-o it is fwjrfectly safe to assume that the depth of plowing ihoul'd alway.-) be inverse iiat;o to thj precipitation., In Nowraska, Mr. Campbell plows seven inch-s, and this seems to be a good min.mum in Kansas ond Oklahoma al.so;'but in Colorado crop after crop will drop out in an unusually dry season at tJiis depth, nolwilh -stai.ding all the harrowing and edl-tivation that can be possible np -pliod. In the state of Utah, where the piocipltation runs as low as eight to ten inches, the s>ix dry farms of the state agricultural department have adopted a plowing depth of from ten inches to o - . of dry farmers now ^^((licrat'lng in that state are plo^ig that dop'th witn c�cellei)U-results. That Utah leads t>>3 "'west as a dry farming _ spite of its scanty preoipl -fcan hardly be dovbtod, and ct is dut, iu umnure, to an ity of land. Aft�r a depth of nine or ten inches has been reached, the lcr than on deep land and the tianspiratiun more rapid- In Colorado, where wo can count only on one nnd a quarter inches of rain per month we have to make good crops cn a total precipitation of seven or eitht inches and �ojrietini3S or much les.s. The average water holding B�p�c-ity of our soils, to the point of saturation is four and a half inches of water to a foot of plowed arju�id. Therefore, if a piece of land,is plowed nine inches deep early enough to .soak up enough precipitation to bring it to the ppfut �t an^uration, when tlie surplus will run off, it will contain three and throo-etghths m-chas of water at the m&xinnim when the crop is planted. Thwn If the average of an inch and a quarter of rain is procipitatod for the three for nowheiX! in the tuitoff �tatos cen land Ije bought for less than fifty dollars an acre that will produce the crops that our land will produce under oui- system, which is more economical than irrigation and therefore produces larger profits with a much smaller capital. When ia Bee4 of ft HEiTING OR COOK STOVE Cell ead eee Ow Stock eai yo� ftM ure of beiot ftfttiefied HicK (a WaKely | The Lending Tinners, PJuoibers, Steomand Hot Water Fitters. Telephone 116. A WORTHY TRIBUTE TO PIG. THE growing months, it T�-iU total up ! chocso, and exiled dishrags. "No reflection, hygenic or sanitary is cast upon your city when I say that, for the hog, it is the most un-haalthful in the world. I can count back 64,000.000 of him that have Come to Kansas City and the records show all dead. Therefore, as his next friend, and of his family, I come to make a few remarks and introduce resolution.?. "From antiquity, through the long progress of .years, hs has become civilised, is a debt-pajer a mortgasti-re-mover, and a buttress of prosperity. Ihi yields groat lu.xury. Mo must be reckoned with by the luckless ex -plorer of.the Vukon. tie in an auto-at.itic reducer of the corn supply ond a raiser of the price. Ho is a bucolic bond, whose coupons nro large lit -ters of pigs. "Ho is a pattnt pig, a conden.ser ot ham, head cheese, gluo, bristles, buttons, lerHl.z^r, saddle covers and sausage. Hp, is a mint and the yellow corn is the b\illion which ho tranmiiutes into coin. J� all homes he is on the tables, highborn, rich and poor, Ho is with the soldier in tho camp and the sa'lor on the doop. ".\t $2.25 per cwt. he is a plebeian and we won't speak.to him when wo mieet him on tho street. At, t7.2."i per cwt. he Is a gentleman and a scholar nnd stops associating with tho country people. He con\;-' to town and becomes an aristocrat, iiut gets it in the neck at the packing bouses, is bled to death, becomes the commerce of the nation, tho fat of the land. "The pig ^ts OK luxury-dish -water. Wf.h^'^atcr contains preserves molasses, pepper, tomatoes, milk onions, steak, gravy, pickles, groaso. It is seven inches and nni ulfhlji and (should produce a fine erap imdor our nwthod of soil culture. If I were to stale in flgurcM tho least amount of rainfall requisite to mnloo a crop of corn planted on ten-inch land wxill saturated by the sprlng^'precipitation before planting ing depth of fromjjhV*"""'"* ^ ^'"^ foot; and^Hiousands]^ 'f^'"^" ^ �nd 1 *ould hard/y believe it niisolf bad I not experienced it. In this part ol the 8tat� the pnwi- pitation this yintr, from our planting time to maturity, waa from two end three-quarters to three inches, divid- �i Into a�� sliowm wMsli, lM�1k>M 47 LnndBeekers' and Rancher** Bcadtiuartert RAXES, $1.00 PER DAY SIS TELEPHONE NO. 1 I -FOR ALL KINDS OF- Fresh and Salt Meats Fish, Poultry, Etc; PIOHE & MIRON �WiMiMiii ;